Mongolia - one of the most amazing countries of the world, which includes many interesting facts and mysteries.
Many of them are tied around mentality, religion and history, while others are covered with mystical secrets, among which:
|History||The burial place of Genghis Khan.|
|Nature||The Gobi Desert and its mystical "residents".|
|Urbanization||The secrets of the city of Karakorum.|
|Attractions||Temple of Gandan and his story.|
Interesting facts about the history of Mongolia
Interesting facts about Mongolia must begin with history, since here the largest number of unsolved secrets and mysteries. Initially, the state represented an empire, which appeared in the Middle Ages. A loud name associated with the foundation of the empire - Temujin, but he is known to the whole world as Genghis Khan - the Terrible Conqueror of Asia and Eastern Europe.
The Mongolian Empire was the largest and held 22% of all sushi, as well as one of the most powerful in the world. This people were afraid of almost all states. Genghis Khan managed to create a strong and almost invincible army with elite units.
The empire was invincible, so at the beginning of the XXIII century, Genghis Khan planned to capture the whole world. During the rule of the grandson of Genghis Khan, Batiya, the defeats of Russia took place, and after that Russia obeyed the Mongol Empire for 240 years.
The elite troops of the empire rolled down the state and killed everyone who was against them. Women, children and old people were killed almost without proceedings. Adult men gave a choice: death or oath. Most choose the oath and began service in the ranks of the army.
Some historians believe that the Mongols are the reason for the beginning of the plague epidemic. The fact is that the military used infected corpses like shells. They tied dead people to a stone or boulder, put them in a catapult and launched them into besieged cities, thereby spreading the disease and killing the inhabitants.
After the death of the descendants of Genghis Khan, internecine wars for the throne began. The split of the empire was taken advantage of by the Chinese, who soon seized the territory and destroyed the state.
One of the descendants of Genghis Khan, Kublai Khan, became the founder of the Yuan dynasty in China.
An interesting fact is that Genghis Khan had a huge harem of women in Mongolia. His heirs numbered in the thousands. Researchers have found the emperor's genetic code in almost 8% of the Asian population.
At the moment, the main mystery of Mongolia is the burial place of the great conqueror Genghis Khan. He wished that no one knew the location of his remains. After his death, while driving to the burial place, everyone on the way was killed, despite their belonging to the Mongols.
All the people who were present at the funeral procession of Genghis Khan were killed by his commanders, and the commanders themselves soon committed suicide and took the secret of Genghis Khan's burial with them.
The mentality of the people of Mongolia
Interesting facts about Mongolia could not get around the indigenous population of the country. Despite the fact that in the 20th century the culture of Mongolia was greatly influenced by the Russian Empire and European countries, the people continue to honor the traditions that developed during the government of Genghis Khan and are in no hurry to abandon the nomadic way of life.
A distinctive feature of the Mongols is their slowness and prudence. They take their time and try to do everything right, but at the same time they leave a lot of free time for themselves. The Mongols also treat rituals with special trepidation, for example, the ritual of acquaintance. Residents use the rule "first feed and drink the guest, and then ask questions."
The indigenous population is sensitive to religion. The most common religion among the Mongols is Buddhism. Residents consider their land sacred and try to purify themselves spiritually. In addition, with the help of various rituals, Tibetan Buddhists worship spirits and higher powers.
The lack of punctuality inherent in them can be considered an oddity among the Mongols. It is not considered bad or uncultured to be late for a meeting, but when it comes to money, the Mongols are never late. The people are reverent with money, as Genghis Khan is depicted on the turiks, the national currency, who is honored.
When communicating with the locals, it is better not to raise the topic of vegetarianism, the Mongols consider this a kind of deviation due to their long traditions. To please the owner of the house, you need to serve everything with your right hand - this is the custom of the people.
The Mongols treat their guests with respect, and questions about food are considered indecent, so the hosts immediately set the table until the guest himself says “enough”. You can’t ask for too much food, since half-eaten food is a sign of disrespect for the owner, everything will have to be eaten.
The locals also have tea ceremony traditions that are a must to learn. Violation of the tea ceremony is considered a sign of disrespect. Its main aspects are the serving of tea into the hands of the guest with the help of the right hand, while the left cannot be hidden, it must be on the elbow of the right. Such a gesture is considered a manifestation of respect and openness to the guest.
Interesting facts about Mongolia cannot escape the rules of the road. Here, almost no one adheres to them. Despite the fact that there are signs and traffic lights on the roads, no one looks at them. All movement occurs intuitively, and at the same time, accidents rarely occur in the country.
Mongolian holidays are quite diverse. The most revered of them is Tsagan Sar. This is a kind of celebration of the New Year according to the lunar calendar. The date is constantly changing, but among the Mongols a new countdown of the year begins at the end of winter or at the very beginning of spring, and the celebrations do not take place at midnight, but early in the morning.
In temples and monasteries, on the day before the holiday, traditional services are held, during which animal sacrifices take place, and fire is considered an integral part of the holiday. So, in a kindled fire, the Mongols burn some old things.
Unusual is the Nadom holiday, which traditionally takes place in the capital of the country. On this holiday, the Mongols organize various competitions in such sports as horse racing, wrestling and archery.
Mongolian wrestling is a traditional sport and has some interesting facts:
- whoever touches the ground first wins;
- there are no limits, including by weight or age;
- no time limits or restrictions;
- after the end of the fight, the winner raises his hand up, and the loser passes under it;
- main title - Leo winner of the ninth tournament.
The amusing laws of Mongolia
of power in the state is distributed by 3 branches:
- the executive, which the government is carried out;
- legislative, which almost equally distributed between the government and the parliament;
- Judicial, which is fully independent.
Since Mongolia is the semi-presidential republic, the head of the country is not alone is the head of the executive power, however, as in many other republics, it is the head of the Armed Forces of Mongolia. During the existence of the country, five presidents were elected. The acting took office in 2017 as a representative of the Democratic Political Party.
In Mongolia there is a law allowing owners of Yurt to enjoy free electricity from nine in the evening. The fact is that due to heating of Yurt Coal, over the capital and nearby territories was constantly observed. Local residents complained about him, and the authorities decided to act liberally.
The most unusual natural places of Mongolia
Lake Houbsugul would not be so unusual if it were not for one "but". It is located on it the sea fleet, which has only one vessel, and the country at the moment does not have access to the sea. The lake itself is called the "younger sister of Baikal" and "Blue Pearl of Mongolia". On the shores there are a lot of bays, and in places remote from tourist and excursion zones, the water is transparent and clean.
Green descents and mountain ranges are located around the lake from all sides. To get to the territory of Lake Houbsugul, it is necessary to pay approximately 1.2 US dollar or 80 rubles, but it simply will not be able to enter into this place. It is necessary to buy a special license, since the lake is part of the Mongolian National Park.
Another truly beautiful and fascinating place of Mongolia - Argo. This is once extinct volcano. Everyone can climb on the top and look into the crater. Less courageous will be able to walk near the foot, touch the frozen lava and go through it. The entrance to the territory of the volcano is paid, it will be necessary to pay 1.2 US dollars or 80 Russian rubles.
The most unusual natural places of Mongolia can also include the Gobi Desert, which is the third in size in the world, yielding only Sugar and the Arabian desert. Gobi's area is almost 1.2 million km², and the desert itself goes smoothly into the uncomplicated steppes of Mongolia. The name of this place is translated as an "anhydrous" that it is impossible to characterize the desert.
Local residents share the desert for three terrain: black, yellow and red. Each of these localities has its own unique landscape.
This place also has a mystical meaning. The indigenous population of Mongolia, as well as Tibetan and Buddhist monks believe that somewhere in the sands there is a shambal - a place that is not on the map. Only people who have achieved enlightenment can get into this world and have a high level of spirituality.
The Mongolia people also have an opinion that the shambal is the place from where everything, the so-called center of all living things goes away. According to beliefs, Buddhists who cleared their soul, could find out where the entrance to Shambalu is located, but to disclose this secret to others is prohibited.
At the moment, according to many tourists, in the desert, Gobi is powerful and clean energy, so many monks, Lam and just people who are looking for spiritual enlightenment come here to meditate.
The Gobi Desert is not only a place of force, but also a place of many mystical beings. Mongolia's indigenous people call this Animal Olg-Khorha. This is a huge worm that no one has ever seen. It is described as an ugly and long creature, on the body of which it is impossible to disassemble neither mouth nor eye. Also, he is attributed to the ability to spit poison and kill at a distance.
Although Khorha is part of the folklore and fabulous world of Mongolia, it is still a mystery to many scientists - a huge worm in the desert is really inhabited by the sacred sands.
Jargas Noura at first glance the most common lake, which is quite a lot of the country, if not for one mystical mystery - strange traces that do not belong To one famous science with an animal. They occasionally appear on coastal territories.
Some researchers believe that in the waters of this lake there is a huge prehistoric reptile, which goes as shore, because at the bottom of the lake it was possible to discover similar trails.
Amazing Flora and Fauna of Mongolia
Flora and Fauna Mongolia is quite varied. For example, more than 25% of snow leopards live in the country - rare animals, which are not so much left in the world.
Traditional Mongolian animals can be called a camel. There is even a holiday in the country, during which the Mongols reveal dugorby camels. Local residents respectfully refer to these animals, and now this kind, mostly, is found in Mongolia.
Brown bears inhabit the territory of the desert Gobi. This species is very rare and is listed in the Red Book. Now scientists give data on about thirty surviving individuals of this endemic. The favorite place of the mazals is the mountain slopes, along which they like to climb up. Depressions and caves in mountain ranges serve as their homes during hibernation.
Przewalski's horse is a traditional symbol of Mongolia. Horse racing is a national sport, so children are taught to ride horses from an early age. This breed of horse is considered wild, and only the lucky ones manage to tame them.
Yaks living in Mongolia provide local residents with almost all food. Clothing and accessories are made from animal skins, dairy products are obtained from milk, including butter and cottage cheese. They are also used for movement and transportation of things, since even a horse can envy the endurance of yaks.
There are many endemic insects in Mongolia, among them: limoniids, a species of mosquitoes that do not feed on blood. A spider from the jumping spider family was also discovered here. So far, only one specimen has been found.
The dangers that await tourists in the Gobi desert are rare species of spiders, snakes and scorpions. Some of them are quite poisonous and dangerous to humans. Ticks live in the grass, which can carry various diseases.
Interesting facts about cities
Interesting facts about Mongolia and its cities can't help but start with the country's capital - Ulaanbaatar. It is this city that is the so-called cold capital of the world, and all due to the fact that the city is located on a hill, the highest point of which reaches 1250 m, and the name is translated from Mongolian as “Red Hero”.
More than 1.4 million people live in Ulaanbaatar, which is slightly more than 45% of the people who inhabit all of Mongolia.
But Ulaanbaatar was not always the capital. During the Mongol Empire, the center was the city of Karakorum, which was built during the reign of the Great Genghis Khan. After Batu, Russian princes settled in Karakorum, and they received labels in the city. After the defeat of the empire by the Chinese army, the city was devastated and swept by the sands. Only at the end of the 19th century it was excavated.
At the moment, this great capital has become a spiritual place after Buddhist monks founded a monastery. In the vicinity of the city, sacred relics are often found, which are sent to museums.
The city of Khovd is located to the west of the current capital. There are a lot of historical ruins in Khovd, which are associated with the military campaigns of the Mongols. Today the city is the industrial center of the country.
In addition to the restored ruins, there is a large historical museum of Mongolia, which has many exhibits related to the times of the Mongol campaigns and the pre-Mongol era.
Darkhan is a city that will help tourists get acquainted with the infrastructure of the country and study the current life of the people. There are no historical and cultural monuments in it, but there are many factories, plants and industrial complexes. The city is the second largest in Mongolia, and tourists who have visited it celebrate a new look at life in Mongolia.
The most unusual sights
The main attraction of Mongolia is the pedestal of Genghis Khan.
In addition to being the largest statue of an emperor in Mongolia, it is also the tallest equestrian statue not only in Asia, but throughout the world. Its height is 50 m (10 m - pedestal). The attraction is located in the capital and is one of the most visited tourist places. The official opening took place in 2008.
Gandantegchenlin Monastery can rightfully be considered the largest Buddhist monastery in Mongolia. It is located in Ulaanbaatar, almost in the very center. It consists of several ancient buildings, among which there is a library and even a spiritual university. The whole territory is decorated with various drawings and patterns of different colors, and near the entrance are the articles of the gods.
Inside one of the temples is the largest Buddha statue. Entrance to the territory of Gandan is free, but for visiting some sacred temples you need to pay a small amount. The place will become interesting for lovers of Buddhism and people seeking spiritual enlightenment.
Mongolia keeps a lot of interesting facts, mysteries and secrets that have not yet been discovered, but in the future they will become known to the world.
Article design: Lozinsky Oleg
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