Wellington, New Zealand. Where is it, what is it famous for, sights, photos

According to the legend, the beginning of the arrangement of the capital of New Zealand laid the Cap - traveler, Funinsia's leaving, who broke his camp for a thousand years ago.

However, the results of archaeological studies of the date of the founding of Wellington in New Zealand are called 1839. This is due to the arrival in the country of immigrants from Europe, which found a number of indigenous residents on the territory of the modern capital - Maori.

The city of Wellington

The status of the city of Wellington was officially appropriated in 1886, exactly 45 years after the announcement of the capital of New Zealand. Until 1841, the role of the center of the country was playing Auckland. The arrangement of Wellington by immigrants was accompanied by a sharp modernization in all spheres of life: politics, economics, social order.

By the end of the XIX century, thanks to innovative reforms, New Zealand became one of the most developed states of the world. Since the 1980s, information technology develops in the capital, cinema, which made Wellington a major cultural and business center of the country.

Top 10 attractions of Wellington

New Zealand is known for a large number of natural complexes untouched by man. There are many reserves, national parks, which attract tourists with exotic plant species, clean air, feeling unity with nature.

However, Wellington also represents greater cultural and historical value. Here are interesting from the point of view of architecture of structures, temples, monuments, museums. Tourists attracts an abundance of entertainment places. At night in the city there are clubs, restaurants, bars, and from January to February (in New Zealand at this time, summer) falls a chance to participate in the events of Summer City Program.

The following places will be interested in the attractions of Wellington Tourists:

  1. Old Cathedral of St. Paul. Everything in the temple is built of wood, which gives the room a special atmosphere of comfort and harmony.
  2. National Museum "Te-Papa Tongarev". The establishment will clearly show the story of New Zealand thanks to interactive equipment.
  3. Massie Memorial. Outdoor mausoleum from white marble, which contrasts with azure sky.
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  5. Royal Botanical Gardens. Here you can walk among the exotic New Zealand Flora and even arrange a picnic. Twice a month in gardens are a free excursion.
  6. Church of Holy Maria Angels. The temple, which is located in Wellington, the capital of New Zealand, is made in a neo-neutic style, the bright tones of the room create an atmosphere of calm and ease.
  7. Courtney Place. The main entertainment place of the city. Street famous abundance of restaurants, clubs, bars that work until dawn.
  8. Cape of Winds Paliser. The place has great historical significance, keeps information about the Maori tribe, and the lighthouse allows you to look at the bay from the height.
  9. Parliamentary Hill. The construction is interesting to an unusual architectural style, thanks to which the Parliament building received its second name in New Zealand - "Bee hive".
  10. Cathedral of the Holy Heart. Neoclassical structure made of red brick framed by white stone columns, arch, front. One of the main cathedrals of Wellington.
  11. Red cliffs. The reserve got its name due to the characteristic reddish shade of rocks. Sea seals are also inhabited here, which are especially much in the winter.

These places are pride of New Zealand and are included in the programs of tourist excursions in Wellington.

Architectural facilities and monuments of Wellington

One of the most beautiful structures of New Zealand is called Massey Memorial. This is an outdoor area of ​​white marble, surrounding columns are built around the semicircle. Here, together with his wife, Cristina, William Massi - Prime Minister of New Zealand, Leader of the Reform Party. For their activities, Massey was recognized as one of the best politicians of the XIX century.

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On the embankment near the Te-Dad Museum, a sculpture called "Solace In The Wind" is established, which means "consolation in the wind". It is a bronze nude man standing on the very edge of the coastline. In the expression of his face, the feelings of pain, despair and at the same time with this relief are intertwined.

The statue is designed to remind people of the close connection of humanity with nature, its healing properties. The building in which the New Zealand Parliament meets is commonly called the “bee hive” among the locals. The building got its second name due to its external resemblance: the executive wing, built in a modernist style, resembles a traditional home for bees.

The building was rebuilt during the First World War at the direction of the Prime Minister. The first meeting of Parliament took place in 1918, after which the “hive” was empty for 77 years. The work of politicians resumed here only with the visit of the Queen of England in 1995. Today, the building of the executive wing of the parliament is called one of the main symbols of the city.

Historical Monuments

Wellington, New Zealand is full of sites of significant historical significance, despite the fact that the involvement of the New Zealand military in the First and Second World Wars is a little-known fact. To perpetuate the memory of the soldiers who died during the battles, the National War Memorial was erected in Wellington.

