Kalimantan island. Where is it on the world map, photo, description, geographical coordinates, rest

Island of Kalimantan, surrounded by numerous straits and By sea, on the map of the world is in the southeastern Full-time Asia in the Malay archipelago. Kalimantan is a unique place of the planet, due to the fact that the inhabitants of 3 countries - Malaysia, Indonesia and Brunei live on its local area.

Geographical location of the island

General characteristics of the island as follows:

Geographic coordinates1 ° Northern latitude of 114 ° Eastern longitude.
Area of ​​territory747,984 km2.
Population21 024,300 people.

on the world map Kalimantan is washed from all soles from all sides:

  • Makasar Strait;
  • South China Sea;
  • Yavan Sea;
  • Chooney Sea (Sulawesi);
  • Sea Suul.

Around Borneo are the islands (Java, Kebala, Sumatra) and Peninsula (Malacca).

Features of the island of Caliman

The feature of the island is that it simultaneously carries several names: "Borneo" (main, international), "Kaliman" (from the language of local residents), as well as "Earth Mango "," Diamond River ".

The terrain of Borneo is a plateau, a mining system and lowland territories. The plateau occupies the middle part of the island and from the west coasturns to mountain hills. The height of the mountain peaks can reach up to 3000 m above sea level. The highest point of the island reaches 4101 m above sea level - this is Mount Kinabalu.

Kalimantan Island on the world map is located at the equator, therefore wet tropical forests occupy most of the island (3/4 of the entire territory). Coastal areas cover swampy forests and mangall vegetation. Rainforests (bamboo, palm trees, pandanuses) grow on the flat territory and in the foothills.

Kalimantan is an island with a variety of rivers. The largest of them are Barito, Mahakam, Rajang, Kinabatang. The Campuas River is considered the longest Indonesian river, and the longest island river. In addition to rivers, there are lakes on the island, for example, Kuti-Lama and Telaga. The island of Kalimantan is rich in minerals.

Mining here:

  • coal;
  • diamonds;
  • gold;
  • mercury;
  • iron;
  • tin;
  • marble;
  • oil.

All 3 countries that share the island are engaged in mining and production.

The climate of the island

The island of Kalimantan on the world map is located near the equator, however, the climate on it is not hot, but rather temperate continental, with a large amount of precipitation and high humidity. In the area of ​​lowlands, about 2000-2500 mm of precipitation will fall per year, in the highlands - up to 5000 mm.

The main monsoon season runs from November to the end of February, with a shorter rainy season from October to November. The air temperature ranges from +26 °С to +35 °С. In mountain areas at night, a jump to -3-4 ° С is possible.

Nature of the island of Kalimantan

There are countless natural features on the island - these are the cleanest sea coasts, and underwater coral reefs, and rainforests, and volcanoes, and also the rich fauna of Kalimantan.

The coastal zone is covered with white sand beaches, which can be easily reached from the city. For example, in the state of Sabah, the equipped beaches of Tanjung Aru and Kelambu are located.

The best beaches of Borneo are located on the islands near it:

  • Gaia;
  • Sapi;
  • Mamutik;
  • Manukan;
  • Sulug.

There are few vacationers on the islands, since getting to these beaches is quite problematic. The longest beach (Gaya Island) reaches 20 km. On Manukan, the inhabitants of the island gather. Tourists come to Mamutik to go diving.

An interesting feature of the coastal zones of the island is the “red tide” - due to the blooming of the water in which plankton breeds, the color of the sea becomes brown or red. This process lasts an average of 2 weeks, and swimming during it is prohibited, as there is a possibility of poisoning with toxins.

In the state of Sabah is the only dormant volcano in all of Malaysia - Bombalai, reaching a height of 531 m.

A huge number of different animal species live on Borneo:

  • Bulls Bulls;
  • Babirussian pigs;
  • Dwarf buffaloes;
  • Fruit Bats;
  • Dwarf deer.

A large number of reptiles live on the island (for example, the royal cobra, which is the largest poisonous snake), crocodiles (narcoraous gavalai, Food in shallow water), wood frogs. Kalimantan boasts the richest world of birds (seagulls, hawks, rhino birds and many others).

How to get to the island

One of the most convenient options to get to Borneo - through Kuala Lumpur. The local airport serves several dozen world and Indonesian companies flying to the island.

You can get to the island of Kalimantan by plane.

The main airports are located in Bunjarmasin, Pontianak and Balikpanne.

In addition to the aircraft, still ferry crossing is possible, but it can take up to 3 days. The central and southern part of the island have large passenger ferries from the city of Semarang and Surabai.

Where to stay in

in cities such as Kuching, Kota-Kinabalu, you can settle at the hotel or apartments of the modern complex. You can stay in the suburbs in the cottage, Villa, in the guest or the farmhouse. Book rooms are best through Booking.com and Agoda, and preferably a couple of months before the trip.

Food and food on the island

The local cuisine is quite specific, does not have a certain clear menu, since the locals combined the culture and recipes at the same time several peoples. Very popular, for example, Chinese and Thai fish soups (Tom-yam), whose homeland is obviously not the island of Kalimantan.

Pork for religious reasons is practically not prepared and do not eat, but the other food of animal origin is in great demand. All sorts of variations of fish dishes are popular on the island: fish steaks, shrimps, grill of octopus.

Most dishes are watered with various sharp sauces, this is one of the features of Borneo's kitchen. From unusual dishes you can taste a locust, the nest of swallows, sharks fins. A cocktail from tangerines and a drink from the juice of palm colors is popular with popularity.

