Guadeloupe. Where is it on the world map, photo, capital, sights, rest

Guadeloupe is a small country, it is a region and department of France. Back in 300 BC. the first settlement appeared on the world map in this place, the Arawak Indian people, who were engaged in agriculture and fishing. Then, in the 8th century, warlike Caribs appeared in these places, they evicted the first Arawak settlers from their lands and called this place Karukera, that is, "the island of beautiful waters."

In November 1493, the ships of Christopher Columbus moored to the shores of the island, who became the first European to discover this island for his descendants. Columbus declared that the islands were under the patronage of the Madonna of Guadalupe. After 142 years, the French came here. They destroyed more than half of the local population, organized sugar plantations and brought thousands of slaves here from Africa.

In the 18th century, the British became the owners of the island for a short time, but soon they had to return the island to the French. The French gained a foothold on the island in 1674. During the reign of Napoleon, a slave uprising broke out on the island, which was brutally suppressed by government troops, who did not spare either the rebellious slaves or their families.

In 1805, the French Civil Code was introduced on the island of Guadeloupe. Subsequently, the British made another attempt to seize foreign territory, but this time they failed. Until 1816, the clash between France and Great Britain continued over this island.

In the end, this fight ended in favor of the French. In 1848 slavery was abolished. The permanent power of the colonialists prevented the development of the island, which for centuries focused only on the agricultural sector associated with the production of fruits, cereals and sugar. In more recent times, the tourism business has been added to the island's economy. In 1946, Guadeloupe received the status of an "overseas department" of France, and in 1974 - an overseas region.

The importance of Guadeloupe in the modern world

Guadeloupe is located in the eastern region of the Caribbean Sea, among the Lesser Antilles. Guadeloupe is a French overseas possession in the West Indies. It is an archipelago with picturesque nature, which includes two large islands and a large number of small areas of land that surround it.

The island is home to vibrant tropical vegetation, and the coastal waters are home to a wide variety of marine life. Since ancient times, this land has been inhabited by local people, but today it is part of a European state, where people come to relax from all over the world.

In 1635, the French captured the island for agriculture, where slaves brought from Africa acted as workers. In 1674, Guadeloupe became the property of France and finally passed into possession in 1763 after battles with the British.

In 1946 it became a department of documents in France. Covering an area of ​​1,628 km², it is located on the islands of Basse-Terre and Grande-Terre, and the smaller islands of Marie-Galante, Les Saintes, La Desirates and Petite-Terre.

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The area of ​​Guadeloupe exceeds 1600 square kilometers. The population is approximately 400,000 people. The most common languages ​​are French, Creole, part of the population uses English.

The national currency of Guadeloupe is the Euro, but in some places American dollars are also paid. Local time is eight hours behind Moscow time. The clock does not change between winter and summer time. The time zone is UTC - 4. The telephone code of the country is +590.

The capital, or rather the administrative center today is the city of Basse-Terre with a population of 11 thousand people. Another popular city is Pointe-a-Pitre with a population of 15 thousand people.

The executive authority in Guadeloupe is the prefecture, headed by the prefect, who governs the region, as well as local self-government bodies, the General Council, the Regional Council. The prefect is appointed by the French government. Otherwise, Guadeloupe is recognized as an independent department in French territory.

The main sectors of the island's economy are agriculture, fishing and cattle breeding. Such products as sugar, bananas, coffee, rum, cocoa, construction materials, textiles are exported. Food products and fuel are imported to Guadeloupe from abroad. The vast majority of the inhabitants of the archipelago is black (about 90%). The rest of the islanders include Indians, Chinese, Arabs and, oddly enough, Europeans.

The animal world is characterized by extreme poverty, which is inhabited mainly by birds, lizards, and small rodents. But the vegetation of the island is unusually rich.

Unfortunately, the exceptional nature of the island from an ecological point of view is getting worse every year due to the ongoing deforestation. The island as a whole has a rather low standard of living. However, education based on French law is traditionally at a high level.

The main religion professed by the inhabitants of the island is Catholicism, although there are followers of other religious denominations, such as Protestants and Hindus. In addition, there are local communities that adhere to African pagan traditions and rituals.

Where is Guadeloupe

Guadeloupe on the world map is located in the Western Hemisphere, in the east of the Caribbean Sea, bordering the Dominican Republic and Antigua and Barbuda. You can get there by air, through the only international airport Pointe-a-Pitre Reze on the island of Grande Terre. Other islands also have airports with regional flights.

La Desirade Airport is located in the city of the same name and accepts only domestic flights. The same airports include Basse-Terre, Saint-Francois, Terre-de-Bas and Les Saintes (the city of Terre-de-Haut).

According to experts, the best time for tourists is from December to May. Despite the fact that the air temperature is the same +25° due to the tropical climate and winds, from August to November there is a high probability of tropical hurricanes with a high humidity of 85%. At this time, it can rain for 10 days.

The hottest months are from March to May from +29-30°C, from June to August +30-31°C, from December to February the average daily temperature can be around +22°C, which creates comfortable conditions for vacationers. The average rainfall is from 600 mm to 2000 mm, depending on the location.

Air temperature in Guadeloupe
March-May May-August August-December December-March
+29-30°С+30-31°С+30-31°С+29°С

Guadeloupe Attractions

Guadeloupe is an island, but even there there are attractions that acquaint tourists with the history and life of local residents. Churches, temples, museums, architectural buildings and monuments can be seen on each of the islands.

The main territory of the archipelago is divided into two islands: Basse-Terre and Grande-Terre. These islands are connected to each other with a natural maintenance jumper, which is a small area of ​​sushi, washed by the waters of two straits. Bas-ter Island has a mountainous surface and a large amount of volcanic rock.

This island is distinguished by the presence of the acting volcano sfriene (1467 m), the highest in the region. The second island of Grand Ter is a flat plateau, which includes limestone and volcanic tuffs. Both islands shared the name of Guadeloupe Island, which has volcanic origins.

The administrative structure of the overseas ownership of France is characterized by division into two districts: bass ter and Pointe-A-Pitr. The BAS-ter district includes 17 cantons and 18 communes, in the second round of cantons and communes, respectively, 23 and 14. The capital of the Department, its administrative center, is the city of Bas Ter, which has the status of the main seaport.

The city of Pointe-A-Pitre is recognized as a resort center, which has a developed tourist infrastructure. In addition, it is the largest city and economic center of the territory. The central part of the island attracts an unfolded painting site, which is declared UNESCO as a biosphere reserve.

It stretches from the North-West to the southeast, struck by indescribable tropical landscapes and amazing majestic waterfalls.

The cult facilities of Guadeloupe

The Church of St. Jean-Batista is located at 97160 Le Moule in the city of Les on Bass Terle. It was built for 25 years and was completed in 1850. In 1978, they defined as a historical monument, made of sandstone and limestone with four columns at the entrance and two chapels surrounding the church.

Church of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul is located in the city of Pointe-A-Pitr at Place De La Victoire. The largest religious construction in this city, built in 1807. In 1843, it was destroyed due to an earthquake, and only in 1867 rebuilt. The church is open every day and visit is possible from 5:30 to 12:30.

The Cathedral of Notre Dame de Guadeloupe is located on the island of Bas-Ter at Place Bébian, erected in 1736, is the residence of the diocese. Baroque Cathedral, built from volcanic stone and decorated with the statues of saints.

Hindu Church of Sarasvati David Wood in the city of Les Mes is located at David Wood-Route de Gardel. He is the main temple for representatives of this religion in the country. Built in 1989, opened for each willing, where you can see how weddings and baptism of the Hindus are held.

Church of Notre Dam-dm-Mont-Carmel on Bass Ter Island on Mount Karmel. It was built in 1917 on the site of the chapel of Carmelites, for which it was called. Located at Place Des Carmes and is open every day.

Museums Guadeloupe

On the island of Marie-Galante there is an eco-museum, which presents the expositions about the life and culture of the local people and the production of sugar. Collected collection of household instruments and technological pre-industrial materials.

There is a medicinal garden in the estate, and all plants are grouped so that a certain medicine can be made. The museum is located at Section Murat 97112 Grand Bourg and works every day with a lunch break, a free entrance.

Museum of St. John Persia or the colonial mansion "Souques-Pagès", is located in Pointe-A-Pitr. In 1987, the mansion became a museum and was called in honor of the local resident Alexei lying or otherwise his name was Saint John Pers.

One of the laureates of the Nobel Prize in literature. On the first floor there is an exposition of the life of the bourgeoisie, the second is described about the life of the poet through documents, photographs, books, manuscripts that were tested by the city.

The museum is located at 9, Rue de Noziéres, works every day except Sunday from 9 to 17 hours, and on Saturday from 9 to 12 hours. A ticket for adults costs 2.5 €, for children 1.5 €.

Guadeloupe on the world map is only a small part of the sushi, but also lived here for a long time, therefore there is an archaeological museum of Edgar Clerk in the city of Les on the island of Grand Ter, which presents a large collection of things of Indian peoples and Precuccian civilization. Not only shells, stones, things from ceramics, but also created a model of the Indian village.

Excavations are underway today, and the collection, where more than 1000 exhibits are presented is replenished. The museum is named after the local archaeologist, who lived and worked in the past century and transferred a large collection to the Guadeloupe advice. The museum is located at Route de La Rosette 97160, Moule, works from Monday to Friday from 9.00 to 17.00, the entrance is free.

Cocoa House or Museum of Local Tastes, is located in the north-west bass tera at Grande Plaine, 97116 Pointe Noire. Here it is possible to listen to interesting lectures, see how trees grow and produce grains. Under the leadership of the wizard to prepare chocolate, which consists of stages of frying, cleansing and grinding.

Chocolate production culture originated in the XVII century and for many families it was a business transmitted from generation to generation. Cocoa House works every day from 09:00 to 17:00 from December to April and from July until the end of August, in other months from Monday to Saturday, closed from September 15 to October 15. Entrance to everyone 6 €.

Architectural structures and monuments in Guadeloupe

On the Terre-de-Haut island, on a cliff, stands Fort Napoleon, destroyed in 1809 by the British. After a while, when Napoleon ruled, it was rebuilt, but it was not used as a military structure. Today this place is one of the most popular. The museum of history and the botanical garden are located on the territory, where a rich collection of rare plants is collected.

The lighthouse on the island of Petite-Terre is the oldest lighthouse in Guadeloupe. It was built in 1840 and is located at an altitude of 35 meters above sea level at Petite Terre. The need for a lighthouse was to ensure the passage of boats so that they would not run aground. In 1974, people stopped living at the lighthouse, it became automated.

Bezard mill on the island of Marie-Galante, created at the beginning of the 19th century and restored only in 1994. It was built at Bezard's sugar cane mill and operated until 1956. It is located at Section Bézard 97140 Capesterre and is open to visitors every day from 10 am to 1 pm.

In the southern part of the city of Basse-Terre is Fort Saint-Charles, built in 1640 and named after the founder of the city. Once this fort protected the inhabitants of the city and today is one of the most powerful structures.

Inside the fort there is a historical museum that tells about the history of the city, and the graves of famous military leaders are located near the walls. Fort Saint-Charles also has a second name, Fort Delgre. Open every day from 09:00 to 16:30, admission is free.

Natural attractions of Guadeloupe

National park or UNESCO reserve, where millions of tourists come every year. These are hiking trails, a volcano at an altitude of 1467 m, thousands of animals and plants. This place is considered one of the most popular, where rare species of orchids grow.

There are three waterfalls along the Corbet River on Bas-Terre Island. Every tourist can approach the middle one, 110 m high. Only trained travelers go to the first and last because of the difficult terrain. Using special maps, where routes are plotted, you can walk more than a hundred kilometers through the forest.

Soufrière volcano on the island of Basse-Terre, an active volcano, the last eruption was in 1976, when more than 70 thousand inhabitants had to be evacuated. The volcano does not have a crater, but there are several mouths through which sulfurous vapors come out.

Rest in Guadeloupe

On the territory of Guadeloupe there are not only historical sites, but also areas for entertainment for adults and children. Lots of dive sites, shopping at local markets and beach holidays.

Shopping in Guadeloupe

Guadeloupe - Island France, many products are taken from the mainland. Locals are engaged in agriculture, growing fruits and vegetables, due to the location on the world map.

goods brought in Guadelupe are taxed, except for the island of Saint-Berper with duty-free zone. Popular goods as a souvenir are hand-made products. Souvenir shops in Pointe-A-Pitre are located on the streets of Scholhher, Nosierre and Frebou.

The pride of the country is rum, is considered to be a national drink, which is produced in 4 local plants, it is not expensive, unlike bridal wines. Shops, shops and markets work from 9 to 18 hours, after which everything closes due to the rapid occurrence of darkness.

Interesting seats for recreation with children

Children will love to relax in Guadeloupe. You can visit the Park de Mamelles Zoo on the west coast of Bass-Tara. Here you can see tropical birds, mammals, getting to the training seminar or an event specially created for children.

Go through rainforests, see monkeys, turtles, parrots, raccoons and even jaguars, freely passing on the territory. Located at Route de La Traversée, D23. The cost of the ticket depends on the age of the child, for children from 3 to 12 years will be 8 € for adults from 14 €. You can buy a shared ticket, for example, for two adults and two children - the price will be 40 €.

In the northeast, you can visit the Botanical Garden of Jardin Botany de Devies, where many greens, ponds, arbors. Children can feed fish independently, and on top of the hill there is a restaurant. The park is located at Deshaies 97126. Adults price will be 19 € for children from 10 €.

In the place of Morne-a-lo with children from 7 years can be melted on kayaks. First, a small excursion will be held, how to handle kayaks and told the safety technician.

Active rest in Guadeloupe

On each island there are beaches, the Beach of De La-Malyun is considered to be the most popular, on the Bas Tera coast. This place is suitable for those who are fond of diving. In addition, Fort Louis Delgre has been preserved here, built in 1640, and is a historical museum.

Guadeloupe is famous for its beaches

Guadeloupe on the world map - this is the chain of islands surrounded by the Caribbean Sea with many beaches. Beach De Klyona on Bass Ter Island on the north-west coast for a relaxing holiday, suitable for nudists.

The underwater reserve is corruptible to divers, where water and in the caves can be seen volatile mice, coral reefs, fishes of parrots, heels, dolphins. Comfortable water temperature + 26-29 ° allows you to study the seabed, underwater cliffs, caves. It is located at Plage de Malendure 97125.

The beach of Pft-Anse is located on the island of Marie Galant, not far from the Administrative Center of the Grand Bur. It is often swimming with flops and in a mask, you can go out on the boat to the open sea to see coral reefs.

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Excursions in Guadeloupe

A tour of Guadelupe is better to spend with an expert place of this place, one of them is Guide Julia Pradin. Offers to go to tourists on the island of Grand Ter for ½ days later.

will introduce a story and tell how the coastline of the two main islands was formed, which are divided by the "salty river". Also on the tour included familiarity with customs and traditions, ritual rites of Guadeloupe and acquaintance with landscapes. The cost of the excursion is approximately 70 € per person.

All tourists are advised to go on an excursion "Mir of Roma", since this drink is national and it costs it cheaper than wine. Rom business card of all Caribbean islands, including Guadeloupe.

Start a guided tour of the cruise port of Panta-A-Pitre and gradually will move to the north of the bass tera. The tour guarantee includes a visit to plantations of sugar cane and pineapples, a private plant for making a drink and tasting of such varieties such as dark and light roma, tincture and fruit punch.

Route for inspection of Guadeloupe independently

Independent study of Guadeloupe - Journey through the islands, everyone needs to pay for about a day:

1. Grand Island -Ther - Starting Study is here exactly where most of the tourists are mostly attached. Here is the most highly developed infrastructure among the islands, many sandy beaches and the Center for Economic Development in Pointe E-Pitr. You can visit the Persian Museum or the Victor Shelsher Museum, which made many useful things for the island and the population, including he helped get rid of slavery.

Grade-ter is rich in architectural buildings and cultural buildings:

  • De Bervin Exhibition Hall
  • DE-La Victoria Square
  • Embankment of De La Dars
  • Fort Furtle-DE-lepi

This is only part of what can be seen. The second day should explore the surroundings and, for example, to go to the local plant for the manufacture of sugar. Outside the Pointe E-Pitre there are beaches, the resort of the Gozier and the coast of Karavel for lovers of relaxing and water entertainment.

2. Basse-Terre Island - this day should be spent where the highest point among all the islands is located and the active volcano Soufrière, last erupted in 1977. Then he will go to the beaches, dive into the depths with scuba gear, visit thermal and sulfur springs, just walk.

Basse-Terre is a protected area protected by UNESCO, where rare plants grow and rare insects are found. In addition to nature, you can visit the Cathedral of St. Paul and Peter, the Church of Notre-Dame-du-Mont-Carmel, then walk to the observation deck, which offers views of the entire island.

Basse-Terre can be reached in several ways:

  • land at the airport by plane arriving from Paris, Canada or Miami;
  • take a ferry from Grande Terre, where there is an international airport that receives flights from all over the world.

3. Les Saintes - consists of islands, only two of them are inhabited - Terre-de-Haut and Terre-de-Basse. Diving and snorkeling enthusiasts often come here, as well as those who want to admire nature, sea bays and lagoons.

You can get acquainted with the local population, get into a banana grove, visit coffee and cotton plantations. A famous historical building is Fort Napoleon, created for protection in the 19th century. Les Saintes can be reached by sea by ferry from the major islands to Terre des Hauts and then by ferry to Terre des Bass.

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4. The island of Marie-Galante is divided into 3 settlements, the capital is Grand Bourg. The most peaceful island of all and the most popular for the production of rum. Here you can take a tour and go to the factory and drink tasting.

You can start your acquaintance by visiting the Museum of Arts and Traditions, then the historical museum near Punch Pond, the Armand Baptiste Gallery and head to the market where you can buy local products. Those who love adventure can go with a professional guide to the cave of Trois-Diables, where poisonous mushrooms grow on the walls, you should move carefully.

Hotels in Guadeloupe

Guadeloupe occupies a small area on the world map, but it is a popular resort where people come from all over the world. Hotels are presented for different budgets, starting from 2 * and 5 * hotels, where all inclusive.

A popular hotel is the Langley Resort Hotel Fort Royal 3 * located on the island of Basse-terre in the city of Deshaies, you can book a room or a bungalow. The price per day starts from 13 thousand rubles. The hotel has a restaurant, bar, conference room, tennis court. You can ride horses, bikes, go fishing or diving, go for a massage and swim in the pool.

Hotel Le Relais du Moulin - Hôtel de Charme 4 * on the island of Sainte-Anne provides a bungalow, family junior suite, superior junior suite. The price of a room per day starts from 18 thousand rubles. On site you can eat, go to the pool, massage, fitness center, use the safe, laundry and dry cleaning.

Hotel Villas Et Chambres D'hôtes Chez Flo 5* in Saint-François on the island of Grand-Terre offers several double rooms and villas. The cost per day for a room starts from 18 thousand rubles. It offers all possible services, entertainment, on the territory there is a hairdresser and a beauty salon.

How to get around Guadeloupe

There are several ways to get around cities and neighborhoods. Taxi is available around the clock, after 21:00 the fare increases. The price should be negotiated in advance, because they can take 40 € per hour, and they are reluctant to bargain. You can travel by bus from 05:00 to 18:00 on any day of the week, the transport system is well developed.

Tourists can rent a car, book it upon arrival, at the hotel or in advance on the website. To do this, you will need an international driver's license and the age of the driver must be over 21 years old. The average cost of renting a day is 25€.

Moving from island to island is easier by sea transport, you can move not only within the country, but also sail to neighboring Dominica or Martinique, which are under the French flag. From Les Saintes to Trois-Revières you can take a ferry in about 15 minutes, 4 times a day, the approximate cost is about 15 €. You can also drive from Saint-Francois to La Desirade in 40 minutes.

Guadeloupe is a country of contrasts, where the local population lives, and everything is arranged in a European way, starting with the currency and the French language. Getting to this place is not easy, often you need several transfers before you find yourself on one of the islands.

On the world map, this is a small chain of islands located in the Caribbean Sea, but is popular among tourists who appreciate the resort for its sandy clean beaches, beautiful scenery and wildlife.

Article design: Vladimir the Great

Video about Guadeloupe

Overview of the island of Guadeloupe: