Mozambique. Where is located on the world map, capital, photo, sights, rest

Mozambique has a special place on the world map. This is the only state on the flag and coat of arms of which a Kalashnikov assault rifle flaunts, combined with a hoe. But the number of the country's armed forces is only slightly more than 10 thousand people.

Significance of Mozambique in the modern world

Mozambique on the world map is located in the south of the African continent, on the coast of the Indian Ocean. The area of ​​the country slightly exceeds 800 thousand square meters. km. Its coordinates are 17 degrees. 46 min S sh. and 35 deg. 28 min. v.

Mozambique borders on:

  • South Africa.
  • Swaziland.
  • Malawi.
  • Tanzania.
  • Zambia.
  • Zimbabwe.

The city of Maputo, with a population of over 1 million, is the capital of Mozambique. The country received its name from the name of Moussa Al Big, which belonged to the Arab ruler of the island of Mozambique, who lived on it until 1500, until the Portuguese invaders appeared on the island.

The length of the country's coastline, according to the World Resources Institute and taking into account islands and bays, is 6942 km and ranks first in Africa.

Getting to Maputo International Airport is possible only with connections:

(From 960
Airline Transfers Round trip cost, $ Travel time
23h 10m21h 5m
South African AirwaysMunich, JohannesburgFrom 180018h 35m19h 10m
LufthansaMunich, JohannesburgFrom 220018:3519:10

Visa can be obtained at the Mozambique Embassy in Moscow, and since 2019 also at Maputo Airport or at the border crossing point. It is easier to issue a visa not at the embassy, ​​but on the spot. To do this, you need to fill out a questionnaire, present a passport and have your photo in the amount of 1 piece, 3x4 cm in size. The cost is $50. The visa is issued for a period of one month.

Climate

Mozambique on the world map is located partly in the subequatorial zone, and the south - in the tropical zone. The temperature is quite high throughout the year - in the north 25-28 degrees, in the south - 5-6 degrees lower. Rainfall is higher in the tropical zone - up to 1500 mm per year.

Two seasons are distinguished on the territory of the country - summer (November - April) and dry winter (May - October). There are tropical typhoons, sometimes very strong, with blurring of roads. Droughts are frequent in the southern part of the country.

Population

The population of the country is almost 30 million. Mozambique has long been a colony of Portugal, the majority of the country's inhabitants speak Portuguese, and it is recognized as the official language. The citizens of the country mostly belong to the Bantu peoples, whose native languages ​​are Swahili, Makonde, Makua and others.

Mozambique on the world map belongs to agricultural countries - more than 80% of the population lives and works in agriculture.

The main religions in the country are Catholicism and Islam, and many people adhere to the traditional religions of South Africa.

A significant part of the peoples, under the influence of various colonizations, lost their original culture, but along the coast, where there was a strong influence of Islam, along with tropical agriculture, handicrafts were developed, in particular, the manufacture of items from shells and silver.

The Makonde people are engaged in traditional hunting, beekeeping and make sculptures from precious woods known as “makonde figurines”. The state has recently gone through a civil war and is one of the poorest countries. Maybe that's why there are opposed to the photo and video shooting official institutions and individuals (in particular, the police).

Currency

The currency Metical Mozambique acts on February 2019 he virtually equal Ruble. $ 1 given 62 Metical and for 1 rbl. - 0.95. You can also pay the South African rand and the US dollar, but the course is not very profitable. Take better dollars. Import of currency other than national, is not limited. More than $ 5,000 - the declaration is required.

Change money is possible in banks on weekdays (7:30 - 16:30 Break 11:15 - 15:00) and in private offices. Pay with credit cards is possible only in big cities, but not everywhere.

Features of the nature of

Mozambique on world map refers to the savannah and woodland area, only the coastal part - the zone of monsoon forests.

Woodlands represented by the following trees:

  • Brachystegia.
  • combretum.
  • Yulbernardiya.
  • Vines.
  • Berlin.

The river valleys occupied valuable and rare species.

grow here:

  • Ebony, red, pink and black tree.
  • Silk acacia.
  • Palm.
  • Mlandzhiysky cedar.

In the coastal mangrove monsoon parts are the following species:

  • baobab.
  • kigelia.
  • Kafra.
  • terminals.

Savannah covered cereal plants and shrubs. Fauna Mozambique fully presented only in national parks. During the Civil War the locals, as well as in Russia as a "restructuring", ate a huge number of wild animals.

Now the number of species of fauna is gradually recovering and it is promoted by reserves (the famous Russian River in Limpopo flows precisely in Mozambique).

They multiply:

  • elephants.
  • hippopotamus.
  • crocodiles.
  • Rhinos.
  • buffaloes.
  • Lions.
  • Antelope.
  • Hyenas.

Even more representatives of various species of birds:

  • gray parrots.
  • fatness.
  • Marabu.
  • Ostrich.
  • Tkachik.
​​

The local summer in Mozambique hibernate Russian swallows.

among reptiles distinguished:

  • pythons.
  • horned snake.
  • Cobra.
  • Turtle.

National dishes

Most importantly - with caution to use dishes from roadside dots. A stomach disorder is a smaller thing that can threaten an unintelligent tourist. Even in large restaurants, the attitude towards hygiene may be far from the requirements of the domestic SES. But, in general, it is tasty in Mozambique.

The main dishes came from the colonial Arab and Portuguese past and represent combinations of meat and fish products:

  • Goulash - Dried fish dish With sweet potatoes, chicken and seasonings.
  • Matapa - Kushanye from a crab with rice and leaves of Casave marinated in vinegar, garlic, lemon and other seasonings.
  • Kakana - local vegetable with a specific bitter taste.
  • Piri-Piri seasoning, cooked from local pepper, not inferior to the famous "Chile".
  • Biff de Lulle - a dish of squid.
  • Amege - shells
  • Esheptada Dosha Marikosh - seafood kebabs.
Mozambique has various national dishes, some of them in the photo.

All this magnificence, in addition to typical Portuguese and Arabic dishes, is customary to use without bread, but if desired, it will also be. Bread bakes from corn flour and manioki.

Transport

Railway transport in Mozambique developed for the needs of the South Africa. Railways (they are numbered 7) go from the west to the east, are not connected with each other and are intended for transporting goods from the ports of Mozambique to the industrial centers of South Africa, Zimbabwe and Malawi. Railways are not popular in the country.

The integrity of railway lines suffered during the civil war and catastrophic flooding of 2000.

, even in large cities of the country, public transport is not very developed. Buses and minibuses "Chapas" are moving through the streets. They are usually overcrowded, and from tourists take a non-fixed fee, 2-3 times higher than the fare for locals. Convenient in the cities to use a taxi, worth about $ 5 per km.

Buses are between major cities of the country, as a rule, irregular air conditioners. Ferries move along the sea shore. In the country for long distances it is better to move the air transport. Local companies offer their travel services within the country.

Prices for flights from Maputo:

Cost, in $ travel time. Transplantation Company
Pembafrom 1204 h. 5 m.ETHIOPIAN AIRLINES
Pembafrom 1204 h. 5 m.ASKY Airlines
of the heatfrom 22017 h. 55 m.NampulEthiopian Airlines
Nampulafrom 1202 h. 35 m.Ethiopian Airlines
Nampulafrom 1202 h. 35 m.ASKY Airlines
Lushikhafrom 1303 parts 15.ETHIOPIAN AIRLINES
TEETfrom 1253 h. 5 m.Ethiopian Airlines
Beirafrom 1151 h. 25 m.Ethiopian Airlines
Chimoyofrom 903 h. 35 m.Ethiopian Airlines

Rent is possible in Mozambique car cost from $ 75 per day. Domestic international rights are valid in the country, but the driver must be older than 21 years and have driving experience for at least a year. Movement in the country left-sided.

Holidays

Mozambique on the tourist map of the world is considered to be one of the best places to relax on the sea coast.

Bazarato

Bazaruto archipelago is located near the continent (about 10 km) and covers 5 main sandy islands and hundreds of small islands with coral reefs around. The nearest town of Vilanculos, which can be reached by plane (from $ 270) from Johannesburg, or by a bus from Maputo. The beaches of the archipelago are considered the best in Africa.

The inhabited and largest islands of the archipelago are called Bazaruto and Benguerra. There are hotels, but very expensive. It is more profitable to settle in Wilalos (from $ 40) and ride on the islands on the boat.

on O. Bazaruto, in addition to extensive sandy beaches, groves groves cashews and coconuts. The old lighthouse is located here, from which views of the island and the ocean. Beaches about. Bengaerra is covered with water during the tide, and when they knew, you can catch the fish with the locals. There is an equestrian safari for anyone who wants.

Santa Carolina is considered the most beautiful island. Islands is a great place for diving, snorkeling and fishing. To hunt Marlin Islands is considered one of the best places. You can also ride sleds on sand dunes. Vilaculosse also has excellent sandy beaches.

Beira

Beira is the second largest port in the country and the fourth largest city. Before independence, the city served as the main holiday destination for the African colonizers. During the civil war, Beira fell into disrepair, but, by now, the city center has been restored.

The main attraction of Beira is the Cathedral, built at the beginning of the last century from the stones of the fortress of San Gaetano.

150 km from Beira is the Gorongoza National Park with savannas and tropical forests. During the civil war, the animal populations in the park were reduced to 5% (100 hippos, 5 lions, 15 buffaloes).

Populations have now recovered and the park is home to 398 species of birds, as well as many:

  • Lions.
  • Servals.
  • Hyenas.
  • Leopards.
  • Zebras.
  • Elephants.
  • Buffaloes.
  • Nile crocodiles.
  • Antelopes.
  • Jackals.
  • Serpents.
  • Turtles.

Picturesque rivers with sources on Mount Gorongozo flow into Lake Uremo. Of the flora, miombo forests, meadows, and acacias are developed. There are rare species of butterflies.

Vilanculos

Vilanculos (not to be confused with Vilanculos) is located 25 km from Inhambane. In the north of the Inhambane Peninsula is Cape Barra, which is a frequently visited holiday destination. The dunes stretch here and Praia de Barra is located.

On the other side of the cape, you can walk through the mangroves and palm groves inhabited by friendly monkeys. At Cape Barra, it is good for families to relax and go diving.

Kirimbas

The Kirimbas archipelago is located near the city of Pemba and consists of 27 coral islands stretching for more than 200 km along the coast. So far, this is a little-known and little-visited resort. Not all of the islands are inhabited, but in some parts there are hotels in the form of bungalows, costing from $430 for 4 days.

Kirimba National Park is located on the 11 southern islands of the archipelago. 375 species of fish, dugongs, rare species of sponges and corals are protected here. Near the islands you can meet dolphins and turtles. In addition to beach holidays, diving and fishing, on the islands you can visit and see some of the sights from the colonial past.

Forma de Cisterna existed on the island of Ibo even before the appearance of the Portuguese. At present, buildings of the 18th-19th centuries have been preserved. On the island of Vamizi, in addition to the magnificent long beaches, you can see the lighthouse, the fort and the church.

Do not miss the opportunity to ride a thousand-year-old sailing dhows.

Diving in the archipelago takes place in amazingly clear water, and there are places where the depth difference on vertical cliffs reaches 400 m. You can get to the islands from Pemba either by light aircraft or by helicopter. A cheaper option is the Pemba-Kisanga bus (6 hours) and then a dhow to Ibo Island. You can travel between the islands by boat (from $100).

Pemba

Pemba is located in northern Mozambique, near Tanzania, on the ocean. The convenience of the city's location has contributed to its settlement since the 14th century, when it was used as a trading post. Later, in connection with the Portuguese colonization, a trading post was formed here.

Pemba currently consists of two parts - the New City and Bayx. Bayx, which has preserved colorful Arab-African architecture, has a well-known market selling a variety of handicrafts, including silver, coral and ivory. Not far from the lighthouse, you can visit the Portuguese Fort, a former stronghold of the slave trade.

As a resort town, Pemba is famous for Vimbe Beach, with white sand and beautiful coral reefs 5 km from the coast, which you can visit and go diving.

Conditions for water sports have been created in the city and its environs:

  • Diving.
  • Surfing.
  • Snorkeling.
  • Fishing.
  • Jumping into the water.

The city can be reached by flights from both Maputo and Johannesburg, Dar es Salaam and Nairobi.

Maputo

Maputo is the capital and largest city of the country. It is located in the south of Mozambique, and the population exceeds 1 million inhabitants. Previously, Maputo was named Lourenço Marches in honor of the Portuguese explorer.

The city has been known since the 16th century, but was later destroyed by African tribes and, further, built around a Portuguese fortress. After the country gained independence, it was renamed Maputo (from the river of the same name).

The following museums can be visited in the city:

  • National Museum of Geology.
  • Museum of money. It occupies the city's first stone structure, the "Yellow House", the former administration of the colonial government. An exposition of samples of the currency of Mozambique, Portugal and other countries is exhibited here. All inscriptions and tours are in Portuguese.
  • Museum of Natural History.
  • National Art Museum
  • Museum of the Revolution.
  • Railway transport museum. This is the acting station of the capital, built by the famous Gustave Eiffel, the author of the projects of the Statue of Freedom and the Eiffel Tower. Here you can ride on the old train with a steam locomotive, and in the evening visit the club with dances from paths.

other than museums deserve attention:

  • Garden of lovers.
  • Botanical Garden Tundura.
  • Fort Maputu.
  • Rail House. Also built on the project of Eiffel from iron for the governor. But the house was too tamed from the Sun, and the governor did not live in it.
  • Municipal market.
  • Catholic Cathedral

in the city there are many hotels, restaurants and shops. On the ocean, two large beach. There are conditions for water sports.

Tete

Tete is located in the northern part of the country on the Zambezi River. The city was founded by Arabs for trade with the African State of Monomota. In the XVI century, the tet became Portuguese. The city occupied a strategic position and allowed to control most of the river. Zambezi

in a tete and surroundings Three main attractions:

  • Cathedral, built in 1563
  • River Zambezi - 4th The magnitude of the African River. Baobabs are growing in its shores, hippos, crocodiles and many birds and animals are found.
  • Kahora-Bass reservoir - located on p. Zambezi 150 km above the tel. The length is 250 km, the maximum depth is 150 m.

Tofu

Tofu is located near the town of Inyambane, half an hour by local transport, and is a small village. There are hotels and bungalows. The main highlight of Tofu is a mantow reef, a magnificent place for diving with the transparency of water to 20 m and depths of 20-30 m.

Here you can admire sharks, humpback whales and mantam. There is a good beach. In the evenings on the shore, many mosquitoes and the opportunity to catch with malaria from them.

What to see

Mozambique is one of the poorest countries of the continent, but there are enough interesting and notable places here.

Maputo Cathedral

The Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception of Our Lady has a bell tower with a height of 61 m and is located on Independence Square. Built by the architect of Freitash-I-Kost since 1936 to 1944, concrete was used as building materials. inside the fresco cathedral, painted by Portuguese artists.

The cathedral looks very advantageous in comparison with the surrounding buildings.

Fortress of Maputo

The fortress of Señora da Conceican was built in 1782 and during its existence it was subjected to many attacks by the British, Germans, French, Austrians and African tribes. Now here is the Military Museum. In front of the fortress grows a tree used by the Watua warriors to hang the head of the prison.

Ancient cannons and other weapons, anchors and statues are exhibited in the courtyard of the fortress. The fortress is located near the fishing port. Entrance to the fortress is allowed after a voluntary donation of an unspecified amount (approximately $5).

Mount Binga

Mount Binga rises to 2436 m, is composed of Precambrian quartzites and is located in the west of Mozambique, on the border with Zimbabwe. The mountain is part of the Shivanimani National Reserve and features steep, steep slopes that are difficult to climb.

Climbing experience and equipment required. In Shivanimani National Park, it is not possible to purchase the necessary equipment. The nearest town is Chimoyo.

Tunduru Botanical Garden

Located in the center of the capital next to the Cathedral. The garden was created in 1886 and was named after Vasco da Gama. Tropical plants from Mozambique and European countries are grown in the garden. The Temple of the Four Goddesses is the main attraction.

The garden was restored in 2015, was previously used by local residents for semi-criminal entertainment and was littered. The Tunduru Garden is a good place for walking. It is very beautiful during flowering plants. Tennis courts are also located here.

Museum of Geology

The National Museum of Geology is located on 24 July Street. It is the "successor" of the Freire de Andrade Geological Museum. It has been open in its present form since 2001.

The museum has almost 5 thousand exhibits, including precious minerals and ornamental stones, crystals of outstanding sizes. One of the main exhibits is a rubellite (pink tourmaline) crystal of a record size of 50 cm long.

Museum of Natural History

The Museum of Natural History was founded at the beginning of the last century and in 1932 was moved to the building of an elementary school. The centennial anniversary of the museum was recently celebrated.

The basis of the exposition is a collection of stuffed animals, including:

  • Behemoths.
  • Lvov.
  • Antelope.
  • Rhinos
  • Giraffes.

The main exhibit is a stuffed coelacanth that is thought to be extinct, a living specimen of which was caught in South Africa. Also in the museum, many household and musical exhibits of local tribes.

The Museum of Revolution

The museum is located in Maputo on the street on July 24 and is dedicated to the struggle for independence. The museum is exposed to weapons, which used fighters for liberation and colonialists, personal belongings, paintings with the image of the episodes of the revolution.

One of the main exhibits of the museum is a copy of the slag, which hid the leaders of the revolution.

The National Museum of Arts

The museum was formed in 1989, after the conquest of independence, and is located on Prospekt Ho Chi Minh in a white three-story building. In the Museum of the 3 Exhibition Hall. In 2 halls, permanent exhibitions are exhibited, where the works of the art of local artists are presented.

Bazaruto National Park

The National Park was created in 1970 on the Bazaruto archipelago to protect sea turtles and a don. Here you can also see the boys, dolphins, white sharks and more than 2 thousand species of fish. On the islands, the pink flamingos and endemic lizards are inhabited.

There are freshwater lakes with crocodiles, you can see dwarf antelope, in coral reefs admire tropical fish.

Two Islands of the Reserve (Bang and Santa Carolina) are flooded during the tide, but it is easy to drive to the boats or Dow.

The municipal market

was built at the beginning of the last century in neoclassical form and is located at the bottom of the city of Maputo. The roof of the market is made of iron. They sell everything here - from products and witchcraft drugs to live birds.

Garden of lovers

This is a small park in Maputo, which received this name from the tradition of visiting his wedding processions. It is located sculptures, many colors and peacocks, cafes and different souvenir benches.

Mangrove tunnel

Mangrove tunnel is located between about. Il de Mozambique and about. Curimbas. Mangrove thickets are unique in that their roots can grow in an almost oxygen-free medium and feel comfortable in fresh and in sea water.

The tunnel between the islands is formed by the mangrins and looks very colorfully - downstairs naked nude roots, confused, and at the top - branches with leaves turning after Sun. Puchglase fish jumps on the water and roots) with "Hands". On the island of Mozambique can be reached from the city or from the city of Monpo. The island will be connected with a 3-kilometer bridge.

Lake Nyas

Lake Nyasa (Malawi) is located in the north-west of the country. Through Lake, Mozambique borders with Tanzania and Malawi. In the lake is placed 7% of freshwater reserves of the Earth. The length of the lake is more than 500 km.

The lake is inhabited by almost 1000 species of fish, including endemic ones. There are also many crocodiles living here. In spring, lake flies emerge, hatching from larvae at the bottom - at this time even the sun is obscured by them.

White-winged cormorants nest on the lake islands and a large number of monitor lizards live.

The lake can be reached from Lishing.

What to bring

The tourism industry in the country destroyed by the civil war is not very developed, but, in addition to impressions, you can bring here:

  • Figurines Makonde. The figurines are made of valuable sorts of wood, they are made by masters of the Makonde people, the largest and cheapest selection of figurines exists in Pemba.
  • Cashew nuts. In the country, they are grown in large quantities and in the markets of the country, cashews can be bought quite cheaply.
  • Nyau ritual masks. The most valuable souvenirs are made from sandalwood and mahogany.
  • Wicker products from twigs.
  • Wire figurines.
  • Smoking pipes.
  • Seashell souvenirs.

Mozambique is a very controversial country. Areas devastated by a 30-year civil war alternate with areas that were largely unaffected. Russian tourists who have visited Mozambique give it different, sometimes directly opposite, assessments.

But everyone agrees that Mozambique, with its long coastline, is one of the most attractive provinces for water recreation on the world map.

Article design: Oleg Lozinsky

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