Iceland. Attractions, photo and description best, route on the map, which see, reviews

Natural and man-made sights of Iceland are not just surprised, and they are amazing even spoiled tourists and travelers. Due to the location, natural zones and picturesque beauty in the country were preserved intact than attracting many people every year.

The value of the state in the modern world

Iceland, the attractions of which are popular with tourists from many corners of the globe, is located in the northern part of the Atlantic near the polar circle. The entire island territory, the area of ​​which is 103 thousand km2, occupies the same state.

From the north, the Isy is the Greenland Sea, the Norwegian extends in the east, and from the west side, the Danish Strait is proceeding, separating Iceland from Greenland. From the entire territory of the state, about 12 thousand km2is occupied by glaciers. The capital of the country is Reykjavik. Geographic coordinates of the island - 6500`S. Sh. and 1800`in.

To visit the state, a Schengen visa should be issued. How to get it, you can find on the website of the visa office. Getting to the island better by plane. There are no direct flights to the country of ice. Airlines offer to make a flight with a change in a number of European capitals (Copenhagen, Stockholm or London).

Periodically, as a rule, in the summer, direct flights from Reykjavik to Peter are carried out. The shores of Denmark and Iceland connect the ferry route where the floating funds of the company "SMYRIL LINE" are constantly running.

Climate

The climatic conditions of Iceland are marked as cold nautical or subarctic. But they mitigate the north-Atlantic current moving along the Western and South coast. Throughout the year, the weather here is changing and windy, periodically dries or light rain.

In the winter and spring, the snow often falls. The annual atmospheric precipitation varies from 500 mm (Akureyri district) to 1500 mm (at the nearby islands). The gusts of the wind have a speed of 18-20 m / s, and with a storm form more than 50 m / s.

climate at different times of the year:

Period Average temperature Features
Summer+10.. + 120withThe warmer month-July. The weather alternates with warm and wet cool time
in autumn+4.. + 50withSeptember soft, in October weather conditions change dramatically, and November is considered a dark month, depending on the height of the Sun.
Winter00withCool wind blows, in December, light day decreases to 5 hours, the coldest Period - January.
Springin March 0- + 10C, the rest of the time +5.. + 70With, drifting ice accumulates at the coast of the island, precipitation falls less. In April and May, more warm weather occurs

The population

Iceland inhabited more than 350 thousand inhabitants. Although the birth rate exceeds mortality by 40%, population growth provides immigrants that make up about 11% of the total number of local people. The national composition of living people is homogeneous: about 99.8% occupy Icelanders, talking in Icelandic adveria.

about 0.1% of Danes and Norwegians also live in the country. The big mass of people owns Danish and English. The average population density is 3 people per 1 km2. Almost 60% of the inhabitants live in the south-western region of the state.

Religious affiliation of population:

Religion % of the total
Evangelical-Lutherans72.1
Gentiles12.6
Catholics2.4
Reykjavik Free Faith2.3
Hanbanfierradur Church1.6
Christians2.8
The remaining religions6.2

Population is engaged in agriculture, fishing, various crafts and works at industrial enterprises. Icelandic people value individual freedom and prefer progressiveness combined with ancient traditions.

Currency

Icelandic krone circulates in the country. It is offered to exchange it at banks, ATMs, hotels, train stations and airports. When exchanging, regardless of the amount, they charge a commission of 2-5 dollars. Experienced tourists advise to exchange currency in the capital, because it is difficult to find a bank in small towns. In Iceland, credit cards from international banking institutions are quite common.

Features of nature

Plants growing on the island are typical of the northern European region.

The list of flora consists of 5.5 thousand varieties that form 6 groups:

  • algae;
  • spores;
  • bryophytes;
  • lichens;
  • algae;
  • vascular.

Trees, represented mainly by low birches, occupy only 1% of the territory. In some areas there are plantings of coniferous plants. Vegetation is almost completely absent on large-scale central plateaus. Flora of Iceland is not rich in species composition.

Some varieties of wild mammals live here:

  • fox;
  • mink;
  • arctic fox;
  • deer;
  • several species of rodents.

About 80 bird species nest on the island. Many ducks and swans live in mountain reservoirs, and terns and common gulls fly on the seashore. Trout is found in the lakes, and salmon swims in the rivers. Seals and whales live near the shore. About 66 species of fish spawn in these places.

Do not miss the most popular article of the rubric: Belbek Canyon is a unique natural monument.

National Dishes

Icelandic attractions include traditional Icelandic cuisine, which tends to be thrifty due to limited resources. Due to the peculiarities of the country's location, the basis of national dishes is fish.

Tourists are advised to try the following dishes:

  • harakal - rotten shark meat;
  • kleina - small sweet dough rolls fried in oil or fat;
  • skyr - Scandinavian yogurt with a delicate creamy taste, made from skimmed milk;
  • svid - boiled sheep's head;
  • ​​
  • khrutspungur — pickled eggs of a young lamb, they are pressed before use;
  • creamy lobster soup.

When to go

The peak of visiting Iceland falls on the last 2 summer months, due to comfortable weather conditions.

The seasons in the country have the following features:

  1. Spring has cool weather. At this time, tourists can see the late Northern Lights, as well as whales approaching the coast. Fishermen start a good period for the catch. Snowdrops begin to bloom, and waterfalls gain their power. One of the advantages is low population and lower prices. In spring, some tourist routes are closed.
  2. Winter will surprise guests with the Northern Lights and excursions to ice-created caves. The highlight of the winter season will be bathing in hot thermal springs. The price of all services is reduced compared to the summer. The disadvantages of the winter period are not comfortable weather and short daylight hours (about 4 hours).
  3. In autumn everything is covered with gold decoration, the best months for rest are September and early October. The weather is capricious. In November, there is a large amount of precipitation; from excursions, travelers are offered mainly a tour of the capital and various museums.
  4. Summer is characterized by a high tourist season and many excursion routes. For fishermen, the time for salmon fishing begins. Until the beginning of autumn, white nights last here, when the sun shines for 20 hours.
    • A car is considered the most common means of transportation, because it can get to the most inaccessible places. There are many car rental points in the state, however, you should not wait for the budget cost of car rental;
    • Hitchhiking is one of the safest travel options, but there is reduced traffic in remote parts of the country and outside of big cities, making it difficult to travel. This method is suitable for people who have a lot of free time, because the travelers have to wait for several hours;
    • Buses run around the clock throughout the space of the country. The ticket can be purchased on the bus station or driver. Depending on the distance, such trips will cost tourists in 1200-6000 kroons. Urban routes link large cities with suburban settlements. The cost of one-time adult coupon is 200 crowns, and 50 kroons must be paid for children. If many transfers are assumed, it is desirable to purchase a travel coupon for 1 day, worth 1000 kroons, and 1 month. - 9300 crowns;
    • Air transport - the most convenient option of moving around the country. The ride on average takes 1 hour. Airplanes have an advantage over cars in terms of winter congestion and snow bargains on highways. So, the flight to Akureyri will cost 22 euros, in Grimsi - 36 euros, and 90 euros are 90;
    • Ferry Message Not particularly popular with tourists. Nevertheless, for 4.5 euros you can get to the Westman Islands, and for 17 euros to get on the Flats.

    The best cities and regions for tourism

    Iceland, the attractions of which are striking travelers, has tourist regions and cities.

    Reykjavik

    In the capital of Iceland, Reykjavik should be ride not only for interesting objects, but also in order to enjoy the extraordinary atmosphere of this city. He is famous among fans of incredible travel.

    Guests have the opportunity to get acquainted with such objects:

    • Christian temple of Hadltgrimure;
    • Harp's concert hall will please an interesting concert and modern architecture;
    • Museum of Fallilos with manually collected by the exhibits;
    • Lutheran Church of Hatlgrimskirkia;
    • Sun Voyager unique monument;
    • Mount Eskja, considered the custodian of the city;
    • Museum of Person with a rotary dome and upper observation platform;
    • Hubdy mansion;
    • belonging to Catholics Cathedral of Landacotskirkia;
    • Folkal Exposition Arbaearsafn.

    Akureyri

    Akureyri is a cozy settlement with an unusual church and multicolored residential buildings.

    The city is rich in cultural and architectural objects, among which the following sights can be distinguished:

    • Lutheran Temple Gleuraurgia;
    • Church of Akureyri with an extended, as if striving in the sky as a staircase;
    • Botanical Garden.having lush vegetation;
    • Godafoss Waterfall;
    • Sulur Volcano;
    • natural history and folklore exhibition;
    • Art Street, where art workshops and galleries are located.

    Egilsstadir

    The young town of Egilsstadir, located near Lake Lagarfljot, was founded as the center of the surrounding countryside and named after a nearby farm. The number of inhabitants of this settlement is constantly increasing. Egilsstadir became famous for the legend that a snake lives in the local reservoir.

    The environment is good here, thanks to the large forest area, the largest in the country. Currently, the city is considered an important commercial center of the state, it has a college, a library and an archive. The main attraction is the temple, which stands out for its unusual architecture.

    Reykholt

    Reykholt is the oldest cultural and historical center of the state. Here in the XIII century. lived the Icelandic historian and writer S. Sturluson, who described the area in his sagas. A sculpture dedicated to him is installed in the city park.

    In addition, it is recommended to visit the following places in the settlement:

    • an artificial pool that receives water from a located hot spring;
    • the grave of S. Sturluson, as well as the church and museum dedicated to him;
    • Hrainfossar lava cascades are located in the vicinity of the settlement;
    • a library and cultural center with ties to the great Icelandic writer.

    Sydurland

    The picturesque Sydurland is located in the southern part of the country. The local landscape fascinates with volcanic formations, the most famous of which is Eyjafjallajokull. It began its eruption in 2010. This factor has glorified the city, and now attracts many tourists here.

    Of the natural attractions, it is worth paying attention to the thermal springs, the Westman Islands and the Thingvellir nature reserve.

    A lot of hot geysers with a temperature of +1000С are concentrated in the Haukadalur valley.

    What to see in Iceland

    With its unique and beautiful sights, Iceland has a variety of facilities that can satisfy the needs of the most avid tourists.

    Architectural and historical sights

    Among the architectural gems, it is worth highlighting the following places:

    • Khevdi's house began its existence in 1909Initially, the mansion belonged to the French consul, then he was given to important official meetings and events. It has been historical personalities in the local walls put an end to the cold war Gorbachev and Reagan. The house decorated in a simple strict Scandinavian style is characterized by beauty. The building is located on a huge cape at Hofoatun, Austurbaer Capital Region;
    • City Hall towers in the capital at Reykjavik City Hall, Tjarnargata. The building was made in 1992 from glass and concrete in the style of Hi-tech. Tourists have the opportunity in the tower to order a table in a cafe, from where the beauty of Lake Tierne is visible, as well as take advantage of the interactive map of the state. There are often various exhibitions and solemn events in the Town Hall. The tower has a monument to an unknown bureaucrat;
    • The building with the title "Pearl" was built in 1988 as a container of hot water. Located on the hill of osskahylic large tanks filled with natural water reserves for the heating of the city, covered on top of the dome. Under the round design, a rotating restaurant is arranged. It also functions the Sag Museum, and at the top there is an observation platform with an overview of the surrounding places. Local beauty can be considered by the telescopes installed here. On the first floor of the "pearls" in the territory of 1000m3there is a "winter garden", in addition, an artificial geyser is operating in the building, his jets beat with an interval within a few minutes.

    Museums

    Museum institutions of Iceland are represented by such objects:

    • Punk Museum is located in the capital On Bankastraeti, 2 and open to visit daily from 10.00 to 22.00. It tells about the history of the Punk traffic in the country through the walls of walls and musical instruments

      Punk Museum, Iceland.

    • The Bogarnes Museum can be found in the city of the same name in the west of an island state. Initially, an introductory review of Vikings is held. The first exposition will tell about the process of colonization, special attention is directed to the development of the western part of Iceland. The second branch of the exhibition will introduce the "Saga about Egil", where they tell about the Icelandic kind, to which the outstanding Scald Egils belonged. Located on BRAKARBRRAUT, 13-15 memoria works with Mon. on PT. from 10.00 to 21.00;
    • Museum Arbaearsfn is located in Reykjavik 110, the entrance ticket for visitors over 18 years old costs 1650 kroons. Schedule: Every day from 10.00 to 17.00. The institution occupies a huge open-air space and acquaints guests with the living conditions and life of the Icelanders. The current exposition is assembled on the basis of genuine historical documentation. It houses the first Catholic church, an old forge, a granary and a workers' house without a land allotment. An interesting exhibit is a railway locomotive. Each museum building has its own unique thematic exhibitions. Currently, archaeologists are constantly replenishing the collection with valuable items.

    Religious sites

    There are many religious sites in the country.

    Among them are the following objects:

    • Landakotskirkja Cathedral belongs to the Catholics and rises on one of the capital's hills at the address: Old West Side, 101. The temple dates back to the 19th century, after 2 Catholic missionaries arrived on the island and built a small chapel with the money raised, and a few years later they built a wooden church. Over time, the Catholic community grew and in 1929 a new neo-Gothic cathedral was built. The building, built of concrete, is topped with a flat top. Tourists have the opportunity to enter the monastery free of charge every day from 8.30 to 18.00;
    • Hallgrimskirkja Lutheran Church was started in 1945 and completed 40 years later. The futuristic and pointed structure can be seen from almost all points of the capital. It is crowned by a 73-meter tower supported by large "wings". In front of the monastery there is a monument to the Viking L. Errikson. The temple houses a huge organ, weighing 25 tons and 15 meters high. The church can simultaneously accommodate 1,200 people. At the top of the building there is an observation platform from which a breathtaking panorama of the surroundings opens. Location of the monastery: Skolavoroustigur, Reykjavik, 101. Tourists can see the object daily from 9.00 to 20.30;
    • The church called Skaulholt is located in the village of the same name in the southern part of the country. In memory of the great religious significance of the city in the XVI century. the partially destroyed ancient cathedral was restored here (1963). The building, built of white stone, has excellent acoustics, and therefore a classical music festival is held here every year. The highlight of the interior of the temple is a baptismal font carved from pure marble. Address: Skalholti, 801 Selfossi. The monastery is open to visitors every day from morning to evening. The entrance is free.

    Natural Attractions

    Iceland, whose sights abound in natural beauty, has interesting places:

    • Bay of Whales or Hvalfjordur is located a little south of the city of Akranes and is considered the widest fjord in the west. It reaches a length of 30 km, and its average width is 5 km. It got its name because of the whaling taking place here, which was banned at the end of the last century. The longest underwater tunnel on the planet was built under the fjord, 6 km long and 160 m deep below sea level;
    • Thingvellir National Park extends 50 km from the capital. In 2004, it was included in the list of UNESCO sites. The valley is located at the fault of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, where the plates of 2 continents diverge in different directions. Until the end of the XVIII century. Parliamentary meetings were held in this area and laws were promulgated. The park has many lakes, a large number of rare plants and unique local horses;
    • The Blue Lagoon, stretching across the Reykjanes Peninsula in the southwest of the country, is a geothermal pool. Its formation is due to the fact that sea water seeps through the porous lava, and large hot thermal water reservoirs form underground. In addition, there is a huge high-temperature zone with geothermal action. The average temperature in the lagoon reaches +370C.

    Where to go with children

    There are many areas in the ice country where you can go with children.

    Tourists are advised to pay attention to the following places:

    • The Metropolitan Zoo is located on the popular Laugardalur area in the central part of Reykjavik. The bulk of the animals are represented by Icelandic inhabitants, a small number are representatives of the wild world. A unique oceanarium is located here, from where a picturesque panorama of the ocean opens. About 20 thousand aquatic species of fauna live in it. The zoo is connected to the Family Park, which has many attractions and a variety of entertainment.
    • The Saga Museum located at Granagardi 2 will appeal to Viking boys. It tells about the life of the Icelandic people from ancient times. The installed sculptures look realistic, many of them show battles. Adults will have to pay 2000 kroons for entry. Working hours: from 10.00 to 18.00.
    • The water park Lagafellslaug in Mosfellsbaer is located among the mountain landscapes near Reykjavik. For kids, it offers a wide variety of hills, playgrounds and pools. The cost of an adult entrance ticket amounts to 570 kroons, and for children under 17 - 145 crowns. Waterpark works daily.

    What to bring as souvenirs

    from the island state below the following souvenirs:

    1. Sweater of the blade with various patterns and textures It is considered a national symbol of the state. It is made of sheep wool. The product is sold in any Icelandic store.
    2. Modern winter clothes, which was intended first for fishermen, and then began to produce it for all people, can be purchased in specialized points of sale. The most famous brand is 660North.
    3. Music disks of Irish music It is recommended to buy in the Reykjavik Central Store called 12 Tonar.
    4. Hakar - dried shark meat. It is advisable to buy a product in vacuum packaging, you can find it on the metropolitan central market.
    5. Environmentally friendly cosmetics, specialists advise to pay attention to Blue Lagoon products.
    6. Souvenir attributes of Vikings. It can be a wide variety of products - clothes, mugs, ashtrays and magnets.
    7. Decorations with the addition of lava.
    8. Icelandic coins with the image of maritime residents.

    Sights of Iceland are very diverse, so they will make any journey with interesting and informative. In order not to miss unique objects, structures and monuments, it is recommended that you make the most detailed route of the tour in advance.

    Registration of Articles: Lozinsky Oleg

    Video about Iceland

    Eagle and river - Iceland:

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