Faro. Portugal. Attractions, photos, what to see in the vicinity

Faro is a small town located in the southernmost point of Portugal. Thanks to the close location of the city to the ocean, it is famous for numerous natural attractions and purest beaches.

The value of the city in the modern world

Faro Portugal, the sights of which historical architectural objects was founded in 1266. The city is a seaport and is located in the center of the historic province called "Algarve". The city is also part of the city agglomeration called "Big Algarve". The name of the city comes from the Arabic name of the native ruling genus "Ibn-Kharuun".

Geographic coordinates of the city 37 ° 01'09 "S. Sh. and 7 ° 55'56 "ZD, the height of its location above the ocean level is 15 m. The city has an area of ​​201 km². Between the city and the ocean there is a natural city park, which is located on the shore of Ria-Formos Bay and passes along the entire coast of the Atlantic.

Faro is located next to the municipalities:

Sant Bras de Alporterfrom the north
Olhaofrom the east and southwest
San Bras de Alporter and Louléfrom the west

The southern border of Faro runs along the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. The city is located a few tens of kilometers from Spain.

The city (at that time it was called "Ossonoba") was founded by the Romans on the site of an ancient trading village of the Kinesians, who supported the Romans during the Lusitanian War. In the VIII century Faro was captured by the Moors, he remained under their yoke until the end of the XIII century, until the city was liberated by King Afonso III of Boulogne of Portugal.

After the strongest earthquake of the 16th century, from which the nearby settlements suffered greatly, Faro becomes the capital of the Algarve.

In the 20th century, huge salt deposits were discovered in the city, which had a beneficial effect on the economic situation in the country. Today, Faro is developing in the direction of tourism. The average number of tourists visiting the city per year is almost 5 million people.

Climate

Faro Portugal, whose sights are of interest to tourists, has a subtropical Mediterranean climate. The best months to visit Faro are May, June and July. During these months, the least amount of precipitation falls, the air temperature averages 25-29°C. The water temperature in the sea is 21 ° - 22 ° С.

The worst months to visit Faro are December, January and February. The average air temperature during the day is 15°С, at night 12°С. In February, the lowest water temperature in the sea, it drops to 14 - 15 ° C. The rainiest month of the year is March. The precipitation rate reaches 78.8 mm. The greatest number of sunny days in May, June, July and August (from 27 to 29 days).

Ecology

According to experts, the level of air pollution in Portugal is 20 micrograms of PM10 fine particulate matter with a diameter of no more than 10 microns per cubic meter. According to surveys of the local population, 86% are satisfied with the quality of the supplied water. According to the results of the UN rating, Portugal ranks 3rd in terms of ecology, giving way to the UK and Denmark.

90% of Portugal's beaches are marked with blue flags (this means cleanliness and high quality of beach recreation). Since 2006, Portugal has passed a law limiting the development of the coastline at a distance of 500 m from the ocean.

Population

Faro Portugal, whose sights deserve special attention, is the central city of the municipality and district of Faro. According to the 2011 census, the population of Farra was 64,560 people.

The approximate number of people living in different parts of the municipality and their area:

Name of the district The number of residents Area of ​​the area in km². Population density people. \ km².
Montenegru534023232
-Spad12760121086
Santa Barbara de Nechex412038109
CE2855060473
Ashta35404776
Concesean375022173

Flora and fauna

almost 20% of the territory of Portugal occupy forests, 50% of which are coniferous. Also on the territory there are cork, stone and portuguese oaks, eucalyptus, rocketties.

animal world Faro:

  • bears, lynx and boys;
  • Wolves, wild forest cats and foxes;
  • chameleons, genes and various rodents.

Portugal is located on the way of the main route of migrations of migratory birds. Also on site you can find a rare pink flamingo. In the ocean, more than 200 species of various fish live.

How to get to

Faro Portugal, the attractions of which are located not only in the city, but also in its surroundings, is located between settlements called Tavira and Albufeira. There are several ways to get to the city.

by plane

You can get to the fair by plane. On the territory of the municipality is located international airport for flying flights from Lisbon, Frankfurt and Dusseldorf.

The fly from Russia by using airfares Aeroflot, Es Seven, Lufthansa, Portuguese Airlines, with departure from Moscow or St. Petersburg. Then you have to make a transplant to another aircraft, the time of the path from Lisbon to Algarve will be 40 minutes.

By train

you can get from Lisbon to Faro by rail.

From the station "Oriente" the train goes every 2 to 3 hours, the road will take approximately 3 to 4 hours. The fare on the train will be 24 euros.

By bus

You can get to the Faro from Lisbon by bus. The time on the road will be approximately 4 h, the cost of the ticket is 22 euros.

Transport

To move around the city, several different costs and comfort options are offered.

Buses

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in the territory of Faro as urban transport, buses run. In total, 19 routes covering the city and the nearest suburbs are organized. A ticket for travel can be purchased from the bus driver or in the stalls at stops.

The fare depends on the route range and approximately from 1.10 euros to 1.70 euros. The cost of the day ticket for trips around the city will be 5.30 euros. The fare in the suburban transport from 7 to 20 euros.

Funicular

To date, there is no cable car today in the city of Farra. But on the territory of Portugal, especially in its capital Lisbon, their huge amount.

There is no funicular to the Faro, the photo is depicted in the city of Lisbon.

Due to the hilly terrain, the very first funicular called Bom Zhezush was launched more than 100 years ago, in 1882

sea boat

thanks to The location of the city with the Atlantic Ocean, movement on all sorts of boats, yachts and boats is widespread here.

Ferry

To get to the beaches located behind the territory of the Ria-Formosa Reserve, which separates the city from the coastal zone, it is necessary to overcome a small distance on the ferry. Time in the way will be approximately 30 minutes.

Taxi

The city of Farra rides a lot of public taxi cars. It is easy to learn about the black color of the car and the green roof with the inscription "Taxi". The cost of landing in a car is 3.25 euros, payment for the movement of 0.5 euros per 1 km. At night, the cost increases by 20%. On the territory of Portugal, it is customary to leave the taxi driver to pay extra charge in the amount of 10% of the total cost of the trip.

Car rental

as in many modern cities, in Portugal there is a car rental service. At the time of staying in the city you can rent a car, and move around it and its surroundings independently. You can rent a car in advance, by phone or via the Internet. The city has free and paid car parks. The average cost of paid parking from 1 euro per hour.

Bike

In Portugal, you can move around the city by bike. Bicycle rental per day will be 10 euros.

Do not miss the most popular article of the heading: Belbek canyon - a unique monument of nature.

Main Attractions

Portugal Country is interesting for topical attractions. On the territory of the head and in its surroundings there are many historical objects.

Cult structures

Church do karma (or Church of 3 orders of the Holy Virgin Mary), the most beautiful building of Portugal is built in the Baroque style. The church was founded in 1713, its location Street Largo do Karma. The church is finished with Brazilian gold gold. In the church is the organ. In 1826, the church was attached to the Capella of Osushev or Cappella bones.

During the finishing of church walls and the ceiling in them, the remains and skulls of the monks-carmelites were wounded. The cost of entering the chapel of 1 euro, in the Church building is free. The church is open from 9 to 18 hours, Sunday is a day off.

Cathedral in the city of Faro built 1251 His location is the very center of the city, on Largo de CE. After the looting of the Cathedral with the troops of Britain, in 1596, the buildings were overhauled. From the oldest buildings there were bell tower and 2 side chapels. In the middle of the 7th century, an ancient organ was established in the church building.

The Church of the Francis of Saint enters the ensemble of monastery buildings located on the street. Largo San Francischka. The church building is elevated in the 18th century in the baroque style and decorated with ornaments.

Finishing inside is made using a gold-plated tree. The Arsenal of the Church has many pictures of famous and unknown artists of Italy. Also here are religious artifacts that are used on liturgy.

Museums

The Museum of Sea Romal Ortigan is located on the 1st floor of the building owned by the port administration. The museum was founded in 1931 and was named after the famous Portuguese researcher who made a huge contribution to the prosperity of the museum.

There are about 300 exhibits in it, telling about the history of the development of the maritime industry. Here are historical items telling about the traditions of the country and the local culture.

The Museum of the Archeology of the city of Faro is based on the building, which was erected in the XVI century. The museum has a monastery. More than 12.5 thousand works of the Middle Ages art are exhibited as exhibits in the museum.

Among them:

  • ancient religious exhibits;
  • Pictures of Portuguese, Italian and Spanish artists;
  • The objects of the archeology of the prehistoric era and the Romanesque era.

The building in which the museum is located is recognized as a historical monument of national significance. The Museum of Ethnography in Algarve is located on Freedom Square next to the Franciscan Church. It is founded in the 60s[237!

  • ancient photos and documents;
  • Fishing fishing and antique items;
  • Samples of wooden carts on which water covered water.
  • Natural attractions

    RIA-Formose Natural Park is an island system connected to the sea by 6 straits, 1 of which is artificial. Park length along the coast of 60 km. Park area is 170 km². Many rare animals and birds live in the park. It is also a stopping place for some types of migratory birds.

    The park has a triangle shape, the widest place reaches 6 km, the most narrow - several meters.

    Garden Manuel Bivar is located at PACACA DOM Francisco Gomes 12. This place is considered to be the head of the headlight. This is an old garden existing since the XV century. Its main attraction - a kiosk installed in the center of the garden, the date of its installation dated the XIX century.

    The urban beach Farra is one of the main natural attractions of the city. The beach is a sandy island, on the one hand was washed with sea water, on the other hand adjacent to the lagoon.

    Monuments

    400 meters from the center of Faru, at PACACA DOM Afonso III, 8000-167 established the statue of King Afons III. He was the first ruler of Portugal and was considered one of the wisers and just.

    The funeral historical monument is located at: Portugal, Mexilhoeira Grande-Alcalar, Alvore, Portimao 8500-132. These are ancient funeral temples that were used for several centuries before the start of the Christian era. Part of the tombs is open to visitors and has the status of the National Monument.

    In the suburb of Faru, at Portugal, EN 124, Silves 8300, is the "Cross of Portugal" monument. The monument is installed in the indoor gazebo and design reminds the statue of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.

    Shopping

    The largest shopping center in the headlight is called Forum Algarve. This is a 2-storey building built in the form of the letter "P".

    In a large shopping complex there are shops selling:

    • clothing and shoes;
    • hours and jewelry;
    • Children's toys and goods for children;
    • ceramics, glass and porcelain products;
    • animal goods;
    • Sports goods.

    The Auchan hypermarket is also open on the territory of the store. The mall is open daily from 9 a.m. to 10 p.m. There are also many farmers' markets open in the city, where they sell fresh seafood, meat, vegetables and fruits. The largest number of shops are located in the pedestrian area of ​​Rua Santa António and next to the Cathedral in the old town.

    Leisure activities

    For lovers of active leisure, it is proposed to visit the Diving Club “Hidroespaco”, which is located at the address: Portugal, Faro, Loja 2 Rua das Laranjeiras. On the beaches of Faro you can ride jet skis. Parachute flights over the sea are also offered.

    You can actively spend time by visiting the Ditabura Live Music night entertainment club. The club regularly hosts musical events and theme parties.

    Interesting places for families with children

    The theme park "Zoomarine Algarve" is located at the address: Estrada National 125 KM65 Guia, Albufeira 8201-864. The park is open from 10 am to 6 pm. Joint thematic performances of animals and people are held in it. Dolphins, parrots, fur seals take part in them. Also on the territory of the park there is a wave pool, an aquarium and a small water park.

    Aquashow Park is located at: Portugal, Semino EN 396, Quarteira 8125-303. On the territory of the water park there are several slides of various heights designed for different age categories. Free sun loungers are provided throughout the pool area.

    The park has a zoo, hot tub, picnic area and a museum. As an entertainment, joint swimming with fur seals is offered. A popular entertainment venue for children is the Tribo dos Reguilas club.

    Here children are offered:

    • trampolining;
    • ball pool;
    • riding on inflatable slides;
    • playing in an inflatable city;
    • children's board games.

    Tours

    To get to know the local sights and the history of the city, you can visit several thematic tours.

    Excursion “Historical Faro and artisan Loule”

    Tour time 6 – 7 hours. Cost from 70 euros per person. Excursion group from 2 to 6 people. The price includes guide services and transportation.

    The tour includes:

    • the historic town of Loule and visits to the town museum;
    • walk to the central market of the city, built in the neo-Moorish revival style;
    • transfer to the city of Faro and visit to the local city museum;
    • a walk through the historical center of the city and a tour of the historic mansions;
    • visiting a local restaurant and teaching a mini cataplan cooking course.

    Excursion "Algarve protected"

    Time of the excursion 6 - 8 hours. Cost from 220 euros per group. Excursion group up to 8 people. The price includes the services of an English-speaking guide and transport.

    The tour includes the route Faro - Olhao - Tavira:

    • the tour starts in Faro with a visit to the Old Town;
    • a ferry trip to the islands or an excursion to the Ria Formosa;
    • moving to Olhao area;
    • walk along the local promenade;
    • moving to the area of ​​Tavira, which is located on the Gilao River;
    • local sightseeing.

    Excursion "Walk along the coast of the Algarve"

    Time of the tour from 3 to 10 hours. Cost from 50 euros per group. Excursion group up to 7 people. The price includes the services of an English-speaking guide and transport.

    The tour includes:

    • a walk along the coast from the Benagil beach;
    • boat trip through grottoes and caves;
    • walk to the beach "Praia da Marinha";
    • walk to Señora Rocha beach.

    During the walk, swimming and relaxing on each of the beaches.

    Itinerary for exploring the city on your own in 1-2 days

    For a more detailed acquaintance with local attractions, you can organize an independent route to interesting places.

    1 day visit to natural attractions:

    • Visit to the Ria Formosa Natural Reserve, located along the banks of the Loule and Vila Real de Santo Antonio.
    • Lake Quinta do Lago.
    • Quinta de Marin Park in the Olhao area.
    • A walk through the coniferous forest along the bay and sightseeing.
    • Visit to Barril beach.

    Day 2, visiting historical sites:

    • Visiting the Cathedral in Faro.
    • Chapel of Bones at Karmu Church.
    • Faro Municipal Museum.
    • Ethnographic museum.
    • Walk along the pedestrian street of Francisco Gomez and visit a local cafe.

    Hotels

    The Farra has many hotels and hotels offering a full and comfortable stay.

    Hotel "Ibis Faro Algarve"

    Hotel is located at: Portugal, Faro, Rua Poeta Antonio Aleixo 204. In the hotel 81 room, cost from 4,700 rubles. Hotel free internet and parking.

    is:

    • Pool;
    • Safe;
    • Storage Camera;
    • Restaurant;
    • conference hall;
    • terrace;
    • negotiation.

    The hotel has aligned rooms and a 24-hour front desk.

    Hotel AFONSO III 2 *

    Hotel is located at: Portugal; Faro; Rua General Gomes Freire 12. In the hotel 41 rooms; worth from 3,600 rubles. The hotel offers a free shuttle service from and to the airport; Free internet and parking. The hotel has rooms for smokers.

    There are in the hotel:

    • concierge;
    • Restaurant;
    • Camera storage;
    • air conditioners;
    • bar;
    • TV;
    • Children's Game Room;
    • Gym;
    • laundry;
    • Nanny services.

    Hotel "Hotel Acelaide 2 *"

    The hotel is located at: Portugal; Faro Rua de Cruz Das Mestras 1. Room cost - from 4 200 rubles.

    The hotel has:

    • Safe;
    • Elevator;
    • air conditioners;
    • restaurant;
    • Camera storage;
    • refrigerator;
    • heating;
    • Free Internet;
    • bar;
    • Parking;
    • TV;
    • 24-hour front desk.

    There are rooms for smokers.

    What can be brought as a souvenir

    as a gift from Portugal, traditional souvenirs or objects with national symbols can be brought:

    • Rooster "Barcelusha "; The symbol of Portugal.
    • Azuju (ceramic tile) painted by folk portuguese patterns.
    • Souvenir kitchen accessories.
    • casket or jewelry with national symbolism.
    • fridge magnets or small embroidered bags.
    • National products made of cork oak.
    • Local Green Wine; which is not analogs in the world.
    • Portuguese coffee.

    Faro visits a huge number of tourists; They come to look at the attractions and relax on local beaches. Recently, the city has been included in the lists of popular tourist routes; on a par with the major cities of Portugal.

    Article design: Oleg Lozinsky

    Video about the city of Faro

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