The most interesting facts about Luxembourg for children and tourists

The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a mini-state, comfortably located between Germany, Belgium and France. Despite its small territory, the state still sacredly preserves its independence.

Interesting facts concern not only the history of the dwarf country, but also the special mentality of the locals, traditions, cuisine and much more. That is why Luxembourg is one of the favorite destinations for inexperienced travelers.

Top 10 most interesting facts about Luxembourg

There are a lot of interesting facts about the Principality of Luxembourg, but the following stand out among others:

  1. The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is the full and official name of the state. The country is headed by Prince Henri, who ascended the throne in 2000. The duchy is the smallest country in the world - its area is less than 2.6 thousand square meters. km.
  2. The population of the principality is only half a million subjects.
  3. In the European Union, the country occupies an honorable third place in terms of the efficiency and productivity of an open business. The first two places are taken by Denmark and Finland. The euro became the official currency in 2002. Prior to that, Luxembourgish francs were in circulation.
  4. Luxembourg has the highest minimum wage of over 1,500 euros, and this amount is constantly growing.
  5. The Duchy overtook the United States in terms of GDP per capita. In general, this figure is three times higher than in the entire European Union.
  6. Luxembourgish, German and French are the national languages ​​in Luxembourg. At the same time, the Luxembourgish dialect is a combination of all national dialects. English has also become widespread.
  7. An interesting fact: despite the fact that the state has a well-developed transport infrastructure, woodland occupies a third of the total territory.
  8. The basis of the church is Roman Catholic - more than 90%, the rest is represented by religious minorities.
  9. Luxembourgers are the most literate people in the world. Needless to say, the quality of the education provided is also the best.
  10. Under the numerous Luxembourg fortresses there is an extensive network of underground passages, with a total length of at least 20 km. Thanks to this, Luxembourg was included in the list of protected sites by UNESCO.

Interesting facts about the history of Luxembourg

Interesting facts about Luxembourg should begin with its rich history. And it begins from the 5th century BC. In those days, the future Luxembourg lands were inhabited by the Franks and there were several settlements fortified with fortresses and stone towers. The word "Luxembourg" in translation from ancient German means "little fortress".

Luxembourg is mentioned as an independent state unit in chronicles dated 960.

A little later, the first royal dynasty officially comes into power. Its beginning is conducted from the descendants of Charlemagne, the first prince of Luxembourg. In 1436, the Principality of Luxembourg changed to the rule of the Habsburgs; this happened as a result of a marriage between the German monarch and the great-great-granddaughter of Conrad of Luxembourg.

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Seven years later, the state was seized by the monarch of Burgundy, as a result, the rule of the Habsburgs temporarily ceased to exist. In the 16th century, the principality came under the Spanish monarchy. The same fate awaited Holland and part of the Flanders.

The next century, marked by constant internecine wars between Spain and France, was very difficult for the principality, because power was constantly changing, passing from the hands of one rival to another. In the 18th century, Luxembourg was finally assigned to France, and at the beginning of the next century, as an exchange, it was transferred to the possession of the Dutch king.

In 1831, the territory of the principality, in order to avoid new wars and civil strife, was again divided. Western French-speaking territories went to Belgium, and the rest became part of the German Federation. Half a century later, the collapse of the German Confederation happened and the principality regained its state integrity.

The First World War made some adjustments, as a result of which Luxembourg was occupied by German troops for 4 years; the same thing happened during the Second World War. And only in September 1944 did peace begin.

After the end of hostilities, the Principality entered into a customs union with Belgium, and then an economic union with the Netherlands and the same Belgium. Now Luxembourg is a member of the EU, UN and NATO organizations.

Mentality of Luxembourgers

Interesting facts about Luxembourg include the following data: the natives are unlikely to be friendly with tourists and guests of the Principality. Luxembourg is considered a tiny European state with a calm, quiet atmosphere and a decent quality of life. Luxembourgers have established themselves as civilized and law-abiding citizens of their country.

Only at first glance, the subjects of the principality will seem reserved and unfriendly. This is due to the fact that the citizens of this country prefer a quiet family life. They will gladly exchange their access to society for a cozy home-made tea party with family members and friends. But at the same time, Luxembourgers always behave correctly and politely with tourists and other citizens.

German restraint and somewhere even coldness do not prevent them from being good-natured and unperturbed. If you find yourself in a difficult situation, you can count on their support and assistance. Among themselves, they are also mutually polite and delicate.

Luxembourgers are characterized by love and devotion to their historical traditions. National rituals, culture and traditions are protected by law. They love music very much in a small principality - almost every community can boast of having a brass band.

A number of awards and prizes for particularly outstanding achievements in the fields of literature and art have been established in the state - this is how the younger generation is stimulated to develop in the right direction.

There is practically no such thing as nightlife for the citizens of Luxembourg. If there are places of entertainment, it is only for guests of the duchy. Prices for food, drinks and entertainment in nightclubs are much higher than in the whole country.

The Luxembourgers adopted industriousness, accuracy, stiffness and commitment from their German ancestors. And sociability and good nature from the French. It is the people of Luxembourg who own the slogan "Be who you really are." They treat innovations and any kind of novelties with a degree of caution and distrust. Innovations have been gaining a place in the life of Luxembourgers for a long time.

That is why the fruits of progress take root here much longer than in other countries. Good nature and peacefulness made Luxembourg a state with the lowest crime rate. Even the slightest violation of order is a curiosity here. In this country it is difficult to hide something. Not so many events take place in the state, so local residents closely follow public life.

Do not miss the most popular article of the rubric: Belbek Canyon is a unique natural monument.

Interesting cultural traditions of Luxembourg

Interesting facts about Luxembourg include not only a rich history and features of the German-Belgian mentality. If you want colorful processions, then Luxembourg will please you with bright festivals and pompous carnivals. For example, Emeshen is traditionally celebrated on Easter. It hosts a grandiose fair of local food and treats. A fair is held at the Fish Market.

Here you can enjoy fresh cakes, cookies, seafood dishes. You can also buy souvenirs, jewelry and clothes. In February, the festival procession Burgzondeg is held. This holiday is somewhat similar to the Orthodox Maslenitsa. On the eve of Lent, Luxembourgers hold a bright carnival procession.

Before the festival, residents decorate houses, lanterns and shop windows with garlands and balls. The carnival lasts three days, during which festivities take place at all the main venues. For little subjects, Kannerfuesbals children's celebrations are held. Children dress up in carnival costumes, put on masks and treat friends and neighbors with special cookies.

Saint Stephen's Day is celebrated on the day after Christmas, that is, December 26th. This holiday is also called “Gift Day”. According to legend, Saint Stephen was one of the apostles who supported the homeless and helped them survive. On this day, it is customary to treat the homeless and other needy people with a festive dinner. Usually children do this.

Great Lent before Easter does not limit the parishioners. It is during Lent that the famous Bretzelsondeg holiday is held - in honor of the famous pretzel. The festival is shrouded in many beliefs and traditions. So, during Bretzelsondeg, a man is obliged to give a freshly baked pretzel to his beloved. In case of mutual love, he will receive an egg made of chocolate or marzipan for Easter.

Every 4 years, the tradition changes: a woman treats her chosen one with a pretzel, and he, in turn, gives a confectionery egg for Easter.

June 23, the birthday of the Duke of Luxembourg, is a public holiday. On this date, torchlight processions are held on the palace square, festivities and fireworks.

Luxembourg's funny laws

Interesting facts about Luxembourg are hard to imagine without some rather funny laws. Luxembourg, of course, is not the United States - there is no case law here. But there are a number of laws that make ordinary people smile.

Thus, according to the road law, which was in force until 2000, every motorist was required to use a horn at each overtaking. Even if there is no motor vehicle ahead, but a cyclist. In March 2000, this ridiculous law was canceled, but another remained, no less reliable norm: any car is obliged to have wipers.

Even if this is a model without windshield or roadster - without janitors can not be traveled to the road, otherwise the driver will be fined on the round sum. In 2017, a fairly unusual law was adopted on mining, but not somewhere, but in space!

Interesting facts about Luxembourg. In 2017, a law on mining in space was adopted.

For the first time, a small state decided to leave his mark in the conquest of space territories. According to this law, any businessman or enterprise can proceed to mining in outer space. To do this, only you need to register this right in Luxembourg.

The most unusual natural places of Luxembourg

Interesting facts about Luxembourg include also data on the unique nature. Principality, despite its modest sizes, has many unusual places, pleasant to the heart in his arsenal. So, for the connoisseurs of Bordeaux and Chardonnay will be interesting to visit Luxembourg vineyards and winery. The total area of ​​grape vines is more than 800 hectares.

Fans of exquisite French wines will appreciate the Valley's Moserell Valley - Moselle Valley. Valley pools abundance of picturesque natural places; There you can also see almost all local flora and fauna, to taste local wines - local winery offer more than 50 types of wines and champagne.

The territory of the valley is full of lakes (more than 30 reservoirs). Called the valley in honor of the Moselle river flowing nearby. Closer to the Netherlands there are outton caves. This is one of the most profound caves in Europe, the second name is the caves of thousands and one night. This stone education is more than 10 million years. Then most of the local territories were in the aquatic area of ​​the seas.

discovered the cave system in the 50s of the last century, for visitors, they became accessible in 5 years of reconstructions. The depth of the galleries is more than 60 meters, the ceiling and walls are decorated with stalagmites and stalactites. Internal temperature of about 10-12 ° C.

Make a trip more diverse and interesting will help the trip to Mervey Amusement Park. It will be especially interesting for the smallest travelers, because the park is replete with children's carousers and attractions, railway and mini-zoo. There is a Mervey next to the city of Bettambour.

You can admire the unearthly beauty of Luxembourg landscapes by visiting Luxembourg Switzerland - an amazing place where several types of flora merge. There you can find valleys of picturesque reservoirs, rare representatives of the fauna; local mountains are composed of rocks originating from the ice age. It is recommended to visit the city of Ecternach - the pearl of Luxembourg Switzerland.

The amazing flora and fauna of Luxembourg

The basis of the Luxembourg flora are representatives of the Mediterranean vegetation. This is both apricot and southern walnut. Shrubs are represented mainly by dogwood, barberries, boxwood and holly. Most of the above plants form the basis of urban landscaping in gardens, park areas and private cottages.

A third of the duchy is covered with oak groves and beech forests. Conifers are also found, but deciduous trees predominate. Peaty areas of the soil, as well as sandstones, are planted with evergreen shrubs with narrow foliage.

Places with cooler temperatures and damp soil are planted with heather and lingonberries; there are also bushes of blueberry, crowberry, blueberry. Lowland soils are rich in various types of mosses.

Rye grass, ryegrass, is often found in mountainous areas. It is a type of nutritious mountain cereal, most commonly found in mountain pastures. Rye grass is absolutely harmless to all types of domestic and wild livestock. As for the fauna, squirrels and hares are popular in these parts; of the feathered representatives - buzzards, jays, wood pigeons, pheasants.

Rarely, but you can meet a real hawk, hazel grouse, capercaillie. After obtaining a permit for seasonal hunting, woodcocks and quails are shot. Kingfishers and kingfishers remain for wintering. In summer, robins, wrens, orioles, cuckoos and blackbirds become frequent guests of arable land and fields.

Kites and falcons prey on small rodents. Above the meadows you can hear the lark and buntings. Magpies and starlings can often be seen in cattle pastures. The river fauna is mainly represented by several species of trout and mirror carps.

The most unusual sights of Luxembourg

Experienced travelers advise to apply for a museum card online before traveling to Luxembourg, as well as to any EU country. It includes visiting all or part of the most famous and visited monuments of culture and architecture.

The cost of the card depends on the number of expected days of visit:

3 days EUR 20
5 days EUR 35
7 days 55 euros

157) Cathedral of Our Lady of Luxembourg. At the beginning of the 17th century, the cathedral belonged to the Jesuits. But after a century and a half, members of the Jesuit order were expelled from the principality, and the church was named after the patroness of Luxembourg. From that moment, a large-scale reconstruction and construction of the walls of the cathedral began. After construction, the church appeared in the Neo-Gothic style, as evidenced by the huge number of sculptures and carved arches. The heart of the cathedral is the sculpture of Our Lady, made of wood. There are also two organs inside. The largest of them reaches almost 190 meters in diameter and has 11 copper bells. 30 years ago, the bell tower was destroyed by fire, but after that it was completely restored. It is in the cathedral that the tombs of the founders of the duchy and their close associates are located. During the Easter period, the church gathers thousands of pilgrims who come here to kneel before the statue of the Virgin Mary. The address of the cathedral is Rue Notre Dame, 2240 Luxembourg.

  • Church of St. Michael. At the present time, only Catholic services and ceremonies are held in the church. In past centuries, the building has been completely destroyed more than once, but over and over again it was restored by the authorities. Such as it is now, the church appeared in the middle of the XVII century. The walls of the building are decorated with a huge heraldic lily. Saint Michael, according to legend, was the protector of the principality. He has repeatedly saved the townspeople from a huge water kite. During the French Revolution, the Jacobins wanted to completely destroy the temple, but it was saved by the icon of one of the saints, wearing a crown that looked like a Jacobin hat. Unfortunately, this saved the building from destruction, but did not save it from being used for its intended purpose, because the Jacobins set up something like a revolutionary theater there, using the altar as a stage and the lectern as a bar counter. The address of the church is Rue Sigefroi, 2536 Luxembourg;
  • Luxembourg Philharmonic. The grandiose building is surrounded by 800 props around the perimeter. White steel columns in 4 rows support the dome of the house of music. The concert stage is surrounded by boxes in several tiers. Inside the Philharmonic is divided into several large halls, the most spacious is the Grand Auditorum - it is designed for more than 1500 seats. The house of music is known for its unique acoustics. Thanks to modern equipment, it creates a real impression that each of the guests takes part in a musical performance. The opening of the philharmonic was loud and grand. In honor of this, a whole musical festival was arranged, which lasted 8 days. During this time, more than 15 thousand theatrons visited the House of Music. Philharmonic address - 1 Place de L'Europe, 1499 Luxembourg;
  • Church of the Holy Heart. Despite the religious subtext, this building is an educational institution. Founded institution in 1991. The university offers its applicants and students of higher education programs on administrative directions, modern technologies, business and trade, art, social programs. At the moment, more than 5,000 students are trained in the institution. A very popular university for foreign youth, because, as mentioned earlier, education in Luxembourg is considered one of the highest quality. And training at the university gives its students a good chance for career growth in any EU enterprises. There are forms of learning for both full-time and correspondence groups. The main consultant and the founder of the university is John Lech. He still leads the top of the institution administration.
  • An interesting fact - the small size of the territory of the state with interest is compensated by huge opportunities for learning, doing business, wonderful rest, etc. Luxembourg is one of the founders of the European Union, showing its example, how to ensure its citizens a worthy standard of living and to be kind and friendly neighbor.

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