The biggest fountain in Rome is called Trevi. More than 4 million tourists who wish to see this architectural miracle arrive here every year. According to statistics, 86% of holidaymakers visit Trevi Fountain. For inspection and photographing this facility do not take a fee, and therefore near the fountain is always crowded.
Where is located, how to get
The fountain is located on Piazza de Trevi. This place can be reached if you move on the street. Via Delle Muratte. The nearest metro station is SPAGNA.
The route will be held along line A. Before the fountain can be reached by bus No. 51. Travel time: from 9 to 15 minutes. You need to drive 3 stops to the destination.
From the Colosseum, the route will be as follows:
- follow to the north and rotate left - towards Via Nicola Salvi.
- At the crossroads with Piazza Del Colosseo rotate to the right. Orientation - the staircase ahead.
- go left on Via Nicola Salvi. Move to the Colosseo stop.
- Loaded buses No. 51 "L. go chigi. "
- Go to the Corso / SS stop. Apostoli.
From here you need to go through the fountain:
- Move on the street. Via del Corso in the north side towards VIA LATA.
- Turn to the right on the street. Via dell'umiltà.
- continue the path to Largo Pietro Di Brazza '.
- When the street turns right and merges with Via Della Dataria, you should turn left.
- Move directly to the fountain.
The average time on the way is 9 minutes. Coordinates: 41 ° 54'03 »S. Sh. and 12 ° 28'59 "V. D.
Fountain in Rome Trevi is the largest water structure in the city. Due to this, it is also called a real theater. You can admire the falling water by placing the steps in front of the composition.
|Water consumption for 1 year||80 thousand m³|
The appearance of the fountain has not changed since 1762During the restoration of the wizard, not a single piece of composition was removed.
in I B. BC. Before the rulers of Rome, there was an important task: to provide a city with water. In search of the source, an expedition was sent under the control of the Agrippa brand. He had to be the head of Emperor Octavian Augustus, and also held the post of commander. During the expedition, he with people discovered water 20 km from Rome. From the source to the square, an aqueduct was carried out. In the city he ended just at the place of the future fountain. In the antique time the water just got into a stone bowl.
People used it regularly. But already at the end of the Middle Ages, the water pipe has lost its relevance. Gradually, the pipe came into disrepair, and was soon abandoned at all. The expiration site remained historically significant for Rome. In 1640, the post of Pope was held by Urban VIII. It was he who led to perpetuating the water source. At his request, Giovanni Architect Lorenzo Bernini took up the creation of the Fountain project.
The master at that time was a leading specialist. Under his leadership, churches were created, secular structures. Its distinctive feature was the style of projects: almost all of them are made in the best traditions of Baroque.
Fountain Trevi did not exception. Thanks to Lorenzo, he acquired his characteristic features. In the development of sketches, Carlo Fontano helped him. In 1644, Urban III dies. The post occupies Innocent X. However, it does not show interest in the project, because of which the work begins to fade. Subsequent successors also did not give a course. So it lasted until 1732. Two years earlier, the post of Pope took the Clement XII century, it was he who revived the project.
launched a competition for the selection of a better architect. Preference was given to Nikolo Salvi. It was he who was instructed to continue the project, the development of which began 90 years ago. The new architect worked in the technique of Late Baroque, and therefore the Trevi Fountain project was familiar to him.
construction lasted 30 years. During this time, Pope climbed by the Roman Clement XII and the architect Nicola Salvi died. None of them managed to see the completed fountain. Finished the project Giuseppe Panni. He made a slight modification in architecture. So, he beat Rock, making central pools ordered. The discovery occurred in 1762 at the ceremony attended by Clement XIII.
The fountain in Rome Trevi would not stand so long if not regular reconstruction. The first began in 1989 and she lasted until 1991. In 1999, the central part was closed on the repair. In 2012, the Fountain began to fall apart. The plaster fell off from his facade. Emergency restoration was carried out by local efforts. The repair was invested 320 thousand euros. However, the work carried out was aimed only at temporary maintenance of the reservoir.
A search began for sponsors who could carry out a full-fledged restoration. In 2013, a conference is held in Rome to announce the upcoming renovation. An interesting fact is that the fashion house Fendi allocated funds for the work. The social event was attended by Silvia Venturini Fendi (brand director of accessories) and Karl Lagerfeld.
The company donated more than 2 million euros. The work was carried out in stages. First, the central part of the composition was repaired, then moved on to the side ones. At the very end, the top was restored. The work lasted 17 months. The grand opening of the fountain after reconstruction took place on November 3, 2015.
26 restorers were involved in the work. The course of action was monitored by design engineers (31 people). The staff of qualified specialists consisted of 36 persons, 27 technicians and 10 observers. Thanks to teamwork, the restoration was completed ahead of schedule.
It was planned to complete the amount of work in 600 days, but in the end they met 516.
The origin of the name of the fountain has several versions. According to one of them, the reservoir is located at the intersection of 3 roads. This gave the name to the place. If you combine the words Tre (three) and Via (street), then you get the name of the fountain. The stress in Italian falls on the first syllable, so the emphasis is on the letter "E". The second version of the appearance of the name is rooted in the story of the meeting of Agrippa and the girl who indicated the source of water for the future aqueduct.
The heroine of the legend was called Trevia, and the fountain was named after her. There is a third version of the origin of the name. According to her, the reservoir was named after the area on the outskirts of Rome - Trebium. This region was rich in water sources, thanks to which they wanted to perpetuate it in history. Over time, the name was transformed into Trevi.
The Trevi Fountain in Rome has a beautiful legend about the opening of an aqueduct, the water of which flowed through pipes directly into the reservoir of the structure. This story was immortalized in one of the bas-reliefs of the composition. It depicts a girl who shows the source of water to the commander Agrippa. In honor of her, the new aqueduct Aqua Virga was named.
Translated into Russian, it is interpreted as “virgin water” or “Water of the Virgin”. Another version of why the fountain was given such a name is the purity of moisture. It is transparent and sparkling. Later, these properties received scientific justification - there is no calcium in the composition of the liquid.
The appearance of the fountain captures the moment of the creation of the aqueduct. On the right side is the figure of Octavian Augustus. His right hand indicates the direction of the army that follows him. The soldiers are thirsty, and many of them have already died from dehydration. At the most difficult moment, a girl appears in front of them, indicating the direction with her hand. In that place, water begins to beat from under the ground.
The fountain adjoins the facade of Puli Palace. In the central part of the building is the largest sculpture of the composition. The male figure identifies the Ocean (not Neptune). He is standing in a carriage, which is made in the form of a sea shell. The wagon is pulled by unusual horses: their back is made in the form of fish tails, and there are wings on their backs.
In ancient Greek mythology they were called hydrippuses. In the composition, they are controlled by tritons - creatures with a human body and a lower part in the form of a dolphin's tail.
In the niche of the fountain on the left is the figure of the goddess of Health. Next to it is a bowl entwined with a snake - a world-famous medical symbol. In the recess on the right is a sculpture of the goddess of fertility. She holds a basket with the gifts of nature: fruits and vegetables. At the very top, the composition is crowned by the figures of 4 girls. They symbolize the seasons of the year.
According to another version, the heroines identify the gifts of water:
- Grain harvest.
- Fruit abundance.
- Garden delights.
- Autumn gifts.
A little higher you can see the coat of arms of Pope Clement XII, who ordered the project. Beneath it is a commemorative inscription on a slab. The words are dated to the opening of the reservoir in 1762. The fountain is also decorated with numerous high reliefs. On the left side you can see the figure of Agrippa kneeling before the emperor Octavian Augustus. In the hands of the protagonist is an unrolled scroll. It shows a diagram of the future aqueduct.
All sculptures were made by Pietro Bracci. He took the sketches of Bernini as a basis. The whole composition of Salvi reflects the ideas of the Enlightenment. Thus, the architect skillfully combined nature and history, reflecting them in dialectical relations.
Local customs and traditions
The Trevi Fountain in Rome is associated with the traditions of the local population. City dwellers regularly throw coins into an artificial reservoir. The emergence of the ritual has 2 versions of origin. According to the first, during the construction of the fountain in the 18th century, the authorities imposed additional taxes. The Romans were indignant, and threw money into the pond, saying: “I wish they would have completed your construction.”
The second version is more romantic. Its roots go back to the 19th century. When the guy went to military service, he came to the fountain with his lover. They filled the glasses with water, drank it and broke the dishes. After that, the coin was thrown into the fountain. It was a symbol of the ambulance and the return home.
You need to throw money correctly. To do this, stand with your back to the fountain and take a coin in your right hand. Then it must be thrown into the reservoir over the left shoulder. If you donate 1 money, then this means returning to Rome. In the case when a person wants to make a wish, it is advised to throw 2 coins, and 3 pieces indicate kinship with Italy.
The Trevi fountain in Rome attracts tourists from all over the world. From the very beginning of its creation, there are many interesting facts behind it. Guides are happy to tell visitors about the most amazing events associated with this place.
A brief summary of memorable facts:
- Ancient Rome is famous for its innovative developments that made life easier for citizens in ancient times. The most famous ambitious project is the aqueduct. The urban area was all dotted with underground pipes through which water moved. According to one of them, liquid enters the Trevi Fountain.
- Water enters the fountain through an aqueduct called Aqua Vergo - the water of the Virgin. It was built in the 1st century. BC. Its length is more than 20 km.
- In the Middle Ages, the guild of blacksmiths owned the fountain. They did not allow the townspeople to take water from it, and in order to preserve it, they surrounded the water source with a fence.
- The water in the fountain is very clean. It does not contain calcium impurities, which makes it the most suitable for such water structures. Liquid comes from one field in the suburbs of Rome.
- According to official statistics, the Trevi Fountain is recognized as the most beautiful in the world.
- Initially, there was a small pond in its place. It served as the terminus of one of Rome's aqueducts.
- The fountain gained a new round of popularity after the release of the film "Roman Holiday" in 1953. Subsequent interest was fueled by the film "Sweet Life" (1960).
- According to legend, the architect Salvi died of pneumonia, which he picked up in the dungeons of the fountain.
- In 1732, when the fountain began to be built, there was a hairdressing salon to the right of it. Its owner constantly interfered with the architect and gave bad advice. Once Salvi could not stand it. He ordered to make a barber's shaving brush and a basin from which shaving foam flows. This composition blocked the view from the barbershop to the fountain. Thus, the architect took revenge on the harmful owner.
- The building adjoining the waterworks was nicknamed "The Fountain's Slave" by the locals.
- In the palace adjacent to the fountain, in the 19th century. there was a Russian salon. It belonged to Z. A. Volkonskaya. Here Gogol read excerpts from his works. The owner of the salon herself was buried in the church of Santi Vincenzo Anastasio Trevi, adjacent to the fountain.
- You can see the ancient aqueduct that feeds the fountain on the neighboring street. Via Del Nazareno.
- It is not recommended to drink from the fountain. Although the water is partially purified, it circulates in a circle.
- Tourists and locals like to throw coins into the fountain. In the newspaper of Rome "Corriere della Sera" for 2011, you can find a note that 14 thousand euros were collected from the reservoir in a week. The average amount per year is 730 thousand per year. According to Business Insider magazine, in 2016 the fountain brought the city a profit of 1 million 300 thousand euros. All of this money goes to a Catholic charity. It provides assistance to migrants, the poor and people affected by various disasters.
- On the right side of the fountain there is a detail of a "lover's pipe". The reference point for the search is a stone hat. If you drink from them, then the couple will spend their whole lives together.
- Mussolini wanted to destroy all the buildings in the square with the fountain, leaving it as a central part. This was prevented by the imminent death of the dictator.
- In 2011, a man named D'Artagnan was taken into custody. He and his accomplices in the early hours took out coins from the fountain. For this, ordinary buckets and shovels were used. Such actions are officially prohibited.
Every year the fountain adds new facts and legends to its treasury.
The fountain is open to visitors around the clock (except during periods of reconstruction). You can visit it at any time of the day. At night, the pond is illuminated by lights, so tourists come here even after 00:00. Locals advise admiring the building after midnight. It is at this time that the smallest number of visitors is observed on the square. There is no charge to visit the fountain.
Tourists are only asked to observe the following rules:
- Do not throw garbage into the water.
- Do not collect coins from the bottom of the fountain.
- Do not swim.
- Do not eat near water.
Tourists can be fined by authorities for not following the rules. The amount for especially malicious violators exceeds 200 euros. You can admire the beauty of the place on the steps near the fountain, which are used as a bench.
Tourists from Europe, America and Australia come to Rome every year. They are attracted not only by the Trevi Fountain, but also by other, no less famous reservoirs. Barcaccia, Four Fountains, Il Facchino - visitors have the opportunity to see every corner of the Eternal City without focusing on one attraction.
Video of the Trevi Fountain in Rome
Review of the Italian Trevi Fountain in Rome:.