Interesting facts about Spain The most unusual, geographical and national

Interesting facts about the most Catholic and superstitious country in Europe, about Spain, are endless. Legends are created about the mentality of the local population, and the love of the Spaniards for siesta and holidays is indescribable. Spain is a country that is full of unique architecture, natural attractions and unusual traditions not only of the Spaniards, but also of the Basques and Catalans.

Spain on the world map

The Kingdom of Spain is the fourth largest state in Europe, occupies 80% of the Iberian Peninsula. Geographically, Spain is located on two continents - in Europe and partly in Africa.

The country borders with 5 states: Portugal, France, Morocco, Andorra and the British territories of Gibraltar.

Different names for Spain

Interesting facts about Spain are directly related to the history of the name of this country. The Kingdom of Spain has been known by several names. The modern name España means "land of the rabbits". For the first time, Spain was called so by the Phoenicians ("España"), and then by the Carthaginians ("Ispania").

Another name for this once unknown peninsula came up with the Greeks - "Hesperia" or "land of the setting sun." On the other hand, the people of Africa have long called Spain "Iberia", which means "land of rivers".

The final name that is known today was invented by the Romans. After the capture of territories on the peninsula, local provinces began to be called by the Latinized Greek name - "Hispania".

Country-Kingdom

Interesting facts about Spain also refer to the long history of one of the oldest royal dynasties in Europe. The Bourbon dynasty - Spanish monarchs who have been at the head of the state since 1713

Although Spain was considered a monarchy during the fascist dictatorship, the Bourbons were deprived of any power. The restoration of the power of the Bourbons took place only after the death of General Franco in 1975.

Records

Most of all in Spain they like to set records in football and tennis. But Spain also gets into the Guinness book thanks to its achievements in tourism, fun and ingenuity. According to the National Institute of Statistics, more and more tourists come to Spain every year (83 million in 2017).

The most extravagant records were set during festival celebrations. So, in 2013, the city of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria recorded the largest synchronized dance, and in Barcelona they laid out the longest row of sandwiches, which took 3,865 78 m.

Also in Barcelona, in 2013 the most "pregnant" party took place at the "Mom and Baby" exhibition, which was attended by 1.189 pregnant women.

Olive oil production

Spain produces about 37% of the world's olive oil. In terms of olive oil imports, Spain exceeds Italy by 2 times, and Greece by 4 times. Most of the olive plantations (80%) are located in Andalusia.

Here, the annual production of oil exceeds 1.4 million tons. To grow such a number of olive trees (about 300 thousand), olive plantations in Spain cover an area of ​​2 million hectares. 260 varieties of olives are grown here. Almost 90% of the crop goes to the production of oil, the rest is olives and olives.

The most popular varieties are:

  • manzanilla
  • picual;
  • manzanilla casereña;
  • verdala;
  • ochiblanca;
  • alamenia
  • picuda;
  • arbequina
  • cornicabra;
  • Manzanillo de Jaen;
  • verdial.

Interesting facts about Spain and the import of its olive oil is that the main buyer of Spanish olive oil is Italy. Also, imports are carried out in 100 other countries on all continents.

Spain has the world's only Olive Oil Theme Park Museum. It was opened in 1998 in the Garrigues area near Lleida, which is known as the cradle of olive oil. Olive oil is deservedly called the liquid gold of Spain. Although today it is impossible to imagine Spain without olive orchards, this tree was brought here by the Phoenicians, around the 11th century. BC.

The largest aquarium in Europe

in the park of arts and science of Valencia is the Oceanographic Park L'Oceonagafrafic with the largest aquarium in Europe. Designed in the form of lily, it covers an area of ​​110 thousand square meters. M. The aquarium lives 45 thousand fish, which reproduce the ecosystems of the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean.

The oldest restaurant in the world

Restaurant Casa Botin (Restaurante Botín) in Madrid, founded in 1725, today is considered the first in the history of the restaurant in the world.

Interesting facts about Spain: the country is the most vintage restaurant Casa Botin.

This status is confirmed in the Guinness book. The most popular branded dish here is a fried piglet (Cochinillos Asado).

The most expensive football club

The most expensive football team in the world is "Real Madrid." Annual income of this club - $ 700 million. For the history of the football club, several transfers of players were committed, who were later among the most expensive transactions in the history of football.

For example:

  • Hone Rodriguez, 2014, 75 million euros;
  • Cristiano Ronaldo, 2009, 94 million euros;
  • Gareth Bale, 2013, 101 million euros.

Spain - the leader among donor countries

Spain is considered to be a country where the donation of the organs is more common. This status of Spain has been holding for 27 years in a row. Every year, about 1.9 thousand people give out several bodies on the transplant.

According to state statistics, each 43 Spaniard is a donor, most of which (54%) are years older than 60 years. Approximately every 4 donor after death gives its heart to transplantation.

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Interesting and unusual facts

Interesting facts about Spain are surprised and shocked. Spaniards are rightly the most proud nation in the world. They live for pleasure, merry and corrida. Countless festivals throughout the country are only a confirmation of the eternal feeling of the holiday of the Spaniards.

Center of Spain - Sun Gate

The capital of the monarchy, Madrid, is considered the geographical center not only the country, but also the Peninsula - on the square of the Gate of the Sun (Puerta del Sol or Puerta del Sol) worth 0 -I km of the radial road network, from which all roads are measured.

This slab on which the "zero kilometer" is called Kilometro Cero. It appeared in the 18th century, when all 6 roads of the peninsula crossed here.

Mountains, beaches and cafes

Spain is popular in the world due to its beaches, the coastline of which stretches for 8 thousand km. In total, there are 200 public beaches in the country. A feature of a beach holiday should be the willingness to see nudists - sunbathing naked is allowed by law.

The beaches of Galicia are recognized as the most picturesque in the whole country. Therefore, it is not in vain that the well-known British newspaper Guardian deservedly included the beaches of Galicia in the 10 most beautiful beaches in the world. They occupy the coast from Lugo on the Cantabrian Sea to the Atlantic. Here you can find beautiful local historians, abandoned bays and colorful beaches with rocks.

The following beaches are popular in Spain:

  • San Marino beach (Sur Island);
  • beach in the bay of Esteiro (near the delta of the Sedeira river);
  • As Catedrais beach (at the intersection of Galicia and Asturias).

Spain is deservedly considered the most mountainous country in Europe - about 80% of its territory is covered with mountains. The most popular ski resort is the Sierra Nevada, where alpine skiing competitions are often held.

In addition to active mountain and beach holidays, which are possible in Spain, local cities are full of Spanish hospitality.

It can be found everywhere - especially in Spanish cafes, bars and restaurants. When ordering even one drink, the owner of the establishment offers a free national snack - tapas. It can be anything - french fries, sliced ​​\u200b\u200bmeat or vegetables.

Who replaces the tooth fairy for Spanish children?

The tooth fairy, popular in English-speaking countries, does not live in Spain. More precisely, here children prefer to donate their milk teeth to the little mouse Ratoncito Pérez.

She, like a fairy, takes the tooth from under the pillow, and leaves money or a gift in their place.

12 grapes

On New Year's Eve, the most popular Spanish tradition is to eat 12 grapes to the sound of the chimes.

2 surnames for each

In Spain it is not customary for a girl to change her surname after she gets married. Therefore, all children in marriage will have 2 surnames - from the father and from the mother. Then, when their children themselves get married, they pass on to their children the surname, which they have in the first place.

According to the latest gender equality law, the mother's surname is considered more important. The most common surnames in Spain are Garcia, Hernandez and Gonzalez.

UNESCO World Heritage Site

Spain is a third country, after Italy and China, a country in the world in terms of the number of protected UNESCO historical facilities. In total, there are 44 objects - it is the sights of historical, architectural, cultural and natural significance.

For example:

  • Cathedral of St. Familia (Sagrada Familia, Barcelona);
  • House Mila (Barcelona);
  • Park Guelli (Barcelona);
  • Cathedral (Burgos);
  • Architectural and park ensemble Albambra (Granada);
  • Country residence of Emirie Hennelife (Granada);
  • The historic center of Cordoba;
  • Monastery of San Lorenzo (Escorial);
  • Roman aqueducts (segovia);
  • Old Town in Santiago de Compostela.

Young marriage age

Interesting facts concern the early age of marriage. In 2015, Spanish legislation increased the marriage age up to 16 years. Previously married was allowed from 14. It was the lowest figure in Europe. In the period from 2000 to 2014 In Spain, 365 marriages were registered among adolescents to 16 years.

Festivals

Spain are the country of endless festivals. The tradition of some celebrations remains alive for more than 8 centuries, and some - only appear.

​​
Festival meaning
Festival of "Wine Horse" (Caravaca de la Cruz, Murcia)One of the most exciting festivals in Spain is held in early May.

This holiday is a reminder of the struggle of Castilers with conquerors-Arabs. The symbol of this festival is a wine that according to legend, after contacting the cross, became sacred and acquired healing properties.

During the celebration, contests for the best design of equestrian equipment and the exhibition of the horses themselves are held here.

San Jordi holidayThis holiday flower and books take place on April 23. In Spain, he equates to the day of lovers.

The essence of the celebration in the exchange of gifts: Men give books, and women are roses. Despite the mandatory symbols, every city celebrates San Jordi in its own way.

This celebration is dedicated in honor of the memory of Miguel de Cervantes and William Shakespeare, which died on April 22 and 23 in 1616

San Juan Festival Or the feast of the Mother of God (Soria, Castilla and Leon)Stolescent Festival, during which 6 days the city suits the walks. During the celebration, there are bullfights, carnivals and a general treat with meat, wine and sausage on the streets of the city.
San Juan del Monte (Miranda de Ebro, Burgos)The holiday is celebrated on the Monday of Pentecost. It is considered the largest religious festival in Spain. During the celebration, competitions, concerts and theatrical performances based on scenes from the Bible take place.
Zipotegato (city of Tarasona, Zaragoza)Festival in honor of the national patron San Atilano. It is celebrated from August 27 to September 1. During the holiday, theatrical performances are shown, as well as a masquerade and concerts.

The final action of the festival is the ceremony of “burning the toad”.

Arde Lucus (Lugo city, Galicia)The modern festival, which began in 2001, today attracts the attention of a million spectators and participants. The main idea of ​​the celebration is the memory of ancient Roman rule.
Fallas (Valencia)From March 15 to March 19, 2 million spectators come to Valencia to see the celebration in honor of San José, considered the patron saint of carpenters. There are many productions related to pyrotechnics. Also during the festival, old things and huge dolls are burned.

Irregular breakfast

An interesting fact of determining the status of citizens is that the poorer the Spaniard, the earlier he has breakfast. It is believed that the lot of the poor is to have breakfast at home until 10 am. Their middle-income status is evidenced by the habit of brunch outside the home. Therefore, Spain is filled with countless cafes where breakfast is served until 2 pm, and where you can read the morning papers.

Tomato Battle

La Tomatina or Tomato Day is an annual international festival, a grand tomato battle that takes place in the city of Bunol, Valencia. Today it is not known for certain the history of the appearance of this festival in Spain. Despite this, Tomatina is deservedly considered a symbol of Spanish summer festivals.

This tomato massacre is the most popular and visited Spanish holiday. During this festival, more than 150 tons of tomatoes are turned into a mess. This battle takes place on the last Wednesday of August. The holiday in Bunol lasts a week. In addition to tossing tomatoes, the program also includes dances, concerts and fireworks.

The festival has a festive program in 3 stages:

  • One participant in the celebration, smeared with soap, must climb a high wooden pole, where a piece of jamon weighs - dry-cured pork ham. Only then, after the signal, the holiday is declared open.
  • The battle itself starts at 11 am and is broadcast by many TV channels.
  • The last stage of the celebration is the joint cleaning of the city from tomato juice and mash using water hoses.

Football is everyone's hobby

More than Brazil, football is only loved in Spain. Here it is considered a national sport that every schoolchild dreams of. There are 2 strong football clubs in the country - Real Madrid and Barcelona. During football matches between them, life stops in the country. Despite the universal love for football, Spain managed to get its first FIFA victory only in 2010.

The most popular city among tourists

Barcelona is a city that attracts 15 million tourists annually. These are the highest rates of tourism in Spain.

Barcelona's many unique historical and cultural attractions are complemented by world-class stores. Barcelona is deservedly considered the best shopping destination in all of Spain. There are many modern shopping centers, street markets and antique shops.

Spaniards are trendsetters

Interesting facts from the world of fashion deservedly make the Spaniards one of the first trendsetters. Europe learned about Spain and its aristocratic chic as early as the 16th century. Then the Spaniards came up with a fashionable style of cutting a beard, which is called the goatee.

This thin beard and mustache once became a symbol of aristocracy and nobility. Then, at the peak of their fame, the Spaniards came up with the well-known large collar-cutters, the diameter of which could exceed 0.5 m.

Article design: Oleg Lozinsky interesting facts about Spain

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