Photo of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Copacabana beach, Carnival

Photographs of the landscapes of this tourist and cultural center are striking in their diversity - green hills and mountains are a harmonious addition to the seascapes of the Atlantic Ocean. In Rio de Janeiro, often referred to by tourists as a city of contrasts, residents of wealthy, elite neighborhoods get along with the poor of the favelas (slums), of which there are more than 2,000.

In its diversity and dense population, Rio cannot compete only Sao Paulo. But in terms of the number of large-scale festivities and colorful carnival processions, it is the undisputed winner. 5 years ago, the influx of tourists jumped by almost 60% when the city became the center of the Summer Olympic Games.

Where is Rio de Janeiro located on the map of Brazil

The most contrasting and dynamic city in the southern hemisphere architectural structures - the monument of Christ the Redeemer, stretches along the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. The city originates in the bay of Guanabara in the north of Brazil, and ends with sandy beaches in the south.

Photo: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

At the same time, if you look at the geographical map of Rio, you can see that only mountain ranges serve as a delimitation for the northern and central regions from the southern. These territories were connected only at the end of the 20th century with the help of highways and horizontal underground structures.

The area of ​​the administrative center of the eponymous state of Rio de Janeiro reaches 1,221 km². The population as of July 1, 2020 is 6,747,815 people, making the "city of happy dreams" the second most populous and largest after Sao Paulo. The symbiosis of different peoples and cultures gives it a "zest" in the form of a unique brightness and uniqueness.

Location

From a bird's eye view, one can appreciate the heterogeneity of the relief of Rio de Janeiro: in the north - a riot of plains and gentle slopes, the central part is characterized by a high concentration of steep cliffs and mountains framing the beaches from white sand.

The second most populated municipality in Brazil borders on the following settlements:

  • Niteroi - 10.86 km from Rio;
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  • Nova Iguacu - 30 km on the highway and 24.72 km - in a straight line;
  • Bisius – 171 km;
  • Guapimirin - 46.77 km.

Photographs of Rio de Janeiro taken from above show that the locals, who prefer to be called "carioca", have divided the city into several macro-districts: the western district (Zona Oeste), the northern region (Zona Norte), the southern region (Zona Sul) and the historical zone (Centro Histórico).

Favelas have grown on the slopes of the mountains of the Northern zone, and a distinctive feature of the local quarters is low infrastructure and a high level of crime. From the very beginning of the existence of the favelas, gangster groups engaged in the sale of illegal drugs were concentrated in them.

Since houses are built in 1 brick, the thickness of the walls, taking into account the plaster, is only 12 cm. are crumbling. There is practically no entertainment for visitors in the poor quarters, only in the center of Saenz Peña there are several restaurants, amusement parks and pubs.

In the Western zone, inconspicuous slums have merged with elite ones, the main of which is Barra da Tijuca. There is more than enough entertainment here - sports grounds, restaurants, nightclubs, boutiques.

But the main attraction of the Barra da Tijuca area is the city beach, which served as one of the venues for the competitions in the framework of the Olympic Games, held here 5 years ago. Its length is 18 km.

The South Zone has the highest concentration of all Rio attractions. Here is the largest concentration of sandy beaches, and Mount Sugarloaf (396 m), which got its name because of its resemblance to a slice of sugar, which is manually made from local cane.

Also in the southern zone is Mount Corcovado, on top of which is the famous sculpture of Jesus Christ with outstretched arms, as if for a hug.

As for the historic center, it is possible to evaluate the number of historical buildings here:

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  • Selaron's stairs;
  • Museum of tomorrow, the exposition of which is devoted to the environmental issues of the future planet;
  • Church of Gloria;
  • Palace Toragents.
Palace Toragents

Photo Rio de Janeiro, made in the historic center, often allow you to get into the lens of the sea Port, aerodrome for domestic flights, chief government agencies, including the mayor's office. The historic center includes the districts of Santa Teresa and Paw.

Some historical facts

Since Portuguese navigates opened the Gayanabar Bay in the winter of 1502 and in the beginning they confused him with the mouth of the river. If you translate from Portuguese, then the name Rio de Janeiro will sound like the "January river". The name of the city built by that time did not change even after the fact that Guanabara was found to be a mighty river, but only the bay.

In 1555, the territory of modern Rio briefly seized the French, but the local population was successful to overcome the occupation and return their lands. In the history of the city formation it is indicated that the "city of happy dreams" founded on March 1, 1565. At that time, the King of Sebastian was in power, so the city was originally given the name of San Sebastian de Rio de Janeiro.

in the period from 1763 to 1960. Rio belonged to the proud title of the capital of Brazil, and from 1808 to 1815, during the active resettlement of the Portuguese yard, the city was the capital of the United Kingdom of Portugal and the region between Lagos and Faro.

To transfer the capital of the Federal Republic closer to its geographical center of power decided due to the fact that the central part of the country was little populated, with low infrastructure. And in Rio de Janeiro by 1959-1960. Overcrowding was recorded.

To date, Rio plays the role of one of the most important political and economic centers of Brazil. After São Paulo, it is also the second on the value of the shopping center with the prosperous industry.

The following industrial sector industrial sectors are developed here:

  • Treatment of wood (in Rio a lot of forest arrays, occupying at least 60% of the whole territory);
  • Food;
  • textile and chemical;
  • metallurgy;
  • Mechanical Engineering;
  • electrical appliance;
  • Production of medicines.

Photos of the former capital of Brazil often highlight the fact that the city is an important transportation hub. Rio de Janeiro has a port that accepts passenger and cargo foreign ships. Rare trams run along the picturesque streets.

Worth seeing sights

It is not for nothing that the Brazilians say that the lands of Rio, with all the splendor of bright colors, the ocean, the warm sun and the eternal carnival, were given to them by the Lord himself. From local residents you can often hear the phrase "It took God 6 days to create the world, and on the seventh day He created Rio de Janeiro."

Tourists are drawn here by the incessant sounds of samba and maracatu - dances that symbolize the national identity of the local population.

Arriving in Rio, people climb to the top of Mount Corcovado to walk at the foot of the statue of Christ the Redeemer, swim in the emerald waters of the Atlantic Ocean at Copacabana. And especially brave daredevils even visit poor areas with gloomy favelas.

If the time spent on the trip is too limited, it is better to know in advance all the popular tourist spots in Rio de Janeiro and choose those that you want to see with your own eyes.

Statue of Christ the Redeemer

A visiting card of Rio, where any traveler must go is a 38-meter monument of Christ, who spread his arms, as if protecting the city from adversity. The statue was erected on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the independence of the Federative Republic of Brazil, equipped with an observation deck, which offers an incredible view of the bay, dotted with green hills.

A railroad and a motorway lead to the top of Corcovado Mountain. Adults to get to the monument by train need to pay 14 euros, and children from 6 to 12 years old - 7 euros. Children under 6 years of age are entitled to free travel.

Since the climb to the mountain by public transport lasts almost half an hour, and the road passes through the jungle reserve, there is a chance to see wild monkeys. A staircase with 220 steps leads from the end station to the statue of Christ, but there is also an elevator.

Palace and park complex of Quinta da Boa Vista

In the center of an old park of 560 m², arranged in the French style, there is a palace. From 1809 to 1889 it served as a residence for the Portuguese queen and her family. It is this palace that is the birthplace of the famous Princess Isabel, who put an end to the prosperous slavery in Brazil.

Today there is the National Museum, and on the territory of the park itself there is a zoo, where tourists and locals love to spend time with children. To get to the palace and park complex Kinta da Boa-Vista, you need to go on a bus number 284, 634, or 665, and get to the stop Rua Almirante Baltazar. Or use the services of the metro - Line 2, to São Cristóvão station.

Beaches

Photo Rio de Janeiro Tourists love to do on beach shores. Due to favorable geographic location, all existing beaches of the former capital of Brazil are divided into 2 species. The first group includes the beaches were washed by the waters of the Atlantic - there are often high waves, there are often tall waves, so these places are suitable for those who are surfing.

Beach Copacabana, Rio de Janeiro

in the second category Beach shores washes the Gayanabar Bay - here the water is calmer that makes them an excellent place to relax with young children.

If you combine the most famous Rio de Janeiro beaches into one table, the next picture will turn out.

Beaches Description
Arpoadoroccupies the territory of the cape from the rocky shore between the beaches of Ipanema and Copacabana. This compact beach is suitable for both surf fans and fishermen. Every evening the couple walking here, admiring the rays of the sunset sun.
CopacabanaNot only the most famous Beach of Brazil, but also an important historical place. Before the territory of modern Rio, the colonists from Portugal came, the Indians lived here. By his name, the beach is obliged to be Just and Holy Virgin from Copacabana. Today, the most beautiful fireworks are launched on this beach, and also build sculptures from sand.
Ipanomais located near the elite quarters of Rio, so there is always a chance to meet some celebrity. The beach of Ipanema is equipped with platforms for volleyball and football, it is possible to take surf lessons, visit the theater or art gallery.
Prainiadue to its still relative unknown is considered a wild beach, the length of which is only 700 m. From Monday to Friday, the coast is almost deserted, so they like to spend the surfers' time.
BotafagoGolden middle between beauty and unfortunate to rest on this beach makes its surroundings with a suitable place for sailing sports. The water is dirty here, but this deficiency asks the regular holding of concerts, exhibitions, as well as the presence of a yacht club.

To experience the atmosphere of the festive style of the Brazilian population, it is desirable not to sit down in Rio itself, but to go on the coast. At any time of the day on the beaches, the aromas of national dishes, sounds of discos in nightclubs. And during the day a pleasant bonus during the rest on the warm sand will be a bronze tan.

Tijuke National Park

Photo of Rio de Janeiro, made in the National Park of Tijuok, always amaze the violence of greenery and nature. The park is obliged to combine the territory of the forest Tijuka, the mountains of Corcovad and the Rocks of Pedra da Gavea in the middle of the summer of 1961

Despite the fact that the largest forest array in the world, which is located in the city, looks like As a real, here everything is recreated artificially, human hands.

once the forest was really virgin, but then on its territory, it was engaged in the cultivation of sugar cane and cocoa beans, which caused problems with fresh water, It was the cause of soil erosion. To eliminate the consequences of a coarse invasion of the mayor, the mayor ordered again to plant the territory of trees.

At the entrance to the People's Park, there is a 3-way waterfall, and the total number of waterfalls in the forest emerged naturally has already approached 30. There are about 150 hiking routes, viewing platforms, along the entire length of the paths, shops and indicative signs are installed. Visitors can also relax in the chapel of Meirink, which inside the painted painted, in the gazebo of Vista Chines or on the Alcantara Bridge.

Schedule of the National Park of Tisuka - daily from 8 am to 5 pm. You do not need to pay for entry into the territory of the forest array.

Holidays and entertainment

The most famous idea for the whole world, which takes place annually in Rio de Janeiro is undoubtedly a carnival. In February, the city's streets play the violet of paints, special effects, hears the roar of the drums and the fascinating grace of the samba.

The carnival program is in such a way that it lasted from several days before the week and broadcast on all central world channels. It all starts with the solemn evening opening ceremony, immediately after which the thematic shows are held in nightclubs, fashion parties and costume balls.

The procession in costumes under the street orchestra takes place on the second day - the participants' outfits every year are striking the skill of execution and their originality.

After completing the carnival, all costumes are immediately emitted. Despite the fact that their tailoring took a sufficient amount of time and funds, there is a tradition, according to which the outfits can be put on just once.

To join the cheering crowd, all you need to do is place a reservation in the column and from the variety of costumes that the winning samba schools provide to choose from buy yourself an outfit. By the way, in the same school everyone can learn basic dance moves.

Tiradentes

Another national holiday of the Federative Republic of Brazil, which is also celebrated in Rio, is Tiradentes. On this day, the locals honor Tiradentes. Here he is considered a martyr and a national hero. He was one of the main fighters for the rights of citizens, for justice and the independence of the country from oppression by the Portuguese colonies.

In mid-November 1889, Tiradentes launched a coup d'etat, which led to his hanging and dismemberment on April 21, 1792. Today, the leader of the conspiracy is the patron saint of Brazil.

In addition to the carnival, which is attended by every second inhabitant of Rio, and Tiradentes, the former Brazilian capital offers guests traditional celebrations familiar to residents of any country with a Christian faith. One of the most beloved Brazilian holidays of the year is the new year.

Due to its location in the Southern Hemisphere, the country celebrates it at the height of summer, most of the local population goes to the beach on a festive night to watch fireworks, drink beer and dance until dawn.

Rio de Janeiro is famous for its white sandy beaches, rich architecture and museums. There are locations on every corner where you can take amazing photos. It also provides an opportunity to feel that indescribable spirit and rhythm of life here.

Video about the city

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