Philippines. Photo, attractions where is located on the world map, capital and cities

The island nation of the Philippines, which many tourists call "Paradise on Earth", located on the map in Southeast Asia. Rich history and culture, exotic nature and cuisine, snow-white beaches and crystal clear sea - for the sake of all this, tourists from all over the world come here again and again.

Significance of the islands in the modern world

The Philippines on the world map is located in the Pacific Ocean (13° 0’ N and 122° 0’ E). The state consists of 7100 islands, of which 2000 are inhabited. The archipelago stretches for 2,000 km from north to south, and 900 km from west to east. The area of ​​the archipelago is 299.7 thousand km².

In the south, the state is washed by the Sulawesi Sea, in the west it is washed by the South China Sea, and in the east by the Philippine Sea. To the north, the Philippines borders the island of Taiwan, which is separated by the Bashi Strait. The Philippines has no land borders with other countries.

The capital of the country, Manila, is located on the island of Luzon, which is considered the most populous city in the world.

How to get there

A flight from Moscow to Manila takes an average of 19 hours due to the fact that there are still no direct flights between Russia and the Philippines and flights are operated from transplants. The cost of tickets for flights from Moscow starts from about 20 thousand rubles. depending on the season.

Air carriers such as China Southern, Air China, Qatar Airways, Oman Air, Etihad Airways and Turkish Airlines operate flights at the most affordable prices, usually with 5-12 hour transfers in major cities.

A flight from St. Petersburg will cost several thousand more and will consist of two transfers, so experienced tourists are advised to get to Moscow by high-speed train, and then travel by plane.

Upon arrival in Manila, you can use the bus and ferry to go to other cities. This method of transportation is very popular in the country and, moreover, allows you to enjoy the breathtaking scenery of wildlife.

Citizens of the Russian Federation are allowed to stay on the territory of the island state without a visa for 30 days. All that is required is to show your passport and return flight ticket at the border control.

Climate

The Philippines on the world map is located in the western part of the Pacific Ocean, as a result of which the tropical climate prevails on the islands, which is characterized by high humidity and high temperatures all year round. In the climate of the country, 3 seasons are distinguished:

Seasons in the Philippine Islands:

Dry cool periodOctober- February23°C to 39°C
Dry and hot seasonMarch-Mayabove 35°C
Rainy periodJuly-September16°С to 29°С

Features of nature

Wild nature of the country is unique. Most of the world's discoveries of new species occur here. The flora on the islands is very diverse and abundant, with more than 10 thousand species, and forests cover about 40% of the territory. The northern part of the Philippines is dominated by the tropics, while the southern part is dominated by equatorial forests.

Rainforest in the Philippines

The most common types of trees are: banana and rubber and some types of palm trees. The coast is dominated by mangrove forests. The vast majority of palm and orchid species around the world grow only in the Philippine Islands.

The fauna of the islands is also very rich and varied. There are not so many mammals - about 200 species. Of the large ones, one can single out the water buffalo and the Mindoran buffalo, the bearded pig and the porcupine.

Among the smaller ones:

  • macaques;
  • tarsier, a tiny, endangered primate with giant eyes designed to hunt in the dark;
  • the slow loris of the Sulu Islands;
  • mongooses.

A great abundance of reptiles can be noted: lizards, turtles, crocodiles, geckos and turtles. There are about 300 species of birds in the Philippines.

More than 2 thousand species of inhabitants live in the seas of the archipelago, including tuna, sardines, mackerel and others. The Sulu Islands are inhabited by colonies of molluscs, including pearl mussels capable of producing pearls.

Rare and unique representatives of the animal world can be found in the Philippines. Among them stand out:

  1. Purple crab. These crustaceans have a beautiful purple shell. They are also called "vampires" because of their bright yellow eyes. Recently, 4 new species of purple crab have been discovered on the island of Palawan.
  2. Flying dragon. These lizards got their name because of the wide skin folds resembling wings. With these, the flying dragon can glide over 20m.
  3. Binturong. These unique animals are rather slow-moving, living in trees and feeding mostly on fruits. In relation to people, they are distinguished by friendliness and are even found as pets.
  4. Bearded pig. These animals are distinguished by their elongated head and yellowish hair on the snout, which is how they got their name.
  5. Sea feathers. This is a detachment of colonial coral polyps, resembling a feather in appearance. Sea feathers have the ability to glow. They can reach up to 3 meters in height.
  6. Terrible lobster. It was discovered in the Philippines in 2007 and is distinguished by its characteristic elongated claws with teeth.
  7. Cantor's turtle. One of the largest soft-bodied turtles in the world, capable of reaching 2 m in length and weighing 50 kg. Most of their lives, these turtles spend motionless buried in the sand.

National Dishes

The Philippines are located on the world map in such a way that since ancient times they have been influenced by different cultures, which formed the cuisine of this country. In particular, Filipino dishes have incorporated features of Indian, Chinese, Spanish, Korean and Mexican cuisines.

Despite this, the cuisine of this island nation is not at all spicy, as in most Asian countries. Traditionally in the Philippines, food is eaten with the hands from a banana leaf. This method is practiced in authentic restaurants, however, tourists are always offered cutlery.

In cooking, rice is often used, which grows everywhere, and rice flour is widely used in the manufacture of noodles, dough and sweets.

The favorable location of the country, washed by many seas, has brought a wide variety of seafood to the cuisine. The most commonly used varieties of fish are mackerel, shark, trout, stingray, tuna and sea bass. Of the seafood, the most popular are octopus, squid, shrimp, crabs and mussels. It is customary to serve slices of melon tree with fish dishes.

Filipinos are big meat lovers, so here you can find both regular pork and chicken dishes, as well as traditional (fried pork skin, dog meat and even a duck egg with a germ inside).

Traditional dishes that need to be tried in the Philippines:

  • of Sinigan - the sour soup with pork or molluscs.
  • Tinol - soup with chicken meat, papaya, masing and ginger.
  • Pancitmolo - baked pork with mushrooms and chicken
  • Raytafel - fried chicken with curry.
  • Adobo - pork, stewed with vinegar, soy sauce and seasonings.
  • Care-kara - bull-tail soup with vegetables and peanuts.

The population

According to the data on the beginning of 2019, the population of the Philippines is 106 million 512 thousand people, and the number of female and male population shares equally. About 95% of the population - Malaya with a mixture of Chinese blood.

In the country 2 of the state language - English and Philippine, however, until the mid-70s. Spanish also entered the list of state languages. The Philippines is the only Christian country in Asia. 80% of the population are confessing Catholicism, and on the Sundays by tradition goes to church.

Philipps can be characterized as a very welcoming and friendly people. They are distinguished by tolerance and will never make fun of an unusual appearance or show your finger.

The inhabitants of the islands are very appreciated by the family, for them the family and its reputation is the most important in life. They love children very much and, as a rule, by 30 years, the average pair already has three heirs. Moreover, divorces are prohibited in the country, however, it does not prevent spouses to start the novels on the side, and such behavior is considered completely ordinary.

the Philipins are cheerful and optimistic, even in the regime itself. They are not frightened by vital difficulties. They are famous for hardworking and quality of work. Filipinos work in different positions around the world, including in Russia.

Currency

The monetary unit of the state is the Philippine Peso, which costs almost as much as the Russian ruble: 1 rub. = 1.18 pesos. Thus, Russian tourists are quite convenient to navigate here in prices.

Bridging with them the best US dollars , Since the euro in the country is not at all in the go and the course on them is completely unprofitable.

Exchange dollars on Pesos can be in banks, exchange offices and accommodation facilities. It should be noted that in hotels the course is undersier by 5%, so it is most profitable to change money in exchanger. The size of the imported currency to the Philippines is unlimited, but you can take out no more than 1000 pesos.

When to go

The Philippines on the world map is located in the Eastern Hemisphere, as a result of which the best time to travel to the islands is from December to May, since from July to October there is a high probability typhoon collapse.

Most often, typhoons occur in the northwest, where the island of Luzon and the capital of the state are located. The further south the island is, the less likely it is to be hit by a typhoon. In winter and spring, the air temperature is +25+30°C, and the water temperature can reach up to +27°C.

Features of accommodation

Accommodation prices in the Philippines depend on many factors: season, location relative to the city center, proximity to the beach and others. The most expensive city to live in is Manila, the capital of the state. But regardless of the size of the budget, everyone can find a suitable place to live here.

It is definitely necessary to book accommodation facilities in advance and better online. Booking online often saves money, and you can also agree on a check-in time, payment method, and book an airport transfer.

Philippines hotels are divided into 4 categories:

  • economy;
  • standard;
  • first class;
  • deluxe;

Prices for hotel rooms start from 400 pesos. An important component of the price is the presence of a fan or air conditioner. Air-conditioned rooms are usually 150-300 pesos more expensive than rooms with a fan. For example, staying in a hotel on Bantayan Island in an air-conditioned room will cost from 650 pesos per night. The cost of the same rooms in hotels on the first line will start from 1000 pesos.

For those who do not care about comfort, hostels and motels costing from 350 pesos per day are perfect. These rooms include a minimum set of furniture and amenities. The bathroom is usually shared and located on the floor.

Huts-bungalows are very popular, attracting tourists with their authentic design and traditional interior. It is possible to rent both a separate room and the whole hut. A room in a bungalow costs an average of 800-1500 pesos, and the price for living in the entire hut will be from 2000 pesos per day.

If you are planning a long vacation, you can rent an entire house or apartment. Prices depend on the island, comfort level and location relative to the coastline. ​​Monthly rent in Cebu and Panglao will be about 13,000 pesos. Such houses are most often fully equipped with everything you need and are even guarded.

When choosing housing, it is necessary to find out all the necessary information, such as availability of free Wi-Fi and hot water, in order to avoid unpleasant surprises upon arrival. It is necessary to clarify that when renting houses or apartments, water and electricity are paid separately.

Transport

The Filipino system of land transport is well developed quite well and is one of the most diverse in the world.

For traveling between cities, it is best to use the bus. They are most often equipped with air conditioning and internet access point. Direct cards do not exist here, and the passage is paid to the conductor. The fare depends on the distance and can be from 90 to 700 pesos.

There are several types of transport within the city:

  • Trince.
  • Jeepni.
  • Taxi.
  • Minibuses
  • Moto-taxi (Hubal-Habal)

Details:

  • Tracycle is a motorcycle with an indoor stroller and resembles a motorcycle. Trysikle's travel prices are relatively small and accommodate up to 4 people. The fare needs to be discussed in advance, do not hesitate to bargain - it is accepted here.

  • Jeepni - unique transport, the production of which has been established only in the Philippines. Hence it is exported to some countries of the world. According to the appearance of Jeepni resembles an American jeep, crossed with a minibus. Jeepni is uncomfortable for movement, they are close and as seats there benches. However, in price they are available to all - prices range from 10 to 50 pesos.
  • Taxi costs usually 12 peso per km. If the car is not equipped with a meter, then it is better to discuss the fare with the driver in advance, as they often overestimate prices for tourists.
  • Minibuses are also a popular and comfortable type of transport and travel through fixed routes. The fare depends on the route range.

  • Moto-taxi are most developed in the countryside Cebu. To accommodate passengers, they are equipped with strollers and accommodate up to 6 people.

Rest

Of course, there are inconspicuous many tourist destinations in the country of 7,000 islands for every taste.

Favorites travelers are 3 resorts:

1. Boracay. Located in the central part of the archipelago, Boracay Island was an absolute leader in the number of holidaymakers for many years. Despite the modest size of the island of 10 km², he attracted more and more tourists. Here there is a large number of clubs and bars, which made Boracay the center of the country's nightlife.

Beach White Beach, which is part of the best beaches of the Philippines, is a snow-white sandy surface of 4 km long, which gradually goes into transparent azure water. Due to the constant winds on the island, windsurfing and kiting.

Sports equipment for outdoor activities can be rented on the beach. In addition to sports, you can go on sightseeing, the most famous of which are: Village Dean-Ivid, Stone Willie, Mount Luho and St. Rosario Church.

It should be noted that from April to October 2018 the island was closed for tourists due to a serious threat of an ecological catastrophe provoked by the tourist flow. After that, restrictions were introduced, such as a ban on diving, fire shows, water skiing, sea tours and drinking alcoholic beverages on the beach.

2. Bochol. This island is considered the center of diving and family holidays. On the island there is a large number of attractions, some of which are unique in nature. From these, the chocolate hills can be distinguished, the Loothness Security Center, which in the world there are only 200, and a coral reef with the remains of the ships of the Second World War at Balikasak Island.

At the nearby island Panglao is the popular beach Alon Beach, which offers many entertainment, including world-class diving sites and swimming with dolphins. The price of a dive at the Bohola Islands begins from 2700 pesos.

3. El-Nido - National Reserve Philippines, consisting of 45 islands, most of which are uninhabited. This resort town became a favorite of lovers of a relaxing holiday on Nature Louis. El Nido is surrounded by beaches and rocks. Platy tours on islands, bays and lagunas are popular here.

Prices for food and drinks are more than acceptable, but nightlife is almost absent. Active types of water sports are widely developed in El Nido. From their number: freediving, snorkeling, kayaking, sailing, kiting and diving.

Lovers of ground sports Here it is possible to rent a motorbike, scooter or bike, ride climbing or go hiking. And for those who love Extreme, here is the area of ​​Zipline, which connects the snake island with the beach of Las Kabanas. Entertainment price - 900 pesos.

What to see

On the territory of the island state there is a large number of natural reserves, museums, cathedrals, monuments, zoos and unique miracles of nature, but it is simply impossible to see everything in one trip.

The top attractions of the Philippines are presented below:

  • chocolate hills. 1200 hills of conical shape are located in the group of Visai Islands and are the main pride of the island of Bohol. They received such a name due to the color of the grass fierangous on them. Initially, bright green vegetation burns out in the sun by the end of the dry season and acquires a brown color, thereby published, reminding chocolate truffles. Scientists have not yet agreed in a single opinion on the origin of this phenomenon. The cost of entry on the hills viewing area is 50 pesos.

  • underground river. Puerto Princesa - an underground river, located 50 km from the city of the same name on the island of Palawan. Puerto Princes is considered the longest underground river in the world - 8 km of flow in the depths of the cave. However, the river tours are limited to 1 km due to the fact that there is little oxygen in the cave and a long stay in the cave can provoke dizziness, headache and other unpleasant consequences. The underground river is located on the territory of Puerto Princesa Subteranean River National Park National Park near the village of Sabang. The cost of independent visits to the river - 650 Pesos (resolution + environmental collection). Opening hours: from 8.00 to 16.00.

  • Mount APO. This acting volcano is the highest point of the Philippines and reaches a height of 2,954 m. The mountain is located on the island of Mindanao near the city of Davao. Around the mountain is the National Park, where you can see a large number of colorful birds and rare plants. The cost of climbing - 750 Pesos for a person for tourists and 800 pesos for guide services at will.
  • Fort Santiago - Defensive fortress in the Intramos of the city of Manila on Luzon Island. The fort was founded by Conquistor Migesel Lopez de Legaspi in the XVI century, and now there is a museum of military history and prison of the time of Spanish colonization. The fortress is working daily from 8.00 to 18.00. The price of a ticket - 75 pesos.

  • Magellan's grave. The grave of the famous traveler is located on the island of Maltan, where he was killed and without finishing around the world. And in front of the obelisk, a monument to the leader of the paw paw, which is also a sinol of Magellan to death. Address: Mactan Shrine, Lapu-Lapu City, Cebu. Visiting hours: from 7.00 to 19.00 daily.

  • port of galleons or Puerto Galen. The port city is located in the north-west of Mindoro Island and is included in the list of the most picturesque bays of the world. Puerto Galen is popular with diving lovers through a variety of corals, a variety of tropical fish and maritime residents. At the bottom you can even see the remains of sunken ships. The port is more than 40 diving sites and about 10 diving schools. Prices for immersion start from 1400 pesos.

  • Kabayana Mummy. In the north Philippines in the village of Kabayan, the province of Benget are caves, in which the ancient mummy of the people of the Ibaloi, which has its own mummifying technology. Mummy are stored in wooden coffins in a sitting position. You do not need to view it, however, it is recommended to find a guide conductor, since mummies are high in the mountains and the path to them is not close.

  • Rice terraces. Fields in the north of Luzon Island, plowed for rice growing on the slopes of the mountains, were created about 2,000 years ago by the wild tribe of Ifugao. Fields located near the town of Banowe repeat the shape of the slopes, thereby creating a unique mountain landscape. A day trip to the mountain with a guide will cost 900 pesos.

  • The Manila Cathedral. Also known as the basilica of immaculate conception, is located in the capital of the state in the Intramos region. The facade decorate the sculptures of the saints, and inside you can see the tomb of the former rulers of the country Carlos Garcia and Karone Akuino. Services in the cathedral are held from 7.00 to 18.00.

  • Luna Park or Risal Park. The park is located on Rokhas Boulevard. Here you can see the sculpture of the Philippine poet José Ryalia, who became a national hero after his execution. It was in this fleet in 1946, the Philippines were proclaimed by an independent state.

  • The Chinese temple in Cebu is the Taoist temple located in the northern district of the city. Every Friday there is a fortune-telling ceremony on the stones along an ancient Taoist technique.

What to bring

Philippines on the world map are located in a unique place. Thanks to the excellent climate, coconut palms grow here, incredible animals live, and excellent conditions for growing pearls are created. Traveling through such an exotic country as the Philippines, always want to pick up a piece of local flavor and traditions to my home for memory.

In addition to standard purchases in the form of inexpensive clothing and shoes, tourists acquire many traditional souvenirs:

  • wallets and covers for Mobile phones made of frogs and toad skins. The cost of such a product begins from 150 pesos, depending on the size.
  • Jewelry from pearls. There are two types: pearls are artificial and natural. The product from the natural pearl is about 30000 pesos, and the skin of artificial will cost only 300 pesos.
  • Souvenirs from seashells, pebbles and sand. Pictures, figurines and decorations can be purchased in the markets for a small cost. The approximate price of such a picture will be from 80 pesos.
  • Wooden products. The great set of all sorts of boxes, kitchen utensils, ashtons, figurines and other souvenirs is presented to the attention of tourists.
  • Rum "Tandania" is a cheap and high-quality drink known worldwide, one of the most popular shopping among travelers. A bottle of 0.75 liters is on average about 80 pesos.
  • Coconut products.
  • Coffee. Local coffee will definitely love the connoisseurs of this drink. The most popular varieties are Luch and Baraco.

For those who still look at the world map and does not know where to go on the next journey, you should stop your choice in the Philippines.

This is a truly unique island state with an excellent climate, rich history and interesting cultural features.

Article author: Antonova Lyudmila

Registration of the article: Svetlana Ovsynikov

Video review of the Philippine Islands

Philippines - Country 7000 Islands:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=29bre4o-tqw