The monument is a fifty-meter stone tower, which includes the Hall of Memory, the carillon and the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior. The Wellington cenotaph also recalls the severity of wartime. The monument was opened on a tragic day for the country - April 25, 1931.

This date in history marks the defeat of the Australian and New Zealand army contest at the Battle of Gallipoli. A large stone obelisk is crowned with a bronze statue of a horseman, and the building itself is complemented by bas-reliefs and three-dimensional sculptures. The memorial was awarded the title of a historical monument of national importance of the first category.

Interesting museums

Art lovers will love Wellington City Gallery. There are exhibitions of paintings by famous and young, but promising artists from New Zealand and some other countries. Another institution, "Daws", offers visitors to see not only picturesque canvases, but also contemporary sculptures made of glass and clay, jewelry, and home textiles.

Outside the city, ten kilometers away, is the Pataca Museum of Art and Culture of New Zealand. The institution attracts with a variety of works of art of various directions, the opportunity to visit the huge Wellington library Porirua. The complex of buildings includes the cafe "KAIZEN", which offers a delicious snack overlooking the Japanese Garden.

The symbol of Wellington is the large interactive museum Te Papa Tongareva. It is a large, architecturally unusual building, whose name is translated from the Maori language as "the place of the treasures of this land." The cultural center invites visitors to learn about the history of the New Zealand lands from the beginning of their settlement to the present day.

Wellington New Zealand has a large interactive museum "Te-Papa-Tongarewa", which has become a symbol of the city.

The halls of each of the five levels of the museum tell about the culture of local tribes, the development of territories by the inhabitants of Europe. There is also a library with important historical documents, a gallery, a scientific laboratory.

Temples and Cathedrals

Wellington, New Zealand is known for its ability to accommodate modern buildings along with buildings in the styles of past centuries. St. Paul's Cathedral proves this perfectly. A completely wooden temple was built in the 19th century and has retained its integrity since then. The deceptive white facade of the church hides a spacious hall made of dark wood.

The windows are decorated with stained-glass windows that shimmer in the sun and create an unusual atmosphere in the room. There is a gift shop nearby.

St. Paul's Cathedral is located in the capital. The church is made in a modernist style and is a tall building with a large cross attached to one of the windows. Services and religious concerts are held here. The bells for the cathedral were cast in London. Some of the windows are stained glass.

The church of St. Mary of the Angels is distinguished by special lightness and elegance. The neo-gothic building, decorated in pastel colors, stands out noticeably among modern buildings and attracts tourists to enter inside.

A bright room creates a feeling of harmony and peace with the surrounding world. The Cathedral is known as the first reinforced concrete church built in the Neo-Gothic style. Thanks to good acoustics, organ concerts and masses are held here.

Parks and gardens

In 1987, in order to protect the local navigable Fanganui River, the authorities established the national park of the same name. Broadleaf forests are located on the territory, where you can find New Zealand tree ferns. The river is of great historical importance: it connected the settlements of local tribes, and settlers from Europe moved along it.

The park has preserved a marai, a Maori meeting house where tourists can stay overnight and listen to stories about the culture of the people. The presence of a wide variety of flora here is due to concern for the environment and favorable natural conditions. This looks like a temperature schedule in Wellington:

Another National Reserve of New Zealand - "Lake Nelson". Landscape Here complements mountain ranges and glacial valleys, which are an important component of pedestrian routes. On the territory of the park are located large lakes of the country - Rotorua and Rotoyati. Here you can catch fish, ride a bike or a real horse, to do climbing and kayaking.

Royal Botanical Gardens are suitable for family holidays and lonely walks. The territory of the reserve reaches 21.85 hectares. Here, under the protection of the Royal New Zealand Institute of Horticulture, exotic trees grow, some of which hundreds of years. Free excursions are held in the gardens. On the territory of the park there is a cafe where you can arrange a picnic.

Top 5 seats for recreation with children

Wellington (New Zealand) for recreation often choose families. Warm climate, clean air and abundance of natural attractions makes the city perfect vacation option with a child.

The capital offers tourists with children a large selection of sites for visiting, the five most popular of which are presented in the following top:

  1. Royal Botanical Gardens. The territory of the reserve is suitable for family walks and picnics in the fresh air. The entrance is free, you can take pets with you.
  2. The Museum of Te-Dad. Halls with interactive equipment will attract attention not only children, but also adults. The establishment provides special zones of children's development, where the child entertain the games. The museum is open daily.
  3. Cableway. The most interesting type of transport in the country, the symbol of Wellington, which opens panoramic views of the city. A trip to the "cable tram" will cost 3.5 NZD (New Zealand dollars) for a child and 7.5 NZD for an adult. Children under five ride for free.
  4. Wellington Zoo. In the institution there are about a hundred species of animals delivered from different points of the world. Here you can get acquainted with exotic New Zealand inhabitants, such as the famous Kiwi bird.
  5. Oriental Bay. The sandy beach is suitable for family holidays by the sea. There is no storms and strong waves, which makes the place safe for children. On the beach, you can play volleyball, sit in a cafe, stroll along the sea on special pedestrian paths.

Thanks to a large number of attractions and places for recreation, Wellington is suitable for family holidays, you will enjoy children and adults.

Modern objects

Among tourists and local residents, Courtney Place Street is proudly called the heart of the city. It is here that all the main entertainment places of Wellington are located, some of which close only at dawn. On Courtney Place you can visit many restaurants and cafes, go shopping, look at a session at local cinemas.

As a major tourist spot, the street is full of inns and hotels, museums, galleries, attractions. There is a car rental service here.

Another important site is the Cuba Street area. This is a small pedestrian street that attracts tourists with its atmosphere, an amazing interweaving of modernity with vintage elements. During the day it is usually empty, but in the evening Cuba Street is full of young people. There are bars, cafes, many shops. One of the distinguishing features of the street is the rainbow crosswalk.

Excursion routes

Wellington (New Zealand) is popular among tourists with different interests and tastes. To please everyone, travel agencies offer a wide variety of excursions, where you can see the sights, explore the Maori culture or walk around the interesting places of the city.

A classic Wellington guide involves a guided tour of traditional tourist sites, temples, parks and bays. The route is usually designed for half a day, a maximum of a day. The movement is carried out by special transport (usually a minibus) and costs about $350 for a small group.

Excursions to New Zealand's natural attractions are more expensive. Guides offer to visit the beaches of Wellington, walk along the rocks and gorges, climb the mountain ranges. The cost of some excursions includes acquaintance with representatives of the New Zealand fauna: fur seals, kiwi birds.

The price depends on the travel agency and averages $850 for a group of four. For gourmets, walks to the most delicious places in the city are available. The guide involves visiting New Zealand cafes and restaurants, some of which are not intended for tourists.

The guide will tell you about the advantages and features of the local cuisine, and will conduct a tasting of dishes and drinks. The cost is about $240 per person. The tour lasts four hours.

Self-guided walking route

Features:

  1. You can explore the Wellington area without the help of a guide. Lost in a small town is difficult, but to meet all the main attractions are easy, so many tourists prefer to walk along the New Zealand capital on their own.
  2. The journey begins with the local Parliament building - the famous "hive", which is included in any traditional excursion. After examining the construction, you can get to the cable car, for which a special tram is lucky to tourists to the Royal Botanical Gardens. The main reserve of New Zealand has hundreds of plant species, provides visitors a calm and exciting place for a leisurely walk. From the gardens there is a road to Wellington Waterfront - Wellington's embankment, where live music is played. A little further is the famous Cuba Street. Here you can dine in a small café or restaurant, buy souvenirs.
  3. Next - Mountain Victoria, known to the whole world as a platform of filming the film "Lord of the Rings", the films "Avatar", "People of X", King Kong. Today, the place is equipped for tourists, so everyone can climb on top, visit Weta film studio and see Wellington from a bird's eye view. There is also a souvenir shop here.

The journey is designed for one day. In order to have time to visit all the places, go to the campaign is needed in the early morning.

Interesting facts

The culture of New Zealand is of great interest among the residents of the Eurasian continent, so the tourists try to learn something about the country as a whole.

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The following facts will help to compile a clearer view of its history and modernity:

  1. In New Zealand, Kiwi birds are generally loved by love and reverence. Locals do not consider to talk about themselves about themselves about "kiwi", and for the eponymion of the fruit here has a slightly different name - "Kiwifruit". The bird even became a symbol of the state's air force. Ironically, Kiwi itself can not fly.
  2. In the metropolitan park "Lake Nelson" there is one of the cleanest reservoirs on the planet - the blue lake.
  3. National Parks and Reserves account for about a third of the territory of New Zealand.
  4. Special windmills are used in the state for energy production. From nuclear power plants refused here in the 1980s.
  5. New Zealand leads in the ranking of the most non-corrected countries of the world. She divides his place only with Denmark.

The city of Wellington in New Zealand has a large number of national parks, is known for its natural attractions. Monuments and architectural structures of the country tell her story and culture. There are many museums, galleries, entertainment places and shops on the territory of the city.

Article design: Lozinsky Oleg

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