Interesting facts about Germany. Presentation for children of students younger, senior classes

Rich history, many architectural structures of different times, vintage castles, temples and other cultural monuments make Germany Noah from the most attractive countries for tourism. With each trip, travelers will recognize new interesting facts about life in this country of its culture, customs and nests. It is located on the 3rd place among the visited countries of Europe.

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Presentation for children of junior classes "Interesting facts about Germany"

Basic information:

Location Central Europe
Area357 thousand km2
The population ismore than 80 million people.
BordersPoland, Netherlands, Austria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Luxembourg, France and Belgium
CapitalBerlin
Head of StatePresident
Head of GovernmentChancellor
LanguageGerman
Monetary uniteuro

Presentation for children of senior classes "Interesting Facts about Germany"

Germany is a prosperous state with a high standard of living. It is included in 15 countries of the world most favorable for living. The country is characterized by high salaries, inexpensive medicine and education. The minimum wage for working 40 hours a week is 1,500 euros.

There are various interesting facts about Germany. This applies to both culture and various attractions.

Interesting facts about Germany and the mentality of the inhabitants:

  • It is not customary in the country to make friends with colleagues at work, share problems, relax together outside of work and talk about personal topics.
  • Social protection of citizens is at a high level. The living wage is 331 euros, unemployment benefits can reach 400 euros, children and students under 27 receive an allowance of 154 euros, social protection for single mothers is very developed.
  • Approximately 15% of the salary the Germans spend on health insurance, insurance is free for pensioners and the unemployed.
  • Cons: Expensive childbirth and dental services. The minimum pension in Germany ranges from 1000 to 1500 euros.
  • Housing prices are very high even for citizens with a good level of income, therefore, the mortgage system for acquiring housing and renting out real estate is very developed.

Presentation on German customs

The most interesting German customs:

  • days to call and come to visit without an agreement is not accepted. Calls any day after 9 pm are considered inadmissible.
  • On November 11, St. Martin's Day is celebrated in the country. As soon as the sun sets, children go out into the streets and sing songs, holding lanterns in their hands. A baked goose is served at the festive table.
  • An important religious holiday, Advent, is celebrated 4 weeks before Christmas. The Germans begin to decorate the house, bake cookies. The main symbol is a wreath with 4 candles. Every Sunday a new candle is lit.
  • In German student dormitories, each person has his own room.
  • When meeting and parting, it is customary to shake hands. This applies to both women and men.
  • Christmas is one of the main and most beloved holidays. The tradition of decorating the Christmas tree belongs to the Germans. Christmas wreaths are always hung on the door. Before the holiday, a Christmas market is held on the central square, festive concerts are held.
  • A large-scale Oktoberfest beer festival is held annually in the city of Munich, which is visited by more than 6 million tourists. The holiday lasts an average of 16 days. During the beer festival, guests drink about 6 million liters of beer, eat about 600 thousand fried chickens.

Old castles

There are several thousand old castles in Germany, many of which are considered the most beautiful in the world:

  • Neunschweinstein Castle. In Bavaria, high in the mountains, there is one of the most beautiful old castles. An amazing fact: the Neunschweinstein castle of King Ludwig II was taken as the basis for the creation of the well-known Walt Disney logo.
  • Marienburg Castle. Marienburg Castle was built by order of the last king of Hanover, George V, at the end of the 19th century. It was a gift from the king to his wife, Queen Mary.
  • Schwerin Castle. One of the most beautiful old castles in Germany is located on a picturesque island in the city of Schwerin. The castle strikes with the beauty of architecture, combining 7 different styles. In the castle you can see the preserved throne room and admire the collection of antique furniture, paintings, weapons, porcelain.
  • Eltz Castle. Eltz Castle, with its 800-year history, has been preserved in its amazing original form to this day.

Famous buildings of Germany

Interesting facts about Germany, its famous historical and modern buildings will be given below:

  • ) Reichstag. The building was built at the end of the 19th century and is a historical monument. One of the symbols of the fascist regime.
  • Berlin Philharmonic. The building of the Philharmonic in Berlin is made of concrete and lined with gold. It has an asymmetric shape and an original interior.
  • Headquarters of Commerce Bank. The bank is headquartered in Frankfurt am Main and until 2005 was considered the second tallest building in Europe. The 65-storey building reaches 300 m in height.
  • Philological Library of the University of Freedom. The building of the library of one of the most prestigious universities in Germany has an unusual oval shape and stands out sharply from the surrounding buildings of the capital.
  • Berlin TV tower. Tallest building in Berlin. The height of the TV tower is 368 m. High-speed elevators take tourists to the very top in just 40 seconds.

Churches of Germany

List:

  • Cologne Cathedral. Cologne Cathedral is the pride of Germany, a magnificent example of the Gothic style, a real masterpiece of architecture. The cathedral houses valuable church relics, a casket with the relics of the three wise men, as well as a library with manuscripts and a hall with archaeological finds. The height of the Roman Catholic Cathedral in Cologne reaches 157 m, it is the third highest among all the cathedrals in the world.
  • Cathedral in Berlin. The main attraction of the capital, the largest Evangelical church in the country. The baroque cathedral amazes travelers with its beauty of architecture and rich interior decoration. From the observation deck under the dome, travelers can admire the beauties of Berlin. Cathedral during the famous festival of light
  • St. Peter's Cathedral in Trier. Trier Cathedral is the oldest cathedral in Germany. Construction was started as early as 320 at the request of Emperor Constantine. The architectural complex with a 1700-year history is of the most important historical value and is under the protection of UNESCO. Church relics are kept inside, the most valuable of which is the chiton (robe) of Jesus Christ. For 2000 years, it was shown to believers only 15 times. The cathedral is decorated with magnificent mosaic stained-glass windows and is distinguished by luxurious decoration.
  • Ulm Cathedral. Ulm Cathedral, owned by the Lutheran Church, is the tallest cathedral in the world. Its height reaches 161.7 m. This is a magnificent example of Gothic architecture with magnificent interior decoration.
  • Aachen Cathedral. The construction of the cathedral dates back to 786. It was here that the coronation of the emperors of the Holy Roman Empire took place. The cathedral has a luxurious interior decoration, decorated with 13 magnificent colored stained-glass windows 30 meters high. The dress of the Virgin Mary and the veil of her baby Christ, as well as the belt in which Jesus was crucified are kept in the Aachen Cathedral. Inside is the royal throne and the tomb of Emperor Charlemagne, his pectoral cross and the Bible.
  • Frauenkirfe Cathedral. The Frauenkirfe Cathedral in Dresden is the most important Protestant church in Germany. A baroque cathedral with a huge bell-like dome. Construction of the cathedral began in 1726, but most of the building was destroyed during World War II. Reconstruction began only in 1994. Now the cathedral is considered one of the main attractions of Dresden and annually attracts thousands of tourists from all over the world.

Museums and galleries in Germany

There are many museums in Germany: historical, scientific and specialized. The most interesting of them include the following.

Museums of the automotive industry

The automotive industry is the pride of Germany. German cars represent high quality and reliability. There are several museums of famous car brands in the country: Audi, Porsche, BMW, Volkswagen, Mercedes-Benz and others.

List of museums:

  • Horch Museum. The museum is located in the small town of Zwickau in West Saxony in a former car factory building. Named after the famous inventor August Horch, founder of Audi Gmbh. It was August Horch who came up with the idea of ​​placing the steering wheel on the left side. Now few people know about the Horch car brand, but at the beginning of the 20th century. it was one of the most famous brands, symbolizing luxury and style. Convertible sedan Horch 480 with a 5-liter engine with a capacity of 90 hp, 1931-1933. The well-known four-ring emblem originally denoted the merger of the four well-known brands Horch, Audi, Wanderer and DKW into the Auto Union concern. The museum has a large collection of cars of these brands, as well as cars of the legendary Trabant brand. The collection includes more than 80 exhibits, and all cars are in working condition and regularly participate in parades. In one of the exhibition halls, a gas station of those years was completely recreated with a gas station booth, where you can enter if you wish. In other halls, the atmosphere of the first half of the 20th century is also reproduced, streets with residential buildings and shops of that era are recreated.
  • Mercedes-Benz Museum. The museum is located in the city of Stuttgart in a 9-level complex with a height of 47 m, made in a modern hi-tech style. In addition to exhibition halls, the building houses the headquarters of the Daimler AG concern, a hall for the sale of retro and modern Mercedes-Benz cars, the stadium of the Stuttgart football club and other facilities. The museum's collection is numerous and varied, it includes more than 1,500 exhibits, from the time of the company's formation to modern racing cars. Interesting facts about Germany, which not everyone knows: the first cars with a gasoline engine are considered to be German cars, invented in 1885, and their creators are Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz.
  • BMW Museum. The museum is located in Munich near the company's headquarters. In addition to showrooms, the ultra-modern multi-level building houses a sales showroom and a factory. BMW produces not only cars, but also motorcycles and bicycles. The museum has a hall of automobile engines. Initially, the company was engaged in the production of aviation equipment. Part of the exposition is devoted to propellers and aircraft engines.
  • Porsche Museum. Porsche cars have millions of fans around the world. These are luxury cars, a symbol of luxury, impeccable sporty style and reliability. In Germany in Stuttgart, there is a Porsche Museum, where the fans of the legendary brand can familiarize themselves with the Great Past of the Company, see cars of different periods of time, learn about the latest developments of the company and future plans. In addition to exhibition halls there are also production workshops. The collection of the museum has about 450 exhibits.​​
  • Thematic Park AutoShoret Volkswagen VW. In the city of Wolfsburg, there are several Volkswagen objects: the first factory, specially equipped places for test drives, company headquarters, as well as a client center, where anyone can purchase a car or place an order for an assembly. There are two 48-meter towers with new cars on site. Volkswagen is the most-selling brand of the Volkswagen Group concern, which owns the Audi, Bentley, Bugatti, Ducati, Lamborghini, SEAT, Porsche, Skoda, Scania. In the park AutoShstadt, there are 7 thematic pavilions with cars produced by concern brands.

Historical Museums

List:

  • Military Historical Museum in Dresden. The museum is located in Dresden, in the building of the former Arsenal of the end of the XIX century. In 2011, on the project of a well-known American architect, an extension in the form of a huge metal wedge was attached to a historical building, as if piercing walls. Interesting facts about the military history of Germany will receive an impressive collection of a museum, numbering about 1.5 million exhibits. These are various types of ammunition, cold and firearms, military equipment and ammunition, military uniforms and gear of armies of different countries. The museum presents an impressive collection of coins of different eras. The first floor of the historic building of the museum is devoted to the story since the late Middle Ages and until 1914. The second floor is divided into two blocks: the West Wing presents an exposure dedicated to world wars, the history of Germany has been shown in the eastern wing from the end of World War II to date. The museum's expositions are told not only about the cruelty and consequences of wars, but also highlights such problems of the modern world, like terrorism, arms smuggling, piracy.
  • Green Vault Museum Green Vault in Dresden."Green vaults" is the famous royal treasury, where the real masterpieces of jewelry mastery are collected. The museum fund includes about 4,000 items. Luxury Museum Interiors of the Baroque era are striking with their magnificence. A great interest is a great collection of interior items, figurines, dishes, amber jewelry, ivory products. Of great value is the composition "Palace reception in Delhi on the birthday of the Great Mogul Aurangzeb", consisting of 140 figures covered with gold and precious stones. The main treasure of the collection is a large and very rare green diamond weighing 41 carats. The museum houses the world's largest blue sapphire of 648 carats and a white Saxon diamond of 48 carats. They were donated to the museum by Peter the Great.

Science museums

List:

  • Natural History Museum in Berlin. Museum of Natural History with a rich 200-year history, a huge area of ​​more than 4 thousand square meters. m and a collection of more than 30 million exhibits, is considered one of the largest and most visited museums in the world. The most popular among museum visitors is the unique collection of dinosaurs, which includes the world's highest mounted dinosaur skeleton, over 13 m high and about 22 m long. The planetarium will tell about the creation of the Universe. The museum has rooms dedicated to the world of birds, insects and animals. There is also an impressive collection of minerals. A unique collection of meteorites deserves special attention.
  • Museum of Science and Technology in Munich. The museum is considered one of the largest scientific museums in the world, its collection includes about 17 thousand exhibits. Interesting facts about Germany and the history of the development of transport in the country can be found after getting acquainted with the huge collection of the museum. Here you can see ships, planes, trains, submarines, cars and even a lunar rover. Informative and exciting excursions will be of interest to both adults and children. In the museum you can see computers from old to ultra-modern, printing and weaving machines, mines, railways, mills. An entire hall is devoted to musical instruments. There is an observatory with a large telescope.
  • Paleontological Museum in Munich. The Museum of Paleontology is housed in a historic building built in 1902 and acquaints visitors with the history of life on Earth. There is a large exposition of skeletons of prehistoric animals and fossils of plants and animals from different periods of time. The museum fund has more than 1.7 million exhibits. The pride of the museum is the skeleton of Archeopteryx, the ancestor of modern birds, found in limestone in 1991.

One of the museum's floors is dedicated to human evolution. Here are skulls, tools and household items.

Art galleries

List:

  • Dresden Gallery. The main attraction of Dresden is the world-famous Dresden Gallery, which houses unique masterpieces of painting from different eras. The museum is located in the Zwinger palace ensemble. The main treasure of the museum is the "Sistine Madonna" by Raphael. Thousands of people come to Dresden to see this canvas, created by the great master on the order of the Pope. The 50 halls of the gallery display paintings by famous painters: Rubens, Raphael, Titian, Botticelli, Rembrandt, Durer, Velazquez, Poussin, Van Dyck, Caravaggio and many others.
  • Pergamon Museum in Berlin. The Pergamon Museum is the most visited museum in Germany. Every year it receives more than 1 million tourists from all countries. The popularity of the museum is due to the fact that it presents the famous Pergamon Altar, as well as a large collection of antique paintings and sculptures. In the museum you can see the preserved part of the famous Ishtar Gate, built in Babylon to strengthen the city walls. The gate with the image of animals is made of brick covered with multi-colored glaze. The second floor of the museum is dedicated to Islamic art. In 2011, a panorama was solemnly opened at the Pergamon Museum, which acquaints viewers with the life of ancient Pergamum in the second century BC.

Amazing sights of Germany

Germany has many unusual and memorable places, thanks to which tourists can learn new facts about the country.

Here are the most famous of them:

  • A wall of funnels in the Art Court in Dresden, making music when it rains.
  • A former nightclub in Berlin, decorated by street artists.
  • A colorful house in Braunschweig, painted in cartoon style by artist James Rizzi.
  • Cableway in Wuppertal.
  • Hotel V8 in Stuttgart for cheerful motorists.

Clean well-groomed German cities, interesting architecture, rich history and culture, excellent service and the famous German hospitality do not leave travelers indifferent, and a wide the choice of excursion programs will allow you to learn new facts about this country.

Article design: Oleg Lozinsky

Video about interesting facts about Germany

Interesting facts about Germany in the video: