Split, Croatia. Attractions, photos with descriptions

Landmark One of the most beautiful cities of the world, the buildings of the port city-resort of Split, called by the locals “the flower of the Mediterranean”, are considered to be the oldest in Croatia. They are included in the UNESCO World Cultural and Historical Heritage List.

Significance of the city of Split in the modern world

Split (Croatia), whose sights attract tourists and vacationers from all over the world, is located on the eastern coast of the Adriatic in the ancient region of Dalmatia, today it is considered the most popular resort destination in the country.

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A large regional center and port city is located on a protruding peninsula protected by the Mosor ridge, stretching for 25 km from the east side. Beautiful mountains with various reliefs and many karst caves attract speleologists and climbers who have laid sports routes of varying difficulty here.

Split, Croatia

Many picturesque sea bays of the coast become a haven for frequent yachts, which find here reliable protection from hurricanes and strong waves. The city has the largest yachting club that organizes sports competitions and continental championships on a regular basis.

Windsurfers, who come here from all over the country and neighboring countries, appreciated the even western wind.

The city covers an area of ​​about 70 square meters. km, located at the 0 mark in altitude above sea level. This territory has been actively settled for more than 17 centuries, and the first settlement dates back almost 2.5 millennia.

Here you can find the remains of an ancient Greek and the ruins of an ancient Roman colony, the palace and mausoleum of Emperor Diocletian, medieval buildings and structures of Byzantine architecture, the Venetian influence has been preserved in urban residential development to this day, creating a unique original ensemble and unique atmosphere.

According to one version, the name comes from the name of the flowering plant aspalathos or hairy broom, which grows in abundance in urban areas. In ancient times, the Greek settlement was called Splato or Splatum, and then the Croats themselves were renamed Split.

Climate

The mild subtropical climate with little precipitation throughout the year makes the rest on the sea peninsula especially comfortable. The maximum amount of precipitation occurs in November and December. The swimming and beach season lasts here from the beginning of June to the end of October.

In the summer months, the air often warms up to +40°. Water temperatures during this period range from 22° in June to 26° in August.

But for city sightseeing, it is better to choose the low season, when the number of tourists and vacationers decreases sharply, and hotels and restaurants offer significant discounts. Wet warm winters are ideal for walking around the city and visiting museums.

Snow can fall 2 times in January, the average temperature of which is about +8°, ​​but it can drop to minus levels for a short time.

Population

The population of the city is about 180 thousand people, most of them are employed in the tourism and port sector, food industry and trade.

Also developed in the region:

  • Fishing and processing;
  • Shipbuilding;
  • Manufacture of fertilizers;
  • Winemaking;
  • Extraction and processing of limestone.

The population speaks the official Croatian language.

How to get there

To enter the country and visit the city, you must obtain a Schengen visa.

  • The most convenient and fastest way to get to Split is by plane, which makes regular flights from most major cities and capitals of Europe. A flight from Moscow with 1 or 2 transfers takes at least 5.5 hours
  • During the high tourist season, many airlines launch charter flights that fly once a week from Moscow Domodedovo St. Petersburg, Kazan, Yekaterinburg and some major Russian cities. The duration of a direct flight is about 3.5 hours. The cost of an economy class ticket starts from $350.
  • The largest international airport in the country is located 23 km from the center and is connected by a convenient bus service. Flights 37 and 38 are suitable, the ticket price is from $3. A ticket to travel in a special high-speed shuttle will cost a little more, which will take you to the city in 30 minutes. A taxi ride takes about the same time and costs between $35 and $45.
  • The train connection is less popular with tourists, although the station is located right in the city center. The movement of railway trains passes through 2 tunnels. The train from Moscow goes through Budapest, and from St. Petersburg the train goes through Vienna to Zagreb at about 50 hours, from where you can reach your destination in 5 hours. The price of a train ticket starts from $250.
  • Bus service is the most developed in the country and is in great demand among tourists. The Split bus station is located in the central part of the city, next to the railway station. Comfortable modern buses provide fast travel to different parts of the country, and also connects Split with some cities in Germany and Austria.
  • There are also ferry connections to Ankara and Pescara. Flights convene 3 times a week. You can take a ticket for a cruise liner from Italy or Greece by visiting the port city as part of a sea excursion.
  • You can choose to travel by private car. High-quality highways and an abundance of gas stations on the territory of the countries passing by make it possible to conveniently overcome a distance of more than 2 thousand km by entering the following coordinates for the navigator: 43.5089, 16.4391.

Types of transport in the city

The most convenient way to get around the city and suburbs is by public transport. Modern comfortable buses run from early morning until late at night. You can buy a ticket at a special kiosk or directly from the driver.

There are yellow punches inside the bus hall where you need to punch a ticket.

Travel card Price, $ Cost, kunas
Ticket for 1 trip from the driver1.610
at a kiosk1.38
Subscription for 2 trips2.716
Ticket for 5 trips12.675
Monthly pass43.7260

You can travel short distances by renting a bicycle. The cost of 1 hour of rental will cost from $ 2.5 or 15 kunas.

Main attractions

The sights of the ancient part of Split, its picturesque surroundings with a huge city park and golden sandy beaches attract not only numerous travelers and vacationers, but also local residents of Croatia.

Religious buildings

The Cathedral of Split is considered to be the oldest functioning church in the world. It was built over the mausoleum of the ancient Roman emperor, and consecrated in honor of the Bishop of Salonos martyr Domnos, who died from his persecution of Christians, whose relics were solemnly transferred to the chapel in the 7th century.

Also in the cathedral you can see a unique old gospel of the 6th century, a picture of the Madonna and Child, a carved altar and entrance doors with illustrations of gospel events. In the 11th century, a 60 m high bell tower was added to the Corinthian-style cathedral, but this process dragged on for 300 years.

Well-preserved from ancient times, the temple of Jupiter was reorganized in the 6th century, as a result of which the building was converted into a baptistery with a magnificent vaulted ceiling. The entrance is decorated with carved reliefs of white limestone.

The design was supplemented by replacing the statue of the ancient pagan god with a modern bronze sculpture of John the Baptist, made by a famous Croatian master. Sightseeing is free, every day of the week, from 8 am to 10 pm.

Museums

The Archaeological City Museum is located at 25 Zrinsko Frankopanska Street and presents the richest exposition of Split's life history. Here are collected unique collections of ancient antique objects, sculptures, sarcophagi and steles. You can view the expositions from 9 am to 5 pm. A ticket for an independent visit costs from 1.3 to 2.7 euros.

The Maritime Museum can be visited at: Glagoljaška street, 18. Here you can see the oldest torpedo in the world, as well as learn the history of Croatian shipping from ancient times to the present.

The Ethnographic Museum is located at: Iza Vestibula Street, 4. Here, at the beginning of the last century, for the first time in the country, unique exhibits of ancient life and national culture began to be collected the people of the region.

Visitors can see:

  • decorated interiors of living rooms of different times;
  • tools of labor and everyday life;
  • national costumes;
  • decorations from different eras.

Museum opening hours: from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.

Natural attractions

The huge national urban park dates back to ancient times. Area about 110 sq. km area, with majestic Mediterranean pines and flowering oleanders, is located in the western part of the cape. It is equipped with modern walking and jogging paths, a large tennis court, a zoo with animal enclosures, summer cafes.

Walkers and vacationers can climb to the top of the hill for a magnificent view of the sea and city views.

You can see a majestic cascading waterfall, with a total height of more than 240 m, the water mass overcomes 17 steps. Nearby are ancient water mills, where interesting exhibitions are periodically held. At one of the waterfalls there is an ancient cave where archaeologists have found traces of prehistoric tribes.

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On the south side of the park there is a city beach, in the east there is an ancient Jewish cemetery, which is a unique historical monument.

The territory is open for visits from 8 am to 8 pm during the high season, in winter from 10 am to 4 pm

The cost of entrance tickets to the national park for adult visitors is from 30 to 180 kn depending on the season, for children and teenagers from 7 to 18 years old the ticket price is from 20 to 120 kn. Preschoolers visit the park accompanied by adults for free.

Monuments

The antique palace of the ancient Roman emperor Diocletian, is the best preserved monument of this period in Europe, has become a kind of heart and the main calling card of the city. It is built in the form of a powerful quadrangular fortress with high thick protective walls around the entire perimeter of a spacious paved courtyard.

Watchtowers rose at the corners of the walls, gates led inside the fence:

  • Golden or Main, opening only for members of the imperial family;
  • Lunar or Silver;
  • Bronze, beautifully decorated, leading to the dungeon;
  • Iron with the image of the goddess of Victory over the arch, preserved in its original form.

The palace building built in 305 has impressive dimensions: 190 m long and 160 m wide.

  • A military camp was set up in the northern part.
  • In the southern square of the complex was the imperial villa, in front of it was the main square, Peristyle, with majestic columns.
  • In the western part, 3 temples were built, of which only one has survived to this day - in honor of the god Jupiter.

The entrance to the palace is interesting. The lobby outside has a rectangular shape, and inside the round, with absolutely smooth perfectly fitted brick walls, in which there were many niches with marble sculptures.

Paul and walls were decorated with mosaic. Worn the walls round painted colored frescoes dome, which is already absent today.

Outdoor inspection of the palace complex is available to everyone from 8 to 24 hours. Any day of the week is completely free.

To visit vintage underground rooms, giving an idea of ​​the original palace layout, you need to purchase an entrance ticket, worth 15 kun. In the dungeon you can see exhibition expositions of modern artists, theatrical ideas and production, visit the fair and acquire memorable souvenirs.

Active recreation

A variety of water, led or pedestrian routes of the National Park will actively spend the day as part of the group of enthusiastic accomplices or independently. Numerous information boards and indicators will plan a plan forces, as well as learn interesting facts about natural and historical attractions.

You can take a scheme of routes at the entrance to the entrance, where you can also get detailed information about the planned excursions with the guide, find out the schedule of boat routes and pleasure boats.

Extreme lovers can jump with parachute. Such an attraction is offered on the island of Hvar. You can safely admire the picturesque neighborhoods of a bird's eye view when safely descent on the cable car, which takes place near Omis.

You can work out kayaking, rowing or start mastering the basins of sailing under the guidance of an experienced instructor by contacting the local yacht club.

Interesting seats for recreation with children

Split (Croatia), the attractions of which can be inspected as part of the excursion group or independently, offers interesting places for family holidays with children of different ages.

Aquatorium with 2 dozen large aquariums, where more than 120 species of various types of marine inhabitants live, will leave indelible bright impressions. The cost of a visit from 6 euros per child, for an adult about 10 euros.

Carting will give a mass of bright emotions. The cost of entertainment is from 10 euros for a 10-minute session.

Excursions

Split (Croatia), whose attractions can be examined in detail in 2-3 days, offers many excursion routes.

A €10 Tourist Card entitles the traveler to free admission to many of the city's museums and the cathedral, and also provides discounts on exhibitions and museum displays, art galleries, theaters and taverns, offers cheaper sightseeing tours of the city and reduced prices for the purchase of souvenirs in individual shops.

Putal Winery

An interesting excursion to a private winery located on Putaljska put street, where the owner of the vineyards acts as a guide, telling and demonstrating the stages of making the drink in detail, showing the old cellars.

Guests are offered wine tasting, bread and homemade cheese. Group and individual tours are conducted by prior agreement through the winery's website.

From the Roman Empire to the present day of Split

Sightseeing 3-hour walking tour of the historical part of the city, immersing in the atmosphere of antiquity and the Middle Ages, with a visit and inspection of the main attractions. The cost of a group tour up to 10 people is 85 euros. Additional fees apply for entrance tickets to museums.

To the Krka Nature Reserve

An individual one-day car tour to the territory of the national reserve is designed for 2-4 people.

The program includes a tour of the ancient settlement on the river bank and a lunch of several dishes of national cuisine, a walk through the reserve, swimming in waterfalls and boating. The price of the tour is 160 euros, without the cost of entrance tickets to the reserve.

Itinerary for exploring the city on your own in 1-2 days

Split (Croatia), the sights of which you can completely see on your own, offers many interesting options for walking around the city and the picturesque surroundings:

  1. You can start your acquaintance with a morning walk along the Riva embankment, stopping to rest on a cozy bench under palm trees, admire the sea waves and listen to the sound of the surf. You can also drink coffee or have a hearty breakfast on the open terrace of a summer cafe or a cozy restaurant.
  2. After admiring the sea, you can continue exploring the Old City by visiting the dungeons and climbing the bell tower to explore the picturesque surroundings.
  3. Rubbing the toe of the statue of the Bishop of Nin, which, according to local belief, brings happiness and fulfillment of desires.
  4. You can also go to the nearby archaeological museum to get acquainted with the history of the city.
  5. Next, you can take a break, rested in the city park, stroll through shady allys and enjoy the national dishes of Croatian forge.
  6. After lunch, it's nice to make a walk on a boat or a boat in picturesque places.
  7. Then you can look into the maritime museum or go to the art gallery.
  8. For the evening, you can schedule a visit to the traditional national presentation or performance in the city theater.
  9. Finish the day in the local bar or coastal cafe.
  10. In the presence of time, you can plan a one-day trip to the National Natural Reserve, with a visit to the ancient monasteries and the ethnographic museum.
  11. It is also worth viewing the picturesque island of Korchula, the place of birth of the famous traveler brand polo, taste local wines, soaked on the sandy beach.
  12. You can plan a visit to the medieval Fortress of Clos, erected on the rock in the vicinity of the city.

Hotels

There are a huge number of diverse hotels, campsites, private apartments and hotels, a different level of budget and comfort, so Posses the housing for your own taste and does not represent the wallet difficulties.

  • You can stay in a convenient Villa Domina on Bribirska, 6, in close proximity to the Old Town and the main attractions. Room windows overlook the quiet street, stylish interiors create an atmosphere of peace and calm. Rooms feature small kitchens with a necessary set of modern technology. There is a private bathroom, free internet and mini bar. The cost of living in a 2-bed room is about 7.5 thousand rubles.
  • Hotel Priska Med Luxury Rooms is located at: KROZ SMRDEČAC 45 3. All rooms are equipped with climate control, free internet, there is a private bathroom with bath and toiletries. The hotel has a fitness center and sauna, there is free parking. The beach is located at a distance of 800 meters from the hotel. The price of a 2-bed room per day with a good dense breakfast is 9.2 thousand rubles.
  • Guest House A & M Apartment and Rooms On Svačićeva Street, 7 is conveniently located on an equal distance between the sandy beach and the main city attractions, there are cafes and restaurants, shops and shopping centers are open. Rooms are equipped with a private shower with a hairdryer, there is a set of toilet and cosmetic accessories. The room has TV and cable TV, ironing and laundry services are provided, and a hearty delicious breakfast is served. The cost of living in a 2-bed room begins from 3.5 thousand RUB.

What to bring as a souvenir

from the journey can be brought by local food and wine, fragrant honey, homemade olive oil, confectionery and delicious chocolate.

You can acquire stylish crafts of local masters and artists, various paintings, works of applied art and folk fishing. All this is sold in numerous art galleries and souvenir shops of the city.

Interesting sights of the original and unpredictable Split will make rest in Croatia bright and unforgettable, will give a lot of positive emotions and a huge number of new information.

Video about the city

Eagle and river: Split, Croatia: