Innsbruck. Attractions, photos, what to see, route map with addresses

on south - Austria, in one of the most picturesque corners of Europe, in the very center of the Alps is comfortably located the amazing city of Innsbruck. Being the main city of Austrian Tyrol, the largest ski resort in the Alps and the capital of the Winter Olympic Games of 1964 and 1976, the city offers guests to the sights of different eras: from the Middle Ages to modernity.

Innsbruck is a city with a centuries-old history. The first mention of the settlement with such a name is dating 1180, and the status of a fortified settlement received in 1234Subsequently, special rights and privileges were provided to the city, and 1420 he became the main city of Front Austria.

Currently, the territory of the city covers an area of ​​104.91 square meters. km. His population is 130,894 people (as of January 1, 2016) and more attractions that help to make a fascinating journey through the history of the region and the country as a whole.

The top 10 of the most interesting sights of Innsbruck

to plunge into the history of the city, to fully experience his atmosphere to help the brightest sights of Innsbruck.

Old Town

The historic center of Innsbruck and the best place for those who want to see the medieval Europe. Located between the railway station and the river. Narrow streets and houses, each of which has its own interesting story, make tourists forget that in the yard of the 21st century.

The buildings of this part of Innsbruck introduce the Tyrolean architecture in which the amazing combination of Italian, Austrian and Swiss style is observed.

Silver mine

500 years ago This mine, located at a depth of 800 m, was the largest in Europe. At the same time, up to 10 thousand minovops worked in its depths. Today, visitors can drive through the complex co-cerebral tunnels on trolley and see in what conditions silver was mined in the Middle Ages.

Excursion to last 90 minutes, after which guests can acquire themselves for some silver thing in the souvenir shop, located here. Address: Schwaz, Alte Landstrasse 3a.

Austrian Alpine Museum

"Better Mountains can only be mountains..." confirmation can be found in this museum. Initially, the museum was founded in Munich. But in 1944, the Munich Museum building was destroyed, after which the preserved exhibits transported to Innsbruck.

The exposition of today's museum covers an area of ​​700 square meters. M and tells about the history of mountaineering, about the conquest people of mountain peaks. In addition to photographs and documents, old and new climbing equipment, the museum presents the work of talented artists who managed to convey the beauty of the mountains on their canvases. Museum address: Rennweg 1, Eingang Hofgasse.

Helbing House (Helbing)

One of the most recognizable buildings of the city. I received my name by the name of one of the owners.

Helbing House (Helbing) in Innsbruck is a mixture of Gothic and Baroque

The building was built in the XV century in the trendy then Gothic Style. After almost 300 years - in the XVIII century, on the initiative of the new owner, the facade of the building was rebuilt in the Baroque style. At the same time, the arch of the first floor remained gothic.

It was then that the building acquired the look that residents and guests of Innsbruck can enjoy today - the house was decorated with gilded stucco in the form of various flowers, scrolls, fruits, musical instruments.

Despite the fact that today Helblinghus is one of the brightest sights of the city, the country and even Europe, it is still residential. You can see this architectural wonder at: Herzog-Friedrich-Strasse, 10.

Panorama of Tyrol

Museum complex, opened in 2009. Despite its "youth" has already managed to become one of the centers of attraction for tourists. The expositions of the complex are devoted to the battle of the inhabitants of Innsbruck with the army of Napoleon in 1809, in which, oddly enough, the latter suffered a crushing defeat.

The complex includes a panorama of the battle, a historical park and an observation deck from which you can see the place where the battle took place. Exposition address: Bergisel, 1-2.

Mall of the City Hall Gallery

Located in the city center and is both an architectural masterpiece and a shopping complex with a large number of shops and catering establishments. The city magistrate is also located here.

It was built in 20005 by the project of D. Perrault, a famous French architect, and is an eco-tech building with a glass roof and a tower. Located at the address: Maria Theresa Street, 8.

Golden Eagle Tavern

The oldest restaurant in the region, founded in 1390. Despite the fact that restoration work has been carried out in the house where the tavern is located, the establishment has managed to retain its "zest".

In the tavern at different times there were such famous personalities as Goethe, Emperor Maximilian, Mozart, Heine, Paganini and many others. Today the restaurant is famous not only for its history and design, but also for its excellent cuisine. Tavern address: st. Duke Friedrich, 6.

Zeughaus

Former military arsenal, now a museum exposition. The building of the armory in the form of a pair of wings measuring 80x10 m, 2 narrow gatehouses and blocks surrounding the courtyard was built under Maximilian I in 1500-1505 near the city gates. Cannons and small arms were stored in the arsenal.

Until 1918, the place was used as the Armory barracks, then it stood in oblivion for several years until reconstruction in 1964-1969. After renovation, in 1973 a museum exposition was opened here, which still attracts thousands of visitors from all over the world. Address: Zeughausgasse 1.

Tyrolean State Theater

The center of the city's cultural life, known far beyond Innsbruck. The history of the theater began in 1629 with the emergence of the comedy house, which later became the main court of Herzgertzog Leopold. In 1844, the old building dilapidated and the theater was decided to rebuild. The new building was erected near the previous building.

The facade of the new theater is decorated with four columns, figured niches and bas-reliefs, but it has a fairly strict look. In the 60s of the last century, the theater was rebuilt again and increased. Today, the auditorium of the Innsbruck theater accommodates 800 spectators, and there are various performances on its scene: from classics to modern productions. Theater address: Rennweg 2.

Embankment of the Inn River

Walk along the river embankment, dividing the city into two parts will give a lot of bright impressions.While a walk here you can see bright houses of different colors, try the dishes of Austrian cuisine in one of the many cafes and restaurants, see the central city bridge. And from the embankment, the mountain slopes of the Alps are perfectly visible.

Architectural objects and monuments of Innsbruck

Innsbruck, the attractions of which are included in the "Gold Collection" not only countries, but also in the world, includes many amazing architectural objects.

House "Golden Roof"

The symbol of the city and the first architectural object from the category "Must See". In the XV century there was an imperial residence. It was then that Maximilian I ordered a balcony to the house, the roof of which was covered with tiled from gold-plated copper. From this balcony, the emperor and his approximate watched tournaments and ideas, held on the square in front of the house.

Currently, the Museum dedicated to the emperor Maximilian is located in the house. Address: Herzog-Friedrich-Strasse, 15.

The city tower

is a cylindrical building with a height of 51 m. Erected in 1450. Initially, the top of the tower was worst a high spire, which was replaced by a green dome in the shape of a bulb. The tower is decorated with large round clock, and from her observation deck offers an amazing view of the district.

Address: Herzog-Friedrich-Strasse 21.

The Imperial Palace "Hofburg"

was built in the XV century, after which it was repeatedly rebuilt. Despite the restructuring and reconstruction, retained an amazing atmosphere and interior decoration. Passing through the luxuriously decorated halls and corridors of the palace, and today it seems that Maria-Terezia or some noble in luxurious clothes will be released at any minute.

Currently, there is a museum in the palace. True, you can get far from all the palace halls - most of them are closed to visit. The special pride of the Palace-Museum is the main hall, the ceiling of which is decorated with an original painting, and portraits of members of the imperial family hang on the walls. Address: Rennweg, 1.

The historical monuments of Innsbruck

as in most old European cities in Innsbruck there are many attractions related to the historical events of the region.

The column of St. Anne

was built into commemoration of the liberation of Tyrol from the Bavarian troops during the Spanish war. Opened in 1703 on the day of St. Anna, for which he received its name.

The column is made of dark pink marble. The statue of the Virgin Mary is installed on her vertex. From four sides of the column of sculptures depicting the saints of the city's patrons. Address: Maria Theresien Strasse, 18.

Triumphal Arch (TriUmphpForte)

Unlike the triumphant arches of most European cities, the construction was erected not in honor of the military victory, but for perpetuating in the history of the marriage of the heir to the throne Austria-Hungary, the future Leopold II and Mary-Louis Spanish.

Arch was built on the site of his ancient Roman counterpart. You can see the arch on the southern end of the street. Mary Teresia.

Museums Innsbruck

The most pride of the inhabitants of Innsbruck are museums of the city, where numerous collections of exhibits are collected, telling about the glorious history of the region and its population. [161!

The history of the institution began in 1823. It was founded to preserve the ancient documents and objects of art. But gradually the collection began to be replenished with other exhibits (photographs, weapons, fossils). In this regard, the museum was significantly expanded.

Currently, the exposition consists of 7 thematic departments illustrating almost 30 thousand years of history of Tyrol and nearby surroundings. Address: Museumstrasse, 15.

Tyrolean Museum of Folk Art

One of the best ethnological museums in Europe. The museum presents costumes of the inhabitants of the region from different cities, a collection of bells for livestock, wooden items decorated with "branded" Tyrolean carvings and much more.

In addition to conventional exhibits, there are interactive, allowing visitors to be transferred at different times and present themselves to residents of ancient or medieval tyrol. Address of the Museum of Folk Art: Universitatstrasse, 2.

Temples and cathedrals of Innsbruck

Innsbruck, whose sights annually attract hundreds of thousands of tourists from all over the world, is famous, among other things, for its temples and cathedrals.

Cathedral of St. James

The main temple of the city. The building that rises on the square today was built in the 18th century. However, the history of the cathedral is much older than its current construction and begins as far back as the 12th century. Despite the sufficient severity of forms, both in the external and internal design of the cathedral, elements of the Baroque style with its craving for luxury and frivolity are noticeable.

The most interesting elements of the decoration of the cathedral are the icon of the Madonna and Child, painted by Lucas Cranach the Elder and the sarcophagus, lavishly decorated with carvings and gilding. The cathedral organ deserves special attention, its shiny pipes stand out like a bright spot against the general dark blue background of the interior. Location of the Cathedral: Domplatz Square, 6.

Imperial Church Hofkirche

It was built in memory of Maximilian I in the middle of the 16th century, and is the pride of all Austrians. Maximilian's grandson Ferdinand I supervised the construction of the church. Construction work continued for more than half a century.

Initially, the church was conceived as the tomb of Maximilian, but as a result, he was never buried here. However, inside Hofrike you can see a huge sarcophagus made of black marble, intended for the emperor.

Sculptures of a kneeling emperor and 28 members of the royal dynasty are installed around the sarcophagus. The composition has long been dubbed by the people as the “black retinue of the emperor”. After the completion of the main construction, the Silver Chapel was added to the church, which became the burial place for Ferdinand II and his wife. Address: Universitatstrasse, 2.

Parks and gardens of Innsbruck

There are not very many parks and gardens in the city, but each of them is a real attraction and a favorite place for walking residents and guests.

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Botanical garden "Hofgarten"

Created under Maria Theresa. Plants of different climatic zones of Europe grow in it. The garden has several ponds, the surface of which is beautifully covered with water lilies and other aquatic vegetation. Local inhabitants - ducks - slowly move along the water surface.

Between the branches of trees, to the surprise of visitors, there are many parakeets. One of the most interesting objects of the garden is a greenhouse with tropical plants. There is also a butterfly pavilion, giant chess boards and a cozy restaurant of the same name. Address: Rennwegg. The botanical garden is adjacent to the Hofburg Palace.

Park "Rapoldi"

is not as known as "Hofgarten", but no less beautiful and cozy. In the shadow of his trees a pleasant to relax between visits to museums and just enjoy nature, peace and tranquility. Location: Innsbruck Center on Defreggerstrasse Street.

Modern objects, interesting to visiting

Innsbruck, whose attractions are distinguished by a large variety, represents tourists and many modern facilities.

Cableway

as much in Innsbruck is the subject of pride in the whole country. It is a kind of hybrid feature and railway. It consists of three consecutive cableways and 4 stations.From the most high-altitude station "Hafelakar", located 2334 m above the Earth, you can see not only the city, but also the valley of the Intal and the mountain range of Nordkette. Location: Nordkettenbahnen.

Burgisel Ski Ski Ski

One of the most significant and large sports facilities in Austria. It is a structure with a length of about 90 m and a height of almost 50 m. Climb upstairs by steps (455 pcs.), Either on a special elevator.

Athletes rise to Bergisel for training, the average tourist - to enjoy incredibly beautiful views of the surrounding area. Spronplelin is located at: Bergiselweg 3. You can get to it on a special bus or on the Nordkettenbahnen funicular.

Festival of old music

In addition to attractions, Innsbruck is famous for its cultural events. One of the brightest such events is the Festival of Old Music, which takes place annually since 1976. The time of the festival - July - August.

The central platform of the event is the Innsbruck castle of Ambras. Also, concerts and theatrical productions of different times can be seen in Hofbog, the Jesuit Church, the Tyrolean Conservatory, in the Tyrolean Theater and other festival sites.

The cost of tickets for most events held within the festival varies from 25 to 67 €, but there are free concerts that can visit everyone.

International Film Festival

Another festival, which takes part cinematic works of directors from Latin America, Africa, Central Asia and a number of other countries. For the first time, the festival took place in 1999 and with those undergoing annually.

The works presented at the festival are evaluated by several nominations. In addition to the competitive, there is also a non-competitive festival program, various specialists. The time of the festival is 5 days in May - June. In 2019, he starts on May 28. View competitive works can everyone.

The cost of tickets depends on their category:

Category Cost, €
Normal8.30
Precounty6.90
Student5

Tours of Innsbruck

Numerous excursion bureaus offer Innsbruck A wide variety of excursion programs.

the most popular and interesting:

  1. Ambras Castle. Duration 2 hours. The cost of 135 € (the entrance to the lock is paid separately). The excursion includes a visit to the castle itself, acquaintance with the museum expositions located in his halls, walk along the castle park and inspection of Kunstkamera.
  2. Overview Walking Tour of the city. Duration 2 h. Cost 135 €. During the excursion, the participants will get acquainted with the main architectural objects of the Old Town, such as the house with the Golden Roof, Helbing House, the Cathedral, will be held along Mary-Terezia Street and admire the views of the Northern Bank of the Inn River.
  3. Excursion to the mountains on the cable car with a visit to the zoo. Duration 2 h 30 min. The cost of 110 € (the price does not include the cost of the funicular and the entrance to Zoosad).

The excursion consists of two parts. The first is the fare on the funicular and enjoying the types of Innsbruck from a bird's eye view. The second is a walk along one of the most exotic European zoos.

Also on the list of offers, you can find excursions to the Swarovski Museum, in silver mines, rides around the neighborhoods of the city and much more, which allows everyone to choose a program corresponding to its interests.

Top 5 places suitable for recreation with a child

Innsbruck, the attractions of which are impressive completely different people, represents a lot of interesting objects and for the most young tourists.

Alpine Zoo

One of the most highly mountain zoological parks in Europe. It contains more than 2000 animals from different parts of the planet. Here you can not only look at animals, but also learn about their habits, lifestyle.

For the smallest visitors in the zoo, playgrounds "Bear Berlog" and "Wolf Lair" are equipped. Here, children can "reincarnate" in the Volchat or Clamp and try to live just like these wild animals. Alpine Zoo address: WeiherburgGasse, 37A.

Village-Museum Ezi

offers a fascinating trip to the distant past, as well as 5,000 years ago! In this open-air museum you can see the Muchnets of Neanderthal Highel, the household items used by the ancients and weapons with whom they hunted on beasts.

Animals are also inhabited in the village of the Museum - the contemporaries of Neanderthals. Among them, Przhevalsky's horses, goats, woolen pigs, tours and many others. The museum is 70 km from Innsbruck. His address: AM Tauferberg 8.

The Museum of Bells Grassmire

offers visitors to the unusual collection of bells, as well as tools that were used for from casting.One of the exposures offers in detail to get acquainted with the process of creating a bell. Address: Leopoldstrasse, 53.

The Swarovski Museum

is no longer reminded by a museum, but a fabulous cave with treasures. One of the most interesting exhibits is the world's largest fire crystal weighing 300 thousand carats. And in the museum you can visit the center itself in the center of the crystal. This becomes possible due to the optical illusion and spherical dome consisting of 595 elements.

The Museum of Crystals is 15 km from Innsbruck at: Wattens, Kristallweltenstrasse 1.

Planetarium

Amazing place for who Dreams of stars. Thanks to the use of modern equipment, small visitors and their parents can feel like real cosmonauts and travel to the most distant stars and galaxies.

Planetarium is located in the town of Schwatz, half an hour from Innsbruck at: Alte Landstrasse 15.

Hiking route for tourist

Even in Innsbruck passage, you can see its main "Pearls". And for this, they will not even need significant costs.

Enjoy the beauties of the city and its attractions will help a leisurely walk on Mary-Tereziai Street. Passing along this street, the tourist will see at home of the XVII and XVIII century, the city hall, the column of St. Anna, monument to St. George, Monumental Baroque Palace and Triumphal Arch.

In continuation of the excursion, a walk along the street of the Duke Friedrich and look at Helbing House and a house with a golden roof. In conclusion, you can climb the observation platform and cover the whole city with one view.

Interesting facts about Innsbruck

  1. In the years of World War I, Innsbruck experienced more than 20 bombing, as a result of which more than 3,000 buildings were injured. Among the affected buildings were such historical objects as the Church of Jesuitis and Landhaus.
  2. In addition to the Winter Olympics, the city took several matches of the World Hockey Championship in 2005 and the European Football Championships in 2008.
  3. Helga Anders (actress), Michael Baur (Footballer), Mikhael Baur (Conductor), Friedrich III (Emperor of the Sacred Roman Empire)

Winter is considered an active tourist season in Innsbruck - due to ski descents, however, the sights of the city are open for guests almost all year round.

Registration of Article: Mila Fridan

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