In modern times, Cape Kazantip is among the most ecologically clean places of the globe according to UNESCO resolution. It can be found on the map of the Crimean Peninsula. The territory since 1998 is in the status of a natural reserve, where to enjoy the nature, sea and clean air thousands of tourists a year.
Where is the cape on the map of Crimea?
Cape serves as the shore of the Crimean Peninsula, which is located in the northern part of the Kerch Peninsula. He shares the Arabat and Kazantipian bay, speaking in the Sea of Azov 2 km. The land plot is completely washed by the Azov Sea from three sides and refers to the picturesque places of Crimea. With Turkic languages "Kazantip" is translated as "bottom of the boiler". This feature can be seen on the map.
If you look at the cape from above, it reminds my contours of the bowler. The drying of the ellipsoid shape, surrounded by the sea, is in the frame of the rocks, and the surface in the middle is covered with steppe vegetation. The length of the mountain ridge from the southwest to the northeastern direction is 4.5 km, and from the south-east, North-West has approximately 2.5 km. The large territory of Cape is occupied by a natural reserve.
Vacationers may find here in addition to clean air and warm transparent water, a beautiful surrounding atmosphere with plenty of natural attractions. The origin of the Cape is explained by the fact that annular reefs have pronounced over time to the state of the msanka limestone. Geographically, it was so that this part of the seabed rose from the water and formed a rocky ridge.
This hypothesis explains the presence of stony shores with a large number of coves and sublime peaks. The rounded form of Cape is in the fencing of mountain peaks of medium height in 30-40 m. The largest peak is a mountain, the height of which is 107 m. It is located on the eastern part of the coast and earlier on it there was a beacon. Each ledge, bays have their name.
The following notation is known:
- Bay of stone crocodiles, caress, warm, wide;
- Rock camel and drivers;
- Modules are long, white stone, eagle.
With the Crimean coast, the Cape is connected with a wide range (about 1.5 km), which gives it a kind of mushroom on the leg. If you look at the map, you can see that the closest village of Shchelkino is located on the Belokamenskaya Upland, it smoothly passes into another village of Mysovoye. Here is the main number of tourists coming to Kazantip.
The following residential settlements can also be found nearby:
The infrastructure of the Arabat Bay is more developed than that of the Kazantip Bay. Not far from the reserve is the Aktashskoe salt lake, which is one of the five largest reservoirs in Crimea.
How to get to Cape Kazantip?
Cape Kazantip (on the map of Crimea it can be found on the Kerch Peninsula) is a place that can be reached by your own vehicle, by train, by regular bus or fixed-route taxi. Any transportation can be carried out only to the village of Mysovoye or Shchelkino, since entry into the territory of the reserve is prohibited.
The table contains nearby cities with distances to the cape and possible modes of transport:
|City - point of departure||Distance to the reserve, km||Ways of travel|
|Simferopol||180||Regular bus Simferopol-Schelkino;|
regular bus Kerch-Schelkino;
trains Dzhankoy-Kerch, Kerch-Feodosiya.
|Feodosia||70||Regular buses Feodosia-Kerch, Simferopol-Schelkino;|
The most convenient way to get there is by car. On the equipped beaches there are parking lots for cars (Russian and Tatar bays). Also on the beaches there are free sunshades, cabanas. A comfortable feeling for vacationers will be given by the sandy coast and the seabed. According to the reviews of tourists, it is comfortable to spend time with children here. On the east side of the cape is the city of Kerch (approximately 80 km).
It is convenient to get from it by your own car according to the traffic scheme:
- Departure from the city must be carried out along the E97 highway.
- At the roundabout, continue on E97 westbound.
- On the way, you should pass turns to the settlements of Priozernoe, Ivanovka, Bagerovo, Libknekhtovka, Ptashkino, Gornostaevka, Novoselovka, Novonikolaevka, Fontan.
- On the highway, you should pass through the village. Leninskoye, as well as past the turns to the villages of Krasnogorka and Korolevo.
- Before reaching the village. Lugovoy must turn from the E97 highway to the street. Frunze pos. Lenino. It leads along the Arabat Bay.
- Frunze street turns into st. South, which stretches through the village of Kalinovka. On it, you need to continue moving further through the settlements of Semenovka, Shchelkino to the village of Mysovoy.
By train from Simferopol, Kerch, Feodosia or Dzhankoy, you can get to the village. Lenino. This is the Seven Wells station. Next, you should transfer to a scheduled suburban bus or fixed-route taxi to the village. Cape. From Kerch to Shelkino, a bus runs daily from the bus station (Eremenko St., 30) according to the schedule: 6:45, 10:00, 12:15, 15:50, 17:10. From Shchelkino you can walk to the reserve or take a minibus.
An intercity bus that travels in the direction of Simferopol-Schelkino from the Central Bus Station (Simferopol, Kievskaya St., 4) runs several times a day: 12:20, 13:42; 15:35, 17:30. It passes through Feodosia at 14:30, 16:00, 17:55, 20:00.
Kazantip Cape (it looks like a mushroom on the map of Crimea) is located not far from Feodosia, which is located on the south side at a distance of about 70 km, its can be overcome by car for 2.5 hours along the highway leading along the Black Sea coast according to the following scheme.
- It is necessary to enter the E97 highway towards Beregovoe (east-north direction).
- On the way, you should pass the settlements of Beregovoe, Adzhigol, Primorsky, continue moving along the street. Kerch highway E97.
- At the roundabout, you need to continue moving in an east-north direction along the E97 highway, pass the villages of Batalnoe, Erofeevo, Lugovoe.
- For p. Lugovoe must turn onto the street. Frunze pos. Lenino. Further, the traffic pattern is similar to paragraph 6 of the passage from Kerch.
From the bus station of Feodosia at the address st. Engels, 28 the Feodosia-Kerch bus is moving according to the schedule: 7:00, 7:50, 8:25, 9:25, 10:32, 11:10, 12:15, 13:05, 14:00, 15:35, 16:35, 17:00, 17:35, 18:35, 19:05. He stops at the Lenino.
Climatic conditions and features
Part of the land, which protrudes at an acute angle into the Sea of Azov, is a mountain range with an average height of 30-40 m above sea level. The peak of the cape reaches 106 m. If we consider the location of Kazantip relative to the height of the World Ocean, then the bottom of the ridge is 20 m higher. It is characterized by a steppe natural zone, which passes closer to the sea into a rocky coast.
In 1998, the natural landmark received the status of a national reserve. The area falls into the temperate continental climate zone, where the average monthly temperature in winter is -1°С, and in summer - +24°С. About 2/3 of the year there is bright sunny weather, the water warms up to + 18 ° C, starting from the end of spring. The swimming season opens in May.
During the hot period of summer, the water temperature reaches +30°C (July, August), the bathing period continues until October. Due to the terrain, the presence of mountain cliffs, the fluctuation of sea waves near the coast reaches no higher than 4-5 points. Due to the mild climate, there is a mild short-term winter and a long dry summer. The hottest month is July and the rainiest month is October.
The greatest amount of precipitation falls from November to March (10-15 days), and also from April to October (5-9 days each). Basically, winds of the northeast and east directions prevail on the terrain. They blow here from September to March, and in summer the direction of air movement changes to the northeast, northwest and west. Calms on the cape are rare. Archaeological excavations have shown that people have chosen this place to live since the 3rd-4th centuries. BC e.
2 settlements were discovered in the reserve:
- refers to the III century. BC e. - III century. n. e.;
- was a settlement in the IV-III century. BC e.
On the map of Europe, which was issued in Strasbourg in Germany in 1513, the modern Cape Kazantip was designated as "Heraclius". The cape is picturesque in that all its shores are indented and divided into small bays. If a high wave is observed in one of them, then with a high degree of probability a calm sea will be found in the other. Oil and natural gas are being produced on the Ozersk shelf of the Sea of Azov near Kazantip.
The sea and beaches
Kazantip is a cape on the map of Crimea, 2 km away from which the resort village of Shchelkino is located. This settlement was built for the employees of the nuclear power plant, which was built in Soviet times. However, after the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, its construction was stopped. Today, a memorable place can be visited as a tourist. At the base of the isthmus, which connects the natural cape with the Kerch Peninsula, is the village. Cape.
There is no infrastructure in the reserve itself, all the benefits of civilization can be found only in nearby villages. It is not difficult to rent a house here at any price, taste and wish.
Local people suggest the following options:
- private sector;
- boarding houses and recreation centers;
Among the recreation centers we can mention "Lavender" and "Mysovoe". In the tent city there is an opportunity to live as savages. Many cafes and restaurants, grocery stores, markets have been built in the villages. Prices here are much lower than on the southern coast of Crimea.
The beaches and the seabed in the Russian and Tatar bays are covered with sand. You can also see a large number of shells here. Entry into the water is gentle, the depth is small. The water is clean and transparent. The main public beaches are Tatarskaya and Russian bays (the longest beach is 3 km). There are also beaches near recreation centers, such as Lavender. They have a more developed infrastructure, you can find playgrounds and sports grounds.
Among the beaches are:
In the coves around the cape there is the possibility of sunbathing wildly on the nude beaches. The peculiarities of the sea is that there are no algae and jellyfish.
What to see on the cape, sights
Kazantip is a cape on the map of Crimea, where in 1999 the first meeting of kitesurfers “Sea Wings” was held. Extreme lovers specially come here to get thrills to this day. Another sport is popular in Kazantip - windsurfing or boarding on the waves under sail. In 2007-2008 filming of the film "Inhabited Island" by F. Bondarchuk took place here.
After that, local environmentalists accused the director of causing environmental damage to the reserve. From 1991 to 1999 The Cape hosted the Kazantip Youth Festival of Contemporary Music. It existed until 2014, but already in other places in Crimea. Due to the mild climatic conditions and favorable geographical position, the cape has always been a popular holiday destination for residents of the post-Soviet space.
Today the resort offers as a recreation and entertainment:
- walks in the reserve;
- visiting ancient settlements;
- swimming in deserted bays;
- photo shoots against the backdrop of natural attractions.
One of the main entertainment is a tour of the reserve, which has many rare plants, animals and natural monuments in the form of grottoes, arches, canopies, bizarre stone figures. Here you can find interesting photos, where visitors capture themselves against the background of valuing boulders in the form of ancient animals. The area of protected area has approximately 450 hectares. It contains local flora and fauna.
The complex includes 541 types of plants, including 25, from which are in the Red Book and 638 species of animals, of which 35 in the Red Book. On the territory there are environmental paths for which you can make hiking, cycling or hurry. In the warm season, a huge number of insects live in the reserve, including mosquitoes and ticks, which must be taken into account, going for a walk.
In 1953, the Archaeological Society has encouraged the ancient settlement on the territory of the eastern side of the Istheus, which existed from the III century. BC e. by III century. n. e. These are Ruins Hercules, which are mentioned in Strabo records and Ptolemy. In the course of research it was proved that the locals were engaged in agriculture and cattle breeding, as well as fishing.
The outlines of the walls, household items and a tunnel, which leads to the sea, remained from the settlement. From the western side, the replacement is the second settlement, which appeared in the IV-III centuries. BC e.
According to the reserve, you can travel in different ways:
- in foot;
- riding a horse;
- by bike, leased.
The entrance to the protected area is paid. Pass can be obtained at the address. Schelkino, d. 33, of. 12 (Names of the streets in the settlement are missing) on weekdays from 8:00 to 17:00.
However, the following rules should be remembered in the protected area:
- bonfires are prohibited here;
- It is impossible to engage in hunting, fishing, plant harvest, put tents;
- can not be left behind garbage;
- is forbidden to walk animals;
- Cannot be driven by car;
- is not allowed to go outside of tourist paths.
on the map of Crimea It is easy to find Cape Kazantip, where the local population provides rental equipment for divers and dive into the water with an instructor. Near the mountain ridge there is a diverse underwater world of the Azov Sea, so tourists can enjoy a scuba excursion and swim in equipment from a mask and a last. Also organized excursions to the boat on the sea.
Vacationers can see live:
Nearby in the surroundings there was a construction of an unfinished Crimean nuclear power plant on which tourists allowed. Under her needs, the village of Schelkino, which is called in honor of Russian physics. Walking along Cape will be useful to people who want to admire the nature. In places where the coast is cut by cliffs to the bays mining the healing blue clay.
According to local legends, there is a belief that under the cape there are many underwater caves that are connected with underwater strokes. They are hidden treasures. There are a large number of birds on the cape, mainly waterfowl. They chose the cliffs here, which are in the water, they buy nests and bring offspring. Behind them can be observed by clock.
Holidays at Cape Kazantip, which is easy to find on the map of Crimea, refers to health and entertainment events. The place is interesting to those tourists who wish to get unity with nature. This territory is able to surprise the unique landscape, natural attractions, crystal water and environmental cleanliness.
Video about Cape Kazantip
Overview of Cape Kazantip in Crimea: