Honduras. Where is on the world map, photo, capital, attractions, cities, interesting places

Honduras is a small state occupying on the world map an area of ​​112 thousand square kilometers in Central America. Its name has become a common noun in Russian. The location of Honduras and its history make the country attractive for tourism.

The significance of the state in the modern world

The history of this state is closely connected with the discovery of America at the turn of the XV-XVI centuries, when Europeans began to colonize the New World. Christopher Columbus landed on the Atlantic coast of Honduras in 1502, and a few decades later his territory became part of the Spanish Empire.

Honduras appeared on the world map in 1821, when its independence from Spain was proclaimed. However, for a long time the country was part of other state entities - the First Mexican Empire and the Federal Republic of Central America. On October 26, 1838, the declaration of independence of Honduras was adopted.

Honduras has been politically unstable throughout its history. The country fought with its neighbors, Guatemala, El Salvador and Nicaragua, and also experienced more than a dozen civil wars. In 1907, 1911, 1919, 1924 and 1925, the US army invaded Honduras. As a result, the country became a classic "banana republic".

Initially, this term arose specifically to describe Honduras. The fact is that American fruit companies controlled almost all banana plantations in the state, and this industry is the main one in Honduras. Military coups are constantly taking place in the state, one dictator replaced another.

It was not until the 1980s that a stable democratic system of government was established in the country. But even today, Honduras remains an underdeveloped state, where a significant part of the population is employed in the production of agricultural products (primarily bananas and coffee), and per capita GDP is only $ 2,900 per person per year.

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In the pre-Columbian period, Indian tribes lived here, in particular the Aztecs, but their culture was completely destroyed by the colonizers.

The modern population of Honduras mostly speaks Spanish, which is the only official language. More than 90% of the population are mestizos, descendants of mixed marriages of Indians and Spaniards. On the territory of 112,090 sq. km is home to about 8.5 million Hondurans.

The country's flag is a canvas with three horizontal stripes, one white in the middle and two blue at the edges. On the white stripe there are 5 blue stars, which symbolize the 5 states that were part of the Federal Republic of Central America before 1838.

One of the symbols of the country is the red macaw parrot. According to a Honduran legend, this most beautiful bird brings rain and links the world of the living and the dead.

The local currency is called the Honduran lempira, which is divided into 100 centavos. However, tourists can almost everywhere pay with US dollars.

Initially, the capital of the country was the city of Comayagua, which became the administrative center of the Spanish colony in 1537. Here the first constitution of the state was proclaimed. But in 1880 the capital was moved to the city of Tegucigalpa, where it remains to this day.

More than 1.6 million people live in Tegucigalpa. The name of the city is translated from the language of the indigenous Indian population as "Silver Hills", since the capital of Honduras is located in the mountains at an altitude of 1000 meters.

The second largest city in the country is San Pedro Sula, with a population of more than 700,000 people. It is an important transport hub and began to develop rapidly at the beginning of the 20th century, when many banana plantations were established in its vicinity.

The city was founded by the Spaniards in 1536, but due to the fire of 1660, arranged by the French, there are no buildings left from that period of time.

The city of La Ceiba is located on the northern coast of Honduras and is an important tourist center. It is named after the ceiba trees that grow around the city. It hosts an annual festival in honor of Isidore, the patron saint of La Ceiba, which is second in scale only to the festival in Rio de Janeiro.

On the Honduras map, you can find the island of Roatan, located in the Caribbean. This is the main tourist center of the country, especially popularity with divers coming here from all over the world.

Where is Honduras

Honduras on the world map is located in Central America. Coordinates of its capital: 87 ° 12 'Western longitude and 14 ° 4' Northern latitude.

The country has an extended northern coast, which is washed by the Caribbean Sea, and the small southern shore, washed by the Fonseca Bay, through which Honduras has access to the Pacific Ocean. In the south, the country borders with Nicaragua, and in the West with Salvador and Guatemala.

You can get to Honduras by air transport. There are four international airports in the country:

  • thinotine, located in the city of Tegucigalpa;
  • Ramon Willes Morales, located in San Pedro-Sula;
  • Voter in the city of La Ceiba;
  • Juan Manuel Galves, which allows you to get to the island of Roatan.

However, from Russia and CIS countries direct flights to Honduras, and therefore will have to fly with a transfer.

The following states can be used as a transit country:

  • US. In Honduras, you can get from Miami airports, New York, Atlanta and Houston.
  • Spain. The transplant is carried out in the capital, Madrid.
  • Panama. The flight is organized by the Dutch air carrier CLM.
  • Portugal. This route assumes an additional transplant in Cuba, in Havana.

Also from Guatemala, Salvador and Mexico in Honduras each day international buses. In addition, there is an opportunity to get to the country by Pan American highway, renting a car in neighboring countries.

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Weather in Honduras, the best time to travel

Honduras on the world map is located in the tropics area, so it is hot here all year round.

Significant fluctuations in average monthly temperatures are not observed:

Month Average monthly temperature, С°
January22.3
February22.6
March23.2
April24.4
May25.1
June25.8
July26.5
August26.1
September25.4
October24.1
November23.6
December22.2

However, in mountainous areas the temperature can drop to 10°С. At the same time, from May to October, much more precipitation falls than in other months. The exception is the coast of the Gulf of Fonseca, here it rains more often from September to January.

You can visit Honduras at any time of the year, but you should keep an eye on the weather forecast so as not to get into the country during the rampant elements. The fact is that powerful cyclones often form in the Caribbean Sea, which cause devastating hurricanes in Honduras. In 1998, as a result of one of them, more than 8 thousand people died, that is, every thousandth inhabitant of the country.

Sights of Honduras

On the world map, Honduras occupies a place where pre-Columbian civilizations – Maya and Aztecs – lived earlier. Therefore, when visiting the country, you can immediately get acquainted with their culture, and with modern Honduran culture, based on the period of Spanish rule in America.

Religious buildings of Honduras

1. St. Michael's Cathedral. The dominant religion in Honduras is Catholicism, with 56% of the population identifying themselves as atheists. The Cathedral of Saint Michael (Catedral de San Miguel Arcangel) is the main temple of Tegucigalpa. Its construction began in 1765 and continued until 1786. The cathedral was built in the Baroque style. The length of the basilica is 60 meters, and the height of the dome reaches 30 meters.

The church is richly decorated with frescoes, among which four works by José Miguel Gomez stand out:

  • "The Last Supper";
  • "Saint Joseph de Calasans";
  • "Holy Family";
  • "Holy Trinity".

2. Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary. In the first capital of Honduras, Komayagua, there is a Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary (Catedral De La Immaculada Concepcion). He was consecrated in 1715, but construction began in 1634. Here are the oldest tower clock in all new lights. The bell tower opens a beautiful view of the comayt.

The Altar of the Temple was created in 160 by Francisco de Okampo, and after Honduras donated by the King of Spain by Philipp III. In addition, Philip conveyed a crucifixion church created by the sculptor Andres Okampo, and several valuable paintings, which are hanging inside the cathedral. The temple is valid and located at: Main Square, COMAGUA CM2100.

3. Cathedral of St. Peter. The main temple of San Pedro-Sula is St. Peter's Cathedral (Catedral De Pedro Apostol). The construction of the modern church began in 1947 and was completed in 1970. The base of the temple has dimensions of 66 by 35 meters, and the height reaches 27 meters.

From the facade, two towers are located. Left is equipped with a clock, and the right is the bell tower. At the entrance there are three massive wooden doors, which are separated by pairs of columns. The Cathedral is valid and located at: Boulevard Morazan, San Pedro Sula CT1100.

4. The Cathedral of the Holy Rose. In the small town of Santa Rosa de Copan in the west of Honduras, there is a Cathedral of Holy Rose, consecrated in honor of Rosa Limskaya. It was built in 1803 in the style of colonial baroque. The temple is highlighted by its white color, but it was painted in it only in 2000.

The height of its dome is 25 meters, monuments of 4 angels are installed next to it. At the base of the Cathedral, the Latin Cross is, and on the facade, the clock is installed at the level of the third floor. The arch of the temple is maintained by two rows of 4 wooden columns Cathedral, its address: col. Humuya, Calle Barbecho, Casa NO 1150.

Museums of Honduras

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1. National Museum of History of the Republic of Honduras. The most important museum of the country is the Museum of History of the Republic of Honduras. Here you can learn a lot of interesting facts about the struggle of the country's people's independence from the Spanish Empire, the emergence of the state on the world map in 1821, the peripets of the internal struggle for power.

The building in which the museum is currently located is built in 1940 for Wire Gordon, American Multimillionaire. The National Museum became the owner of the building in 1979.

Exhibits are presented in the exposition relating to:

  • of the first settlements of a person in the Honduran land;
  • of certain Mayan and Aztec civilizations;
  • of the colonial period;
  • The Independence Period of Honduras.

We should also note the rich collections of maps and weapons, including the sword of General Shatruch. The most valuable exhibit is the original Act of Independence of Honduras. Also on the ground floor there are rooms reserved for natural sciences. Barrio Abajo Calle El Telegrafo, Tegucigalpa FM1100.

2. Military History Museum. The Military History Museum of Honduras is very popular with locals. The building in which the museum is located was erected in 1592 and originally served as a monastery. However, in 1828, the monks were evicted from here and a barracks for the military was created on this territory. The museum in the building was placed in 1983.

Here you can see both the weapons of the period of the colonization of America and the War of the Spanish Colonies for Independence, as well as military equipment of the 20th century. The Apache helicopter is very popular, and visitors are allowed to sit in the pilot's seat. The entrance ticket will cost $7. The address of the museum is Barrio Buenos Aires, Tegucigalpa FM1100.

3. National Gallery of Art. Art lovers should definitely visit the National Gallery of Art in Tegucigalpa. It is located in the building of the former monastery of Our Lady of Mercy, which was built in 1654. In the middle of the 19th century, the building was transferred to the university, which occupied it until the creation of the National Gallery of Art in 1968.

The first hall is dedicated to the rock art of primitive people. There are copies of images from the caves of Thalanga, Yaguaquir, Paraiso. In addition to frescoes, petroglyphs are presented - one of the forms of primitive art.

The second room displays sculptures from the pre-Columbian period. There are many exhibits from Copan, an ancient city that was abandoned by the Mayan civilization as early as the 9th century. The museum's collection includes ancient whistles that copy the sounds of various birds, plates, glasses and other utensils.

The third room is dedicated to the painting of the colonial period. Basically, the paintings of this time have a religious content and were intended to spread the Catholic faith in the territory of Honduras. Many of these exhibits previously belonged to monasteries and temples, but were transferred to the state.

In addition, the National Gallery of Art exhibits jewelry, most of which have also been removed from churches. Of particular cultural importance is the monstrance kept here, made of silver, in which precious stones are inlaid.

Periodically, the gallery hosts exhibitions of contemporary artists. Ticket price is $12, museums are located at Boulevard Juan Pablo II | Marriott Tegucigalpa, Tegucigalpa FM1100.

4. National Art Gallery. The National Art Gallery is located in San Pedro Sula. Unlike the gallery in the country's capital, the local exposition is devoted more to contemporary art. The museum is divided into two sections, the first exhibits paintings, and the second - sculpture.

A special pride of the gallery is the numismatic hall, which contains a unique collection of coins. All coins used on the territory of Honduras since the discovery of America are presented, but there are also copies of the pre-Columbian period. The museum is located at Anillo Perifrrico Centro Comercial Las Hadas, Tegucigalpa FM1100, entrance fee is $6.

Architectural buildings and monuments in Honduras

1. The ruins of the city of Copan. The most important architectural object on the territory of Honduras, which is its calling card and is of world importance, is the ruins of the city of Copan. It was founded by the Maya civilization in the 3rd century BC, reached its dawn in the 7th-8th centuries, but was already abandoned in the 9th. Archaeologists call Copan "Athens of the ancient Maya", its area is 24 square meters. km.

The main attraction of Honduras is the ruins of the city of Copan

Here is the “hieroglyphic staircase”, which is a huge inscription that describes the history cities. The staircase consisted of 63 steps, but only 15 of them have survived. The destroyed steps were restored, but the inscriptions on them were lost forever. The height of the stairs is 21 meters, and this is the largest inscription that remains from the Mayan civilization.

In the archaeological reserve, you can find many step pyramids, as well as sculptures depicting people and animals. The stone block, which has the shape of a square, attracts attention. Opposite each side are 4 figures of the rulers of Kopan.

The largest structure in these ruins is the Temple of the Sun. It is in excellent condition, as it was buried under the ruins of other buildings. All buildings together form a giant sundial. Tourist buses run to Copan from San Pedro Sula, a one-day tour will cost $45.

2. San Fernando Fortress. In the city of Omoa, which is located on the Atlantic coast of Honduras, there is a fortress of San Fernando. It was built in 1756-1775 by the Spaniards, who, with its help, wanted to protect the coast of their colony from pirate attacks. However, the garrison did not have to fight with the pirates, they never attacked the fort.

In October 1779, the Fort was captured by the British, as Spain performed on the US side for American independence. But a month later the fortress was repulsed by the Spaniards. In August 1853, the fighting between Guatemala and Honduras was conducted here. In 1870, the country's government decided to use the Fort as a prison, but after a while they were abandoned.

In 1959, the fortress was restored as a tourist object. Fort San Fernando is the largest in all Central America. You can visit it on weekdays from 8-00 to 16-00, and on Saturday and Sunday from 9-00 to 17-00. The cost of the excursion is $ 16.

3. Copies of Maya buildings in La Concordia Park. On the map of the capital of Honduras there is a place where you can see all the buildings of Maya in the country, however, in a reduced form. In La Concordia Park, their copies are presented. It can also be seen from other countries of the world, for example, from the town of Tikal, located in Guatemala. Free admission. Located a park at 9a Calle, Tegucigalpa FM1100.

Natural attractions of Honduras

1. Pico Bonito National Park. 3 km from La Sebo is located Pico Bonito National Park, which is a visiting card of the city. It is named in honor of the mountain located around 2500 meters high. The park was founded in 1987 and covers an area of ​​1073 square meters. km. Relief Mountain Park, so here you can enjoy the views of mountain rivers and waterfalls.

The slopes of the mountains are covered with jungle. Especially a lot in the park of different types of butterflies, there is even a special nursery for them, which is the largest in all Central America. Monkeys, wild boars, jaguars, mountain lions dwell in Pico Bonito. Be sure to take a conductor with you, as you can get lost in the park. The cost of the entrance ticket is $ 15.

2. National Park of La Tigger. The first reserve created on the territory of Honduras became founded in 1980 by the National Park of La Tigger. Its area is 238 square meters. km. There are eight sightseeing routes, one of which is suitable for family walks, and only people with excellent physical training will be able to use others.

From close distance it is possible to see monkeys, as they are not afraid of people. We published you can observe the pum and armor. Special pride of the park - Bird Ketsal, which is highlighted by its bright color. Inhabited Indian tribes believed here sacred.

La Tigger Park near the village of El Rosario at an altitude of 1,700 meters, 22 km from Tegucigalpa. Tourists can visit it daily from 8-00 to 17-00. The cost of the entrance ticket is $ 10.

3. Jeanette Cauas National Park. Jeanette Cauas National Park is located on the Caribbean coast. Its area reaches 781 sq. km, making it the second largest in Honduras. The park was founded in 1988.

Three types of ecological systems can be seen in the park at once:

  • rainforests;
  • wetlands;
  • mangroves.

The pearl of the park is the Mikos lagoon, considered the most beautiful place in all of Honduras. Dolphins, manatees and several five species of turtles swim in the waters washing the coast of the park. Jeanette Cauas is located in the vicinity of the city of Tela, from where buses run to the park. The cost of the entrance ticket is $15.

Holidays in Honduras

Honduras is an extremely poor country, and therefore the prices are very low.

Shopping in Honduras

Diamonds International Roatan jewelry store is located on the island of Roatan. The highlight of the store is the availability of jewelry made in the Mayan style. You can also buy cheap watches here.

Diamonds International is open weekdays from 7 am to 5 pm, its address is Roatan Cruise Ship Terminal, Mahogany Bay, Roatan IB3100. The cheapest jewelry that does not contain precious metals and stones will cost about $50.

In Roatan, you can also find a specialized shop selling rum. It is called the Roatan Rum Company and is next to a local rum factory. Tourists are offered a special program for tasting rum drinks.

The cost of one bottle starts from $5. The store is open all days of the week except Sunday. Working hours: from 9-00 to 17-00. Store address: One Pirates Bluff, Roatan IB3100.

Another store on Roatan Island is located on the territory of a chocolate factory and is called The Roatan Chocolate Factory. Here you can buy not only chocolate and coffee of various varieties, but also observe the process of their production from cocoa beans.

From Monday to Saturday, the store is open from 7:30 to 18:00, and on Sundays from 8:00 to 17:00. Store address: Main Street, West End, Roatan IB3108. The cheapest sweets will cost $ 0.5 here. There are also special gift sets that will be great souvenirs.

Interesting places for recreation with children

1. Water park. Zizima Eco Water Park is located in San Pedro Sula. It is better to set aside a whole day to visit it. It opens daily at 9:00 and is open until 21:00. There are both regular pools of standard depth and shallow children's pools. There are several attractions, the height of the greatest is 22 meters.

There are cafes on the territory where you can have a cheap snack. The cost of the entrance ticket is $ 30, there is a water park at KM 3, Autopista Salida A La Lima, San Pedro Sula CT1100.

2. The Institute of Marine Science is located in the North-West of the Island of the same name and founded in 1989. Here you can not only look at dolphins, including unique white-eyed aphalins, but also swim and play along with them.

The entrance ticket costs only $ 8, and half an hour in the pool with dolphins will cost $ 35. The Institute works on weekdays from 8-30 to 19-00, and on weekends from 8-00 to 20-00. You can find it on the beach Sandy Bay.

3. Zoo. Near the city of Santa Cruz de Johoa is the Joya Grande Zoo Y Eco Parque Zoo. Here you can see the inhabitants of the American jungle from close range: Tigers and Lviv, Monkeys, Zebras.

Some animals, including predators, can be fed. There is also a zone allocated for a contact zoo. For children, the entrance ticket will cost $ 8, and he will cost an adult at $ 13. From the city center there is a free bus to the zoo.

Activities in Honduras

1. Diving. Lovers of snorkeling should pay attention to the island of Roatan, located in the Caribbean. Next to him is the Meso-American barrier reef, which is only inferior to the Australian barrier reef. In the sea you can see a lot of turtles and octopuses, and also sank the ship several years ago.

Exit to the sea is carried out with yachts or boats, on which you can sit on the beaches of West End and West Bay. The cost of renting equipment - 10 dollars a day, another $ 3 will have to pay for a place in the boat. For a fee, some diving centers will offer you to plunge along with sharks (in a protective cell), it will cost $ 30.

2. Parasailing. The best beach on the continental part of Honduras is El Malecon De La Ceiba, which is located in La Seiba. There are many jellyfish in coastal waters, there is an opportunity to engage in parasailing (flying over the water on a parachute attached to the category). You can also go through surfing. A visit to the beach is free, but 2 $ will have to pay for the lesion.

3. Alloy on canoe. In the city of Body, Garifuna Tours organizes a fusion on a canoe in the local river flowing among the jungle. The cost of participation of one person is $ 45. The journey will take more than 3 hours, so you should count your strength. On the shore you can have a snack in local cafes. The company's office is located at Avenida Guatemala, Calle 9, 31301.

Excursions in Honduras

On the central square of Tegucigalpa, tourists are recruited every hour for a bus tour of the capital. The cost is $8.

The tour lasts 3-3.5 hours and includes the following stops:

  • the central square of the city, a visit to the monument to Francisco Morazan;
  • Church of Iglesia de San Francisco;
  • Rue Caye-Péatonal;
  • National Theater of Manuel Bonilla;
  • Cathedral of Saint Michael (Catedral de San Miguel Arcangel);
  • La Concordia Park;
  • Cristo del Picaccio monument.

Itinerary for exploring Honduras on your own

The best place to start your trip to Honduras is from the country's capital, the city of Tegucigalpa.

Route:

  • The first day should be spent on a sightseeing tour of the city (bus or walking), and in the evening you can get acquainted with the local restaurant with national cuisine.

  • The second day can be devoted to visiting the Museum of the History of the Republic and the National Gallery of Art, and in the afternoon it is worth going to the nearby the country's first capital, Comayagua.
  • In the morning of the next day - moving to the second city of the country, San Pedro Sula. The day will go on a sightseeing tour and a visit to the local art gallery.
  • The fourth day should be spent entirely on visiting the ruins of Copan, the main attraction of the country.

  • Then you can move to La Ceiba. It will take one day to get to know the city.
  • On the sixth day, it is worth visiting the Pico Bonito National Park.
  • In the evening, you can take a ferry and end up on the island of Roatan at night, where you can spend the rest of your vacation.

On Roatan, you should definitely visit the Institute of Marine Science, and spend the rest of the time relaxing on the beach, diving, boat trips on a boat. The optimal time to spend on a vacation on the island is 6-7 days. After that, you can fly home.

Hotels in Honduras

In Honduras you can find a hotel for every budget:

  • For a luxury holiday on Roatan we can recommend the Blue Ocean Reef Resort 5 *. It is located on the Caribbean coast. Clients are offered a choice of one of 11 villas, which can have 1, 2 or 3 bedrooms. Each villa has its own kitchen, TV, air conditioning and other amenities. Visitors are offered diving and massage, has its own zoo and 2 restaurants. The white sand beach is 700 meters long and overlooks the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef. The cost of one day in a single villa is $230. Hotel address: Six Huts, First Bight, French Harbor, Roatan.
  • For a budget holiday, we can recommend Clarion Hotel Real Tegucigalpa 3 *, located in the capital of the country at Col. Alameda Calle Principal Juan Pablo II, Tegucigalpa. It is located 6 km from the airport. There is free Wi-Fi, free breakfast, gym, restaurant and bar. The hotel has 167 rooms in total. There are rooms for single and double rooms, as well as 10 family rooms. One night in a single room will cost $45.

How to get around Honduras

In addition to air communication, the country has a railway and intercity buses, buses should be preferred.

The cost of the most popular routes is as follows:

  • Tegucigalpa - Comayagua: $2;
  • Tegucigalpa - San Pedro Sula: $5;
  • San Pedro Sula - Copan: $7.

There is also a taxi, but it will cost two or three times more. It is best to fly to Roatan Island by plane from the capital of the country, the ticket costs $70, but you can also use the ferry departing from La Ceiba ($3).

Honduras is a great place for an eco-tourist and outdoor activities, as well as for getting to know the culture of the ancient Mayan and Aztec Indian civilizations.

On the world map, the country is located in one of the sunniest regions of the planet, so its climate will not leave anyone indifferent.

Article design: Svetlana Ovsyanikova

Video review of Honduras sights

Honduras sights: