Manaus, Brazil. Photo, where is the city, attractions, river, jungle, interesting facts

Manaus is a pearl city located among pristine jungle in Brazil. Here you can admire rare species of animals, as well as see the unusual architecture of local buildings. Every year the number of tourists in Manaus increases, which contributes to the rapid growth of the corresponding infrastructure.

Significance of the city in the modern world

Manaus was founded by the Portuguese in 1669 as a defensive fort and was originally called São José do Rio Negra. This place played an important role in the confrontation between the Netherlands and Brazil. Gradually, new settlements grew up around the defensive point, the population of which consisted of mestizos.

The city received its modern name thanks to the tribe of Indians who inhabited these lands. The Aboriginal settlement was called Manaus, and already in 1832 the fortified fort was also called. However, in October 1848, the settlement was given the status of a city, and with it a new name - Cidade da Barra do Rio Negro. After 8 years, the former name was returned, and since then the city has been called Manaus.

Manaus is the capital of the state of Amazonas, located in the northwestern part of Brazil. The city occupies an area of ​​more than 11 thousand km², where more than 2 million people live. This large area is divided into 9 interior regions. The boundaries of the city do not intersect with any settlement. Around Manaus impenetrable jungle. There is no suburb as such.

The region itself is bordered by the following municipalities:

  • On the western side: Novu Airan.
  • In the east: Itaquatiara.
  • The border with Presidente Figueiredo runs from the north.
  • From the northeast: Rio Preta da Eva.
  • In the southwest: Iranduba.
  • On the southeast side: Careiro da Varzea.

Manaus (Brazil) can be found on maps using the following coordinates:

  • South latitude: 03° 06ˊ.
  • Longitude West: 60° 01ˊ.

Through the production of rubber, Manaus reached its peak of development from 1879 to 1912. Since then, the infrastructure of the city has been constantly developing, new industries are emerging.

Climate and ecology

The city of Manaus is located near the Amazon River. It occupies a lowland surrounded by tropical jungles. Due to the low level above the sea (only 39 m), there are swampy areas, and some houses are built on stilts.

Manaus is located in the equatorial climatic zone, and therefore monsoons often pass here. The value of the average annual temperature here is +27°C, with slight fluctuations of 2-3°C. The rainy season runs from November to May. Precipitation falls in this place almost daily. Their smallest number was recorded in August.

Population

In 2012, the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics conducted a census of the population of Manaus. The number of urban residents at that time was more than 1.5 million people.

Of these:

  • 31.9% are white Brazilians. Their origin is European. Some of them have features of the Indian and Negro peoples.
  • 63.9% - Caboclos, Indian-Portuguese mestizos. This is the largest ethnic-racial group in the Amazon region. Formed during the "rubber fever" on the coast of Brazil. During that period, a large number of Portuguese men came here to work. Most of them did not return to their homeland, but remained in the Amazon, where they married Indian women.
  • 2.4% are Afro-Brazilians. They are the main group that makes up the modern population of Brazil.

The main religion of the locals is Catholicism. In addition, there are a large number of Protestant churches.

Flora and fauna

Manaus (Brazil carefully monitors the state of nature in this region) is located in the heart of the Amazon state. Due to the remoteness from large cities and industrial facilities, the flora and fauna in this place has retained its original appearance.

Outside the city during excursions you can see:

  • Sloths.
  • Caimanov.
  • Lemur fools.
  • Jaguars.

The Amazon jungle is quite a dangerous place for unprepared tourists. The poison dart frog lives here. Also, there is a large population of howler monkeys. There are scorpions, poisonous centipedes and ants. In addition, here you can admire the Amazon River, which appears in all its glory to tourists.

How to get there

Manaus (Brazil does not require a visa to visit the city if the tourist stays no more than 90 days) has several options for getting here.

By plane

Eduardo Gomes international airport is located just 14 km from Manaus.

Communication established from:

  • Recife, Fortaleza, Belen, Rio de Janeiro.
  • Panama, Sao Paulo, Caracas.
  • Brasilia, Miami, Porto Velho.
  • Recife, Rio Branco, Santarem.
  • Tabatinga, Tefe.

From Rio de Janeiro, the flight will take 5 hours (price of a one-way flight from 550 reais), from Sao Paulo - 4.5 hours. From Moscow to Manaus, you can fly with the help of airlines: Turkish Airlines and Air Moldova. However, there is no direct flight. The flight will include transfers. The cost of tickets in July for 1 person in economy class is over 50 thousand RUS. Total travel time: a little over a day.

By car

It is possible to get to Manaus by car, but it is difficult. A road leads to the city, which runs through the tropical jungle. Road conditions are quite difficult, so only an SUV is suitable for movement. Renting a car will cost 1500 ₽ for 1 day. Similarly, Manaus is connected to Boa Vista and Porto Velho by two federal highways. Travel time by road will take from 40 to 50 hours.

By bus

There is a bus station in the city. Buses come here from Venezuela, Boa Vista and various suburbs. Tickets can be purchased at the box office. Their cost is relatively low and depends on the distance.

Modes of transport in the city

Manaus (Brazil) has a well developed taxi service. You can order a car directly on the street or by phone. In the latter case, the trip will be more expensive. It is best to travel by taxi with the meter on. Often drivers try to negotiate the cost of the trip in advance. However, in this case the price will be overestimated by 40%.

The average cost of 1 km on the way is 34 rubles. The local habit of taxi drivers is not to give change. Surplus here is considered to be a tip. In addition to the usual taxis, there are motorcycle taxis that are cheaper than four-wheeled comrades. No less popular is the car rental service.

This vehicle is rented by the following companies:

  • Hertz;
  • AVIS;
  • Alamo;
  • Europcar;
  • Budget;
  • Thrifly;
  • Enterprise;

Here you can rent cars such as:

  • From Fiat: Mobi, Doblo, Toro, Uno.
  • Varieties of Volkswagen: Fox, Voyage, Saveiro.
  • From Renault: Duster or
  • Chevrolet Spin.
  • Toyota Etios.
  • Citroen C4.
  • Mercedes GLA 200.
  • Ford Ranger.

The cost for 1 day of rent will cost from 21 to 70 €. Due to the fact that the city is located on the banks of the river, ferry traffic is very developed here. Small boats travel along the canals, as well as from one end of the city to the other. Also, from here you can get to large neighboring cities, such as Belem. A boat ticket for moving within the city from 5 reais. Rent a boat to the nearest villages from $5.

The bus service is the least popular. The cost of tickets in the city is 3 reais. The plan for the development of public transport includes a branch of high-speed tram. Public transport runs at any time of the day. However, it is not safe to travel on it at night - Manaus has a very high percentage of crime.

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Main attractions

The main attraction of Manaus is certainly its pristine flora and fauna in the nearby Amazonian jungle. But besides this, there are many other equally interesting places.

Religious buildings

The building of the Amazonian Theater, the 2nd largest in the state of Amazonas, is considered to be a religious building in Manaus. His project was created in 1881, during the heyday of rubber mining. The opening took place in 1896. The building is interesting because the materials for its construction were brought from the countries of the Old World: England, Belgium, France, Scotland, Italy.

The only locally produced material used in construction is timber. You can find this place at: Rua Tapajós, s/n, Centro, Cep 69.025-140, Praça São Sebastião.

Another place of worship is the residence of the President - the Rio Negro Palace.

The building consists of 2 floors, and its walls are made in sand shades. It was built in 1903, and already in 1980 it was given the status of a state historical site. Now there is a center of culture in the walls of the palace, where exhibitions, concerts and performances regularly pass. Located at Avenida Sete de Setembro, 1540 - Centro, Manaus - Am, 69020-125.

Museums

There are many different museums in Manaus.

The following places are most popular among tourists:

  • Museum of Indians. This place was founded by monks in 1952 and is currently under the control of Catholics. In its walls there are more than 3 thousand exhibits, which reflect the culture, life, medicine and the art of the indigenous population of these lands. You can find the museum at: Rua Duque de Caxias. 356 - PRACA 14 de Janeirro / Centro.

    Manaus in Brazil, Museum of Indians.

  • Numismatic Museum. Bernardo Ramos. It was founded in 1900. The exposition is represented by the meeting of the rarest coins, the total number of which exceeds 17 thousand. There are copies of middle ages, medals and awards of international and national importance. Periodically, exhibitions from different countries are held on the territory of the museum. You can find this place at: Praça Francisco Queiroz, S / N, Centro Manaus.
  • Museum of rocks and minerals. Heinza Ebert. It was founded at the end of 1960 xx. He emerged spontaneously on the basis of the University. It was there that the collections of minerals were collected by the famous Professor H. Ebert, who came to Manaus with a working mission. The museum building is divided into 4 parts. Each of them has a thematic design and a certain set of exhibits. There is a museum at: R. São Domingos, 2-126 - ALEIXO, MANAUS.
  • ​​

The cost of tickets begins from $ 5. In the Museum of Indians there is no guide service. In all other it can be hired for a small amount. The price of individual excursions starts from $ 35. The time of work of most museums until 20.00.

Natural attractions

The main natural attraction is the Merge Place 2 Rivers: Rio Negro and Amazon. In place of the compound, they are distinguishable in color of water, which creates a bright contrasting border with a length of a few kilometers. You can visit this unique natural creation on the boat. Such a walk will cost only $ 10.5. Departure is carried out from the central port of Manaus.

Another natural phenomenon can be seen in the Park of Chico Mendez. This place is a jungle that are divided into 3 parts that are open to visits.

Here you can see in the fenced part of the park of these inhabitants, as:

  • monkeys.
  • birds.
  • leopards.

Entrance to the Chico Menndez free park.

Monuments

Monuments in Manaus are not popular, and therefore there are few them here. The most famous Monumento A Arartura Dos Portos As NaCoes Amigas. Located on the square near the Opera Theater. It consists of a column that personifies 4 continents who participated in the creation of Manaus. This is: Asia, Africa, Europe and America.

Area, where the monument is located, stands out for its design. It is lined with stones of white and black colors, which were brought from Portugal. You can find this monument on Sao Sebastiao Square. Relogio Municipal & Correio Central is another cult monument for Manaus. Made in the form of hours on the pedestal, and its top crowns a couple of bells.

The construction is near the carriageway, so it is difficult not to notice. The monument symbolizes the city center, which was laid in the past manaus. You can find this place at: AV. Eduardo Ribeiro. You can inspect and photograph monuments can be absolutely free.

Active recreation

Manaus (Brazil) offers various options for outdoor activities in the jungle or on the Amazon River.

The most popular varieties of such a pastime:

  • Alloy on the boats on the waters of Amazon. Provides for rent a boat with an instructor, as well as a small sightseeing tour. Such a rest will cost $ 45 per person. You can order a service in almost every hotel at the reception or in the tourist office of Manaus.
  • A visit to Amazonian waterfalls. This beautiful place is 107 km from Manaus near Figueuru president. Here you can see the cave, which is located in the middle of the wild jungle. Through it flows, in which turtles, fish, amphibians and even crocodiles live. Vaults of this grotty are littered with bats. Waterfalls form water bodies in which tourists can be bought. For this, tarzanka is even made. Given that Amazonian waterfalls are among the impassable rainforests, the support of the guide is necessary. Amazon Amazing Tours offers an excursion to this place. The price includes transport, mineral water, guide services. The cost begins from $ 150.

In addition, in Manaus itself, the locals for a symbolic fee will be taught to catch Piranha to a regular piece of meat. Also here it is possible for a small cost of $ 20 to buy with pink dolphins. There are quite long-lasting active recreation programs. "River tour of Amazonia" lasts 2 nights and 3 days.

It includes:

  • Cruise to a fusion point of 2 rivers: Amazons and Rio-Negro.
  • Visit the village for a manual, in which 30 families live.
  • Monitoring huge lilies.
  • Walk through the night jungle with Cayman fishing. The alloy by p roh and walk through the jungle along it. During the foot of the excursion, the guide will tell about the flora and fauna, as well as about medicinal herbs.
  • Cruise to the Anavilanas archipelago, where tourists are offered to catch pirals.
  • Night Walk through the jungle in search of wild animals.
  • A visit to the local settlement of Akazhatuba, in which people live different ethnic origin.

All overnight stays on board a boat or a boat in a hammock.

Another option is "Anavilanas, a river tour." Duration is 3 nights and 4 days. His difference from the "River Tour on Amazonia" is a campsite. Overnight organize among the jungle.

The cost of such long events from $ 300 per person. The price depends on the swimming agent. Traveling along the Amazonian rivers can be carried out on a regular boat or an expensive boat.

Interesting seats for recreation with children

Rest with children in Manaus will be interesting and bright, if you choose the right place to visit. One of these is the Botanical Garden. It covers an area of ​​100 km², on which various collections of tropical plants and trees grow.

Their uniqueness is that the place of their growing is the region of Amazonia. You can walk on the picturesque paths on foot. Botanical Garden is located at: Rua Uirapuru, S / N ° Cidade de Deus - Zona Leste. It works every day except Monday from 08.00 to 18.00. The cost of tickets from 30 lire.

Children will also be interested to visit the Museum of the Nature of Amazonia. In it collected exhibits of fish, animals and butterflies inhabiting the jungle. This place is located at Estrada de Belém, S / N ° Colônia Cachoeira Grande Aleixo. It works every day except Monday from 09.00 to 17.00. The cost of the input ticket from 25 lire.

In Minddu Park, you can look at the disappearing view of the UIM-de-Coleira Macak. Children will be interested in watching funny animals. You can visit the park from 09.00 to 17.00 every day except Monday. This place is located at Avenida Perimetral, S / N. A ticket for input will cost 20 lire.

Excursions

Excursions in Maanaus are also in demand, as well as walks through the jungle. In demand among tourists enjoy sightseeing walks in the city, accompanied by a guide.

"Day Manaus"

You can buy an excursion in any hotel at the reception from Monday to Saturday inclusive. Start from 09.00 to 14.00.

The tour includes the following:

  • A driver who will transport tourists from the point to point.
  • Vehicles equipped with air conditioning.
  • Visit to the Indian Museum, the fish and banana market, the Amazon Theater, the Rio Negra Palace, the Provincial Palace, and the port of Manaus.

Entrance tickets to museums are paid separately. The duration of the whole excursion is 3 hours. The cost is from $ 130 per person. Suitable for families with children.

Manaus by night

The tour starts at 19.30. Duration - 3 hours. The route can be ordered on any day, including holidays and Sundays.

The tour package includes:

  • Driver transporting tourists.
  • A visit to San Sebastiao Square, where there are a large number of fast food establishments, pizzerias, and restaurants.
  • Visit to Ponta Negra. This is a large area for walking on bicycles, children's cars. It also offers a beautiful view of the Ponta Negra bridge.

The cost of the tour is from $140 per person. After the end of the events, it is possible to rent transport and a driver. It will cost $50 per hour.

Amazonas Theater Tour

The tour takes place in the Amazonas Theatre, which was founded in 1884. Guided tours are available from Tuesday to Saturday. On holidays from 09.00 to 17.00. It is worth noting that the guides have a lunch break from 12.00 to 14.00, and at this time tourists can visit the Amazonas Theater for free.

Tourists will see all the beauty of the building from the inside, learn the history of its construction, and can attend the performance of artists, if one is scheduled. The entrance fee is 20 reais. If you use a transfer from the hotel to the theater and back, you will have to pay another 100.

Itinerary for exploring the city on your own in 1-2 days

You can explore the city on your own. To do this, you can choose a sightseeing walk through the most significant places in Manaus.

This will include the following:

  1. Starting point: Mercado Municipal Adolpho Lisboa central market. His building was built in 1882 on the banks of the Rio Negro. Here you can observe the life of ordinary citizens.
  2. After that, you need to move to Republic Square. There is a monument dedicated to the proclamation of the Republic. There are palaces around, not far away you can see the famous customs building. Nearby is the huge port of Porto de Manaus.
  3. The next point is Eliodor Balbi Square, on which stands the Rio Negra Palace.
  4. After that, you can visit the following museums: minerals and rocks H. Ebert, numismatic museum.
  5. Visit to the Amazonas theater.
  6. Amazonia Stadium - this facility is a modern and beautiful sports facility.
  7. Church of Matriza Manaus. Located in the center of the city. The date of construction refers to 1695. This building has gone through many changes. Currently, it is a building in neoclassical style, with 2 bell towers and a chapel.
  8. View of the fashionable district of Manaus - Ponta Negra. Here you can see fashionable buildings, as well as visit a modern shopping center.

If you wish, you can finally stop by the Praia da Lua beach. This place is considered the best beach holiday destination in Manaus. On the one hand, it is surrounded by the waters of the Rio Negro, on the other - a dense forest. You can find Praia da Lua on the left side of the Rio Negro.

Hotels

Manaus is a major tourist city, and therefore there are hotels of different categories.

Ibis Budget Manaus

Ibis Budget Manaus is located 2.5 km from Manaus main courthouse. Convenient location distinguishes it from most other hotel buildings.

Not far from it are:

  • Amazon Theater - 2.5 km.
  • Church of Nossa Senhora da Conceicao - 3.1 km.
  • Manaura Shopping Center - 1.2 km.
  • Rio Negra Palace - 3.2 km.
  • Amazonia Sports Arena - 2.6 km.

The hotel allows pets. There are conditions for accommodating people with physical disabilities. For transport there is parking on site.

The rooms have:

  • Bathroom with the most necessary accessories.
  • Air conditioner.
  • Free Wi-Fi throughout the hotel complex.
  • TV.
  • Furniture.

The cost of a 2-bed standard room for 1 day starts from $45. The Ibis budget Manaus hotel is located at: Avenida Djalma Batista, 1151 Torre I Esquina com Rua Maromba BAIRRO CHAPADA. You can get to this place by direct transfer from the airport.

Blue Tree Premium Manaus

Blue Tree Premium Manaus is a very comfortable hotel to stay in.

On its territory there are:

  • Swimming pool.
  • Fitness center.
  • Parking.
  • Bar.

Each room has:

  • Air conditioning.
  • Fen.
  • Bathroom.
  • Mini bar.
  • TV.

In addition, there are superior rooms that are equipped with a safe. The hotel can accommodate people with disabilities. There are ramps for them.

Not far from Blue Tree Premium Manau are:

  • Amazonia Shopping Mall - in 800 m.
  • Museum of Northern Man - 2.9 km.
  • Manauara shopping center - 800 m.
  • Church of S. Sebastiao - 2.5 km.

The cost of living for 1 night in a room with 1 bed for 2 people from 70 $. Blue Tree Premium Manaus is located at Avenida Umberto Calderaro Filho 817 (Antiga Rua Paraíba). You can get here by direct transfer or by taxi.

Express Vieiralves

Express Vieiralves is one of the best places to stay for tourists.

At the service of guests:

  • Free use of Wi-Fi.
  • Restaurant.
  • Parking.
  • Business center.
  • Banquet and conference rooms.

The hotel staff speaks 3 languages: Portuguese, English, Spanish. For children there is a play area on site.

Each room has:

  • Air conditioning.
  • Mini bar.
  • LCD TV.
  • Bathroom.

The cost of staying for 1 night in a standard room will cost $65. The hotel is located at Rua Rio Ituxi,s/n, Manaus, CEP 69053-520. You can get to the hotel in 2 ways: when booking a room, order a transfer from the airport or drive yourself using a taxi service.

Intercity Manaus

Intercity Manaus is a modern and comfortable place for tourists.

Guests can use:

  • Fitness center.
  • Pools.
  • Sauna.
  • Business center.
  • Sun terrace.
  • Free parking.
  • Wi-Fi Internet connection.

Each room is equipped with air conditioning, bathroom, satellite TV, mini-bar. When booking a room, please note that an extra bed is not provided. Meals are provided according to the "Swedish table" system and a la carte.

Near the Intercity Manaus are:

  • Manauara Shopping Center - 1.2 km.
  • Rio Negra Palace - 2.3 km.
  • Church of Nossa Senhora da Conceicao – 2.7 km.
  • Manaus Central Market – 1.6 km.

Accommodation in a standard double room costs from $65. The hotel is located at Rua Professor Marciano Armond, 544 (antiga rua Belém). You can get to the hotel on your own. There is no airport transfer service. What to bring as souvenirs

Souvenir production in Manaus consists of:

  • Elements of clothing in folk decoration.
  • Wicker plates.
  • Traditional decorations.
  • Chocolate with fruit additives.
What to buy Place of purchase Address The price of products
Handicrafts, fabric bags with a Brazilian theme in the design, bijouterie, dishes.Central de Artesanato Branco e Silva. Opening hours: daily except Sunday from 08.00 to 17.00Rua Recife, 1999 | AdrianópolisSouvenirs start from 20 lire. For dishes from 30. For items of clothing - from 35.
Clothes, souvenirs, drinks. There are more than 150 shopping facilities on the territory of the center.Shopping Ponta NegraAv. Coronel Teixeira, 5705Souvenirs from 35 lire, clothes from 40 lire.
Souvenirs made by local artisans, privately made chocolate, decorations.Feira De Artesanato Da Avenida Eduardo Ribeiro. Working time is Sunday.Rua Eduardo CostaSouvenirs from 30 lire. Chocolate from 20.

Manaus is a rather unusual city in Brazil. It stands out for its buildings, many of which were built in the distant past. The descendants of the Portuguese, Indians and African Americans have formed a unique culture that is reflected in every street of this exotic city.

Article design: Oleg Lozinsky

Video about the city of Manaus

City of Manaus, top view: