Sydney Opera House, Australia, Sydney. Photos, facts

The building of the Sydney Opera House is accepted Consider the most famous and provocative construction in the world. It was designed by the famous Danish architect Yornine Uston, which in May 2003, thanks to this Australian project, became the 25th owner of the Pritzker Prize, known as "architectural nobel."

Construction history, architecture

The history of the creation of The Sydney Opera House in Sydney, in Australia, began in the late 1940s. Thanks to Sir, Eugene Hussens, the English conductor and the composer, director of the musical conservatory of the new South Wales. He insisted on the construction of a new building, as the old one was not suitable for holding musical ideas.

As a place to build the opera building, Cape Bennelong, dividing in the Gulf of Port Jackson Sydney and Farm Cove covers, was chosen. Such accommodation required a different approach to planning.

If the classical construction of the theater building requires a solemn design of only the central entrance, and from its opposite side it was usually a technical space, then in this case the construction should have equivalent facades.

This was due to the location of the theater: the central entrance was planned to turn to the city, the other parties should serve as decoration of the Sydney panorama from the bay.

The decision was found: auxiliary premises The architect was hidden in a 2-storey podium placed under the main volume flying in different directions, as if inflated by the wind of the sail. The search for engineering solved about four years. During this time, a number of verification layouts and a huge number of computer calculations were made.

Construction work began in 1959 with the participation of 10,000 builders. The construction of the Opera House occupied a lot more time than it was assumed. From the beginning and before its completion, it was 14 years old and about 102 million Australian dollars spent, although the initial estimate of construction was $ 7 million.

The project was not fully developed by Jorn Utson (he resigned as chief architect in 1966). It was completed by an Australian team of architects led by Peter Hall.

The building was officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II of Australia on 10/20/1973. During this ceremony, Beethoven's 9th Symphony was performed by the Sydney Symphony Orchestra.

External view of the theater building

The Sydney Opera House (the building itself) covers an area of ​​1.8 hectares of land. Externally, it consists of sail-shaped sections located on top of a massive podium, which is considered the largest building without columns in the world. Its base is supported by 588 concrete pillars, extending into the depths of 25 m below sea level.

The roof consists of 2,194 precast concrete sections, each weighing about 15 tons. More than 250 kilometers of steel cable hold these sections together.

For a roof covering an area of ​​about 1.62 hectares, the Swedish company Höganas created a special coating designed to be self-cleaning. Dome-shaped shells, which are also called "shells", "shells" and "sails", cover 1,056,006 tiles of two types - white glazed and matte cream, which creates the illusion of a snow-white surface, ideally smooth as an eggshell.

Sydney Opera House, Australia

6,233 sq. m. m of colored topaz glass custom-made by Boussois-Souchon-Neuvesel in France in a hue used only in the construction of the Sydney Opera House.

With a length of 185 m and a width of 120 m, the Sydney Opera House is one of the largest in the world. The height of the structure reaches 67 m, which is equivalent to the height of a 22-storey building. Every year, more than 1.5 thousand performances of various genres and directions are held here, in which about 1.2 million people take part. Only theatrical performances are visited annually by more than 2 million people.

However, the building itself is of great interest, and every year from 8 to 10 million people come to see it as part of an excursion group or on their own.

Internal organization of space

The building of the Opera House accommodates several concert venues at once.

Sydney Opera House Concert Hall, Australia

It has 7 main halls where various events take place.

  • This is a 2679-seat concert hall that houses a symphony orchestra. It also houses the world's largest mechanical tracker organ with 10,154 pipes.
  • Joan Sutherland Theater - a hall with an opera scene, designed for 1547 spectators (it takes opera and ballet productions).
  • There is still a dramatic theater for 544 seats, theatrical studio with an simulated scene at 400 spectators and recording studio.
  • UTZON Room - a place to carry out small productions, corporate events.
  • In addition, in the Sydney Opera Complex there are many sites intended for exhibitions, auxiliary premises, cafes, restaurants. In the lower lobby of the theater there is a store where you can buy gifts and souvenirs, including exclusive joint work, jewelry, Danish souvenirs, household items, books, toys.

Recognition

The building of the Sydney Opera House is called the magnificent architectural product of the XX century, which combines many directions of creativity and innovation both in architectural form and in structural design.

On 28 June 2007, the Sydney Opera House was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in accordance with the World Heritage Convention and placed next to such architectural masterpieces as Taj Mahal, the ancient Pyramids of Egypt and The great Wall of China.

"He in itself is one of the undisputed masterpieces of human creativity not only in the XX century, but also in the history of mankind" (from the report on the assessment of experts to the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, 2007).

Sydney Opera House also included in Cultural Canon Denmark and is a finalist in the nomination "New 7 Wonders of the World" ("New 7 Wonders of Light").

Repertoire

The first in the Sydney Opera House was spoken by Paul Robson, a famous American film acter and a singer with bass baritone. In 1960, he climbed on the scaffolding and executed the song "Ol Man River" builders during lunch.

The first opera represented in the Sydney Opera Theater was the opera Sergey Prokofiev "War and Peace" (September 28, 1973).

The current repertoire

Sydney Opera House represents almost 800 views per year, which are visited by more than 400,000 people.

On an ongoing basis, it cooperates with such leading Australian companies as:

  • Australian chamber orchestra;
  • Bangar Dance Theater;
  • Australian Opera;
  • Sydney theater troupe;
  • Australian ballet;
  • Sydney Symphony Orchestra and Choir of Sydney Philharmonic.
Joan Sutherland Theatre, the opera stage of the Sydney Opera House

presents contemporary performances and cultural events in such areas as:

  • contemporary and classical music (classical music program, showcases a wide range of orchestral and chamber music performed by both famous international symphony orchestras and Australian masters of classical music, as well as experimental contemporary ensembles);
  • contemporary art (contemporary art projects presented at the opera house embody a variety of artistic expression, from temporary pursuits such as performance, sound and choreography, to digital art forms such as film, video and moving image, along with with new art forms that have yet to be fully understood);
  • Indigenous Art (presented here are works that capture contemporary issues, retell forgotten stories, and revive ancient cultural practices, dance, music, and theatrics of Indigenous peoples);
  • Conversations and Ideas is the Sydney Opera House's year-round program, featuring many celebrities from New York Times best-selling author Michael Pollan, artist Ai Weiwei, Grand Designs host Kevin McCloud, famous food writers Nigella Lawson and Yotam Ottolenghi to philosopher Alain de Botton and scientist Stephen Hawking.

Since its opening, the theater has organized special programs for children. Every fourth performance is designed for an audience under 12 years old.

Ticket Prices

To purchase a ticket while keeping contact to a minimum, tickets should be booked in advance by calling 02 9250 7777 or online.

Tickets for events at the Sydney Opera House can only be purchased if the purchaser provides the minimum contact details: name, telephone number or email address.

Sydney Opera House Drama Theater

You can purchase a ticket for the performance only, a ticket that includes food and drinks, or a ticket for show followed by an excursion and breakfast (dinner).

The ticket price depends on the performance, for example:

Title ) Show duration Ticket price and booking fee
Adult
Adult comedy The Lying QueenThe show runs approximately 2 hours and 10 minutes, including a 20-minute breakfrom $79 (reservation fee $8.5)
Modern production of The Phantom of the Operalasts approximately 2 hours and 40 minutes.from $99 (booking fee $8.5)
Children
Frightened Cat Show45 min.from 29 $ (8.5 $)
The show for children "Magic Beach"lasts approximately 55 minutes. without interruptionfrom 39 $ (8.5 $)

Prices are correct at the time of publication and are subject to change without prior notice (increase or decrease depending on from demand).

The cost of excursions also differs. For example, the "Behind the scenes" tour starts at 9:30. and passes through places normally inaccessible to the general public. It lasts over an hour. After the tour, you can enjoy a brunch (brunch) by the Sydney Harbor at the city's newest mall called "Opera Kitchen".

The cost of a standard ticket is from $90 per person. Book a group tour by calling 02 9250 7250.

Address

coordinates: -33.85678509004805, 151.2152961511329.

How to get there by car, public transport

The Opera House is located 5-7 minutes. walk from the Ring Embankment, where public transport runs regularly. For information on the movement of buses, trains and ferries, please call: 131 500.

Free shuttle bus

A free shuttle bus, equipped for wheelchair guests, runs to transport passengers along the Circular Quay route – Opera House (and vice versa) in the morning and evening.

The free bus also transports elderly and disabled visitors. Seats are limited and available on a first come, first served basis (there are no buses to theaters on Sunday evenings.)

Buses depart 45-75 minutes before departure. before the start of the morning and evening performances (depending on the theater in which the performance will take place) and run continuously for 30–60 minutes.

Buses leave the Sydney Theater in 10 minutes. after the end of the performance and continue to run continuously for the next 30–45 minutes.

Personal transport

For those arriving by private transport, there is a car park open 24 hours a day (including public holidays). It is located under the theater building with access to 2A Macquarie Street.

Non-motorized vehicles

Many visitors get to the opera house on bicycles, segways, skateboards, scooters. On the theater grounds, owners of non-motorized vehicles must dismount and continue on foot. Bicycle parking is located under the Monumental Steps.

Additional Information:

  • Visitors' bags and personal belongings may be visually inspected for safety and security purposes;
  • Umbrellas, strollers, backpacks, oversized bags, and other items that are potentially dangerous or restrict the movement of patrons may be prohibited on premises.

Interesting facts

There are many interesting facts connected with the Sydney Opera House.

Here are just a few of them.

  • This is the youngest cultural site ever inscribed on the World Heritage List.
  • Proper temperature and humidity are critical for musical instruments. Therefore, when the Sydney Symphony Orchestra enters the concert hall stage, the temperature there must be exactly 22.5 degrees. This ensures that the instruments are set up correctly.
  • Jörn Utson incorporated sustainable design elements into the project, including a seawater cooling system. To cool the Sydney Opera House, the system circulates cold sea water directly from the harbor through 35 km of pipes. This powers both the heating and air conditioning of the building.
  • ​​
  • There are 1000 rooms in the building. Every year, 15,500 light bulbs are changed in the building to keep everything properly lit.
  • At the Joan Sutherland Theatre, a net is stretched over the orchestra pit. It was installed in the 1980s after an incident that occurred during the opera Boris Godunov. Live chickens were used in the play, and one of them came off the stage and landed on the cellist. After that, a fence in the form of a grid was installed.
  • LEGO made 2 sets for the Sydney Opera House. The first is part of the series of LEGO sets "Architecture" (set 21012) and contains 270 parts, and the second is part of the Creator series (set 10234) and contains almost 3000 parts.
  • In 1997, the French climber rose to the top of the Sydney Opera House without rope or safety devices, using only arms and legs.

We can visit the Sydney Opera House at any time of the year. But it is best to visit him during the festival called "ViVid Sydney" ("Bright Sydney"), which is held annually within 3 weeks in May and June. The whole city turns into a grandiose light sight, and artists act everywhere.

During this event, the Opera House and various other attractions of Sydney turn into works of art that without any exaggeration can be called a stunning spectacle.

Author Irina Zhuravka

Video about theater

History of one monument: Sydney Opera House: