New Zealand. Capital, major cities, attractions, photo of the country

New Zealand is one of the cleanest countries in the world. The country has a rich flora and fauna. In Wellington (its capital), the weather can change several times a day.

Significance of the country in the modern world

Indigenous people of New Zealand believe that the country was discovered by the sailor Kupe from Polynesia. He came to the North Island in the tenth century. According to the legend, the island was named by Kupe's wife after he told about his discovery. The new land was given the name Aotearoa.

The name means "country of eternal day" or "long bright world". According to another version, Aotearoa is associated with a boat owned by A. Tasman. This name has remained among the everyday speech of the Maori. So they called the territory of the entire state.

A native of Holland, A. Tasman was the leader of the sea voyage of the East India Company. After he discovered Tasmania, he arrived on the South Island of New Zealand. It is he who is considered the discoverer of the country.

New Zealand, whose capital is located on the edge of the civilized world, got its name from the Dutch province of Zeeland. In the 17th century, ships of the Netherlands, led by Tasman, sailed to the South Island.

The identified territory was given the name Zeeland. In translation, it means sea country. To avoid confusion, nieuw was added to the name. The result was Nieuw Zeeland.

Next hundred years New country has no interest. But at the end of the XIX century, D. Cook went to its territory. He brought the title to the type that was officially enshrined today (New Zealand). The territory of New Zealand occupies 268,680 km2of the entire earth's surface.

There is an island in Oceania, in the south-west of the Pacific Ocean. The state includes the South and North Islands. It also contains about 700 small islands, on which up to 10% of the population of the state live. The country is at a considerable distance from other continents. For example, the distance to neighboring mainland Australia is 1,700 km.

The capital of the state is Wellington.

Distinctive features of the country

The language of gestures in New Zealanders is one of the main. It is fixed at the official level since 2006. Approved its status election to the highest legislative body of the country of MOIEM MATERS from the Green Party. During the difficult birth, she survived hypoxia, because of which it became deaf. Materia is capable of reading on the lips, having learned the language of gestures.

Climate

Weather in New Zealand is diverse. Here you can meet a moderate, and subtropical climate. In the north of the country heat, and in the south - cool. Seasons are not as in the northern hemisphere. In July, the coldest. But in February it is very hot.

On the North Island, the air temperature is almost the same. It is approximately + 15 ° C. Sometimes a high-tech mark can reach 0 ° C. In the summer, the temperature is almost never above + 30 ° C. Oriental island is characterized by dry and sunshine.

through the South Island are the Southern Alps. They overlap the road to the Western Wind and share New Zealand on 2 climatic sites. In different parts of the region, various climates prevail. Arriving into this country to rest, it is important to have with you like light clothes and warm. Some buildings provide for insulation of walls.

However, the overwhelming part of the buildings is quite cold, since it was built on old layouts. The suitcase must have a warm sweater and impenetrable outerwear. In winter, you can take winter things with you.

Ecology

New Zealand is distinguished among other countries with its purity and green plantings. Residents of the state pay a lot of attention to the world around.

In 2005, such a type of tax was approved here as a carbon. Before the occurrence of 2020, the government expects to occupy the 1st position on the planet on the neutral balance of carbon emissions into the atmosphere. This status will give New Zealand the opportunity to become the most well-kept territory in the world.

The legislative framework includes approximately 60 species of natural territories that need protection from external stimuli. These include national parks, reserves, as well as reserves (ecological, natural, scientific, tourist).

There are 14 national parks, 4 maritime parks, 21 coastal and marine reserves, over 3,000 reserves.

Botanical gardens and zoos were built in the state. In Auckland, there is the largest zoo where about 170 varieties of animals live. Large zoos are also located in Wellington. Free animal content provides for a zoo in Christchurch. Near Fangares you can see the animal subfamily of large cats.

The population

New Zealand (her capital became famous for strong winds) there are about 4,742 million people. Mostly people living here, having European roots (primarily the British). Also on this territory there are immigrants from Holland, Germany, Croatia. You can meet the Beloken people from South Africa. About 75% of the population are Europeans, the remaining 15% - Maori.

The overwhelming majority of citizens constantly live in other countries. Most often it is the United Kingdom and Australia. Living outside the state, New Zealanders are tightly communicated with family members. A large number of citizens adhere to Christianity.

Maori - the population of New Zealand

The most popular types of Christianity in New Zealand:

  • Catholicism of the Latin rite;
  • Presbyterianism;
  • Anglicism;
  • Methodism.

Some people support Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam. A small part of New Zealand citizens preach new religious teachings, neo-dockey, Satanism.

Flora and fauna

The territory of New Zealand is distinguished by extraordinary beauty. Many birds live here, a large number of amazing plants are growing. Up to the population of the islands, there were no mammals in the state, except for sea cats, bats and whales.

After the appearance on the territory of signs of life, there were few dogs and small rats here. A little later, cats, pigs, mice, goats and cows are brought from Europe. Rats, ferrets, mountainous, rabbits have adversely affected the vegetable and animal world of the state.

Kiwi (birds) are now most popular. They became a visiting card state. You can also highlight Cocoa, KEA, such. There are no snakes here. From poisonous spiders there is only Katipa. There are approximately 29 varieties of fish. Some of them are almost exterminated.

up to 2 thousand plants species grows. There are evergreen and mixed subtropical forests. You can see liver moss, leafy moss, forget-me-nots, ferns. The image of the silver cyathea is applied to the national emblem of New Zealand and is its symbol.

Large cities

The largest cities include the following:

  • Auckland;
  • Christchurch;
  • Wellington;
  • Dunedin;
  • Nelson;
  • Tauranga;
  • Gisborne;
  • Hamilton;
  • Whangarei;
  • Rotorua;
  • Napier.

How to get there

New Zealand (its capital is the 2nd most populous city in the state) has no land borders with other countries. Traveling by ship to neighboring states will take too long. Therefore, the only way to get to New Zealand is by plane.

The islands are flown from the CIS countries through Emirates, Aeroflot, Air China, Air New Zealand and some others. A change in this flight is inevitable, since there is no direct flight between the states. You will have to transfer in Hong Kong (about 26 hours of flight) or Los Angeles, Tokyo, Dubai (31-32 hours), Seoul (up to 35 hours). There is an option to fly via Helsinki.

The budget cost of the trip is approximately $500. The average ticket price to New Zealand is $700-1000.

If finances allow, you can pay more and get to New Zealand by water, leaving behind 1200 km. It is possible to realize a place only by taking a ship for temporary use together with members of its crew. They also get to the islands from neighboring Australia on a cruise ship. This cruise will cost the tourist about $1300.

Transport in New Zealand

New Zealand's transport system is developing rapidly. There is a low population density and long distances between cities and villages.

Buses

Buses are a common type of transport in the state. But the ticket price is quite high. The cost of moving from Wellington to Auckland will be approximately 100 NZD.

On transport, there are discounts and travel tickets, which are issued on preferential terms. The buses have air conditioning, toilets, TVs. A trip outside the city can be booked in advance.

Buses run every 15 minutes. However, after 20:00 h. the interval increases to 1.5 hours. This type of transport has a specific timetable, which is located at the bus stop.

Trolleybuses

Until 2017, it was possible to get to your destination in Wellington by trolleybus. The ticket price averaged 1.5-2.5 NZD. The cost of the trip was influenced. Tickets were sold in specialized stalls.

Now the trolleybus system in Wellington is closed.

Trams

in large settlements of trams not from the 60s of the twentieth century. However, in Wellington and Auckland, the suburban and long-distance trams are driving.

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Funicular

In New Zealand there is a cable car. It combines the embankment of Lammbon and Kelburn (top of the hill). The funicular droves from the top station to the central part of Wellington.

From Monday to Friday, the cable car works from 07:00 Hour. And closes at 22:00 o'clock. The gap between the movement of the cabin is 10 minutes. The funicular stops 3 times on the rise to the top. On Saturday and Sunday, this transport operates from 09:00. On 21:00 o'clock. The cost of an adult ticket is 4 NZD, and children's - 2 NZD (provided that child is more than 5 years old).

Ferry

Between Islands, ferries run. They make several routes per day. They sail from Wellington. Ultimate stop - Picton. This path is overcome in 3 hours. Inside the ferry passengers are provided with all the necessary conditions. There are restaurants, bars, salons.

The cost of the trip to the ferries Arahuka and Aratikai is 44 NZD. If you boast a ticket for 7 days, a discount is available on the trip. The price in this case will be 22 NZD. Car transportation will cost 80-160 NZD.

Taxi

On the Taxi Islands is greatly popular. Counters are built into cars. The system provides for a fixed value. On average, the trip will cost 1 NZD for landing, as well as about 5 NZD per 1 km. Tips in New Zealand passengers are left at will.

Car rental

To move around the islands, it is best to choose a machine. To rent it, you need to have a driver's license of an international sample. In many organizations, the driver's age should not be under 25 years old. Driving experience - at least 21 years.

Several major and many small companies offer cars for rent. There are branches of such an office in almost any large settlement, as well as at airports. You can rent a passenger car or a car that goes good off-road.

There is also a motorcycle rental option or "at home on wheels". The cost of the service is low, from 60 NZD a day together with insurance. If you take a car for a long time (from 21 days), you can save almost half of the specified amount.

The main sights of New Zealand

New Zealand is famous for unusual attractions. Here you can exciting time to get acquainted with the capital of the state and other settlements.

Culting structures

The most famous building for serving God is the church of all saints (Anglican Church). It is located in the Manukaau area at Auckland, Cook Street, 28. This settlement was previously considered a separate city.

The temple was erected in the middle of the XIX century. The designer became F. Tatcher. The first worship service took place in 1847. After 15 years, changes occurred in the church. In 1930, the temple was built in honor of the militias, who gave the duty to their homeland in the 60s of the XIX century.

Museums

New Zealand, the capital of which is the largest among Polynesia states, can boast the presence of the following museums:

  • Museum "Colonial Cottage". is located at: New Zealand, MT Cook 6011, 68 Nairn St. You can get to this sights by buses No. 7, 12, 18, 21. The museum building is one of the most long-time buildings of the central part of Wellington. In the middle of the century, the Family House of Wallis and Katerina, who arrived in the UK to improve the quality of life. Their descendants lived in the building almost until 1980. Today there is a museum at home. There are many interesting things that can characterize life in the colony. The cottage surrounds the fruit garden, beds with vegetables and flower beds. For the entrance to the museum fee is not charged. It is open for visitors daily. Here is the store where it is possible to purchase canned fruits from this garden.
  • The National Museum are those Pope Tongarev. Locations: New Zealand, Wellington 6011, TE ARO. Works the museum without a break and weekends, starting from 10:00 to 18:00. The entrance is free. You can come by train (go out at the central railway station and walk for 20 minutes or order a taxi), car (you need to drive Wellington Center on the SH1 highway to Cable Street), bus (exit at the public transport stop Willis Street or Courtenay Place and walk a couple of minutes on foot). This museum is one of the biggest in the world. Here you can see the skeletons of dinosaurs, objects of art of our days, as well as information about advanced technologies.
  • ​​
  • Museum of the Police of New Zealand. He can be found by going to this location: New Zealand, Papakowhai 5024, Porirua, Royal New Zealand Police College/Papakowhai Rd. There are no exits. Open every day from 08:00 to 17:00. Free admission. You can arrive at your destination by buses No. 6 and 236. Get off at the RNZ Police College - Papakowhai Road stop, then walk about 10 minutes. You can also order a taxi or rent a car. Outside visitors until 1996 did not have the opportunity to visit the museum. It was intended only for New Zealand police officers. Milford Sound FjordIt is a bay that has crystal water. Around it are mountains that reach a height of 1,200 m. The fjord can be found on the South Island in the Fiordland National Park.
  • Hobbiton village. The film The Lord of the Rings was filmed in this area.
  • Franz Josef Glacier. Located in Westland National Park (western side of the South Island). Tourists come here to conquer the glacier and visit the ice tunnels.
  • Waitomo Cave. Over the course of several million years, this natural landmark was formed. There are about 150 caves and a large number of tunnels. You can meet amazing fireflies that illuminate the caves with a greenish-blue light. Tourists go down the water, and also on the night before Christmas, they listen to singing in the Cathedral Hall.

Monuments

The following monuments have been erected in New Zealand territory:

  • Opo Jack the dolphin;
  • R. Burns;
  • National War Memorial;
  • Panii;
  • Cenotaph;
  • Massey memorial;
  • Moa statue;
  • other monuments.

Excursions

To make your impressions of New Zealand vivid and unforgettable, you can contact the services of guides and purchase excursions.

Exotic landscapes of Auckland and its environs

Throughout the program, the visitor will see:

  • Viaduct (the main embankment of the city);
  • Mission Bay beach, as well as a street with luxury houses;
  • Murivai beach with its black sands;
  • winter garden and Domaine Park.

Travel to a bay of black volcanic sands and gannet nests is supposed. The cost of the tour does not include the ascent to the observation deck of the TV Tower (29 NZD per person, children's ticket - 12 NZD). It is possible to order lunch at the winery. Its price is paid separately. The cost is $ 750 for a group of up to 3 people. Time excursions - 8 hours.

Pihy, the Bay of Islands and Waytanga

On the excursion is scheduled to visit the Bay of Islands, Pihihi, Waitangi, where the agreement was concluded between the inhabitants of England and Maori.Transport, gasoline, Russian-speaking guide included in the cost of the excursion. Not included and entrance tickets. Price: $ 715 for a tour of the group up to 4 people. Duration - 12 hours.

Overview of Auckland and the surroundings

Tourists will see Auckland, its outskirts and volcanic craters. It is recommended to take a camera, raincoat, insulated things. Excursion costs $ 565 for a group of up to 4 people. Duration - 8 hours.

Hotels in major cities of New Zealand

Name Cost What includes where
JUCY SNOOZE CHRISTCHURCH, 4 STARES (Christchurch)from $ 145Transfer, Parking, Wi-Fi, Breakfast, Disabled Services8051, 5 Peter Leeming Road
Copthorne Hotel Wellington, Oriental Bay, 4 stars (Wellington)from 192 $Delivery of food and beverages, parking, restaurant, good breakfast, Wi-Fi, services disabled100 Oriental Parade, 6141
VR Takapuna, 5 stars (Auckland)from 141 $Gym, Bar, Restaurant, Wi-Fi, Services for disabled, Drink and Food Delivery1 Beresford Street, Baseyother
Millennium Hotel Rotorua, 4 stars (Rotorua)from $ 209 [261.]SPA Center, Pool, Parking, Breakfast, Bar1270 Hinemaru Street
Anglesea Motel And Conference Center, 4 Stars (Hamilton)from 102 $Swimming pool, breakfast, kettle / coffee maker, restaurant, parking, disabled facilities36 LiverPool Street

What to bring as a souvenir from New Zealand

on the islands there is a TKS-FRI system. A separate sign with a special inscription is assigned to the store that falls under this program. The minimum purchase amount is advised to be interested in place, because after a certain time it changes. Some part of funds are returned by departure from New Zealand at certain points, which are located in stores.

Choosing souvenirs for friends and relatives, it is worth paying attention to the following products:

  • Chocolate, 5 NZD;
  • Bed linen set, 25 NZD;
  • Clothing: Warm vest - 29 NZD, Warm trousers - 10 NZD;
  • bone jewelry, from 20 NZD;
  • New Zealand jade, about 300 NZD;
  • Paua (amazing beauty sewer), approximately 15 NZD;
  • Essential and basic oils, 15-17 NZD;
  • Handmade soap, 6 NZD;
  • Souvenir weapons, up to 100 NZD;
  • Casket, traditional thread vases with national motifs, 50-180 NZD.

All these gifts can be purchased in souvenir shops, supermarkets or ordinary stores. New Zealand is a state where very friendly people live. Local residents greets with tourists than cause from the last surprise. The capital of the state is visited by about a thousand traveling every year.

Registration of the article: Vladimir Great

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