Tahiti. Where is the island on the world map, rest, photo, capital, description

Tahiti - Magic island in quiet The ocean, the symbol of paradise life and free love, appeared on the map of the world thanks to the expedition of the Englishman Samuel Wallis in 1767. The most famous event in the history of the island, which became the basis for many adventure books and films, was the rebellion on the ship of the British Navy "Bounty", under the leadership of the captain.

The meaning of the island in the modern world

Island Tahiti is a group of the Islands of the Company, or French Polyesia, located south of the Equator, in the very center of the Pacific Ocean, about the same distance from South America and Australia. A total of 118 large and small islands in the country, Tahiti - the main and largest in this archipelago. Its area is 1042 m2.

The island of two parts: North (Big) - Tahiti-Nui and South (Small) - Taiti-Iti. One small experiencing connects 2 of these parts, making Tahiti with a height look like a turtle. All modern life is focused on Big Tahiti, the southern part is almost deserted. On all sides, the island is surrounded by coral reefs.

Tahiti on the world map is located at 17aboutSouth latitude and 149aboutWestern longitude. The nearest neighbor is the islands of Cook - more than 1000 km west. South America - 6000 thousand km to the east. On the northern part of the island is the capital of the state of Papeete, the population of which is 70 thousand people.

Tahiti has volcanic origins. To date, its highest point is the orcrew volcano, rising by 2241 m above sea level.

"Otaithi" in translation from the local language means "islet". This is not the most original name in charge of the main island of French Polynesia since its discovery. Wallace originally called the territory in honor of his king George III, but in wide circles the local "Tahiti" was entrenched.

The total name of the whole archipelago "Island of the Company" was given by James Cook in honor of the London Royal Nature Society, on the task of which he went to explore this part of the Pacific Ocean.

How to get there

Traveling from any part of Europe on Tahiti is almost a voyage around the globe. The most common trip option is airfare. Of the Moscow, as well as other European cities, except Paris, there are no direct flights to the company's islands.

Those who decided to explore this part of the globe should be prepared for more than 20 hours of staying on the way. In addition to the time of the flight itself, another stay at the airport of the intermediate country is added waiting for the transplant flight.

The beginning of the journey is the design of a mandatory visa. Tahiti belongs to the possessions of France, so a visa issues a consulate of the French Embassy.

Without registration of an additional visa, it is possible to move to those citizens who already have a French Schengen visa or a residence permit (long-term visa) in one of the countries of the Schengen region. In addition, it is necessary to design visas of those countries through which the flight will be performed.

on possible ways of flight Read more Table:

Route flight time to the 1st transplant Transplantation time flight time to the 2nd Transfer country waiting time in the second airport The flight time from the intermediate country to Papeete
Paris - Papeetewithout transfers19 h.
Los Angeles - Papeete12 h.2 h.20 min.--8 h. 30 min.
Tokyo - Papeeteabout 10 h.7h.11 h.
Shanghai - Tokyo - Papeete8 h. 30 min.2 h.2 h. 30 min.4 h.11 h.
Seoul Tokyo - Papeete8 h. 20 min.Seoul-Tokyo: very many flights, almost every hourA little over 2 hoursDepends on the selected flight from Seoul11 hours
often hold promotions and discounts on tickets, sales. The cost at this time is reduced by 20-30%.

In Tahiti, guests are met by Faaa Airport, located not far from the capital. You can get to the city by taxi ($15) or shuttle ($2). Sea cruises are another option to visit the island. However, in Europe there is only one port from which ships depart to French Polynesia - Genoa, in Italy.

Climate

Depending on the location, the climatic conditions on the islands of French Polynesia are somewhat different. If on the northern islands the climate type is characterized as subequatorial, the southern archipelagos are in the humid subtropical climate zone.

