Interesting facts about China and the Chinese. Presentation for children of schoolchildren of junior, senior classes, geography

Europeans consider China an exotic country. This opinion was based on Chinese culture and traditions. Interesting facts about this country are striking with their unusualness, and some of them still have no answer. The history of China is interesting and diverse, and the vintage structures and temples are recognized as historical monuments. One of them is considered the Great Wall.

What is famous for China

Interesting facts about China will allow schoolchildren to study the history and features of the development of this country.

China is famous for the following features:

  1. This country is the most overwhelmed: The share of Chinese accounts for 20% of the entire population of the Earth. This means every 5th resident of the Earth - China. A large increase in the population forced the Government to pursue a policy of encouraging one child in the family. Also, the attitude of the male population to feminine is very different. Men prevail.

    Interesting fact about China: more than 70% of the population live after poverty line

  2. River Lijiang or whether it is considered the most beautiful on earth. It is surrounded by beautiful hills, cliffs, bamboo groves and majestic caves. It is the worldwide tourism center.
  3. ​​
  4. China has a fast-growing economy on the world arena. He is recognized as one of the richest countries.
  5. The Great Wall of China is an amazing construction of ancient civilization. She has more than 2 thousand years old, but the wall continues to present interesting facts that are not yet able to get answers.
  6. Snow festival and ice. The Harbin Festival, passing annually recognized as the largest in the world. He passes in the city of Harbin, begins in January, lasts a month. Sculptures are made of snow and ice obtained from the Sungari River.

Interesting facts about ancient China

Interesting facts about China related to deep antiquity are forced to love this exotic country even more.

  1. Historians are inclined to believe that football originates in China. There is evidence that the local population played it as early as 1000 BC. During the Han period, zhu ke, a game that is the prototype of football, was very popular.
  2. The Chinese calendar is the first in history. It was developed in the 2000s BC, called lunar and contains 12 zodiac signs.
  3. The Chinese had harems, they could only be maintained by wealthy citizens. Several hundred concubines lived in the imperial harems.
  4. The suspension bridge is an invention of the Chinese. For the first time such a structure appeared in 25 BC. It is recognized as an original engineering structure. Mathematics in China developed independently. It is different from Greek, it is original and unique. This science is considered the greatest achievement of Chinese antiquity.
  5. The manufacture of silk fabrics was the predominant occupation of China in ancient times. The Chinese diligently kept the secret of production. Revealing a secret was severely punished. Cocoon and silkworm smugglers were executed.

Features of the population and mentality

For more than 2 thousand years, Confucianism prevailed in China, which left a huge mark on the mentality and family relations of the Chinese.

  1. Several generations of families live together in the house, the elders are treated with great respect. In China, the pension system is not sufficiently advanced, the care of parents lies with the next generation. To limit population growth, the government currently encourages only one child. Such families have an advantage in the distribution of living space, medical care. Large families are extremely rare. The only child in the family is treated like a “little emperor”, until the age of 5 he is allowed to do whatever he wants.
  2. The desire to achieve the set goals is different from the thinking of the West. The Chinese focus not on the goal, but on the chosen path of achievement. For them, the result is not important, but the process itself. The attitude to problems is special: if there is an opportunity to get around a difficult situation, the Chinese will do it. This is the essence of the art of Tao - "do not pass through."
  3. Collectivity is one of their main features."Ego" is condemned in society, individualism is criticized. The same goes for parties. The Chinese do not break into groups, they all sit at one, as a rule, round table.
  4. Punctuality: The Chinese arrive on time or even early. Being late is extremely rare for them.
  5. Creation of queues. If in the Western countries the queue is a chain, the Chinese are crowded, and several applicants are rushing to the vacant seat at once. Noise is a common feature in public places. The people of China all speak fast and loudly.

Geography

The state is located in the eastern part of Asia, on the western coast of the Pacific Ocean.

  1. The area of ​​the country is 9.7 million km2, which is smaller than Europe. China is in 3rd place in terms of area after Russia and Canada.
  2. From east to west, the country crosses 5 time zones, but China lives according to one Beijing time.
  3. The state owns the coastal waters of 4 Pacific seas. The length of the coastline is 18,400 km.
  4. The length of the land border is 22,117 km.
  5. China is separated from some of its neighbors by natural boundaries. On the border with Mongolia is the Gobi Desert. The Himalayas, the highest mountains on Earth, lie along the borders with India, Nepal and Bhutan.

Culture

Interesting facts about China lie in ancient times and are closely related to its cultural heritage. The culture was able to maintain its originality. It is distinguished by a variety of spiritual and material values ​​that have not changed over the past centuries.

Many achievements of mankind are based on the achievements of Chinese culture. It has penetrated into all spheres of life: painting, traditions, language, cuisine, dance, clothing.

  1. The Great Silk Road had a huge impact on culture, through it Buddhism appeared in the country, which became a religion.
  2. Chinese culture is known for its association with colors and numbers. The red color is of great importance, it is more admired by the Chinese, it is considered a symbol of good luck, fidelity and courage. 8 is considered a lucky number, it is she who brings good luck and wealth in the understanding of the Chinese.
  3. The culture was not significantly influenced by writing, it is the oldest on the planet and strikes with its uniqueness. Now the country uses writing, which was 5 thousand years ago. With its unusualness and harmony, calligraphy is compared with painting, the musical sphere. The harmony of the East is conveyed through the depiction of hieroglyphs.
  4. Painting impresses with its brightness of colors and technique.
  5. The direction of martial arts occupies a significant place in Chinese culture. A number of martial arts are included in the list of cultural values ​​of the country. Wushu, which originated in the Shaolin Monastery, is popular. Modern wushu is a martial art, on the basis of which martial arts have been developed, which have become famous outside the country.

Wall of China

The Qing Dynasty was the greatest in the history of the country. The first ruler of this dynasty issued an order to combine the previously erected parts of defense structures into a single complex in order to save the state from enemy attacks. In the III century BC. the construction of a wall in China began, the length of which is 8,851 km.

The remains of the complex date back to the period of the Ming Dynasty (XIV-XVII centuries). The wall consists of stones, bricks, wood, hard-packed earth and other materials. When laying the blocks, rice mass was used, mixed with slaked lime and having excellent stickiness. Part of the wall in the west served as a fence for travelers who walked along the Silk Road.

The length of the wall according to official Chinese sources is 21,296 km. But it is a little misleading, since this figure included sections of buildings from different eras, erected on top of each other.

The wall is recognized as the longest man-made structure. It is considered the longest cemetery in the history of civilization; more than 1.1 million people died on its erection.

In 1987, the Great Wall of China was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List as a significant historical landmark.

The Wall was recognized as the most visited place, in 2004 a record number of tourists was recorded - 41.9 million people. The structure is visible on satellite images.

Language

The official language in the country is Chinese (known as Mandarin). It is recognized as one of the generally accepted world languages.

1. There are 7 major dialects:

  • Putonghua;
  • Shanghai region;
  • Cantonese;
  • minnan;
  • Hakka;
  • gan;
  • Xiang.

2. These dialects have more than 100 dialects.

3. Among the 55 national minorities, the Manchus and Huis use Manchu, the remaining 53 have their own dialects. Most nationalities speak their own language, but there are nationalities that use 2 or more languages.

4. Minority languages ​​are classified as Sino-Tibetan, South Asian, Indo-European language groups.

5. Chinese is one of the 6 working languages ​​of the UN.

History

Interesting facts about China are contained in historical references. This country has made a great contribution to world history.

  1. For millennia, China has been ruled by emperors having the origins of their ruling family. These families are called dynasties.
  2. Chinese inventions are famous all over the world. The Chinese invented ink, silk, and the printing press. Paper was made by mixing tree bark and hemp. The resulting mixture was dried in the sun. The powder was invented, mixing sulfur and salter with coal. Toilet paper is also the invention of Chinese antiquity.
  3. The country was isolated to the twentieth century. After she revealed its borders to conduct trading activities. 1911 was marked by the termination of the Imperial Board, the Republican Board began. In 1949, the Communist Party began to rule, the totalitarian control penetrates all areas of Chinese society, became limited freedom.
  4. The death of Mao Zedong became the beginning of rapid development. By 2005, China became one of the richest countries in the world. But the rapid development of the economy led to problems in the ecological sphere.

Nature

of the Flora and China fauna is quite diverse, due to the length of the territory:

  1. a multifaceted flora: in the southern regions of the country are replete Bamboo and plants of subtropics, in the northern part there are dense coniferous forests.
  2. Bamboo symbolizes China. It is known 35 species. It is considered a fast-growing plant, suitable for food, is used as a material for construction, for the manufacture of cellulose, furniture, water pipes and other household elements. Ropes are made of fibers.
  3. A large half of the country is covered with mountain chains and deserts. The forest covering the slopes of the mountains is rapidly cut down, new settlements are formed in these places. On the plains of forests is practically no left.
  4. The disappearance of forests affected the animal world. Tigers, pandas suffer greatly. These and other animal species disappear due to intensive hunting for them. Giant Panda - the symbol of China, is currently counted to the ending mind.
  5. Sea, washing the country, enriched with plankton. In river and sea waters there are a large number of fish - about 1000 varieties. 50 of them have industrial importance.
  6. About 1000 species of birds live in China, and a large variety of mammals:
  • hares;
  • boars;
  • wolves;
  • fox;
  • camels;
  • dzeros;
  • Sable;
  • Ceyrana;
  • Mountain goats;
  • Antelope;
  • Bears;
  • Tigers;
  • leopards;
  • Monkeys and many others.

Cities

cities in the country are officially called administrative units of various levels. They consist of the city center and territorial units, sometimes many times large city buildings. These territories include volosts and the city of the lowest rank. Therefore, these "cities" are not a city in the usual sense.

Rating of the largest cities:

  1. Chongqing is a city with an area of ​​about 82,300 km2. The most populated. He became famous for his mountains and interesting cruise trips along the Yangtze River. Thanks to the perfect infrastructure and investment projects, it has become one of the 10 largest cities in the country. The population is 34 million people, but the majority lives outside the urbanized part.
  2. Shanghai, whose area is 6,341 km2, is recognized as one of the most prosperous in the country, absorbing the energy of antiquity and modernity. It has the largest container port, 2 largest airports, one of the fastest trains in the world. The city is also famous for its elevated highway complex. The population is 24.3 million people.
  3. Beijing is the capital of the state. It is the center of political, cultural and educational activities. Developments of the scientific direction and technology prevail over production. Beijing is famous for the second largest airport in the world. Population - 21.6 million people.
  4. Tianjin. The city is located on an area of ​​11,770 km2. Due to its important location (on the water canal that connected the Huang He and Yangtze rivers), it was and continues to be of strategic importance in the history of the country. 5th largest port in the country. The number of inhabitants is 15.7 million people.
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  6. Guangzhou. The occupied territory is 7,436 km2. It is a major center of industry. A large number of clothes, toys, plastic products are produced here. From here they go to different parts of the world. The city is famous for holding various fairs. The official population is 14.4 million, but many people from the surrounding territories come here to earn money.

Food and drink

Chinese cuisine has its roots in ancient times. "Chinese food" is a multifaceted concept. Variations of dishes vary from region to region: in the south they prefer rice, in the northern regions - wheat, from which noodles are made.

Features of Chinese Cuisine:

  1. One of the delicacy dishes is “century-old eggs”. Duck, chicken, quail eggs are stored in a mixture of clay, salt and rice husks. It is aged from several weeks to several months. When ready, the yolk acquires a greenish or gray color, has a pronounced smell of ammonia. Soup made from bird nests is also popular. Swallow nests are used.
  2. Exotic dishes. For cooking, snakes, turtles, lizards, dogs are used. Fish occupies one of the leading places in cooking.
  3. Tea is China's most popular drink. Most Chinese carry a thermos with this drink.
  4. No less popular is beer. It is produced in a huge number of varieties.
  5. The Chinese love to use all kinds of medicinal liquors. They contain herbs, ginseng, exotic plants, animal elements (snakes, bees, turtles).

Little known facts

China is a land of contrasts. In addition to well-known historical facts, there are many interesting facts about which little is known, and which never cease to amaze.

  1. Wealthy segments of the population are allowed to hire doubles to serve a criminal sentence instead of themselves.
  2. The country has more people who speak English than the United States. The population of China is 4 times that of the US.
  3. In the province of Guangxi, there is a small town called Yangshuo. It is recognized as the most beautiful in China and on the planet. This settlement is famous for its karst hills.
  4. One of China's problems is the "brain drain": most of the people who went to study in the US and Europe do not return to their homeland.
  5. The longest traffic jam in the world was in China, equal to 100 km. It “resolved” only after 11 days.

World War II

Facts about China during World War II:

  1. A war that can be called China's Great Patriotic War, recognized as the "Japanese Resistance War"
  2. On July 7, 1937, even before the German attack on Poland, the first skirmishes between the Chinese and Japanese military had already begun. Already they kindled the flames of the 8-year war.
  3. The Chinese lost in the war 3 times more people than Japan. Such losses are explained by the superiority of the Japanese in weapons, tactics, and the level of organization. Most of the dead are civilians.
  4. The Chinese army waged only a defensive war.
  5. Even in the spring of 1945, Japan fought offensive battles in China and retreated only after the surrender on August 15, 1945.

Unusual interesting facts

China is such an unusual country that it is impossible to take into account all the interesting and unique facts about it.

Some of them are surprising:

  1. 35 thousand villagers live in caves, some of them are inherited.
  2. The white color in the country is recognized as mourning.
  3. China has the lowest divorce rate in the world.
  4. Vegetables are not eaten raw, only boiled and steamed.
  5. It is not uncommon for Chinese children to have holes in their pants so they can pee anywhere they want.

China is recognized as one of the mysterious countries in the world, so many interesting and unusual veils, quite familiar to ordinary Chinese, amaze and will continue to amaze people of the European mentality. China's influence on the world stage is significant, both in ancient times and now.

Article design: Mila Fridan

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