Hawaii - the capital of the state of the United States. Photo, where are the islands, airport, map, hotels, attractions, tours to rest

Hawaiian Islands are an archipelago consisting more than 100 different p The size of the islands in the water area of ​​the Pacific, the total length of which is more than 2,400 km. All of them have volcanic origin. A significant part of the islands whose beauty can not be fully conveyed in the 50th state of the United States.

The value of the islands in the modern world

Hawaii appeared millions of years ago as a result of tectonic processes in the earth's crust. As a result of the eruption, the archipelago appeared in the heart of the ocean, from its fault of the hot lava. These islands can be called the most remote from the continent.

The capital of Hawaii is the only major city of Honolulu, located on the third largest island of the archipelago, is an administrative, governmental and tourist center. It is located on Oahu Island and takes almost half of the whole area, making it the most densely populated.

The second largest city is Hilo, located on the Big Island. Its population is only 40,000 people, which is not much at all, if compared with the capital, where the number of more than 700,000 people.

To date, Hawaii plays an important role, the so-called transportation hub paths passing between the United States and some countries, for example, Canada, Australia, as well as Eastern Asia.

Where Hawaii is located

Hawaii and the nearest continent shared 3860 km. None of the islands in the world are no longer located from the mainland so far.

The archipelago is a variety of vertices hidden by the waters of the ocean, the highest mountain range in the world, if measured from its base. They can be found on the geographic map on the coordinates of 1600 s. And 200 S. Sh., extended from the North-West to the southeast of the northern hemisphere.

Getting to Hawaii is the easiest all flights from Los Angeles or San Francisco, as well as on ocean liners, but it will take much longer. With neighboring islands from the capital, air flights are carried out by interconnection flights.

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Honolulu International Airport, an annual serving several tens of millions of people, is one of the most loaded throughout America. In addition, one of his runways is the first in the world fully built on the water.

Weather Hawaii, the best time to travel

Comfortable, without exhausting heat, the mild climate of the Hawaiian Islands is not divided into seasons. Is that from January to March the thermometer column falls for several degrees. The average air temperature is 250 s, and at the hottest month does not exceed 320 C. This makes them attractive for tourists all year round.

However, the weather in the Western and eastern parts of the islands can be very different. The difference is usually linked. This is explained by the fact that very often the wind from the east brings clouds, which, crashed into the mountains, fall out with precipitation. The rainy month here is considered February.

As for the Western side, it is not characteristic of it for it at all. Consequently, when planning a trip, the features of the geographical location of the resort should be considered.

Sights of Hawaii

Hawaii, photos of which are similar to extraordinary paradise corners, and in fact unique in many ways. Most of the Flora and Fauna residents inhabiting here are impossible to meet anymore in any edge of the globe. In addition, each of the islands is also unique in its own way, and each of them surprises with their sights.

The cult facilities of Hawaii

The Valley of the temples on the island of Oahu, located deeply in lush tropical forests, is the name "Hidden Pearl". Here, on the background of the mountains, the main attraction is built - Buddhist Temple Betho-in.

Translated the name means "Church of Equality". He was erected to celebrate the centenary anniversary of the first Japanese immigrants, without a single nail, and is an accurate copy of what was built in Japan.

On the territory of the temple you can meet peacocks, black swans are swimming in the garden ponds and decorative types of fish. And before entering the temple itself, it is customary to call in the bell weighing nearby. This tradition is considered a sign of happiness and longevity.

The First Christian Church, erected from the stone, is considered to be Cavaihao. Its uniqueness is that blocks from corals mined from the bottom of the ocean depths were used as construction materials, and the construction itself took the entire 5 years.

Currently, the temple is attributed to the national historical monument and is the status of the historical heritage of Oahu Island. The Kauai Hindu Monastery is popular with many fans of Eastern culture and Hindu pilgrims who come to visit it, and also devote themselves to spiritual practice, yoga and meditation.

The monks living in it lead a fairly strict lifestyle, daily committing religious cults and rites, do farms and are engaged in the study of philosophy and metaphysics.

Museums of Hawaii

Already at landing at the airport of the city of Honolulu, you can see cruisers and aircraft carriers of the United States, standing on the raid in Pearl Harbor. Of course, the tourist does not get there, but you can visit its historical part.

First, in the museum complex, it is proposed to descend to the submarine the times of World War II, and then on a special boat send to the memorial dedicated to the dead Americans, which is located near the Japanese flooded in 1941 Linkar Arizona.

At the end of the excursion, you can also visit the airfield and truly impressive Linkor Missouri. Its length is 271 meters, which makes it longer than the Titanic itself, and the instrument of the main caliber is simply giant sizes. It was on board Missouri in 1945 an act of the surrender of Japan was signed.

The Bishop Historical Museum, founded at the end of the 19th century, has more than 24 million exhibits that carry cultural, historical and natural value.

more than two million of them are the results of scientific research and various artifacts, allowing close to get acquainted with the history and culture of the Hawaiian Islands since the peoples of Polynesia to the present day.

Address: about. Oahu, Honolulu, 1525 Bernice St.
Visit's cost: $ 20
Opening hours: Mon, CP-Sun - from 9:00 to 17:00

Such a museum is also on the island of Kauai, describing his history in detail. In addition to the permanent collection of artistic heritage and historical monuments dedicated to indigenous people, various temporary exhibitions are regularly held at the museum.

Address: about. Kauai, Lichua, 4428 Rice St.
Opening hours: Mon-Sat - from 9:00 to 16:00

Architectural facilities and monuments of Hawaii

The Palace of Iolan is notable for the fact that this is the only royal palace used by the Hawaiian King David Kalakaua and his wife as a residence. At the time of its construction, in 1882, it differed from other palaces by the presence of all modern amenities, such as electricity, running water and telephone.

After the construction of the new Capitol, the palace became available to visitors as a museum and a National Historic Landmark.

Address: o. Oahu, Honolulu, 364 South King St.
the cost of visiting: children (5-12 years old) - from $3 to $6;

adult - from $14.75 to $21.75

opening hours: Mon-Sat — from 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.

The modern Capitol building houses the entire legislature of the state. The Senate and the House of Representatives meet here.

The architecture of the building symbolizes the island itself: its roof is shaped like a volcano crater, and the large decorative pool located around it is the Pacific Ocean washing it. And above the entrance to the parliament hangs a large stone seal, a copy of the one that made Hawaii the 50th state of America.

From 1926 and for a long time, the tallest building in Hawaii was the Aloha Tower. Its construction required a huge, by the standards of that time, amount of money. Serving as a beacon, it was also used to warn the public about fires and tsunamis. Now the tower is still an architectural hallmark of the city.

Huge bronze clocks, weighing 7 tons each, are located on all four sides of the tower, and magnificent views of the harbor open from the observation deck on the tenth floor.

Address: o. Oahu, Honolulu, Honolulu Harbor
opening hours: daily from 8:00 to 10:00
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Natural Attractions of Hawaii

Hawaii, photographs of which attract tourists mainly because of their fantastic landscapes and natural landscapes, which are actually of extraordinary beauty.

Each of the eight main islands is amazing in its own way. What is the most active volcano in the world, Kialuea, located in the National Park. In the past few decades, it has been constantly erupting, causing concern to local residents and scientists. In the Aboriginal language, its name means "spread out".[149)

Kalyua volcano (Hawaii) during the eruption attracts extreme surfers

volcano over the system of cracks and faults, the depth of which is more than 60 kilometers. During its existence, he had a huge number of destruction. Slowly moving, Lava left a terrible footprint, destroying everything in his path.

Hawaii, photos of which are often reminded by the scenery created using computer graphics, sometimes allow themselves to feel like a fantastic film hero. For example, picturesque landscapes of Manoa waterfalls park in Honolulu are very similar to frames from the k / f "Avatar" and "Jumanji."

Park route, passes along the river, which is in several places and forms waterfalls, through the magnificent vegetation of the rainforest, bamboo forests and giant exotic plants.

Gulf of Hunauma - unique, one of the most visited natural reserves on Oahu Island. It is located in the crater of the extinct volcano near the Vaikiki district.

More than a million tourists arrive here every year here admire His amazing beauty. A rich underwater world, which has about 500 species of exotic fish and sea turtles, is very famous among snoring lovers.

The cost of visiting: Children under 13 - free of charge;

Adult - $ 7.50

Opening hours: Mon, CP-Sun - from 6:00

Shopping in Hawaii

Perhaps the most popular shopping center on Oahu Island is Ala Moana Center. Four floors of the open shopping center accommodate about 300 stores of various products from clothes and shoes to household appliances and electronics.

Their price depends on the manufacturer and quality. Local production goods are somewhat cheaper than luxury brands, however, during the sales period, you can buy good quality things at quite affordable prices.

Address: about. Oahu, Honolulu, 1450 Ala Moana Blvd.
Opening hours: ​​Mon-Sat - from 9:30 to 21:00;

Sun - from 10:00 to 19:00

for souvenirs, traditional goods and crafts should go to the market of International Marketplace, located in the center of Vaikiki district. Local artisans offer tourists to acquire gifts, decorations, various works and handmade products, as well as real Hawaiian clothes.

Address: about. Oahu, Honolulu, 2330 Kalakaua Ave.
Opening hours: Daily from 10:00 to 21:00

Another of the most visited shopping centers visited in Hawaii is Royal Hawaiian Center. It consists of three buildings where you can dedicate the time not only shopping, but also free cultural events, such as viewing the performances of musical and dance ensembles, or just dine in a cafe.

Address: about. Oahu, Honolulu, 2201 Kalakaua Ave.
Opening hours: daily from 10:00 to 22:00

Interesting places to relax with children

Zoo in Honolulu is a unique collection of about a thousand representatives of the animal world populated on the territory of 17 hectares. A quarter of representatives of flora and fauna are unique and are not found anywhere else.

The zoo combines several conditionally separated areas resembling the nature of the Pacific Islands, Asian rainforest and African savanna. This is an amazing place children may not just visit, but also use the proposed Zoolgera program.

Address: about. Oahu, Honolulu, 151kapahulu Ave.
Visiting: Adult - $ 19;

Children (up to 12 years) - 11 $

Opening hours: from 9:00 to 16:30

Get acquainted with the inhabitants of the sea depths in the park of oceanic animals Sea Life Park Hawaii. Visitors have the opportunity not only to look at them, but also swim along with dolphins, skates or sharks, thereby having a closer to the idea of ​​habitable conditions in the wild.

Address: about. Oahu, Vainamalo, 41-202 Kalanianaole Hwy.
Visit's cost: from $ 20 to 120 $
: from 10:30 to 17:00

Even with children in Hawaii, you can visit the huge plantation of pineapple, located in the form of the largest in The world of labyrinth under the open sky. It belongs to the largest manufacturer of fresh vegetables and fruits and has 14,000 species of plants planted on an area of ​​1.2 hectares of land.

The territory runs the ancient English locomotive, released back in 1870, where you can ride and listen to interesting stories about growing fruit plants in ancient times.

Address: about. Oahu, 44-1550 Kamehameha Hwy.
Cost of visits: Children 4-12 years old - from $ 4 to $ 6.50;

Adults - from $ 4 to $ 8.50

Opening hours: from 9:00 to 17: 30

Activities in Hawaii

Big Island offers to visit Subarctic mountain peaks, from where you can admire the stars, ancient Hawaiian hidden places, hiking around the rough terrain of the forgotten valleys and many hypnotizing beautiful beaches from Belopesca to green and black coated with stones of frozen lava.

Perhaps the most popular water entertainment in Hawaii is surfing, because this sport originated here. Its distribution began at the turn of the 19/20s.

Huge waves - a threat to sailors and a dream for surfingists. When in Hawaii, ships are in ports, for athletes comes the most beloved time. Although the most desperate of them conquer storm waves, for mass lovers there is a height limit - 15 meters.

All Hawaiian beaches are suitable for surfing, but a big island is greater popular with his lovers, because ordinary tourists there, relatively, not much.

The second largest island Maui love, mainly by professionals. Thanks to the location between two volcanoes, a strong wind is often created here.

International Surfing Competitions is held on Oahu Island. His coast, with the exception of the southwestern, where Pearl Harbor Bay is located, ideal for both lovers swim on the board and the most advanced athletes.

Hawaii photos are often associated with another popular water entertainment - diving. The most successful for him is the island of Maui, as well as located near the small islands of Cacholaw, Moloka and Lana.

Warm transparent waters of the Hawaiian Paradise all-year attract diving lovers. Hunters for impressions wishing to immerse themselves with aqualling may watch the sea inhabitants, explore the sunken ships, flooded crater volcanoes and lava caves, overgrown with coral gardens. Cost for 2 dives - from $ 99, equipment rental will cost $ 25.

Excursions in Hawaii

Adventure lovers, for sure, will not leave an indifferent helicopter tour of the islands, which allows them to admire their majestic beauty from a bird's-eye view.

Helicopter tours have become more and more popular in recent years and are organized by various companies on the islands of Oahu, the Big Island, Kauai and Maui. The relative high cost for them is quite justified and depends on the duration and program of the tour. The minimum price for an hour of helicopter ride is $100.

The beauty of the Hawaiian Islands can be enjoyed not only from their shore or from a height, but also from the luxury cruise liners.

Most of the companies that organize relevant tours allow you to get acquainted with the concept of cruises and, having independently chosen the desired route, use online booking without leaving home. The cost is also calculated individually, depending on the route, the duration of the trip and the type of liner.

Itinerary for exploring Hawaii on your own

Hawaii, the photos of which are successful at any time of the year, can only be fully explored over a long period of time. However, if you plan the route correctly, you can visit many of their main attractions in a short period of time.

  1. 1-2 days. After a long, grueling flight, the first couple of days can be devoted to checking into a hotel, acclimatizing, and simply charging with warm tropical air with a touch of happiness.
  2. 3rd day. You should start your acquaintance with Hawaii from its capital - Honolulu. You can visit the main places of the city on your own, or by purchasing a sightseeing tour. It is best to end the walk at the top of the volcano, where panoramic views open up from a bird's eye view.
  3. 4 days. A submarine tour gives tourists the opportunity to observe underwater inhabitants at arm's length and learn a lot about corals growing on the ocean floor.
  4. Day 5. Taking a short trip around the island, you can visit coffee and pineapple plantations, visit the most famous beach among surfers, and get acquainted with giant sea turtles.
  5. Day 6. Feel like an Indiana Jones or Jurassic Park movie in the lush tropical jungles of the heart of the island.
  6. 7 days. One should set off for the big island early in the morning. A visit to the Volcanoes National Park, Queen Liliokalani Park, Akaka Falls and Macadamia Nut Plantation can be combined in one day, making it extremely saturated with emotions.
  7. Day 8. After checking out of the hotel, from the Honolulu airport, you should go to the island of Maui, where you will also make a sightseeing trip along it, after which you will return to the mainland from here.

The rest of the time, if desired, you can devote to shopping and relaxing on beautiful beaches.

Hotels in Hawaii

Not far from the main attractions of Honolulu, on the shores of the famous Moana Beach, there is a 4-star hotel Hawaii Prinse Waikiki. Those who wish to stay in it can take advantage of a wide range of services to make their stay as comfortable as possible.

The concept of the hotel includes bars and restaurants, a spa, a fitness center, a swimming pool, souvenir shops, transfer services, various entertainment and facilities for people with disabilities.

The cost of double rooms with breakfast included varies from 150,000 to 420,000 rubles per week.

One of the best options for staying on the Big Island is the Aston Kona By The Sea hotel, which is located on the very shores of the Pacific Ocean. A luxury room equipped with a kitchen, two bedrooms and a tropical-style interior will cost about 100,000 rubles per week of stay.

Perhaps the smallest budget hostel on the island of Maui, in addition to cost, has a lot of other advantages. Guests are offered both a place in common rooms and private single and double rooms, free Wi-Fi and a delicious breakfast. The cost of one bed is only 15,000 rubles.

How to get around Hawaii

Since the ferry is considered a polluting form of transport by Hawaiians, the only way to travel from island to island is by small aircraft. There are several inter-island flights from the airports daily.

It cannot be said that public transport is well developed on the islands themselves, so the most convenient way to get around them, in addition to a taxi, is probably by rented car.

Hawaii is not just pictures of exotic beaches, menacing volcanoes and tropical jungles. This is an unusual fusion of cultures and religions, the influence of east and west, ancient traditions and modernity.

Article design: Vladimir the Great

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