Tahiti on the world map is located in the central part of the state, its weather conditions are defined as tropical trade winds. The division into warm and cool, wet and dry seasons is very conditional here: in the coolest months, the air temperature does not fall below +20oC, in the hottest it is maximum + 30oC

Briefly about the climatic features of Tahiti:

  • The warm and humid season is caused by northwesterly winds. This period begins in November and lasts until May inclusive.
  • June-October is a cool and dry period, with southeast trade winds.
  • The average annual temperature in Tahiti is +26o.
  • The water temperature stays within certain limits throughout the year, and does not go beyond the lower limit - +26o.
  • The hottest period: February-April (about +30oC during the day and +27oC at night). The warmest water in the sea is also observed during this period.
  • April, July and August are the leaders in terms of the number of sunny days.
  • In the coldest months: August, September, October, the average temperature becomes +26.4aboutC.
  • The most windy weather is in the period July-September.
  • January is the peak period of the rainy season. At this time, the island is often affected by tropical storms and cyclones.

Features of nature

The main attraction of Tahiti is the ocean and its underwater world of coral reefs. Land meets tourists with no less colorful and exotic landscapes. The volcanic landscape of the island belongs to the mountainous type.

The uniqueness of the flora and fauna of the island state in the Pacific region is determined by the remoteness of these places from the mainland civilization. Many plants and animals are delivered here by navigators from other continents. The paradise climate and the lack of sharp weather drops allowed them to safely take root in a new place.

Tahiti's root vegetation is evergreen rocks of palm trees, groves with thickets of acacias, crotones, rhododendrons, bread trees. Unusually a wide variety of hibiscus, which there are 27 species here.

In the lake stroit, among the flowers of the lotus, a unique plant is growing, specific only for these places - Tiara. The main agricultural culture on Tahiti is coconut palm tree. Large territories are allocated under the landing of bananas, rice, maniacs, coffee, cocoa, pineapples and other tropical crops.

Unlike violent vegetation, the fauna of the society islands is quite poor. Here you do not meet big mammals, except that the victorious individuals of homemade pigs or goats. From June to October, humpback whales migrate past Tahiti.

Their path goes so close from the shore that you can watch them right from the beach. Bird world is more diverse. Fence of feathered accompanying everywhere. It is on Tahiti that the endemic species of birds is seen and described - a green spotted pigeon.

National dishes

Local cuisine is a successful combination of exotic and traditional French cuisine. Tahitian restaurants are a true paradise for gourmet. As in other countries of oceanic coasts, the main ingredient of many dishes is a fish, and other exotic seafood are not often found.

It is possible to eat high-quality and delicious food not only in expensive restaurants. Food in roadside cafes, as well as in street vendors, also delicious, prepares only from fresh products.

What is worth trying to Tahiti:

  • IA-OTA - raw fish fillet with vegetables, pickled in coconut milk and juice lime.
  • Tamaaraa - prepares from fish, meat or vegetables. Large pieces of products are collapsed in spices, wrap in banana leaves and baked in special earthy furnaces. They serve a special sauce on coconut milk. This dish is found in the menu of almost all larger and small restaurants Tahiti.
  • Fafala - Fish marinated in oceanic water.
  • Grilled Macrel, Barracuda, Parrot Fish, marinated in the same coconut milk.
  • Papaya salad.
  • Chips from the fruits of breadwinner.
  • Vegetable delicacies from the fruits of breadwinner, baked vegetable banana, butt and tarot.
  • Sweet dish called "software" is a dessert made from pumpkin, banana and local plant roots, with vanilla coconut cream.
  • Another unique dessert - ice cream with taste and aroma Tiare, flower endemic.

In the menu of restaurants and a cafe a lot of usual European dishes. Behind the budget snack with local flavor it is worth going to the central market of the capital.

From beverages, except traditional tea, coffee, French and local wines, it is worth trying exotic Tahitian drinks:

  • Coconut water;
  • Hinano beer from chrome fruits;
  • vanilla rum;
  • Pineapple Wine;
  • cocktails from local fruits;
  • Fruit Liquors.

What is still striking the tourist is fruit abundance. Sweet fruits Here it is customary to serve even in the form of a garnish to fish and meat dishes.

The population

The population of Tahiti island for the 2007 census was about 178,000 people.

The division by national composition is as follows:

  • 80% - indigenous taitsa;
  • 15% - Europeans (mostly French);
  • 5% - Chinese.

on religious beliefs of more than half of the population - Catholics, about 40% - Protestants.

Tahiti on the political map of the world is part of the France's overseas owners, the official language of the country is French. Taitians are the subjects of this European state, but almost all posts in the field of administration are indigenous French. Tahitians have to be content with the posts of medium and low link.

On Tahiti a very high standard of living, by the standards of developed states, while the salaries of indigenous residents are low. Most of the population is located below the poverty line and survives, mainly due to the gifts of the sea and the abundance of fruit. With all this islanders, extraordinaryly friendly, friendly, sociable.

Earn using any means, they do not seek. Prefer to spend your free time with friends, for your favorite occupation. What do not regret the Tahitian time, so it's for creativity. Needlework and crafts are busy all. This people whose culture and language have long been banned, managed to preserve the traditions of his culture and identity.

Currency

The currency of Tahiti is the Pacific Franc, which is tied to the euro. Exchange rate - 1000 francs = 8.38 euros. Take a journey with you, both cash euro and plastic cards. All large shops, restaurants, hotels, rental offices and other official institutions accept MasterCard and Visa cards for payment.

Withdrawing euro cash is not a problem, there are many ATMs, but a large commission is charged for this operation. The dollar-franc exchange is accompanied not only by a commission fee, but also by a tax. In total, such a procedure will reduce the initial amount of money by about 12%.

What else you need to know about foreign exchange transactions in Tahiti:

  • Currency exchange offices are located at the airport, hotels, banks.
  • Banks are open from 8.00 to 15.30.
  • Working days: Monday-Friday (on Saturday until 11.30 one Bank of Tahiti is open).
  • Reverse currency exchange is not possible. That is, it will not work to exchange Pacific francs that are not used for euros. It is necessary to carry out an exchange if necessary or spend the rest on gifts and souvenirs.

When to go

Tahiti on the world map is located in such a way that its summer and winter periods are directly opposite to European ones. Local summer lasts from December to March. Although the average daily temperatures in all seasons do not differ significantly, during this period there is a high probability of falling under a tropical lingering downpour or hurricane.

The best time to go to Tahiti is from April to October, the driest time. According to reviews, the most favorable month is July. The maximum temperatures of this period are easily tolerated due to the fresh sea breeze. Just at this time, most of the Tahitian festivals and holidays are held, which are not inferior to Brazilian carnivals in terms of beauty.

Transportation

Those who wish to explore the beauties of the island not only on an excursion program will need transport to move around the capital or its environs.

At the service of tourists:

  • car rental;
  • taxi;
  • buses.

The rental service on the island has an extensive network. You can rent a car already at the airport or in one of the numerous points of the capital. In Papaete, you can rent a car in one place and return it in another. The rental price depends on the class of car and the time of use. The average daily rental of a small car will cost from $50 to $150.

There are many taxis in Tahiti. The meeting place for taxi drivers is the market on Pomare Boulevard. A trip around the capital will cost an average of $ 15 -20, but you need to discuss the cost in advance, they can charge an additional fee for carrying luggage. Departure outside the capital - by agreement with the taxi driver. Most of them are fluent in French and English. At night, taxi prices increase by about 20%.

Public transport in Tahiti consists of buses that look like trucks, with wooden benches in the cabin. The fare varies depending on the time of day. From 6.00 am to 6.00 pm, the fare in the capital costs $1.60, and from 6.00 pm to midnight - $2.50.

Travel to the outskirts of the city will cost $9.40. The cost of tickets for transport going outside Papeete depends on the distance. Price tags, directions and timetables are indicated on each bus.

Rest

Everyone understands rest in their own way. For some it is the beach and the sea, for others extreme and active pastime, others are looking for entertainment and adventures of night life. In Tahiti, all needs will be met.

Beaches

Tahiti is located on the world map in a region where beach holidays and sea bathing are possible all year round. Most of the beaches on the island are wild, without infrastructure.

The best places for a beach holiday:

  • La Plage de Maui in the south is the only white sand beach in Tahiti, very calm, away from noisy places, suitable for families with children. The disadvantage is that there is a road in the immediate vicinity of the beach.
  • Veava - sand and pebble beach located 18 km from the capital. Sandy bottom, convenient entry into the water, equipped shower and toilet, surrounded by palm trees.
  • Pointe Venus - northern beach with black volcanic sand. Despite the gloomy black color, it remains the most popular, thanks to the soft sand, comfortable sandy bottom, charming landscape.
  • Taharuu - excellent northern beach, with black sand, waves for beginner surfers, surrounded by palm trees.
  • Lafayette - a beach not far from the capital. The sand is black, the bottom is sandy, the atmosphere is calm. Minus - the proximity to the capital affects the exorbitant prices of the nearest hotels.

Active recreation

Tahiti will please those whose temperament does not allow spending days lying on the beach, first of all, with extreme water entertainment and an entertaining excursion program on land.

  • Surfing - the ocean waves of the coastal currents attract professionals who hold competitions in Teahupoo every year. No less popular among lovers are Cape Venus, Cape Rybak, Papenoo.
  • Diving is another very popular type of outdoor activity in Tahiti. Numerous diving clubs are equipped according to international standards, diving is possible both professional for certificate holders and amateur for beginners.
  • Snorkeling. For those who like to see the beauty of the underwater world without deep diving, a place in the northwest called Toapoto is worth a visit. Nearby is a picturesque public park.
  • Cage diving with predatory sharks.
  • Fishing from the shore, in the open sea from a boat, with tackle or with a spear.
  • Hiking and car rides in the mountains and jungle.
  • Climbing Mount Orohen.

    Mount Orohen on the island of Tahiti

  • E architectural, historical and natural attractions.

Night entertainment

Fans of noisy parties, dance evenings, music, those for whom rest is a fun entertainment in the company, it will be interesting to visit some of the clubs of interest. Most of them are in Papaete.

  • Mana Rock Cafe - during the day it is a pub, with a large selection of beers. In the evening, the cafe turns into a colorful disco on the ocean.
  • Le Tamure Hut - a club where you can listen to performances of local folk groups.
  • Bar Le Piano is famous for its colorful travesty shows and a large selection of cocktails.
  • Club Le Retro is distinguished by the organization of colorful festivals and carnivals.
  • The Pink Coconut Club is a place of entertainment for Tahitian "golden" youth.
  • The Captain Bligh Club is decorated in a nautical theme and offers European rhythms, food and ambiance.

What to see

Lovers of nature, cultural values, history and all lovers of everything new will find their interest in Tahiti.

Papeete Market

In any country, the central market of the capital is the place where you can best get acquainted with the color and peculiarities of the country you are in. Tahiti is no exception. It is in the market that one can understand the true sincerity and goodwill of the Tahitians.

The Central Market of Papaete is a huge building built in 1987 on the site of an old historic bazaar. In addition to an abundance of vegetables, fruits, fish and other products, all kinds of Aboriginal folk art are represented here. The market is open seven days a week, from 6.00 to 18.00.

Waterfalls

The famous waterfalls are located in Greater Tahiti or Tahiti Nui. Their visit is included in the excursion programs offered by hotels. You can explore these wonders of nature yourself by driving a bus or car.

There are several waterfalls, they differ in the height and width of the stream, but all are surrounded by the splendor of plants and flowers, large or small lakes in which you can swim. It is best to feel all the grandeur of this natural attraction after the rainy season, when the flowing streams are at their fullest.

Notre Dame Cathedral

Despite the fact that the first Europeans in Tahiti were Spanish and Dutch navigators, the French managed to settle in these territories for a long time. It was the French missionaries who brought the Catholic faith and their churches to the islands of Polynesia.

The main Catholic church of the capital is named after the famous Parisian cathedral. Notre Dame Papeete was opened to the faithful on Christmas Eve in 1875, shortly before France claimed the islands as its territory.

Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Papeete

The current Notre Dame is a functioning cathedral, a monument of Gothic architecture, with pompous decoration inside. Surrounded by shopping and entertainment complexes in the center of the capital, Notre-Dame-Papeete serves as the starting point for traveling around the city.

Another architectural monument is located immediately behind the cathedral - the residence of the bishop. In addition to this cathedral, historical monuments and religious shrines are of interest: the Protestant temple of Poafay and the Chinese temple of Mamao.

Tahiti Museum

It is located in the small municipality of Punaauia, 15 km southwest of the capital. The ethnographic collection of the museum presents exhibits that tell about the culture, life, and crafts of the indigenous peoples of the island. The museum also has expositions dedicated to the flora and fauna of the island, historical events. Very nice garden with exotic plants.

Gauguin Museum

The French artist Paul Gauguin settled in Tahiti in September 1891, and lived in an ordinary native hut until June 1893. It was here that his best paintings were painted, which brought Gauguin world fame.

A museum-memorial was created at the artist's place of residence, which consists of several buildings connected by covered passages. The museum's galleries display paintings by the artist, his household items, documents, and letters.

Museum of Black Pearls

The famous black pearls are the well-deserved pride of Polynesians. The mollusks that produce such beauty grow only here. Gone are the days when divers mined pearls from the bottom of the ocean.

Tahiti and other islands have established farms for the cultivation and extraction of black pearls, which are the main export of the country. The wonderful exhibition of decorations from it is the most visited part of the museum. Most museums on Tahiti work on all days, except Monday, from 9.00 to 17.00.

Botanical Garden

Harrison Smith's Botanical Garden is not far from the Museum of Gauguen. Here are collected a wide variety of tropical plants, among which the turtles live and many birds.

Excursions

For entertainment of tourists, a variety of excursions are organized, during which you can explore all the surroundings, attractions and plunge into the exotic atmosphere of the island. Guides are posted by French and English, less often Spanish. The Russian-speaking guide is difficult to find, mainly for individual tours on request.

  • Hiking routes of varying degrees of difficulty and duration. The simplest one-day walk in which you can go with children, passes through a light path, includes lunch in nature, swimming in the ocean. More complex routes require some physical training. There are hiking calculated for 2 days, with overnight stay in a tent.
  • Safari on the jeep will allow to explore the virgin jungle, mountain areas. Trips are offered along the routes of different lengths.
  • Excursions on the sights of the capital and the surrounding area include all the significant places and museums. You can choose a hiking route or bus tour.
  • Cruises or water excursions on Polynesian Pie or a walking boat make it possible to observe the games of dolphins, migration movements of whales, romantic sunsets.
  • Helicopter excursion takes place in a soundproof helicopter. 45 minutes of the flight make it possible to inspect the beauty of the island from the height.

The entertainment program in Tahiti recreation places is very extensive. Anyone can choose cycling or equestrian, visiting the Polynesian village or departure on the yacht, fishing or walking on the seabed.

What to bring

The main places for the purchase of souvenirs are located in Papeete. This is the central market and many shops and trays with souvenirs and crafts of the native masters. Shopping time from 8.00 to 17.30, small private benches work until 22.00.

So, which is famous for Tahiti:

  • Crafts from the famous black pearls. Souvenir is not cheap. High-quality pearls cost from $ 250 to $ 10000 per piece. For 40-50 dollars you can buy low-quality jewels with small defects.
  • Decorations made of pearl shells with amazing carvings made by local craftsmen. Sometimes pearls are added to them.
  • Taitian painted pareo is not less famous. On the market, such a product costs 25-30, pareo, written by hand, in workshops artists is expensive than 2-3 times.
  • Popular souvenirs from bone, stone, wood.
  • Monocen aromatic oils.
  • Tropical fruit liqueurs.

Tahiti is the place on the world map, which is a recognized place of tattoo masters. Some go here specifically for it.

Registration of the article: Vladimir Great

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