The organization of tourism

Tourism on the island is diverse and is not enough for passive pastime on the beach, even here they are enough. Tourists are attracted by the opportunity to conquer the jungle, steep cliffs, get acquainted with the culture of wild tribes living in Borneo.

The island of Kalimantan on the world map is located in a favorable zone, so typhoons, hurricanes and other disasters are not observed here.

Excursions in Kalimantan:

  • Safari on the river Klias/Garami. Going deep into the jungle on a boat, you can meet their many inhabitants. For example, rare kahau monkeys.
  • Excursion to the local village of Monsopiad. Journey to the Kadazan tribe, which is the largest and most numerous on the island.
  • Excursion to the islands of Sapi and Manukan. Ideal for lovers of underwater views and diving.
  • Sepilok Orangutan Rehabilitation Center. About 80 orangutans live on the territory of the center, some of which are cubs. They are taught the skills necessary for life in the forest and receive medical care. Tourists can only observe their life. Any contact with monkeys is prohibited for safety reasons.

A big plus for Russian tourists is that you do not need a visa to travel to the island (if it lasts less than 30 days). In order to go on a trip to Kalimantan, if it does not last more than 30 days, a visa is not needed. This is a huge plus for Russians

Sights of Kalimantan

Bako National Park

Located in the state of Sarawak, on the edge of the Muara-Tebas peninsula, near the Bako and Kuching rivers. The park is known for its amazing animal-shaped sea cliffs, as well as the diversity of flora and fauna.

The territory of the park includes 17 hiking trails of various levels of difficulty and duration, from a simple walk through the forest to a long journey through the jungle. For a good rest, tourists are provided with a camp site and a restaurant.

Bako is home to rainforests that support almost every plant species on the island, including the rafflesia (the largest flower in the world). Of the representatives of the fauna, leopards, giant lizards, proboscis monkeys and some species of birds live here.

Turtle Islands

Pulau Penxia (another name for the Turtle Islands) is a national park located on the northeast coast of Sabah. On the territory there is a water area, coastal coral reefs and 3 islands: Gulisaan, Selingaan, Bakuungaan Kesil.

Pulau Penxia is regularly visited by Green Turtles and Real Carettas to lay their eggs. The peculiarity is that these marine animals can be found regardless of the time of year, as they are guaranteed to sail every night.

According to the rules of this place, visiting the beaches after sunset is prohibited. Otherwise, you can interfere with the process. Tourists watch everything that happens, from the collection of laid eggs to the release of baby turtles into the sea. This whole process takes place exclusively at night.

Tourists can see only one turtle per night.

Sabah Tea Plantation

Sabah Tea Plantation, the only one on the island, cultivates regular and organic tea. Tourists coming here are offered a tour of the plantation, taking part in recreational activities and tea tasting.

Tourists are met by a guide who tells and shows how and where tea is grown. Also on the territory of the plantation you can learn archery, ride a bike, visit the "fish spa", take a night walk and climb to the observation deck.

Rafflesia Reserve Forest

The Rafflesia Reserve is located on an area of ​​356 hectares. In 1984, this place was created in order to preserve Rafflesia plants, which are capable of reaching 1 meter in diameter and weighing more than 10 kg. You can recognize this plant by its terrible smell, reminiscent of rotting meat. Not everyone can see the plant open, as it blooms for only a few days for 9 months.

​​

There is a special institution on the territory - the Rafflesia Information Center, where tourists are shown these parasitic plants and are told about their features.

The path to the reserve lies through the mountains along winding paths.

Poring Springs

This is the center of healing springs with purifying hot water, smelling of sulfur and having beneficial properties. The water in the springs reaches high temperatures, so in order to sit in them, they are diluted with cold water.

On the territory, in addition to the springs themselves, there is a large pool, an Orchid Garden, a Butterfly Farm and a Tropical Garden.

Rainforests of Kalimantan Island

Most of the territory of Borneo is occupied by tropical rainforests (427500 km2), in which plants such as palm trees, bamboo grow, rare species of ferns, orchids. The island is home to over 2,000 tree species and over 15,000 flowering and shrub species.

The Kalimantan rainforests are officially divided into 7 ecological regions, 5 of which are lowland forests, Kinabalu highlands shrublands and mountainous rainforests. Lowland areas are also scattered throughout the island in the form of peat and freshwater swamps, mangrove areas and desert forests.

These unique forests are often damaged by fires during periods of drought, and their numbers are greatly reduced due to regular logging.

Tips for tourists

For the best rest, you need to follow some rules:

  • During excursions to the jungle, you need to wear comfortable sports clothes and boots.
  • Unfamiliar exotic fruits should be consumed in limited quantities.
  • It is better not to swim on beaches that forbid it.

For a safe vacation on the island of Kalimantan, you need to take the following with you:

  • Things to protect from the sun (sunscreen, hat, thin jacket, Sunglasses);
  • First aid kit with iodine, bandage, cotton wool, stomach remedies, cardiovascular drugs;
  • Insect ointment and fumigator;
  • Umbrella (for protection from the sun and rain);
  • Ointments for insect bites.

The island of Kalimantan every year attracts more and more attention of tourists living in different countries on the world map who get to it to travel through the jungle, swim in the clear sea, get to know the local tribes and try the local food.

Article design: Oleg Lozinsky

Video about the island of Kalimantan

Features of the island of Kalimantan and an overview of the area: