Interesting facts about the UK. Presentation for children

History Great Britain, interesting facts about the country and the royal family are interested in many people. The United Kingdom is an island that consists of three autonomous regions, including England, Scotland and Wales. The official name is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

An entertaining story for children: United Kingdom

Facts about the UK, known to all mankind, indicate that her story began before our era. But the very existence of Great Britain, as a single, whole and strong country began not so long ago, namely from 1837 this makes it one of the interesting and mysterious countries.

It all started from the Victorian era. Queen Victoria ruled the United Kingdom for over 60 years. For this for a long time, the country acquired unprecedented power and wealth.

Britain has spread throughout the globe due to its empire, political stability and revolutionary changes in the field of transport and communications. Many of the intellectual and cultural achievements of this period are still with humanity today.

The First World War brought the front line to the civilian population. Airplane raids are aimed at London and other cities on the east coast. Both Whitby Abbey and Scarborough Castle in North Yorkshire suffered. The war ended on the continent, but broke out in Ireland by Anglo-Irish wars (1919-21). The decline was followed by a brief post-war recovery of the economy.

Problem production relations led to a single universal strike in the history of Great Britain in 1926. Since the beginning of the 1920s, the Labor Party, founded in 1900, defeated the Liberal Party on general elections.

The decline after the collapse of Wall Street in 1929 made it difficult to economic reconstruction and meant continuing difficulties, especially in industrial areas.

In 1939, Britain entered the war with Germany for the second time per generation. After the defeat, which became propaganda-triumph of the "Miracle of Dunkirk" (planned in the secret tunnels of wartime in the castle of Dover) in 1940, Britain was alone, united for Churchill.

The victory in the Battle of Britain significantly raised the morale, and subsequent air raids on London, Coventry and many other cities could not significantly reduce it.

By 1943, Britain became a junior partner in the Union, which dominated the United States and the Soviet Union. Allied bombing with British bases and disembarkation on the day of 1944 accelerated the prolonged defeat of Germany. The bombardment of the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaka laid the end of the war in the Far East and opened the atomic age.

Features of the population and mentality

The population in each part of Great Britain is represented in the table.

region Population
England5301245683.9%
Scotland52950008.4%
Wales30634564.8%
Northern Ireland18108632.9%

Since the 1950s, the adherence of the church decreased sharply, and the British were not interested in official religious practice.

  • 36% of the population identify themselves with the official state authorized by the Church of England;
  • 10% with the Roman Catholic Church;
  • 4% with Presbyterianism;
  • 4% with baptism and methods;
  • 3% with other Protestant confessions;
  • 3% with other religions;
  • 4% call themselves Christians;
  • 35% It is said that they have no religion.

Regional and cultural relations are expressed in language differences. The language has been changed by gradually rapprochement with the "Usty". Great Britain Open culture, but there are some ways of behavior and topics that better avoid, especially at the beginning of the relationship.

behaviors to be avoided:

  • Greetings of strangers with a kiss;
  • such gestures, like hugging people;
  • do not care about the public;
  • Setting personal or intimate questions, such as "How much money does a man earns?" Or "Why did a man divorced?".

Topics for discussion prohibited / unacceptable in conversation:

  • Historical conflict in Northern Ireland.
  • Religion (especially if a person is in Northern Ireland, Glasgow or Liverpool).
  • Monarchy and royal family.
  • Partisan policies.
  • European Union, Brussels and Euro.
  • Middle East.
  • Personal questions about the origin of man, religion, profession.
  • Race and immigration.
  • Age.
  • Children.
  • appearance or weight.
  • Criticism or complaints in general.

Unusual laws of Great Britain

Interesting facts about the United Kingdom provide the opportunity to clearly and clearly formulate an opinion about the country.

Several amazing and unusual laws that exist today:

  • All whales planted on the shore and sturgeon belong to only the ruling person at the moment - its Majesty.
  • No one can bring potatoes from Poland to England in England.
  • It is forbidden to be not sober in the bar.
  • It is forbidden to carry the board on the sidewalk (as well as on any staircase, wheels, pillars, barrels, posters, shop windows or hoops) in the metropolitan police district.
  • Deputies are not allowed to wear medals in parliament.
  • To be drunk and respond to cattle in England and Wales - a crime.
  • beat or shake any carpet, rug (except door rugs up to 8 am) on the transport highway. This in the metropolitan police district is a crime.
  • It is forbidden to jump among the queue in the Tube ticket.
  • It is forbidden to activate the security alarm without the prior destination "keyboard" that can be turned off without the host presence.

Interesting facts about the United Kingdom

Interesting facts about the UK and some amazing data help learn more about the country. This is a natural plot of land, rich in history and theories, some of which have yet to be discovered.

  • A person can be imprisoned for a lifetime if it passes the postage stamp from the Queen's head upside down. This is considered treason.
  • The most common cause of the death of men under the age of 50 in the UK is suicide.
  • The average age of the first kiss in the UK is 15 years.
  • The Act of the 16th century in the UK banned the beating of his wife after 21:00, simply because the noise interfered to sleep people.
  • York, North England is not only the most frequently visited city in the UK, but also in the world. More than 500 cases of ghostly encounters have been recorded in the city.
  • The UK has the shortest scheduled flight in the world. The flight connecting the tiny islands of Westray and Papa Westray lasts only 2 minutes.
  • Football got its start in England when Anglo-Saxon farm workers discovered the skull of a Danish warrior. They kicked the skull around to show their anger and amuse themselves. Early football was known as "Dane's pin head".

The UK does not have a constitution

The UK does not have a constitution, and the often disapproved "unwritten" constitution is a boon for politicians.

The constitution exists for one reason: to protect those who do not have power from those who do. What makes the Constitution workable is that it is more difficult to change than a law, but it can be changed with enough popular support.

The Magna Carta is often described as the basis of the British constitution, but in fact it is a simple law that can be changed at any time by passing another law.

The advantage of unwritten conventions is that they can be invented or torn apart by prime ministers on a whim. There are many constitutional documents such as the Succession Act, the Parliament Act (1949), the Scotland Act (1997).

They are not codified in one document (reflecting the UK's tendency to intensify administrative development, as opposed to the French rule-oriented approach), so people say "there is no constitution".

The Queen does not have a British passport

While most of the people could not travel without a passport, it is easy for the Queen: she can travel abroad without a burgundy booklet.

“Because the British passport is in Her Majesty’s name, there is no need for the Queen to have one,” the royal family’s website states, adding that all other members of the royal family, including the Duke of Edinburgh and the Prince of Wales, have passports.

In the possession of Elizabeth II - a sixth of the land

Interesting facts about Great Britain tell that Her Majesty has a large territory. This is an erroneous assumption based on misinformation on some paranoid websites.

Queen Elizabeth does not own one-sixth of the land on earth - her holdings are mostly in the UK, the largest of which is Balmoral Manor in Scotland (approximately 50,000 acres).

The shortest war - 38 minutes

, humanity was involved in some of the bloodiest wars in the history of this land, and some wars were benign. Benign in the sense that the loss of life and property was very limited.

Anglo-Zanzibarskaya War is one of those, allegedly, benign wars. There are several stunning facts about this war.

  • Anglo-Zanzibar war is called the shortest in the history of the war in which opponents are fighting no more than 38 minutes.
  • War began at 9:02 and ended at 9:40 east.
  • Two opponents who waged war were the British Empire and Sultanat Zanzibar. The British Empire came out the winner after a shootout with Sultanat Zanzibar for 38 minutes.

    An interesting fact about the United Kingdom! The Palace of Sultan Zanzibar after the art print

  • , only one British soldier was injured during the war.
  • British soldiers who had to be wounded was a senior officer. He was seriously injured, but later recovered.
  • During the war, the British produced 1000 shots from the rifle, 4,100 shots from the machine gun and 500 shells.

Eduard VIII, Uncle Queen Elizabeth II - Nazis supporter

Eduard VIII became the king of England after the death of his father George V. He ruled less than a year, renounced the throne in 1936 to Marry Wallis Simpson. At that time, the Anglican Church, headed by a monarch, did not allow divorce. Therefore, the King Eduard VIII had a choice: love or crown. He chose love by taking the title of Duke of Windsor.

The relationship between the Duke of Windsor and his royal family was in the center of many plot lines. In October 1937, the Duke and Duchess Windsor visited Hitler in Berchtesgaden, where Hitler rested since the 1920s.

According to Biograph, Francis Donaldson, in his book "Edward VIII" Duke dated the full Nazi greetings during his visit. The royal family did not support this visit.

Immediately after the war, American diplomats found 400 tons of German diplomatic papers in Marburg's castle. Named by Marburg documents, they included a cache of documents damage to the royal family.

Among these documents there are details of the plan developed by the Nazis "Willy Operation" plan, where the Germans will receive control over the UK and overthrow the monarchy, returning the duke to the throne. The Germans considered the duke, who was perceived by a dual attitude towards war, as a better ally than his successor King Georg VI.

To get the Duke on their side, German agents tried to manipulate the ostracized royalty, even trying to convince the Duke that his brother, King George, was planning to kill him. The documents were handed over to the British government, which tried to suppress them.

The most mysterious faucets

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When running water was first introduced to British households, there were no such things as boilers (water heaters), so there was only one faucet that supplied cold water. This cold water could be heated on a stove and used for cooking, bathing or washing.

When boilers were available, many people simply added hot water to an existing pool/tub to avoid further expense. The two-touch format lingered for a while before being replaced by more convenient faucets. However, the two-faucet system is still used in many bathroom locations.

Duchess Kate adds to the British treasury

Even before marrying Prince William, Middleton was in the spotlight for years while they were dating, and once it was announced that she was marrying future King of England, she became a fashion icon.

This caused her fans to copy various royal images. Usually, in just a couple of hours, several hundred women had an identical image of Duchess Kate, who appeared in it on a run in the morning.

Sociologists have noted that a girl who tries to repeat everything for Middleton: hairstyles, clothes, shoes, spends from 200 pounds. With this method, the Duchess Kate replenishes the British treasury.

The Queen of Great Britain has no real power.

The power of the British monarchy is part of what it once was. Over the years, the UK government has gradually reduced the opportunities for the royal family. For example, the 1689 Bill of Rights placed the power of taxation solely in the hands of Parliament.

The Queen has the right to dissolve Parliament, which means that she can oust all current members of the House of Commons and call new elections. Hypothetically, Her Majesty can do this over and over again until she has a parliament she loves.

But there's a reason she can't do it. Parliament is not the same as government. The British government is the one that actually rules the UK and the absence of a parliament will mean that no new laws can be made.

If the Queen had gone mad and tried to get in the way of parliamentary procedures, the British government would have done something about it. With all these powers that technically mean nothing, why didn't the UK just kick out the royal family for good?

Interesting facts about the UK say that 86% of Britons believe that the monarch should remain in the country.

However, there is another point of power that British monarchs quietly hold over their homeland that is outside the royal prerogative: the royal family is the economic center of power.

It is legal for a Briton to kill a Scot

In York it is legal to kill a Scot in the ancient city walls, but only if he carries a bow and arrow. The law is ancient and has never been repealed. He will not appear as a defense in a murder trial for a number of reasons, mainly because modern English and EU law preempts the citation.

However, Scotland is by no means a nation, and it would therefore be difficult to arbitrarily define what constitutes a Scot without arriving at a completely arbitrary answer. The new report says it's time to bury the legislation and clean up the legal code.

"We strive to rid the code of laws of meaningless provisions and make our laws consistent with the modern world."

British people can have three parents.

Interesting facts about the UK have informed the entire Internet that children with three parents can be born in the country. The British Human Fertilization and Embryology Authority (HFEA) has approved 2 cases at the Newcastle Fertility Center in Life.

Childbirth will not be the first to use this technique—the milestone was achieved by John Zhang and colleagues in New York in 2016. The procedure is similar to IVF but uses genetic material from three people.

It was designed for women who have genetic mutations in the DNA of their mitochondria, the organelles that power the cell. Because this DNA is only passed on to babies from their mothers, these babies can be born with fatal diseases.

MRI techniques essentially replace the woman's defective mitochondrial DNA with a donor. The DNA of the resulting embryo will mostly come from the two parents who provided the egg and sperm, but a tiny fraction - a fraction of a percent - will come from the donor.

An official law was passed that permitted the birth of children from three parents. Many believing Britons were against it for one reason: they believe that those who accepted the innovation are unbelievers and "joking badly" with God. But the parliament thinks otherwise: it is a big step in medicine, which will reduce the proportion of genetic diseases and lead to an increase in a healthy population.

Interesting facts about the royal family

There are interesting facts about the royal family that few people know. Great Britain is one of those countries in which traditions, customs and strange laws play one of the most important roles. It is because of this that fascinating customs about the royal family are observed here.

  • They eat a 7-year-old cake for their christening. At the christening of Prince Louis, which took place on July 9, 2018 at St James's Palace in London, the royal family served the guests a seven-year-old cake. The treat may sound stale, but it's actually a rather sweet British custom.
  • They always travel with black clothes. The royal family is required to pack a black ensemble in their bag every time they travel abroad.
  • The Queen is celebrating her 2nd birthday. She has an official birthday, which is celebrated on different days in different countries of the Commonwealth of Nations. The second is her actual birthday: April 21, the day she was born in 1926. The Queen prefers to celebrate her actual birthday in private with her family, but the official one is a national day marked by a parade and mass celebrations.
  • They are not allowed to play monopoly. Back in 2008, the Prince was given a Monopoly board game. The donor probably did not expect the strange response to the kind gesture: “We are not allowed to play Monopoly at home,” said Prince Andrew.
  • They don't have a last name. There's a reason why people don't hear the last name of Prince George and Princess Charlotte - they don't actually have one. Technically, since 1960, the royal family name has been Mountbatten-Windsor, which is a composite of the Royal Household name and Prince Philip's pre-monarchy surname.
  • They must not eat shellfish. In England, there is an old rule that the royal family is never served shellfish to avoid food poisoning.

Interesting facts about the royal family, strange laws and the great educational center - Great Britain, replenish the Internet with new information.

And given this, it can be summed up by the fact that history, begun in 1837, will continue to develop only in a positive direction.

Article design: Vladimir the Great

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