- The history of Georgian winemaking
- Best manufacturers of Georgian wines
- Kindzazrauli Malerani
- Alaverd Monastery Cellar
- "Badagoni Georgia"
- "CHATEAU MUKHRANI"
- White dry Georgian wines
- " Gurdjaani "
- " RCATORERS "
- " Tibaani "
- Red Dry Georgian Wines
- Red semihow Georgian wines (vintage)
- "Barakoni" [4 9]
- White semi-sweet Georgian wines (vintage)
- Red semi-sweet Georgian wines
- Fastened and Dessert Georgian wines
- how to choose a wine
- What kind of Georgian wine is better to choose
- video about Georgian wines
, along with all wealth and flavor of Georgia, This country is famous for the production of wines. Of the 500 grapes, occupying more than 47 thousand hectares of countries, in four different technologies are made about 50 popular vintage wines.
To attract the flow of tourists, with some wine-making factories, tourist zones are even open, in which you can enjoy the wine tasting and admire local attractions.
The history of Georgian winemaking
The winemaking was originated in Georgia almost simultaneously with its people - about 6-8 thousand years ago. This is eloquently evidenced by settlements found during the excavations of settlements and tomb jugs from clay, remedies for pressing berries, as well as the residues of the grape vines.
Initially, the manufacture of wines was performed in the traditional way - the berries of grapes were not separated from the brush and moved along with the bones and fruit legs. According to this technology, a bright, saturated wine was obtained at the exit, which, despite his "natural" origin, was recognized far from all Georgians.
Kakhetian and Imeretian wines are made according to traditional technology, with one difference: in addition to bones and skins in the production of Kakhetian wines, crests are used.
In the future, Georgian winemakers adopted the experience of Europeans and from the XIX century began to produce wines according to their classical recipe, which used exclusively berries.
Oncecale for fermentation, large vessels were used for fermentation - Quivery, from 10 to 1000 liters. It is placed in the ground, so that only a closed throat remains on the surface. In this form, it is stored both in a specially reserved basement, and just in the yard.
The best manufacturers of Georgian wines
among the best manufacturers of 7 wine companies whose products are known worldwide.
The leader in the production of sparkling wines in Georgia, the market share of which is about 75% in this category of goods. Production was founded in 1937, but the beginning began on the traditions already in 1882. Then, Prince Bagration - Mukhransky, sending a sample of wine to the international exhibition in St. Petersburg, received the Grand Prix and earned the world calling.
Launched in 2005, the wine plant was equipped with the most advanced technique:
- "DELLA TOFFOLA", Fimmer, Italy - Technique for processing, cooling and other production purposes;
- "Gravitech", Germany - Laboratory technician for microbiological studies;
- "Radoux", France - containers for maintaining wine.
Georgian wines are produced at this factory not only using the ancient Kakhetian technologies, but also modern European.
The Alaverd Monastery Cellar
Wine is made in the walls of the historical architectural memo - the oldest cellar in the Alaverd Monastery, designed in 8-10 centuries. And officially renewed work after repair in 2006.
The traditional Kakhetian wine manufacturing technology used by the reign of the Bagration dynasty has been preserved to this day.
This is a young enterprise, despite its short history (founded in 2011) already daring at the experiments: along with the traditional range of wines, the plant produces semi-sweet Rkazitel. Power are located in p. Chumlaki, Gurdjaani, where and the vineyards.
Interesting! The company is named after the historical art cafe “Kimerioni”, which is a favorite place for representatives of the art of Georgia and not only.
In 2001, in the village of Tsinandali, for the first time, a wine production plant was launched - Shumi, which means “undiluted wine of high quality” in Georgian. The entire cycle of wine production is fully controlled by the company - from growing and harvesting, to packaging and selling the finished product.
The plant produces up to 3 million bottles of wine per year. This fact is due to the presence of a large number of own vineyards, which are located in various regions of Georgia - Akhasheni, Kindzmarauli, Ojaleshi, Tsinandili, etc.
The key policy of the company, founded in 2006 – Georgian recipes based on Italian technologies. This was the result of cooperation with an outstanding wine expert, oenologist - Donato Lanati and other European masters.
The latest equipment and advanced technologies ensure the production of more than 1.5 million bottles per year. Significant trade flow has been established with 18 countries of the world. The most outstanding brands - Kakheti, Speravi, Alaverdi and others were repeatedly presented for awards.
The first in Georgia, was constructed on the basis of estates that belonged to the Mukhrani dynasty. Named after them, the chateau was built in the 19th century according to a concept borrowed from France, which was introduced by Ivane Mukhranbaton.
Already in the first half of the twentieth century, it was almost completely destroyed, until 2002. After the restoration of Château Mukhrani, the quality of the cultural and production sides reached a premium class: the berries for wine are strictly selected under the control of the chief winemaker - Patrick Honef. Raw materials for wine are grown right there, on the estate.
White dry Georgian wines
Georgian wines are mostly dry and semi-dry. Less often - semi-sweet and fortified.
This dry white Georgian wine is one of the most famous wines of Georgia, produced since 1886 from two varieties of white grapes: Rkatsiteli (its share is about 85%) and Mtsvane (15%).
Tsinandali acquires a tart sweetish taste due to long-term aging in oak barrels (at least 1.5 years). The wine has fruity notes.
Has a long aftertaste. It should be consumed chilled to a temperature of +14°C. It goes well with meat and fish, cheese, warm vegetable salads, chicken soups, pasta.
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|House of Georgian Wine||12||0.75||1.085|
In different manufacturers for the wine of the cyinandali used containers various shapes.
This is a dry white Georgian wine. It is produced in Georgia since 1937 of two varieties, one of which is basic - Rkaziteli, the second and additional - mrtsan, in the same ratio as "Cinanandali".
The drink has a light straw color with golden overflows. Gentle fruit bouquet is revealed at the end of spicy notes with a light unobtrusive mustard. In general, the cooking technology is similar to Cininandali.
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The appearance of the container depends on the manufacturer.
is named according to the same grape variety belonging to one of the most ancient representatives of the flora in Georgia. Translated - "Red Lose". It is performed according to the ancient Kakhetian technique.
has a pleasant fruit bouquet with apple and citrus notes. It has characteristic tartness. Combined with meat and fish, cheese and vegetable products. Feed temperature + 8-10 ° C.
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Another monorsortic brand of wine, manufactured since 1948. Rkaziteli used as raw materials. The taste of wine is bright and tart. Color - saturated amber with gold glimers. A rather rare type of drink. Export is not released.
Red Dry Georgian Wines
Red Georgian Wine is the most requested in the international market.
is produced using a single variety - Caberne-Sauvignon, borrowed from France at the end of the 19th century. The vineyards were perfect and from 1897 to this day provide the production of this wine at the factory of the same name. The product has repeatedly conquered gold and silver medals, as well as international recognition.
Georgian red wine of this brand has a rich grenade color and scent of cherries, intermitted with violet and barberry tones. Despite the tartness, wine is soft.
- Fortress of wine: 10.5-12.0%
- Sugar content: 19% and higher.
Wine was released in 1890 for the first time, using Saperavi grade as a raw material growing near the village of Sarelli in the Telavi area. Largely like Mukuzan, but inferior to him in the matter. The color in the glass is slightly darker "Teliani". Dominant notes: cherry bone and ripe plum.
Sugar content: 21% and higher.
The fortress of wine and the cost of the bottle varies.
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|The Mystery of Colchides||12||0.75||498|
From 1966, the famous wine, which received about 5 honorary medals (gold and silver) is produced from the Sapelli grapes. It has a rich grenade tint. Velvety flavor fully reveals a fruit-berry bouquet.
Fortress of wine: 13.0 - 14.0%.
Cost: About 1000 rubles.
This is the embodiment of the traditional winemaking of Georgia, since 1888 producing wine according to the ancient Kakhetian traditional technology in the region of the same name. Saperavi is used as a wine material.
Drink at least three years rushing in oak barrels. This is a prerequisite for the formation of a thick burgundy color of the beverage and a saturated spicy taste. Wine is very tart. It has spicy, slightly oak aftertaste.
combined with any meat dishes, including spicy.
Fortress of wine: 10.5-12.5%.
was manufactured by "Saperavi" for a long time, and full-scale production was launched in 1886. The wine is called the name of the grape variety - after proper excerpt (from 3 to 10 years), it fully reveals the characteristics of the color and the taste of "Saperavi".
Along with the dense-bordeed color, which does not transmit sunny rays, wine has a saturated tart taste, in which the notes of currant, surpassed cherries and prunes are revealed.
Fortress of wine: 10-12%
Sugarity: Not more than 0.4%
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|Mystery of Colchis||11-13||0.75||410|
Red semihow Georgian wines (vintage)
Semi-dry red Georgian Wine is less demanded than other varieties.
is produced since 1961. The wine is named after the famous (posthumously) artist, the reproduction of the paintings of which is printed on the labels of wine of this brand. As a raw material, both exclusively Saperavi can serve as the addition of a minor fraction of Rkaziteli grade. It has natural sugar content - 1.5-2.5%.
Color: Saturated burgundy. Taste qualities are revealed as they use - from warm honey notes to berry-spicy.
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|Teliani Velly, Maleran||12||0.75||360|
The natural sweetness of this wine is preserved due to several factors: the raw material for wine is collected at the peak of his sugar, Alexandrouli at 20-27%, and Mjuretuli with 27-30%.
Racha-Derechumskaya technology, according to which the wort is fermented in Querry to the natural death of yeast microflora, which comes fast enough. As a result, a small proportion of fructose is preserved - up to 3-4 g / 100 cm.
Baroni, produced by TM BUUULULI in 2012 received the first place in the international competition "Best Drink" as the best Georgian wine.
- Color: thick ruby.
- Aroma: Mountain violet.
- Alcohol content: 10-12%
White semi-sweet Georgian wines (vintage)
These varieties of wines have a saturated taste due to white varieties grapes.
is manufactured from 1958 from the Mrtsan's variety, which grows in Kakheti. Georgian wines prepared from this grape variety are distinguished by an extraordinary aroma and bright taste. "Ahmetta" is no exception.
- Color: Golden with greenish tump.
- Taste: Berry.
- Fortress: 9.5-11.5%
Production since 1945. This soft harmonious wine successfully transmits the honey taste of the tetra swirl. Like all white semi-sweet wines, it is recommended to drink cooled to 11-12 ° C. Perfectly combined with dessert.
The grade growing in several regions of Georgia is used to produce wine - Imeretin and Herchum. The latter, namely, the village of Tvishi, and is the twin-bar of the drink.
In grapes, the grapes of Zolicurouri smaller sugar content than, for example, Alexandrouli, but wine is sweeter than the method of incomplete fermentation.
Color: Golden with a slightly shade of greenery, characteristic of the berries of Zolicurouri. It has a fragrance of tropical fruits, among which Iiva and Pineapple stands out brightly. The taste of the drink - flower-fruit, with a soft aftertaste.
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Vintage grapes CHAVERY has dark red skin, which is why the pink shade is preserved in wine, despite the fact that it is produced as white.
- Taste: Fresh berry.
- Wine strength: 9.5-11°
Red semi-sweet Georgian wines
These wines are popular both in Georgia and in importing countries.
Natural semi-sweet wine has been produced under the brand name “Khvanchkara” since 1932, although the recipe was developed much earlier. The authorship belongs to the Kipiani family, who used Mujuretuli and Aleksandrouli varieties for the production of wine.
- The drink in the glass has a dark garnet color with a purple tint.
- Aroma: Floral and aromatic notes with a pronounced raspberry accent.
- Taste: somewhat tart with a predominance of ripe cherries and dried fruits.
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The first plant for the production of this wine was launched in 1945. "Kindzmarauli" was already in great demand then and was Stalin's favorite drink. First in Kakheti, and later in other regions, wine was produced from the Saperavi variety. However, genuine vintage wine is exclusively of Kakhetian origin.
- Aroma: Berry, with hints of ripe cherries.
- Taste: velvety, berry (raspberry, black currant).
- Strength: 10-12°
The first bottle of wine appeared in 1958 in Chateau Zegaani in the Akhasheni region. The grape variety used is Saperavi. Unlike "Kindzmarauli", for which the same variety is used, at the output the drink is obtained with different taste characteristics.
- Color: bright pomegranate
- Taste: Intense, with hints of blackberry and chocolate.
- Fortress : 10.5-12°
Fortified and dessert Georgian wines
Georgian wines that are additionally alcoholized before fermentation are called fortified.
A strong white wine, not inferior in quality to port wines made in Portugal.
The following are used as raw materials:
- Technical variety Rkatsiteli, the sugar content of which is 17-23%;
- Native variety Khikhvi with sugar content - 23-24%;
- Mtsvane, which contains up to 24% fructose.
With a strength of 18-19 °, the drink has a bright honey flavor. Color is golden amber.
Raw material for production - Rkatsiteli. Like Kardanakhi, it is aged in oak barrels under the open sun, resulting in a rich extractive taste. The strength of the drink is up to 18 °.
This is a white wine that has been made since 1923. In the glass, the wine shimmers with gold, which speaks of the original product - Rkatsiteli. The taste has honey and fruity notes. Alcohol content: 17%.
Produced from the grape variety of the same name since 1924.
- Colour: Gold.
- Taste: Fruity, slightly oily.
- Alcohol content: 15°.
In addition to the Tsolikouri variety, the American variety Isabella is used in the production of wine. In production since 1928. It has a rich burgundy, almost coffee color and a fresh fruity aroma - quince. The taste of wine has chocolate and berry notes.
How to choose the right wine
The choice of wine often depends on the preferences of the consumer, regardless of the technical nuances of its production. Even the most mediocre wine for 150 rubles (“Alazani Valley”) can cause a positive emotional response, but this does not speak of its quality.
Connoisseurs of original products should pay attention to the following aspects of the bottle:
- Price. A quality product will not cost less than 300 rubles. More budget vintage wines are usually produced by well-known large wine companies. Often these are blended drinks, the production of which uses raw materials of lower quality. If you choose between Georgian and Spanish wines, the latter will be somewhat cheaper due to the lower cost of raw materials (due to mechanized harvesting).
- Label. Even if the cost of a bottle is more than 500 rubles, this is not always an indicator of quality wine. You should pay attention to the manufacturer and the date of harvest, which should be indicated on the label.
- Packaging. Medium and high quality wines are never released in cartons. Glass bottles or oak barrels (if the wine is on tap) are the best vessels for storing finished products.
Which Georgian wine is better to choose
- The assortment of real Georgian wines has a wide variety in terms of strength, sugar content and other indicators. The main criteria that can be considered:
- a gastronomic combination with those or other dishes;
- The content of alcohol - when conducting a responsible event, it is better to choose soft drinks;
- Individual preferences.
Genuinely high-quality traditional wine made in Georgian winery is rarely found in conventional supermarkets or Russian stores. Often, you can purchase such a drink either in specialized wine outlets or in Georgia itself.
Registration of Articles: Mila Fridan
Video about Georgian Wines
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