Interesting facts about Brazil. Geography for children. Presentation with photos

Interesting facts about a country that celebrates Carnival for several days every year, and where life stops during the World Cup - do not end there. This passion for celebrating is part of the "Brazilidade", the worldview of the local population.

A European tourist in Brazil will be surprised by the cultural diversity of the largest state on the continent, because Brazil occupies 48% of the area of ​​Latin America.

An interesting history of Brazil for children

The name of the country is borrowed from a tree that the Portuguese began to export from these territories primarily - pau brazil, hedgehog caesalpinia. Brazil is the 5th largest country in the world, and the capital of the state, Brasilia, began to be built in 1960 and in 41 months they designed an entire city in the form of an airplane.

Legends are also connected with Brazil that the Atlanteans, mighty and majestic gods once lived here - all because it is near the city of Ingregil, where there are huge conical boulders. Interesting facts about Brazil, known to everyone, is the love of Brazilians for football, coffee and samba. But more than that, they even have a national martial art - Capoeira, which resembles a dance duel.

No less popular occupation in Brazil is horse breeding, local cowboys are called gauchos here.

Indigenous population of Brazil

Indigenous population - South American Indians. It is believed that before the beginning of the 16th century, when the Portuguese began active colonization of the continent, there were more than 6 million natives here. Today, of Brazil's 192 million citizens, only 0.5%, approximately 800,000, are considered indigenous.

Also according to reports of anthropologists in 2007.near the Amazon River there are still 70 tribes that live in isolation. Virtually no local tribal culture has been thoroughly studied. Therefore, the number of local ethnic groups is not reliably known.

Language

The official language of Brazil is Portuguese. It is the only country in Latin America that is not Spanish speaking. But local Portuguese is not Portuguese in Portugal. Brazilian speech is characterized by an original patter.

In addition to Portuguese, entire neighborhoods of immigrants live here, where English, German, Spanish and Yoruba are vividly used. The languages ​​of the local aborigines also remain alive, some of which have a complex phonetic pronunciation. These include toucan (Tucano) and niingat (Nheengatu).

State symbols

The pride of every Brazilian is both official state symbols - the flag, coat of arms and anthem, and cultural ones - the Statue of Jesus the Savior. The coat of arms of the country was born in 1889 - 4 days after the proclamation of the republic. The main element of the composition is a star in the center of which is depicted the constellation under which Brazil was at the time of the declaration of independence.

All this is depicted against the background of natural resources - the coffee tree and tobacco. Since 1889, the flag of Brazil has been a yellow diamond on a green canvas. In the middle of the flag, on a yellow rhombus, there is a dark blue circle, on which there are 27 white stars and a white ribbon with the motto of Brazil - order and progress.

Interestingly, the stars on the flag are not the number of states, as most believe (there are 26 of them), but the constellation of the Southern Cross, which was over Brazil on the day of independence - November 15, 1889. The national colors are green, symbolizes the forests of the Amazon, and yellow - gold reserves. The national anthem of Brazil has changed several times. The latest version was compiled in 1922

The statue of Jesus Christ in Rio is a cultural symbol of Brazil. Its height is 38 m, weight is 635 tons. In 2004, it entered the "7 Wonders of the World", and in 2014 it was damaged by lightning.

Climate

Brazil is a vast country, it is located in 3 climatic zones - equatorial, tropical and subtropical, which are also divided into 6 natural zones. Most of the country is located in the equatorial and tropical zones. The temperature here is not very different uniform - near the coast, the air is hotter than on the plain, where the weather is more moderate.

The hottest and driest part of the country is the northeast. The average temperature in summer in January is +28, and in winter in July +24. Also, the sensation of temperature in Brazil is strongly influenced by stable high humidity. The average amount of precipitation per year is about 1000 mm, although it falls unevenly.

So, for example, within the Amazon, up to 2400 mm of precipitation falls over the year. And the northeast is deserved deemed to be the most dry region, whereas in the southern states sometimes even falls out, although it does not lie long.

Society

Brazilians have a special mentality. Often, this explanation is found in unique mixing of crops from their predecessors from Europe, Africa and local aborigines. Interesting facts about Brazil explain the origin of the nation. According to the studies of Genetics Sergio Pen, 70% of Brazilians are treated with the heirs of European civilization.

So, except for Portuguese culture, a significant influence on the formation of Brazilian, the culture of Yoruba also carried out, brought from Africa, together with 3 million slaves. The indigenous population is practically left. And the result of a long joint residence of different nationalities on one territory was a long process of moisting - mixed marriages between different races.

Now in Brazil, a little settlements remained like a Quougan, whose residents live in isolation. Brazilians are peculiar to excessive emotionality and superstitiousness. Almost every resident of the country believes its intuition, and the part is also a multiple folk admission.

Brazilians are very friendly, big hiking holidays. Festa, or celebration, here is considered as important life experience as studying. The main National feature of Brazilians is Vaidad - the ability to make an impression.

The local population does not understand the need to hide success and well-being. Although the demonstration of success here often exaggerates. Perform an impression in Brazil is a sacred unwritten law. Although this is a sin against which local priests fight, they have not yet been strongly managed. You always need to show everything - be it new jewelry, raising or new husband.

Religion

there is no official religion in the country. According to statistics in Brazil, 74% of the population is confessed by Catholicism. Although local Christianity is symbiosis with many cultural pagan traditions. This is no longer anywhere in the world. The symbols of faith Christians found a correspondence with the ancient cults: Under Christ was understood by Owa - the Creator of People, Holy Maria was ased from Ihenge, the goddess of the sea.

and at the beginning of the XX Art. To this whole, there was still a strong passion for local peasants with black magic. Interesting facts about Brazil are in its diverse religious symbiosis. That is how the Afrobrazilian Religion of Kandombla arose, which connects the animsm of the peoples of Yoruba, Voodoo, a bow with the worship of the elements characteristic of local aborigines.

The pagan cults of the Sun, the moon and ancestors are still practiced by the local population.

Flora and Fauna

According to the total counting, in Brazil, a rich animal world:

  • 600 mammalian species.
  • 1.5 thousand species of birds.
  • 3 thousand species of fish.

Flora in Brazil is diverse and not fully studied - scientists have not yet reached some regions of equatorial forests near Amazon. The country's ecosystem depends on natural zones. For example, in the local savanna, in the tropical belt, there are numbered 2.5 thousand species of plants, also here is the largest variety of exotic colors.

And the fauna of equatorial forests has 4 thousand representatives of the plant world. Animal habitats are also dependent on natural zones. Although monkeys live throughout Brazil, even in cities and are often not afraid of people. At the same time, the fauna of equatorial forests, the Selva is overflowing with reptiles, various birds - especially parrots and hummingbirds.

Amazonia is an area of ​​habitat of the most huge snakes - anacond, and such predators like Panther. The king of local savanna is deserved to be Jaguar. Also here tapir, amusements, zhagatyiriki, pools and armadors dwell. Brazil's vast popularity occupies among collectors of butterflies, lepidopterophilics, because there are unique types of representatives of the calculated insects insects.

Nature

Interesting facts about Brazil often concern its natural features. It is characteristic that on the formation of natural zones in Brazil, the relief is not of great importance - there are no deserts and high mountains. Therefore, the plain landscape ensures the uniform spread of winds and a warm cyclone.

Geographically, Brazil can be described as follows:

part of the country Features
Amazon, Northern BrazilThe wet equatorial climate prevails here, therefore the vegetation in the forests is very violent. In the jungle almost every day there are short-term livne. These are the world's largest equatorial forests, where 1/5 part of the global fresh water reserves are concentrated. Approximately 60% of the jungle is in Brazil.
Beach zone, North-Eastern BrazilThe further northeast, the weather becomes land. Coconut forests and trees of Bagas, Karnubab and Burity are already growing here. Also here we grow cacti - in places up to 5 m high.
Savannah, Central BrazilMore local savanne call SERRADA. Vegetation here is represented by different shrubs and low-spirited trees, in which the root system can be developed by 15 m in depth. The change of the natural zone is noticeable in the West - there the terrain becomes more swampy.
Alpine Atlantic Plateau, South BrazilThere was an absolutely different ecosystem from rainforests. This is the coldest part of the country, here in winter sometimes snow falls, but it does not lie for a long time. Here, on the Argentine border, there is an amazing phenomenon of nature - 275 Waterfalls Iguazu. This is the most visited place to tourists in South America after the statue of Jesus Savior.

In Brazil, there are 64 national parks, of which 21 have international importance and are protected by Junks. The country is rich in natural resources - oil, wood, iron ore, copper, gold and nickel.

Resorts

The most popular beach of Brazil - Baia-up-Sancho. Other beaches are also located in the districts of the North-West Coast - Natal, Salewador, Recife, Rio Grandi Do Northy. Here the water in the ocean is warm all year round. But in the areas of the largest cities, Rio-les-Janeiro and Sao Paulo, which are much south - in the winter in the ocean, not everyone pays.

The most popular beaches of Brazil is:

  • Copacabana in Rio de Janeiro.
  • Ipanema is also in Rio.
  • Lopez Mendez on the island of Grande.
  • Zhericaloacoir, the closest city - Fortaleza.
  • Porto da Barra, near Salvador.
  • Beaches on Moro de San Paulo Island.
  • Beaches in the city of Natal.
  • Porto de Galinas in the state of Pernambuka.

Interesting facts about Brazil

Interesting facts about the country of Carnavalov and football annually attract about 6 million tourists. But in Brazil, local culture and mentality are full of other little-known, but no less exciting facts about nature, traditions and religions.

Football

Football matches in Brazil are equated with important life experiences of fans. This game was brought by the Anglicin of Brazilian origin by Charles Miller in Brazil at the beginning of the twentieth century. And instantly became popular here - clubs, unions of players and fans were created.

According to the national survey, there are about 75% of Brazilians today, regardless of the floor focus on football. Therefore, during the World Cup, life in the country focuses on the game, and not on life problems. What can also not surprise - a photo shoot of future mothers in football stylistics are very popular in Brazil. The Brazilians themselves also play a lot - every city has at least one stadium.

Football became a national sport. It is deserved - Brazil won the World Cup 5 times - 1958, 1962, 1970, 1994 and 2002.

Interesting facts about Brazil at the World Championships are associated with matches against the Norwegian national team. This is the only country did not lose Brazil once. For all the existence of the world championship, their teams held 4 games, of which 2 times the Norwegian team defeated 2 times.

Transsexuals

from 2007 in Brazil, everyone has the right to change the floor. All necessary operations are provided by the Brazilian health care system. Also, since 2013, at 13 of the 26 states, there are registration of same-sex marriages that have equal rights with parliaments, and may, for example, adopt children. Also in Brazil, Miss Transsexual contest has already been held several times.

Rhinoinos in the elections

The sense of humor in Brazilians is also present - in 1959, 100 thousand inhabitants of São Paulo voted in local elections for Kakakopo's rhino for the head of the municipal council.

the jaw rhinoceros Cocarao in the Udeh

This joke was tested by local students who printed 200 thousand ballots and leaflets before the voting. Vote for rhino, - not donkey! ". Since 15% of voters voted for rhino, the court declared these elections invalid. But the memory of the elections was left - today the phrase "voice of Cocaro" in Brazil means protest vote.

Vampire Village

Residents of the Brazilian village of Araras suffer from a rare skin disease - a pigment kservoch. Their skin is very thin and fragile, so very sensitive to sunlight. As the villagers because of their sensitivity can not be under the sun, they go out on the street only in the evening or wear huge hats.

Therefore, Araras received the nickname "Vampire village".

Tourism and carnivals of Brazil

Many interesting places and events of Brazil attract tourists from around the world. So, for example, the city of El Salvador, who once was the capital (1549-1763), is now deservedly considered the cultural center of the life of the country. Not inferior in popularity and Rio de Janeiro.

Here come to see the legendary statue of Jesus Christ, Mount Corcovad and Sugar Head, Lake Rodriga de Freitas, Botanical Garden and Maracan Football Stadium. In addition to the carnival, the celebration of the New Year, Reveon, is very popular in Brazil.

Tourists attract bright views on the streets of each city, and especially installed on huge floats Christmas tree on Rodrigi Di Freitas Lake in Rio de Janeiro, also attract many tourists to themselves. But the brightest and unforgettable event is a carnival, which annually celebrate, starting since 1908. The action takes place in February, although sometimes it is shifted by March.

Typically, the Carnival should be completed before the beginning of the Easter post.

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The spectacle of bright costumes and virtuoso music does not stop over several days. During the operation of the carnival, local samba schools are usually competed. During the carnival in Brazil postpones all problems. Each city has its own tradition of the Carnival celebration, often with pagan rituals. About 1 million tourists usually arrives at the carnival in Rio.

Coffee and cocoa

For 150 years, Brazil remains a leader in world exports of coffee - this is more than 2.5 million tons of Arabica. In the country itself, coffee is also in great demand: every braziler drinks 5.5 kg of coffee per year. Interestingly, this is only 15th place in the global list of coffee lovers. And leading in the list - Finns, where 12 kg of drinking coffee falls per capita.

Although coffee in Brazil is popular, and it is represented by more than 20 stamps, manufacturers and Cocoa consumers - 2 times more.

Airports

There are 4093 airport in the country - more airports in the world has only US - 13 thousand major airports hosting international flights - this is Airport in Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Brazilia, Campinas, Belo Horizonte, Port Alegre, Salvador, Kuribit, Recife and Fortaleza.

Marriages

Wedding - an important aspect of a social system in Brazil. Usually in families more than 3 children. But to create your own family was taken no earlier than 25 years. Before the wedding there are found here for a long time, and this is understandable, because by law a man can marry only after 30 years. On exactly with traditional marriages in Brazil, legitimate and same-sex.

marriage and friendly connections in Brazil are valued above all.

Interesting and unusual customs and habits of residents of Brazil

Modern Brazilian culture is a combination of European, African and local elements. So, for example, the phenomenon of the carnival was brought here from Portugal, but under the influence of local conditions, the Brazilian carnival has changed beyond recognition. It is believed that the carnivals in Brazil are the main event in the year.

There are a lot of them here. This festive atmosphere is imparented by Brazilians, which are very friendly, often - devout and at the same time - superstitious. In addition to openness, another feature of Brazilians is the thirst for competition. They compete in everything. Therefore, they are also very impulsive, and often - jealous. But despite any circumstances, Brazilians never complain about life.

The unusual laws of Brazil

laws can regulate any aspects of public life. This is exactly the alignment of things that exists in Brazil.

The most unusual laws ever passed in Brazil concern all aspects of life:

  • In Brazil, a married woman has a very long name - because she takes her husband's surname, but does not give up her own.
  • Solariums have recently been banned here.
  • Brazil has the highest crime rate in the world - Rio allows you to run red lights at night to avoid being robbed.
  • In prison, for reading a book 1 book per month, the term is reduced by 4 days.
  • Brazil is one of the most advanced countries where people are trying to save the environment - there are high fines for throwing garbage on the street.
  • Voting is compulsory in Brazil. In another case, you must either prematurely notify the local authorities and the reason for the absence, or pay a large fine.

Brazilian Guinness World Records

Although Brazil is struggling to save the environment, the country holds the record for deforestation. The Amazon has already shrunk by 17% over the last 50 years. In the Guinness book, the Brazilians have already become champions for taming the water element 2 times - in 2018, a Brazilian surfer rode a wave of more than 20 m, and the year before, in 2017, 245 Brazilians simultaneously bent down from a bridge 30 m high with ropes.

They were interconnected - so the fall came out synchronous. They broke their own 2016 record with 149 jumpers. Much earlier, in 2007, the Brazilians' favorite soccer player Ronaldo got into the Guinness book as the most productive player.

Interesting facts about Brazil: 97-year-old woman, Dorothy de Lowe is the oldest player in the World Table Tennis Championship.

Interesting facts about Brazilian Guinness records are not limited to football. So, in 2008, at the 14th World Table Tennis Championship, Brazil was represented by a 97-year-old woman, Dorothy de Lowe, who became the oldest player.

Article design: Oksana Ilchenko

Video about Brazil

10 interesting facts about Brazil:

https://youtu.be/zb26pm9oVBI