Regions of France: Map, Flags, List, Overseas Territories

French regions Republics are administrative-territorial units (separate territories), each of which is distinguished by its own culture and aspects of the individual self-consciousness of the population - religious and political beliefs, ethnic characteristics, and so on.

Since France was a metropolis for several decades with a vast number of dependent territories under the rule of foreign states, overseas possessions or “DOM-TOM”, as the French call them, are still under the jurisdiction of the country. Due to the peculiarities of dividing the territory of an exquisite and piquant country into parts, tourists often wonder where it is better to go, which overseas departments are worth seeing.

Administrative-territorial division of France

Economically and politically, the French Republic occupies one of the leading positions, and is one of the most developed.

The formation of the modern administrative-territorial structure of the country, which took place over many centuries, was influenced by the following factors:

  • internecine war (1181-1187) between the king of France, Philip II Augustus, and a coalition of large feudal lords, of which the Franco-Flemish war (1181-1185) was an integral part;
  • Indochinese war of France for the preservation of its colonies in Indochina (1946-1954), the main events of which took place on the territory of Vietnam;
  • bourgeois-democratic revolution (Great French Revolution), which took place in 1789-1794. and is the result of a long crisis of the feudal system, which led to a conflict between the third estate and the privileged upper class.

It was the last factor from the list above became the largest transformation of the social and political system of France, which contributed to the overthrow of the old order in the country. This bloody page of history, together with the active working movement, existing since the beginning of the XIX century, has become a foundation for modern society.

The regions of France

and the formation of an administrative-territorial device of the transcontinental state did the way from a typical feudal model with numerous small rulers to the Unitary Region presidential type, the main law of which is the Constitution adopted in early October 1958.

Which regions exist and how many of their total

in France 18 of the administrative-territorial units of the top level, 13 of which are located in the European part of the country, including territories on the continent and the nearest islands in the Atlantic Ocean, La Manche and the Mediterranean Sea, and 5 are located on overseas territories. To the mass religious and socio-political movement of the XVI century, aimed at reforming

of the Catholic Church in accordance with its initial traditions, France numbered 27 regions. The authorities of the transcontinental state, the main territory of which is located in Western Europe, and the motto of which sounds like "freedom, equality, fraternity", set themselves the goal of bringing contours of the regions in accordance with the boundaries of historical provinces.

Regions of France in the central part are divided into Il de France, the Loire Valley and New Aquitain. The West of the country is divided into Loire and Brittany lands, north - on Normandia and Nor-Pac de Calem Picardia, and the East - to the Grand Est (or Big Eastern Region), Burgundy-Franche Conte and Overnal Rona-Alpes. As for the southern part of the state, it is divided into the regions of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, Languedoc-Roussillon (or Oxidania) and Corsica. Briefly about each of these administrative units.

Il-de-France

The area of ​​this region, which is the heart of France, is 12,000 km².

Almost all the historical and cultural heritage of the state are concentrated here, countless museums and monuments of great kings, glorified actors, musicians and writers who lived and died in the "Paris Region", are known Even those who have never been in the country, romanticism and the passion of which were embodied in the creations of the architects of the valley of Loire, Carcassonne, Palace Ensembles of Versailles and Font Blo.

The population of Il de France for 2017 was 12,174.8 people. When it is created, which dates back to 1976, the region includes 8 departments (administrative-territorial units of the second level): Paris, Seine and Marne, Xelevn, Eson, O-de-sen, Saint-Saint-Denis, Val de -Marne and Val d'Aza.

Loire Valley

The geographical region for the flow of the Loire River, the unique natural and cultural objects of which made it possible to include it in the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Its area is only about 800 km², and the population is 2,577,435 people (12th place among all administrative units of the country). The status of the administrative center of the region belongs to the city of Orlean, and the largest settlement is the tour - the city located in the fusion of the Loire River with the Sher River.

New Aquitaine

Region in the south-west of France, which is obliged to French reforms in 2016, which caused the association of 3 previous regions: directly to the Aquitain itself, and less popular Limousine and Poita -Sew.

New Aquitania owns the status of the largest administrative unit of the unitary republic of the presidential type, since its area is 84061 km². Natural and architectural attractions are represented by a wide stripe of white sandy beaches, fortresses and castles, small vineyards scattered throughout.

Loire lands

occupies a territory of 32,000 km², the capital is the largest city and the "green capital of Europe" of Nantes.

For tourists, the following sights of the region are of interest:

  • Fortress Fuuder;
  • Castle Shambor;
  • Cathedral of St. Mauritius;
  • Castle Basti D'URFE;
  • Port of Thornik with the castle of Duke Zhilles de re-prototype of the main character of the work of the "Blue beard".

Thanks to the unique climate, generous land, as well as the diligence of local residents, fruits grown on the territory of the Lara region, are famous in the whole country.

Brittany

A distinctive feature of the first tourist region in the north-west of France is the longest coast on the Atlantic Ocean (2,730 km). As people began to populate Brittany back in VIII thousand BC, there are many monuments of the bronze era - parking lots, burial kursany, dolmen. In Brittany, not only their own language, but also their customs. To feel the atmosphere of this edge, it is recommended to visit the festival Pardon - a solemn Mass and a costume procession.

Normandy

in the historical region in the north-west of the country enters the upper and lower part of it. Area - 29 906 km², population - 3 328,364 people.The area is famous for its many farms, the dairy industry, in particular the production of Camembert, Livaro and Pont-l'Eveque cheeses, and apple plantations, where the best varieties of table apples grow, which are used to make apple brandy.

Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie

The area of ​​the colorful territory in northern France, which consists of the departments of Artois, Boulogne and Flanders, is 12,414 km². Tourists who prefer a quiet family holiday rarely choose this northern region as a destination due to stormy winds. But lovers of kiting and surfing are delighted with the local climatic conditions.

Grand Est

The regions of France differ from each other in culture and architecture of buildings. For example, German influence can be seen in the local culture of the Greater East Region (buildings built in the South German style) and in dishes that are traditional food of the inhabitants of Germany: boiled sausages, smoked, pickles, pates and Alsatian wines. Grand Est is full of picturesque half-timbered settlements, medieval castles, Gothic cathedrals and museums.

Burgundy-Franche-Comte

The creation of this region dates back to 2016, its area is 16,202 km². Burgundy is often called the French Venice, because there is a whole system of reservoirs and canals, and the famous "wine road" (a specially designed tourist route, on which the most famous wineries, local taverns and cozy restaurants are concentrated) passes through more than 30 distilleries where you can taste red burgundy wine.

Auvergne-Rhone-Alpes

Territory area - 43,698 km², population 6, 121 million people. The status of the capital of the mountainous province on the western slope of the Alps, which combined 2 previously independent regions of Auvergne and Rhone-Alpes, belongs to the city of Lyon. The area is oriented more towards ecological tourism, as there are many national parks, thermal springs, volcanoes and ski resorts. As well as the main natural attraction - the highest Alpine peak Mont Blanc.

Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur

The area occupied by the region, where resort areas, snowy peaks, architectural monuments and picturesque hills are harmoniously combined, is a little more than 31,000 km².

Provence is world famous for its fields of blooming lavender, endless vineyards, and resorts:

  • Saint Tropez;
  • Cannes;
  • Nice.

And Marseille, with its centuries-old history and magnificent nature, strikes the imagination with places that Alexandre Dumas described in his novel The Count of Monte Cristo.

Languedoc-Roussillon (or Occitania)

Diverse wine administrative-territorial unit in the south of France, which covers an area (27,376 km²) from Nîmes and Montpellier in the east to the Spanish border in the south, along the coast of the Gulf of Lion.Occitania consists of 13 departments, each with its own rich history and culture. Toulouse (the capital of Occitania) is famous for such attractions as the Church of Our Lady of Dalbad, the Asses Palace, Capitol Square, the Georges Laby Museum.

Corsica

Corsica has the special status of a territorial community and a Mediterranean island with an area of ​​8,680 km². Here, all nature has been preserved in its original form (forests, poppy fields, waterfalls), so every year the unique landscape attracts more and more tourists. It is tourism that has become an important sector of the non-productive economy of Corsica, whose enterprises and organizations satisfy the needs of tourists in tangible and intangible services.

Mainland France

The regions of France have always been divided into mainland and insular parts. Together with overseas possessions, the area of ​​​​the transcontinental state is 675,417 km², and without them - 551,500 km².

All regions of the mainland were listed earlier, so now it will be appropriate to figure out which countries its land borders make France a neighbor of:

  • east side: Belgium, Germany, Luxembourg, Italy, Monaco, Switzerland;
  • southwest side: Spain and Andorra.

The border with Spain is the longest (623 km), which runs along the Pyrenees from the Mediterranean Sea to the most northwestern resort of Eurasia - Biscay. And the smallest length of cordons belongs to the border with Luxembourg (73 km), Andorra (60 km) and Monaco (5.47 km).

The western part of mainland France is washed by the waters of the Bay of Biscay - a part of the Atlantic Ocean, which is distinguished by a triangular shape, therefore the state does not border anyone on this side. The English Channel (or English Channel) separates northern France from southern England, and the large Mediterranean island of Corsica, in the 18th century. which has become part of France, is closely adjacent to Sardinia - the island part of the Italian Republic.

Overseas territories and departments of France

With the abolition of colonialism (the system of domination of a group of developed countries or metropolitan countries over the rest of the world in the 16th-20th centuries), the regions of France changed their status from once overseas possessions to departments.130 131 relationship, in which a person (slave) is allowed to be owned by another person (master, slave owner, master). The overseas departments of France are listed in the table below.

Department Description
GuianaThe overseas department of France, which is located in the northeast of South America, and which actively began to be inhabited by the French after the signing of the Treaty of Paris by Louis XV in 1763. This territory, located in close proximity to the equator, is famous for the fact that in 1964 France has chosen it to host the Guiana Space Center.
MartiniqueAn island in the central part of the Lesser Antilles archipelago, located in the Caribbean Sea of ​​the Atlantic Ocean. To the northwest of this overseas department is Dominica, to the south is Santa Lucia, and to the southeast is Barbados. The administrative center and main port of the territory with a total area of ​​​​about 1100 km² is represented by Fort-de-France. With regard to geopolitics, the structure of the department's authorities is identical to the French system.
GuadeloupeOverseas region of France in the West Indies, covering an area of ​​1628 km². In the past, this pearl in the Caribbean was inhabited by militant, bloodthirsty savages, but today, in modern conditions, 387,629 people live here. Despite the fact that Guadeloupe is an administrative region of France, the Schengen Agreement, which simplifies passport and visa control at the border, does not apply to it.
ReunionFrench island, which is located in the Indian Ocean, not far from the island state of Madagascar (700 km to the east). This overseas region was given the status of the most remote territory of the European Union, and was originally nicknamed "Adna Al Maghribain" by Arab sailors, which means "One of the two most western islands." The natural features of Reunion are due to its location (proximity to the equator) and volcanic origin. The mountain range crossing the island divides it into 2 parts, the climatic conditions in which are somewhat different from each other.

The French regions or overseas departments are predominantly islands, with the exception of continental Guiana. These areas of sushi in the ocean are the same rights as the rest, as well as members of the European Union.

Flags and symbols of overseas territories and regions of France

Remarkable is the fact that from all existing regions of France flags only have Brittany, Burgundy, Franches-Corre and before the imperial land of Alsace Lorraine. The banners of the historical provinces of France, which serve as a means of communication between people's communities for transmitting social, more often political information, can be divided into several groups, due to their structure and the use of certain symbols:

  • monochrome flags whose pattern is some kind of trouble: Corsica, ONIS, Nice, Baarn, Montbeliari;
  • flags with lion on a monochrome background (a noble mammal or stands on four paws and turned "face" to the viewer, or stand on two paws in the profile): Aquitaine, Normandy, Flanders, Franche-Conte, Lyonna;
  • monochrome flags with different symbols: This category includes the flags of the provinces of Konte Vessensen, Languedoc, Poitu and Overlin;
  • Crying / heraldic line, which are pretty common in France: Mulhouse, Brittany, Il de France, Le Mans;
  • The fourth rectangles-lips, in which three heraldic lilies on two rectangles are crosslied, and living beings (lions or dolphins) on other two: Picardia and Dofine.

Flags with a symmetric cross are characteristic of the French historic areas of Savoy and Burgundy, and the diagonal or oblique stripe is crowned with the Bourbonna, Lorraine, Alsace, Champagne. As for the banners with yellow-red patterns, they allow you to trace the influence of Spain, rendered on the province of Roussillon, Provence, Angaum and Fu.

Regions of the transcontinental and exquisite French state are characterized by their special flavor. Each historical region, both mainland and island France amazing the imagination by its traditions, rich history, national kushans and wines known worldwide. You can feel it all, personally visiting one of these color corners of the planet.

Video about the regions of France

On the regions of France: areas and regions, suburbs: