Tasmania island. Where is it on the world map, photo and description, rest

Tasmania is an Australian state marked as an island on the map. This island managed to preserve a very rich flora and fauna in its original form. It is replete with waterfalls, endless lakes, many rivers, mountain valleys and of course beaches. Thanks to the formation of its own culture and original traditions, this corner of Australia has received the nickname "island of inspiration".

Significance of the island in the modern world

Tasmania is an island, on the world map spread just 240 km south of Australia. The island is cut off from the mainland by Bass Strait. This strait, skirting the South Australian coast, is part of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. The state administration also includes three islands: Flanders, King and Macquarie.

Geographic coordinates of the island
south latitude in decimal degrees East longitude in decimal degrees
-42.0147.0

Tasmania is a very small island, in fact it is the smallest Australian state. It can be completely bypassed in just 3-4 days. The length of the island from north to south is only about 250 km. The width is about 300 km. The total area of ​​the island is 68,401 km². The population of Tasmania, according to the latest estimates, is slightly more than 500 thousand people.

Where is Tasmania Island located on the world map, climate, nature, population. When to go, how to get there, where to relax, what to see, what to bring as souvenirs.

The island got its name thanks to a Dutch explorer. Abel Tasman discovered these lands in 1642 while traveling on two ships with a scientific expedition. However, the traveler could not say for sure whether he sees an island or part of the mainland, since he went around the land only from the south side. Only after 150 years this issue was clarified.

Many legends are associated with the island of Tasmania. One of them tells about (navigator from Holland) Abel Tasman, who intended to marry the daughter of the Governor General, Maria Van Diemen.

The girl's father decided to get rid of the importunate boyfriend by sending him to sail one of the most dangerous sea routes. Contrary to the expectations of the Governor General, Abel Tasman did not die during the expedition. Moreover, he discovered the island. Thanks to this romantic story, one of the northern capes of the island was named Cape Maria Van Diemen.

Hobart is a small charming city with a population of less than 250 thousand people. It is he who is the capital of Tasmania. Founded in 1804, the city is considered the oldest in Australia (after Sydney). It is located at the base of Mount Wellington, at the mouth of the River Derwent.

Due to its favorable location, Hobart is a port city with a well-developed shipbuilding industry. In addition, the city is famous for its food industry, which focuses on wine production, brewing and confectionery.

How to get there

Tasmania (an island on the world map) is the smallest state of Australia cut off from the mainland. In order to get to the island, you first need to arrive on the mainland. Most of Australia, including Tasmania, is served only by local airlines. Without transfers (there are no direct flights), a flight to the Australian continent from Russia will take more than 20 hours.

You can get to Tasmania from almost any city, more or less large. The closest airport to the island is in Canberra. The flight will take at least an hour.

Thanks to the rapidly developing tourism industry, Tasmanian land can also be reached by water, by cruise ship. The path will take much longer, but it will be much more interesting.

There is a ferry from the mainland (city of Melbourne) to the island crossing the Bass Strait. It's not that easy to get on it. Tickets must be booked well in advance as they are in high demand. Before getting on the ferry itself, each traveler goes through a quarantine zone. On the way, the ferry spends approximately 9 hours. There are both day and night flights. The end point of the ferry is Devonport.

Since Tasmania is part of Australia, to find a Australian tourist visa in the island. To make a visa you will need to collect an impressive list of documents. A detailed list can be viewed on the website of the Australian Embassy. Submit documents for registration of a visa is the easiest way to the online system.

Tourists planning to rest on the territory of Australia, it will be necessary to take care of vaccination in advance.

Vaccination Name Recommendations for execution
Tetrol / Diphteriais laid 1 time in 10 years.
rabiesfor tourists planning to contact with animals.
rubella / vapotitis / kingfor all tourists, if not previously done.
InfluenzaRecommended in the season from November to April.

Climate

Tasmania - Island, on the world map located at the junction of two belts - subtropical (in the north) and moderate (in the south). Tasmania's climate is characterized by high humidity and is considered the coolest point of Australia.

Tasmania weather conditions during the summer period.

Since June, a full winter begins on the island. From the effects of ocean waters, winter is rather soft. The weather on the coast and nearby cities remains relatively warm. At the same time, the mountains are covered with snow.

The amount of precipitation on the Tasmansky island

the highest level of drop-down precipitation falls in July. This month is considered the coldest on Tasmania. The air temperature is practically not changed, in contrast to the water temperature. In August, warming begins, however, due to high humidity, it is weakly felt.

Summer
Air temperaturefrom +5 ° C to +12 ° C
water temperaturefrom +8 ° C to +9 ° C

If rest in Tasmania is scheduled for summer time, it is best to spend it in the southern or eastern part of the island. There, the level of drop-down precipitation is much lower.

Weather conditions of Tasmania in the autumn period.

In September, the air temperature, both during the day and night, is noticeably rising. The amount of precipitation in the north of the island is significantly reduced. In October, the island is slowly filled with tourists. The water temperature does not allow you to swim, but the rest of the charms are already available. In November, the "high tourist season" opens on Tasmania Island.

Autumn
air temperaturefrom +7 ° C to +17 ° C
water temperaturefrom +10 ° C to +14 ° C

Tasmania weather conditions in winter.

In December, Martov Weather is typical for Russians. Summer at Tasmania comes in January.The water is enough of the weather, and this is the most comfortable time for diving. January is considered the top of the tourist season. In February, falling on the island of precipitation reaches their minimum.

Winter
air temperaturefrom + 18 ° С TO +21 ° C
temperature of waterfrom + 15 ° C to +17 ° C

in winter Rest in Tasmania is difficult to consider perfect. However, it is quite acceptable for outdoor activities in nature or for excursions.

Weather conditions of Tasmania in the spring period.

From March to May, the air temperature begins to decline actively. The precipitation is still not very much. The western part of the island is abundantly poured by shoes.

Spring
Air temperaturefrom +7 ° C to +19 ° C
water temperaturefrom +11 ° C to +16 ° C

Spring weather on The island is favorably only for hiking in the mountains or flights on Paraglider.

Nature Features

On the world's maps of the world, more than 10,000 years ago, the island of Tasmania molded his unique flora and fauna. Exceptional natural wealth have become the figure of the world heritage of UNESCO. The living world of Tasmania is really unique, as many of his representatives can be interpreted only here.

Exotic forests cover more than 4,000 square meters. m islands. More than a quarter of the green surface of the island, to this day remains untouched by man. National parks and reserves occupy more than 35% of the island area, their at least 17 and each in its own way. More than 25 types of unique animals and about 150 rare bird species live in Tasmania.

Many inhabitants of the island became the only one of its kind. So, for example, the "Tasmansky Devil" (or Summer Damn), which became a peculiar business card. This species has been preserved only in Tasmania, although only 600 years ago he flooded the mainland. The Summer Devil was exterminated by European colonialists, since the first had the tendency to ruin the chickenurs.

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Many types of exotic trees reaches unprecedented heights here thanks to a soft and very humid climate. Among them is a southern beech, which is considered a real relic (some representatives of more than 2,000 years). The most striking example of the rarest birds in Australia is an orange fertile parrot with his unique bright plumage.

National dishes

The gastronomic traditions of Tasmania and Australian cuisine are generally quite diverse. The basis of the Japanese, Chinese, Irish, British and Malay features of cooking. The cuisine of Tasmania is obliged to colonizers and numerous refugees from different countries.

Business card of Australian cuisine - toasts with pub "Vajseight". Australians use it for breakfast. The paste is prepared from the residues of the beer wort, therefore it has a pronounced taste and smell of beer. It is applied to a tooth toast with a thin layer, as it is very salty. The appearance of this mass is very reminded by a nut paste.

The icon of street fast food is none other, and a hamburger from the network of street food restaurants - McDonald's. "Macoz" - this is exactly the name of this hamburger. It is cooked according to the classic recipe, but with the addition of a very extravagant component - pickled grated beet. Thanks to beets, Maczo acquires a bright purple shade and looks rather unusual.

Barramundi lives in local rivers - a representative of predatory fish. Aborigines are preparing this fish in various variations. Most often it is frying and served with a variety of headers.

The most popular dish at any point of Australia is a grill of kangaroo meat. There is absolutely no fat in this meat, so it is so appreciated by dietary nutritioners. Specially for this dish was created a unique sauce from juniper berries. It may also include a variety of berries or fruits. Sauce has a sour-sweet taste.

Tasmanians are used in the food shark fin, which can be purchased, in a frozen form, in almost every food store island. Often make soup out of it. Only the units of tourists agree to taste this product. The fact is that shark fins possesses a sharp smell of ammonia and causes an unpleasant burning in the oral cavity.

The island produces soft and lightweight varieties of wines, including sparkling varieties. Tasmanians love beer very much, so you can find a lot of breweries here. Also, the island is famous for its manufacture of various types of cheeses.

The population

To date, the population of Tasmania is approximately 500,000. Until recently, the indigenous population of the island was considered the most "backward" in the world. Back in 1803, the local population numbered about 5,000. In just some 30 years, the number has declined sharply. This happened because of the many diseases brought by the colonialists and refugees from Europe.

In 1876, Lalla Rook, one of the last representatives of the full-blooded population of Tasmania, died.

Now Tasmania is inhabited by the descendants of those same Aborigines, descended from mixed marriages with Europeans. The Tasmanians are a very talented people. The island has a thriving abundance of crafts. You can find many art workshops, workshops for dressing leather, wool and wood.

All speakers, as well as the Tasmanian languages ​​themselves, have completely died out. Now in Tasmania, work is underway to "reanimate" one of the Aboriginal languages ​​- Palawa-Kani, as well as almost lost ancient traditions that have been preserved in some families.

The Tasmanians are a very cheerful people who affectionately call their home "Tassi". Various celebrations and street festivals are constantly held on the island. Like most Australians, Tasmanians do not follow racial prejudice. For them, absolutely all people are equal. Tasmanians are extremely responsive people and favorably treat immigrants.

Currency

The Australian dollar (AUD, A$) is the official currency of Australia and Tasmania respectively. This is a fairly stable currency, it is in sixth place in world currency transactions (5%).

The Australian dollar can be purchased before visiting the country itself, the exchange rate fluctuates but not significantly. It's best to have a small amount of cash with you, just in case. Buying local currency at the airport or at the hotel is not very profitable.

The best option for acquiring local currency is banks. Banking days are from Monday to Friday. They are open from 09:30 to 16:30. Only a few banks in Australia are open on Saturday, and then only until noon.

Traveler's checks are accepted, but not everywhere and quite rarely. It is best to cash them out at the bank, but the commission cannot be avoided. It is most convenient to pay with credit or debit cards. This payment method is highly developed in Tasmania.

If a tourist needs cash to pay (this often happens in the provinces or small shops), you can withdraw it from the nearest ATM. ATMs in Tasmania are at almost every step: in shops, banks, restaurants, shopping centers and bars. When withdrawing cash from ATMs, you should not forget about hidden fees.

When to go

the selection of the season to visit the Australian state of Tasmania to a large extent depends on the type of rest. For lovers of the beach season, it is best to navigate the end of autumn, as it is in November on the island a high tourist season opens. Water warms up enough so that it can be surfing and diving.

In winter and until the middle of spring, tourists have fun at the expense of outdoor activities.

The most popular kinds of active recreation at this time are:

  • excursions;
  • climbing;
  • surfing;
  • Paraglider flights;
  • Riding on a mountain bike;
  • rafting;
  • Diving and speleology.

Transport

City public transport in the state is quite weak. To a greater extent, it is designed for local schoolchildren. The most common way of movement in Tasmania (as in all Australia) is a car.

Car rental will not be a problem. And rental transport can be rented, still being on the mainland, and cross the island of ferry. For rental, tourist will need only a credit card and international driver's license. On the roads of Tasmania, you can not lose vigilance, especially from the night of the day. The fact is that animals often jump out on the roadway, provoking the accident.

A little better things are a long-distance transport. The fare on the running comfortable buses varies from 15 to $ 25. You can book tickets by phone.

The railway transport system connects the 4 main city cities, but is used mainly for freight traffic. Especially for tourists on the island there was a gear railway. It launched a small locomotive made back in 1898.

Movement on the island is much facilitated by tourists who purchased tours. As a rule, drivers deliver tourists directly to hotels or the desired addresses. Wishing will be delivered to the airport.

Rest

for the most part, Tasmania is more suitable for tourists who prefer an active lifestyle. But for lovers of a relaxing holiday, there will be something to do.

1. Beach rest. Almost all the eastern coast of the state is a cluster of sandy beaches of stunning beauty. On the territory of the Cote d'Azur, you can not only sunbathe. Vacationers can take advantage of the entertainment as an exit to the open sea to observe dolphins, fishing, or just ride a yacht.

2. Active rest. It offers many opportunities for tourists to enjoy:

  • Surfing.
  • Diving.
  • Rock climbing.
  • Paragliding.
  • Rafting.
  • Riding mountain bikes as well as flat bikes.
  • Kayaking and canoeing.
  • Speleology.
  • Golf.
  • Alpinism.
  • ATV riding in the desert.
  • Rafting on a mountain river on a rubber raft.

3. Cultural rest. There are plenty of things to do for city dwellers too. For example, visit numerous museums that tell about the natives. Or go to the gallery of paintings or folk crafts, there are quite a few of them in the city.

Tasmania has a huge number of architectural sights. Tasmanians love to arrange various street parties, fairs and festivals, such colorful events will surely interest any tourist.

4. Ecotourism plays a major role in Tasmania. Most travelers go to the island just to visit the numerous, huge scale, national parks and reserves.

What to see

Tasmania is an island that occupies a small area on the world map. It presents its guests with a huge number of attractions. For those who want to save a lot, it will be much more profitable to buy a single ticket to visit places of interest.

Brochures with a variety of itineraries can be found everywhere: at bars, shops, cafes and hotels. If the owners of the "park pass" travel by car, you will have to pay separately for its entry into the park.

Freycinet National Park

This park is located 125 km from the capital of Tasmania. It was founded in 1916. Today - it is the oldest national park that exists on the island.

The park is a peninsula with a small picturesque bay. Local beaches have repeatedly received recognition as the best in the world. The highlight of this park are rocky granite formations of unusual shades - pink and red.

Museum of Old and New Art MONA

This museum is located in the city of Hobart. It owes its existence to the famous millionaire - David Walsham. The museum houses the largest collection of modern art and antique antiquities. It consists of 8 intricately intertwined pavilions, in which it is very easy to get lost. Some of the exhibits on display can excite any person.

Fiers Bay

It is also called "The Bay of Bonfires".He received its name through bright orange coastal boulders, tinted in an unusual color to growing lichens on stones.

Russell Waterfall

It is located on the territory of Mount Field National Park. Waterfall received its popularity for easily accessibility. It is not necessary to get to him for a long time, just a couple of minutes walking walks.

Port Arthur

European colonialists used an island as a place of reference to dangerous criminals. Since then, there are many attractions of this subject.The most famous from all historical objects is Port Arthur, who just served as a prison.

National Park "Puttail"

This park is located in the mouth of the Tamar River. Between the two beaches Greenz Beach and Bakers Beach. The park is a territory of untouched wildlife. Until 2000, he wore another name - "Asbestos Rats".

South-West National Park

This park is the largest on the island. Its area exceeds 600 thousand hectares. "Runs" is less than 100 km from the capital of Tasmania. Parks are famous for its most interesting hiking routes.

Ben Lomond National Park

Park is located near Launceston. On its territory, there is an Ludgez Tor - the second is the height of the island peak.Now this is the most popular ski resort on the island.

Tasmansky Bridge

Wide main bridge located in the capital of Tasmania, with five strips of movement. It crosses the Dervent River and has a slightly over 1390 m. The bridge is equipped with pedestrian stripes. He opens a stunning view of the city to every wishes.

Salted River

is also called "Salt Bay". Located near Port Arthur and is a former settlement of a correctional colony. Prisoners mined coal in local mines. Many tourists enorted inhuman conditions of detention and warning inscriptions in the chambers of criminals.

What to bring

Tasmania is a real storehouse of wonder things that can be brought home as souvenirs. This is explained by a huge number of artisans who managed to implement their talents.

What is worth bringing from Tasmania:

  • Clothes (shirts or dresses) made from Tasmanian wool of merino goats. The cost of products from wool in local markets range ranging from $ 40 to $ 70.
  • "Uggs" - comfortable and very warm soft boots made from sheepskin. The average price is from $ 80 to $ 150.
  • On the shelves you can find skillfully dressed kangaroo skins, as well as hats, shoes, outerwear, bags and backpacks made from it. Approximate prices for leather goods $50 to $300.
  • Boomerang is perhaps the most common souvenir brought from Australia ($15).
  • Spot paintings. A small painting will cost about $25.

Gastronomic souvenirs:

  • Macadamia nuts are very similar in taste to ordinary hazelnuts (1 kg from $30).
  • Veigimite - national Australian sandwich spread ($10 jar).
  • Crocodile, emu or kangaroo jerky ($5).
  • Dark rum - Bundaberg Rum ($5).

Tasmania is a rather obscure place on the world map. Its capricious weather conditions will not be to the taste of every tourist. But the island more than compensates for its shortcomings with its extraordinary richness. It is very easy to fall in love with this island and its native inhabitants.

Article design: Vladimir the Great

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