What is England famous for, what is famous in the world

It is difficult even to briefly list what England is famous for, what this island country has given to the world. It is located in the southeast of the island of Great Britain. Until the 18th century England retained its independence, only in 1707 united with Scotland to form Great Britain. The name of the country comes from the Germanic tribe of the Angles, who settled on the island in the 5th century.

Tea parties and five o'clock

The history of tea drinking in England begins in 1664, when King Charles II was presented with 2 feet of Chinese tea. But the high cost of the drink, brought from the other side of the world, made it inaccessible to the general population. Tea was drunk only by the aristocracy, which introduced the custom of "five-o'clock".

Everything changed during the years of the Industrial Revolution: in order to disinfect drinking water, workers added alcohol to it, and the population drank on a catastrophic scale. Using the resources of the colonies in Kenya, India, Ceylon, the British government began to promote tea drinking. The idea was crowned with success - the British were not only used to tea, but fell in love with this drink.

Now every day at exactly 17:00, the inhabitants of the country drink at least 12 million cups of tea. You can enjoy a classic tea ceremony at The Ritz and The Savoy London hotels, the cost of pleasure is £ 50-70.

Oxford and Cambridge universities

England is also famous for its education. The most famous educational institutions of the country are the universities of Oxford and Cambridge. These are one of the oldest institutions in the world: Oxford University was founded in 1096, Cambridge in 1209. Sometimes these universities are referred to as a whole oxbridge.

Cambridge is 31 college, in which 28 courses are trained. Oxford consists of 38 colleges, it offers training for more than 60 directions.

Okocampordian University - this is how England is famous

Cambridge leads among educational institutions in the number of Nobel laureates issued (121 people), in It was trained 14 of the country's prime ministers, many monarchs, politicians, as well as actors and writers, including Vladimir Nabokov.

Oxford prepared 72 Nobel laureate, in addition, the college is famous for the fact that all representatives of the Higher Society of England are educated in it. Training in Cambridge and Oxford paid.

The famous scientists

There are no knowledge of knowledge, in which the achievements and discoveries of English scientists would notice. The names of many researchers and discoverers are known from school bench, among them M. Faraday, T. Bernes-Lee, S. Hawking and others.

Isaac Newton

The Great Physicist was studied at the University of Cambridge. Among its achievements is research in the field of mathematics, astronomy and mechanics. With its work with the statement of the basics of the Classical Mechanics, Newton created the theoretical base, which determined the further path of development of science for many centuries. He also belongs to opening in the field of color and optics. For a long time, Newton was the main keeper of the Mint of the Mint, Sumy to significantly reduce the number of fake coins in the country.

Charles Darwin

Another outstanding scientist, whose works are studied by schoolchildren of the whole world - Charles Darwin.Making a world journey for 5 years, Darwin developed the theory of evolution, it belongs to him, proving that a person leads its origin from the monkeys. The work of the English scientist gave impetus to new scientific directions in biology.

Politics and rulers

England became the first country in the world, where the parliament appeared - this happened in 1265. British laws were used as basic principles when creating legal systems in different states. At the head of the country, from the very beginning of English history, there was a king whose power over time was gradually limited to the XVII century. Turning into a constitutional monarchy. Only 2 decades in the XVII century. England was a republic.

Royal Family

English Royal Dvor rules from the VIII century, when Egbert Great united most tribes in England. The first king was called the grandson of Egbert Alfred, too great.

For 1300 years, 7 dynasties visited the English throne. Now the right to the crown is determined by the law of 1700, according to which only the descendants of King James I, by religion, must be Protestants, can be in power.

Now the country is headed by the representative of the Windsors, Elizabeth II (on the throne since 1952). Before World War I, the family had the surname Wettin, but with the outbreak of hostilities, George V abandoned the German title and chose the name of the castle as his surname.

The monarch in England has a number of prerogatives, although many are exercised nominally or have long been delegated to Cabinet and Parliament. But by tradition, passports are issued to the British on behalf of the king, the king also presents honorary titles and awards. The king is considered the source of honor, so he appoints the judges. As before, the king is the head of the armed forces and can declare war.

A monarch is not entitled to be a member of any party. Family members represent the king at official ceremonies, do charity work, but they have no real levers of influence on socio-political processes.

Richard the Lionheart

England is famous for its famous kings, but only one of them in the XIII century. became a hero of folklore, in the XIX century. - a character in historical novels by W. Scott, and in the 20th century. his image appeared on movie screens. Richard of the Plantagenet family, nicknamed the Lionheart for his courage and fearlessness, in the 12th century. led the 3rd campaign of the crusader army against Jerusalem in order to free the Christian shrine from the Muslim army of Saladin.

Richard managed to take the cities of Acre and Jaffa, but internal contradictions in a motley army did not allow him to win near Jerusalem. Richard was remembered by the British as an example of courage and loyalty to Christian values, it was Richard who allowed knightly tournaments to be held.

Margaret Thatcher

A girl from a grocer's family was destined to become the first in many ways:

  • led the Conservative Party;
  • became prime minister;
  • served 3 terms as prime minister.

Having received the nickname “Iron Lady” from the Soviet press, Thatcher was very proud of this, believing in her own strength. Through the efforts of this woman, England experienced economic growth, which was accompanied by the largest unemployment in history. Thatcher played an important role in the fall of the USSR.

Winston Churchill

Awarded the title of "the greatest Briton" Churchill lived a bright life. He was a military man and a journalist who took part in the Boer War, a Nobel Prize-winning writer, and an artist.Glory to him was brought by effective work as prime minister during World War II and the post-war period.

Literature and writers

British literature is an important part of world culture. For centuries-old history, England's literature was replenished with brilliant works written by great authors.

Shakespeare

Although the researchers are still arguing about who is hiding (and whether in fact hides) under the name William Shakespeare, people around the world read his plays and watch the production. Shakespeare expressed the ideas of the Renaissance, turning attention to the human person, her passion and desire. Pieces topics are still relevant.

Peru of the English writer belongs to 38 dramatic works, they can be seen in many theaters of the world, including on the stage of the London Theater "Globus" - places where the troupe of W. Shakespeare was performed.

Agatha Christie

Detective History of Agatha Christie and Erkul Poirot and Miss Marple and Miss Marple are familiar all over the world.

Creativity "Queen Crimes" is a record for a number of indicators:

  • The most published writer in the world (inferior only to Shakespeare and the Bible);
  • The total circulation is more than 4 billion books;
  • works are translated into 100 languages;
  • more than 7 thousand transfers of its books;
  • The "Mousetrap" play is raised in theaters more often than other dramatic works of any authors.

In addition to fascinating plots and intriguing junctions, the works of Agatha Christie are valued by attitudes towards matters, responsibility for acts and compassion for victims.

Arthur Conan Doyle and Sherlock Holmes

England is famous for England Sherlock Holmes - this character has long become its own for people from different countries. But the writer A. Doyle himself believed that his popularity of his books about the perceptive detective was undeservedly exaggerated.

Now the apartment in the house number 221B on Baker Street, where the author settled Sherlock Holmes and his friend Watson, turned into a museum where tourists can see the antique interiors sending their favorite characters. Not far from the museum there is a monument to the Great Detective.

Lewis Carroll and Alice in Wonderland

Logic, philosopher, photographer, as well as Oxford professor of mathematics entered the story as the creator of a magical fairy tale about Little Alice.Written in 1865 the book became the best sample of paradoxical literature, it uses philosophical, linguistic and mathematical jokes. His books, popular both in children and adults, Carroll laid a new genre in literature.

Joan Rowling and Harry Potter

Rowling embodied the idea of ​​"Self Made", having passed the way from the unemployed to the richest writer of England. Success She brought a series of books about the magician boy who received many awards and premiums. More than 500 million books were divided into peace, they were transferred to 80 languages.

In London, you can stroll in places associated with Harry Potter:

  • Platform 9 ¾ Kings Cross Station;
  • Market Lidencholl;
  • Westminster Metro Station;
  • Millennium Bridge;
  • Reptile House in the Zoo;
  • Cathedral of St. Paul;
  • Street Large Scotland Yard.

7 books about Harry take place on these and many other locations in London, films were filmed.

BEATLES Group

The most successful in the music history team left its mark in London, tourists can see:

  • ABBEY ROAD Studio Studios, where songs were recorded;
  • Pedestrian crossing ABBEY ROAD, which has become a plate for the cover of the record;
  • On the roof of Apple Records Studio, the last performance took place;
  • Places where the films "A Hard Day's Night" and "Help!" Were filmed;
  • Houses in which Bitles lived.

On Baker Street is the BEATLES souvenir shop.

Attractions

An ancient city, founded by the Romans in 43, today is the third largest megalopolis on the planet. The number of landmarks preserved in the century is not calculating, but all tourists seek with their own eyes to see Big Ben, Tower Bridge and Tower, as well as Westminster Abbey, Buckingham Palace, Kensington Park, to visit the British Museum of History.

Big Ben

The watch tower of the Westminster Palace Londoners and tourists are familiar with Big Ben, although the Tower officially refers to Elizavetinskaya (received a name in 2012 in honor of the 60th anniversary of the Board of Elizabeth II). The tower in neo-neutic style 96 m high was built in 1859, in the same year the clock mechanism was launched.

The composition of 5-ton hours includes 6 bells, the biggest weight of 13.7 ton was called Big Ben. The name of the bell quickly passed on the entire tower. Four-sided hours are located at an altitude of 55 m from the ground, the diameter of the dial is 7 m. The clock is characterized by high accuracy - the error is no more than 2 s per day.

London Tower

On the North Bank of Thames is the oldest building of England - the Tower Citadel, founded in the XI century. Wilhelm's conqueror. Tower takes 7 hectares, the fortress wall includes 13 towers of different heights. Within 10th centuries, Tower served as a defensive structure, in the XIII century. He was rebuilt as a palace - in this capacity he existed before the board of Henry VII, who became the last monarch who lived in Tower.

For centuries, barracks, Capella appeared in Tower, at different times there were archives, a lovelie, a mint and observatory. For the British, Tower symbolizes a bloody story, because the underground part of the fortress was used almost all the time as a prison, and executed executions in the courtyard.

Tourists visit Tower to see the collection of royal jewels and weapons, admire the 600-year-old key transfer ceremony, which is carried out by the Life Guardsmen-BifiTea, and see the legendary crows, whose presence in the castle guarantees the invisibility of the crown.

Tower Bridge

The symbol of London is easily recognizable due to non-neutic architecture. The bridge connects the shores of the Thames near Tower, for which he received its name. Construction was carried out from 1886 to 1894.

The structure with a height of 65 m has a length of 244 m. In the center of the structure there are towers separated by a divorce span height of 61 m. The towers installed a hydraulic system for divorce the spans and 2 elevators For 30 people each. For cars and pedestrians, not a spreading gallery of 24 m wide is designed. Entrance to the viewing pads are paid.

Buckingham Palace

Palace - the place of residence of the English Queen. But for two year old months, when the royal family leaves for the city, the palace opens for tourists. The official residence takes 20 hectares, on its territory there is a garden with lakes and waterfalls, a cinema, a sports club, a hospital and post office.

In the building built in the XVIII century, there are 700 premises, about 100 of them are offices, 200 rooms are assigned to welcome, 50 is the royal bedrooms. Anfilada 19 Parade halls, including TRONER, is intended for official royal events. Tourists visit the art gallery and a kareny yard, admire the change of Guards Karaul.

Madame Madame Tussao

England is famous for the Museum, which presents 1000 wax figures of the most famous people of the planet. The founder of the museum is the sculptor Marie Tussao, which made the first figure in 1777, depicting the philosopher Voltaire.

In 1835, a museum was opened in London, where visitors could see realistic performed figures of kings, philosophers, poets, musicians and writers. After 150 years, branches of the museum operate in the largest cities of the world.

Sherwood Forest

about a million tourists annually arrive in the Evinshir village (Nottinghamshire County) to visit the adventures of brave and disinterested Robin Hood. In August, a festival is held during which a medieval atmosphere is created in the forest: tourists can take part in masquerades, military camp activities, learn crafts and dances.

One of the attractions of Sherwood Forest is the 1000-year-old Major Oak. It is believed that the headquarters of a brave archer was located on its branches.

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Stonehenge stones

The megalithic structure 130 km from London is considered the most famous archeological monument aged 5 thousand years. Scientists do not have a common opinion, what are the boulders located in a circle up to 5 m high and weighing up to 45 tons.

  • pagan burial;
  • ancient observatory.
  • The version that Stonehenge was erected by the wizard Merlin for witchcraft is also considered.

    Every year, millions of tourists visit England, a country with a rich history, culture and original traditions. Picturesque landscapes, a combination of colorful provincial villages and technological metropolises, many museums and castles - England is famous for all this.

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