Jamaica. Where is on the world map, capital, attractions, photos and description

In the famous Pirate past, the Caribbean Sea is located the island of Jamaica, which is known for the XVII century world map as "the most sinful island", Support of Corsaars and Sea Robbers. Nowadays, the robbery island's robber reputation remained in the past, and now it is a great place to relax in the tropical climate zone.

The value of the state in the modern world

Jamaica on the map of the world belongs to the British Commonwealth and is one of the islands among the large Antille Islands. Kingston, the capital of the island, is located on the site of the Pirate city of Port Royal.

Yamaica land borders does not have, and the nearest states are Haiti, Cuba, Honduras and Nicaragua. Jamaica names taken from the native of Aravak's natives. Highimaka is translated as "the land of spring".

The coordinates of Jamaica - 18about10 'p. sh. 77O20 's. The island area is almost 11 thousand km2. To visit the island within 90 days per year, the Russians are not needed.

It is sufficient to have:

  • passport.
  • Reverse or transit tickets.
  • Having a hotel booking.
  • Bank account certificate ($ 50 for every day of residence)

For a longer stay, a tourist visa can be obtained for $ 20 at the island's airport. You can get to this tropical island from Moscow with aircraft of several companies. There are no direct flights. The cost of the ticket is different by months by 1.5 times. In addition, you can find individual flights from $ 350 to one side.

Airline Transfers Round trip cost, $ Travel time
There Return
BRITISH AIRWAYSLondon, MiamiFrom 13201 day 17 hours1 day 17 hours
LufthansaFrankfurt am Main, MiamiFrom 14001 21h1d 3h
DELTAAmsterdam, New YorkFrom 240021h 22m1d 4h

There are other more expensive options.

Climate

Jamaica on the world map is located in the tropical climate zone. The island is located in one of the most comfortable provinces for living. Year-round summer, conventionally divided into the rainy season and the dry season. The presence of water spaces on all sides with a water temperature of 23-25 ​​degrees determines the air temperature on the coast at an average of 25o.

Water temperature and precipitation by months in Jamaica

Since the island is a mountainous area, there are also high-altitude climatic zones that provide cold-loving tourists with a comfortable stay in the mountains, where night temperatures drop to +4o.

The rainy season coincides with autumn, which begins in August and ends in November and is characterized by an increase in the number of rainy days from 5 in August to 7 in October.

After the rainy season, the high holiday season begins (from November to April), when the air temperature reaches +29o, water - +28o, night temperature can drop up to +20o, and prices for accommodation rise to uncomfortable levels. At this time, there is a large flow of tourists from the USA and Canada.

At this time, "cold" winds blow from the mainland. In March and April, recovering from winter, the local tropical vegetation begins to bloom. Then in May, with a short rainy season (6 rainy days), the tropical summer begins. When in July and August the air temperature rises to 32o, short-term thunderstorms often occur at this time in the afternoon.

Population

Jamaica is on the 33rd place on the world map in terms of population density. Most of the inhabitants settle down in numerous cities and towns on the coast of the island. The central highlands of Jamaica are sparsely populated.

The total population is almost 3 million inhabitants. The official language of the country is English. In addition to him, Puetu (Jamaican language), Arabic and Portuguese are common on the island. Christianity adhere to about 70% of the population, mainly Protestantism. The racial composition of the population is about 6% of Moutique, the rest are Africans, and 2 -3% of other races.

Due to the wide development of the tourist business, which is one of the main sources of replenishment of GDP, attitude towards tourists are positive, and, in the opinion of many visitors to the island, politely arrogant. Fruits flourish in small hotels and on the street.

Currency

Public currency on Jamaica - Jamaican dollar. For March 2019, $ 1 is 125 Yamaican dollars. A bills from 1 to 5,000 dollars are used.

Change the US currency on Jamaican in numerous exchange offices common in almost all settlements and banks. In exchange offelaces for currency operations, a commission of 1% is charged.

The inhabitants of the island and the stores are eagerly accepted by American dollars, but they will have to pay 1.5-2 times more. Banks on the island work from 9 to 14, and on Fridays to 16 hours. On weekends, banks are closed. In most banks there are round-the-clock ATMs issuing usually local currency.

Nature Features

Jamaica on the world map is the largest island in the inner water area of ​​the Caribbean. Most of the territory of Jamaica occupies a plateau-folded limestone, which is slightly lower than a kilometer height. Above the plateau, up to 2256 m (the highest point of the island), the Mountain chains of Grand Ridge and Blo-Mountes are towering.

On the island are boxite deposits, in the reserves of which Jamaica ranks first.

Flora and fauna, originally inherent in Jamaica, including the trees Hibiscus, Dalburgia, Bryia, and a huge butterfly of a pall tail, and a huge butterfly pall tail. Basically, the exotic flora of the island was replaced, brought during colonization, species such as coconuts, coffee trees, caribbean pine, eucalyptus. In Jamaica, 200 types of orchids and 3 thousand species of other colors are blooming.

Crocodiles, iguana and 20 species of bats remained from the local fauna. From aqueous mammals to rare species include Lamantins. Instead of indigenous animals, mangoshos and Indian starlings flourish on the island. A symbol of Jamaica is the hummingbird venger.

National dishes

Jamaican cuisine combines the traditions of European, African and Asian cooking, is distinguished by a sharp taste and a huge amount of seasonings. From meat on the island prefer pork, kozdyatin and chickens. Seafood prepares a lot of delicious dishes using local seasonings and fruits.

Dishes that need to try on Jamaica:

  • Salted cod with aki (tropical fruit).
  • Juicy patties with acute meat filling.
  • Meat stewed with greens.
  • Chicken on the Yamai recipe. Chicken, fattened by local grass, juicy and gentle. Sauce from spices grown on the island.
  • Eskovich. Fish marinated in vinegar, with bow and local seasonings.
  • Gizada. Tartlet with oil oil.
  • Fresh papaya, pineapples, kimit and other fruits.
  • Blue Mountain. Coffee grown on the slopes of blue mountains, one of the best varieties.
  • Jamaican Rum.
  • Manish Water. Culinary masterpiece of goat meat, bananas, pepper and roma yams.
  • MATRIMONY. Dessert prepared from citrus, condensed milk and local fruit.

Special attention in the island should be given to exotic fruits.

Transport

On Jamaica, motor vehicles - minibuses, express and ordinary buses are widely used. The fare is low, but also the services provided are low quality. Air conditioners - open windows, the schedule is absent, drivers are not in a hurry.

Tourists are desirable to use a taxi that are present in the many in the cities, usually at hotels. The fare for 10 m. - Approximately 250 Jamaican dollars ($ 2). If paying currency is more expensive. The cost should be negotiated before the trip.

Traveling in a taxi on the island outside the cities is 2 times more than the same duration in the city. Rent a car on Jamaica is possible. On the island a lot of rental firms. For rental need rights (can be Russian), credit card, driving experience more than 1 year and age older than 23 years.

Roads between major cities with a good coating, sometimes paid. The rest of the roads or divided or are country. Movement on the island of left-sided, local drivers are distinguished by an extreme driving style.

Housing

On the island there are many options for rental housing - from hostels ($ 15 per person) to rest on a rented villa (expensive). The hotel will cost $ 40-60 for two, hotels in more expensive up to $ 250-300 per person. Many hotels have spa salons. Power supply in hotels is usually 110 V and 50 Hz with rosettes of the American standard to which the adapter is required.

Rest

The main thing is why tourists go to Jamaica - this is a beach vacation. In addition to the beaches, there are other entertainment on the island.

Do not miss the most popular article of the heading:Hawaii on the world map - where are those who are unique, rest on the islands.

Kingston

The Jamaican capital Kingston - on the map of the island is located on the south coast and is known in the world as the city that inherited the pirate city of Port Royal, destroyed by the famous earthquake of 1693 The population of the city exceeds 500 thousand people.

In addition to the beaches, the city has the following attractions:

  • Museum of Bob Marley, the most famous reggae artist.
  • National Gallery.
  • Institute of Jamaica. It was founded in the 19th century and coordinates the activities of all museums in the city. It houses the Natural History Museum.
  • ​​
  • Royal house. The palace, built in the colonial style in 1872 and reconstructed at the beginning of the 20th century.
  • St. Catherine's Cathedral. Erected in the 17th century, it is a magnificent example that combines the styles of classicism and the Middle Ages.
  • Museum of the Armed Forces. Here you can see the history of the development of weapons and uniforms of the Jamaican infantry, starting from the middle of the 17th century.
  • Kelston Botanical Garden.
  • Museum of Geology. Owns a collection of geological samples from many countries.
  • Zoological Museum. The collection of museum exhibits is the best in the West Indies and includes 200 thousand exhibits from representatives of the animal and plant world.
  • Fort Charles Maritime Museum.
  • Rockford mineral springs. They are located on the outskirts of the city and have a healing effect. It is a garden with a swimming pool and saunas.
  • Port Royal.
  • Devon House.

In the spring, Kingston hosts a carnival, which is a very spectacular festival, in December - the Jonkanu festival.

Montego Bay

The city is located on the north coast of the island. The population of the city is about 80 thousand people. Montego Bay is considered the tourist capital of Jamaica. The name of the city comes from the Spanish word "lard", since in the 18th century a huge number of pigs were taken out of this settlement and supplied the entire West Indies with pig products.

The most famous sights in the city are:

  • Rose Hall.
  • White Grave ( Rose Hall).
  • Cockpit Country. Tropically forested limestone plateau with many caves and sinkholes. The plateau is a nature reserve and here you can meet giant predatory frogs.
  • Belvedere Manor. It was built at the beginning of the 19th century and is a monument of the slave era. Theatrical performances are held here, telling about the hard life of slaves on cane plantations. In addition, there are many thickets with various palm trees and citrus fruits.
  • Royal Palm Reserve. Several hundred species of exotic plants and animals thrive on its territory. Nearby is a picturesque waterfall.

In Montego Bay, there is the famous Hip Street with numerous souvenir shops and shops.

Negril

A small resort town on the western tip of the island. The first tourists, not counting Columbus, who fought here with the Arawaks, in these places were hippies, who in the 60s of the last century had fun on the white sand beaches, 12 km long.

In Negril, visit the following:

  • Long Beach.
  • Bloody Bay (this is where Columbus fought).
  • Lighthouse, 40 m high, with more than a hundred steps.
  • Appleton Distilleries is where the famous Jamaican rum is distilled.
  • Mayfield Falls, comprising over 20 falls.

Negril is a great place for diving and snorkelling. The most popular cave is Tron Room at a depth of 20 m. Its walls are covered with sponges, and the transparency of the water is 30 m. Divers also visit Rock Cliff and Shark reefs.

The resort is considered one of the most environmentally friendly.

Ocho Rios

The resort area of ​​Ocho Rios stretches along the northern coast of the island for 75 km, where ancient cities are replaced by fishing villages, and bays with beaches are windy capes. The name of the resort is based on a distorted Spanish word for "waterfalls". Pirates flourished here for a long time, hiding in inconspicuous bays.

Since the middle of the 20th century, the rapid development of Ocho Rios as a resort began. Now there are many hotels, cafes, shops and shops.

In addition to the beaches, you can visit:

  • Dunn's River Falls.
  • Fern Valley, which is a gorge where 500 species of ferns grow in “wet” forests.
  • Dolphin bay.
  • Museum of reggae, where you can see the whole history of this music.

Ocho Rios offers horse riding, water sports, golf and tennis.

What to see

Jamaica is a country where the sea and mountains, beaches and waterfalls are combined, the colonization of the island by the Spaniards and the British and modern history, when the descendants of former slaves, forcibly taken away from their homeland, own the island with paradise conditions.

Dunn's River Falls

In addition to natural beauty, Dunn's River is also an attraction. It works from 8:30 to 16:30. Tourists approaching the waterfall see the Bunny donkey, which has become a symbol of this place, meeting them. He willingly posing for a joint selfie.

straight from the beach, where and flows the river, the excursion climb on the cascade of waterfalls begins. Here in the souvenir shop you can buy something in memory of Dunns River, a beautiful waterfall cascade among thick tropical vegetation.

You can get to the waterfalls from Ocho Rios, from where in the morning (up to 10 hours) buses are departed. Dunns River can also be reached on foot on the A3 highway to the West from Ocho Rios (3 km).

Dolphin Bay

to the famous Dolfin-Coove bay is easily accessible by taxi from Ocho Rios for 2 m. Or from Kigstone by car for 2 hours. Adult entrance to the entrance is $ 50 for Children - $ 33. For this money, you can ride mini boats, swim with a mask near the skates, on a boat with a transparent bottom, visit sharks and sunbathe on the beach.

For closer communication with maritime, 4 attractions are provided for which it is necessary to record in advance:

  • "Meeting with Dolphins "- just $ 100 you can hug dolphins while in water.
  • "Acquaintance with sharks" - under the supervision of servants of attachment and hugs with maritime predators, first paying $ 100 as well.
  • For just $ 149 it will be possible to plunge into the "Marine Adventure" when you can swim with dolphins, hugging and dance with them.
  • For $ 200, more in-depth acquaintance with smart underwater animals is possible. A short time can be sailed under water next to dolphins.

Here, in Doltin-Cove, away from the desert of sugar, there is an opportunity to ride a camel. For visitors, there is an inspection of helpers with tropical birds and souvenir shops and cafes.

Museum of Bob Marley

Museum of Bob Marley, the famous Artist Reggae, is located in Kingston and is a colonial-style tree house in which he lived and has a record studio. Before the house there is a monument to an idol of millions of music lovers.

Visitors of the Museum (organized excursions) can inspect the garden, gold and platinum disks, visit the gauze cuisine, see his clothes and bullet holes in the wall that appeared as a result of the attempt.

At the end of the excursion, tourists are offered to view the film with a duration of 20 m. About the life of Bob Marley. The museum employs a shop, bar and cafe. The museum is located on Hope Road 56 and works, except Sunday, from 9:30 to 16 h. The cost of the ticket is $ 25 for adults and 2 times less for children.

Devon House

A mansion built in Yamaico-Georgian style at the end of the XIX century belonged to the first black millionth of Jamaica. A park has been planted around Devon House, where you can relax.

Inside the mansion are a collection of Caribbean and European antiquities. You can see a Venetian mirror of the 17th century, an old dining set, an English chandelier from the turn of the 19th - 20th centuries.

On the territory of the national monument there are:

  • An ice cream shop, which is considered the most delicious in the capital.
  • Shop with wines and cigars.
  • Clothes and incense shops.
  • Souvenir shop
  • Bakery.
  • A bar-restaurant housed in a former stable.
  • Restaurant with chef Norma Shirley. The restaurant is in the top 60 best restaurants in the world.

Admission is J$1,000 (08/2018) Devon House is open from 09:00 to 16:30 except Sundays and Mondays and is located at 26 Hope Rd.

Blue Lagoon

The Blue Lagoon gained worldwide fame after the release of the film of the same name. Prior to that, it was called not at all romantic - "Blue Hole". The lagoon, surrounded on almost all sides by tropical greenery, looks very beautiful, especially since the color of the water here changes from turquoise to sapphire. The depth of the lagoon is about 60 m, although it was considered bottomless by the locals.

There is a legend that in the "Blue Hole" there is a dragon that drags a couple to the bottom, whose love is not strong or has dried up. Under water in the lagoon, cold springs beat and, diving, you can get into the icy waters. The lagoon is located near San Antonio, on the northern coast of the island, and it is easier to get there from Kingston in two hours by car.

You can get on an excursion in Port Antonio. A boat ride on the lagoon costs about $25.

National Gallery

The National Gallery is located in Kingston at 12 Ocean Blvd, Block C and is open from 10 am Tuesday to Saturday until 4:30 pm. On Friday it closes half an hour, and on Saturday it closes an hour and a half earlier. Admission for adults is about $3.5, children are free.

In 10 galleries you can admire national works of art dating back to 1922. Carved figures of the Taino Indians are also exhibited here.

Rose Hall

Rose Hall is considered the most imposing mansion in Jamaica. Built in the late 18th century, it belonged to slave owner and planter John Palmer. The Palmer couple (wife's name was Rose) exploited the slaves and held the richest receptions. As a result, after 60 years, the house was destroyed by rebellious slaves.

Rose Hall was restored only in 1966. Now it is practically a museum of the history of slavery. Rose Hall is famous for the gloomy legend, according to which Anni Palmer, as a child, learning voodoo on Haiti, tied to death with his magic of slaves, black lovers, thoroughly alternately alternately. [294!

Rose Hall is close to Montego Bay and there are only organized excursions. Cost - $ 25 adult ticket, $ 10 - children. It works from 9 to 18 hours. Night visits from 18:30.

Port Royal

Former Pirate Capital of the Caribbean Sea, destroyed by an earthquake of 1692. Located at Cape Kagui. The city partially flooded after the second earthquakes that occurred landslides. At the bottom there are more than 50 ships. They are all examined by divers, but still in Port Royal and Kingston are sold to the exact cards with sunken pirate treasures.

The walls of one of the forts of the city are restored, they can be examined with a guide or independently. There is also a dizzying house whose walls leaned and, having time inside, you can feel bad. You can get to the historic city with a tour or independent of Kingston.

Caves of green grotto

Caves are between Montego Bay and Ocho Rios. The system of caves in limestone rocks are the labyrinth of the caves decorated with stalactites and stalagmites. In the depths of the caves there is a lake, the named "Gota Lake".

Caves are known from the XVIII century and used first by the Indians as shelter, then the Spaniards in the same quality, and then smugglers.

The Royal Botanical Garden

is located near Kingston, was organized in the 60s of the last century. In the Botanical Garden of Kestton landed 4 thousand plants. Here you can explore the rare types of Jamaican vegetation and flora of the surrounding territories, and just relax and relax.

What to bring

First of all, you should buy one of the best varieties of coffee - Blue Mountain. Do not forget the famous Jamaican rum Appleton. You can bring products from the bamboo and hats of Rastaman. Good souvenir are Jamaican spices.

Resting on Jamaica, it should not be forgotten that on the map of the world she belongs to not the safest districts, and therefore it is necessary to follow their wallet and not walk along the dysfunctional districts and then only favorable impressions will remain.

Registration of Articles: Vladimir Great

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