Easter Island. Photos, where it is located, interesting facts, idols, sights, history

century, more and more often you can meet tours to the magical island. Few can say where Easter Island is located, this is due to the distance from the mainland.

At the moment, the island belongs to Chile, but is located at a distance of 3500 km from the coast of the mainland. A small island is located in the vast Pacific waters.

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Where is Easter Island

Easter has its own administrative center - the city of Hanga Roa, this is the only city on the island. The coast of the island is little prone to washout, so it looks like a triangle. The island's coordinates are 27°6'67 south longitude and 109°21'3 west longitude.

Easter Island is located far from the mainland, so it is not so easy to get to it, but thanks to modern technology it will not be difficult.

Air travelFor the residents of Russia, this is a rather lengthy and expensive journey, but the fact is that a direct flight that could fly to the mysterious island no. You will have to make a transfer, the first stop will be the airport of Lima or Tahiti, then you need to decide on the time and buy a ticket directly to Easter Island.
Boat tripTravel agencies offer to travel from Chile to Easter on a yacht or cruise ship.

Geographical features of Easter Island

The area of ​​the island does not exceed 165 square meters. km, the population is about 6 thousand people. There are about 70 volcanoes on the island, which were formed due to the collision of 2 lithospheric plates: continental and oceanic. Some of them are in the active phase. According to scientists, researchers the island has been formed due to the eruption of the volcano.

Easter Island, map and signatures to interesting places.

Easter Island is divided into three zones:

  1. National Park.
  2. Territory of the National Forest Corporation.
  3. populated territory, no more than 20 square meters. km.

Easter Island is in the tropical strip, so the eternal summer is reigning on its territory, it differs from such objects of this belt by the fact that there is no long rain. There are no rivers in the island, and the inhabitants are obtained from lakes and underground sources.

Historical Facts

The first mention of the island dates back to 400 a year of our era, when Polynesians sailed at Easter in search of land for life. Until the XVIII century, they were unknown and isolated from other people. But in 1722, the traveler Jacob Rogheven saw the island and gave the command to the order, moored for research.

I was amazed, the island looked catastrophically, there was no vegetation, animals, there was no possibility to build a dwelling and boats for fisheries. From the remaining population, Jacob found out that problems with food forced the inhabitants of the island to engage in cannibalism, as the island is remotely from the mainland, it was meaningless to count on the aid.

Easter Island is far away in the open ocean, so the question remains as the inhabitants of that time were able to get to him. Geologists and researchers of the island made a conclusion that for the first time the life on it was born long before our era, about 1200.

the opinion of scientists on the topic, who inhabited this territory split into three parts, the first to believe that the residents of remote lands were American Indians, others believe that Peruvians, and the third, suggest that the island has settled other people, other From modern, but extinct in the end. There are many legends for Easter, about two tribes: shorthoots and long legs, about their tireless wars and life.

The history of the name of the island is very multifaceted and ambiguous, many people know the mysterious island in different ways, so there are sources where he is chitteragi, te-pito-oh-hengua, scientists claim that the island is obliged to Rapanuan language where all the inhabitants of Oceania say.

But in the XIX century, the navigaters independently chose the name for the mysterious island, in order not to confuse it with other brethren, - Rapanui. All these names were not officially registered, therefore, they remain only according to legends and in the words of the inhabitants, for the whole world it sharply acquired its name on April 5, 1722, when Jacob Roggeven sailed on it, on the holy holiday of Easter.

Climatic conditions, the best time to travel

Easter Island is located in a tropical climate zone, the average summer and winter temperatures are no different, approximately +22°С. Rarely in autumn, warm days are diluted with cold Antarctic wind, but the temperature does not drop below +10°C.

For lovers of hot weather, the best time to visit Easter is January, when the air temperature does not fall below +30°C, while August is recognized as the coldest month, and it is also considered the driest, the maximum number of rainy days does not exceed 2 -3 days.

The rainiest months can be called March and April, when precipitation falls for 15-20 days.

The mysterious island is ready to receive guests and tourists on its territory all year round. During the day it is not too hot, and in the evening it is quite cool, so it is worth taking warm clothes with you.

Flora and fauna of Easter Island

For scientists, the islands have always been considered important strategic points, since it is much easier to see traces of evolutionary development on them. Easter is very scarce in its diversity of flora and fauna, the reason for this is the remoteness from the mainland, and possibly the activities of people in ancient times. At the moment, there are no unique or unimported vertebrates on the island.

All living creatures of Easter can fit into a small list, which is provided below:

  1. 2 species of small lizards, according to scientists, they were brought by the first settlers, but not on purpose.
  2. A European rat, but it is known to have supplanted the Polynesian rat, which the islanders specially brought in, as it was suitable for use as food.
  3. There is a possibility that the ancient islanders had dogs.
  4. In 1866, seafarers brought rabbits to the island, as they are easy to breed and suitable for food, but already in 1911 only one mention of them remained.
  5. In the same year, cattle and horses were introduced, their population changes periodically, but remains in the territory.
  6. The Falcon is thought to be the only surviving terrestrial bird of prey on the island.
  7. The population of chickens has been noticeably preserved, it was brought long before the official opening of the island to the world. And according to the assurances of the inhabitants, their chickens lay blue eggs, on the basis of which it can be concluded that they were brought from South America.
  8. Migratory birds are less common lately, but there are also famous and rare species, which include: brown tern, petrel, gannet, frigatebird, gray tern.
  9. According to historians and archaeologists, long before the settlement of the first people, mammals and turtles lived on the island.
  10. About 130 species of fish have been identified in coastal waters, and the absence of coral reefs indicates a limited population of shellfish.

The fauna of the island has only 48 unique plants, they were discovered in 1956 by botanist Carl Scottsburg. Seafarers, and now tourists, bring a large number of foreign ornamental and edible plants, trees, and shrubs to the island.

Do not miss the most popular article of the rubric:Hawaii on the world map - where are, what is unique, vacation on the islands.

Attractions of Easter Island

Easter is the most mysterious island on the planet. Its history is shrouded in secrets and legends, in order to feel its spirit and become a part of it, you need to visit at least the main attractions that are presented below.

Ahu Akivi

For the first time this name appeared in 1960, translated into Russian means “ceremonial hill. American and Chilean archaeologists spent six months raising and erecting statues in their former place. There are 7 moai monuments on the pedestals, all of them are similar to each other in style and height.

According to the legends of the inhabitants of the island, they are the defenders of Easter. Another story says that they represent 7 messengers of the Polynesian leader Hotu Matu. A distinctive feature of this particular composition is that it is not located on the coast, but hidden in the depths of the island.

Monuments of Moai

If you ask the islanders what the name of their island is, almost everyone will say without delay: "Rapa Nui." Centuries ago, it was a green island with a huge variety of flora, but already in the 15th century there was no trace left of the forests, so far scientists cannot unambiguously explain what this could be connected with.

The stone statues of Moai also remain a mystery of Easter, they represent the head and torso of a person up to 15 m high and weighing up to 18 tons. According to one of the guesses, it is believed that stone statues were made in memory of deceased relatives, or leaders, and installed at their burial sites. The streams called them ahu, and each clan on the island had its own way of working.

Also, the islanders worshiped the sides of the Moai, in the hope that they would protect and give them strength, according to the surviving manuscripts, the rite of worship looked something like this: a large fire was lit in front of the statue, and inhabitants squatted around it, their faces must necessarily be inclined towards the ground, and their hands clasped together.

But there are questions about what the monuments were made of, and most importantly, how they were moved. It has now become known that the stone of the statues matches the composition of the rock from the extinct volcano Rana Raraku, and it was there that the unfinished Moai were found. But the distance from the volcano to the place of establishment is quite large, which means that the islanders had a secret of moving.

Some people sincerely believe that aliens or higher powers helped them. But scientists from Norway and Sweden have other assumptions. So the first believes that the finished statues were moved horizontally and, with the help of stones and logs, were installed directly on the burial site. This theory was confirmed by the last of the ancestors of the "long-eared" clan.

But there is another version of the Czech scientist Pavel Pavel, it says that the Moai were moved vertically using cables for this, outwardly it could seem that the statues seemed to be walking, which was the main idea of ​​the islanders.

Both theories were valid and were confirmed in 2012 by a group of anthropologists.

At the moment, there are more than 900 statues on the island, 200 have a vertical position, and about 700 lie, according to some sources, they were knocked down by the inhabitants of the island during the internecine war.

Rano Kau Volcano

According to scientists, the island is of volcanic origin. At the moment, there is only one active volcano on the island - Rano-Kau. The shape of the volcano resembles a shield, and there are 7 lakes in the crater. Thought to have been active for 300 years and only to fall asleep in 1911, scientists cannot predict whether it will wake up or remain safe for the inhabitants.

For exotic lovers, you can order a walk to the volcano, for especially extreme travelers you can go around Rano-kau along the ridge, the village of Orongo.

Rano Raraku

An extinct volcano, the height of which reaches 150 m. It is located in the eastern part of the island and 17 km from the administrative city of Hanga Roa. The volcano is located on the lower part of the Terevaka volcano, the highest elevation of Easter. The slopes of Rano Raraku are high and steep, and due to the action of the wind, collapses often occur.

The volcanic rock of this volcano was chosen to create the statues of the MOAI. Outwardly, it is represented by yellow-brown tuff with a large number of diverse splashes. The mines in which the stone was produced are located on the south side of the volcano.

MOAI's slopes are installed on the slopes of the volcano, they differ significantly, from the island, the fact that the eyes were not cut, and unfinished blanks were found there. Most likely due to the fact that the islanders collided with a more solid rock of the stone and could not handle it.

A freshwater lake is located in the volcanic crater, it may have previously served as residents of the closest source suitable for water consumption.

Pune Pau

The district is located in the northern part of the administrative city, it has an exciting history. It is believed that many centuries ago the islanders mined in this place the stone of red, from which he submitted headdresses for the MOAI, then it was used for the manufacture of petroglyphs.

Pune Pau is close to the city, which is especially important for hiking. By visiting this place, you can enjoy the crystal air, the climb of nature and see the heritage of descendants.

Mount Mount Terevaka

Mountain is recognized as the highest point for Easter. The height above the sea reaches 539 m, most of the mountain is hidden from the eyes under water. The surface of the mountain is covered with grass and is a porous rock, so even in bad weather it can be safely climbing it without fear of dirt or water.

A distinctive feature of Maung Terevaki is a subtropical climate, this is the only place on the island, where the air temperatures do not exceed 20 ° C.

The Ceremonial village of ORONO

is located in the south-west of the island. The founders of the village consider Polynesians who were the first to arrive on the island. There are about 50 houses built of stone on the territory of the village, some of which are interconnected for safety and strengthening purposes.

The architecture in this place is unique in that it was created before the opening of the island of the whole world, and wears the imprint of the individuality of the population.

The islanders paid great attention to the gods and rituals, which were held in their honor. One of them can be considered a competition for the honor of referring to Tangat Manu. For this, young guys jumped from the cliff and flooded the sacred egg on distillation. The winner was assigned the title of a poultry person.

Ana te Pau Cave

The cave is distinguished by a high ceiling, due to which a person can easily move through it, located in the National Park, and before visiting it is necessary to obtain permission for this, but This only applies to solo travelers. The tour is included in the tour price.

Inside the cave is divided into two more, and it is believed that the islanders used it for housing. Te Pau is not distinguished by the presence of stalactites, since, like the rest of the caves on the island, it was formed by a lava flow, many of them are still flooded with water.

The capital of Anga Rao

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At the moment, there are about 50% of the indigenous population on the island, the rest are immigrants from the continent. There are two official languages ​​on Easter - Spanish and Rapa Nui. The city consists of two streets. Most of the population is engaged in serving tourists.

The city combined the impossible, the Christian faith and the cult of bird worship. The city has an anthropological museum, which contains the most ancient and rare exhibits that tell the history of the island.

Underwater caves

For diving enthusiasts, underwater caves, which were formed due to volcanic eruptions and the impact of magma on the soil, are ideal. They are distinguished by unexpected transitions and beautiful views. On the coast, you can rent diving suits and underwater cameras.

Excursions around Easter Island

Easter is famous for its mystery and unique riches.

At the moment, Chilean travel agencies offer three sightseeing tours to the island of wonders:

  1. Individual and group tours in Chile Oriental Discovery. It is a tour to the island with accommodation, 3 days and 4 nights, the cost depends on the visibility of the tour, on average it is 100,000 rubles.
  2. "Art-Tour" offers its clients a sightseeing tour of the wonderful city, the price includes a week's accommodation on the island, guided walks. The cost fluctuates around 125,000.
  3. Tour express, is a two-week trip with accommodation, on the island and the Chilean coast.

Popular places for recreation

On Easter there are not many clubs or restaurants, on it a person appears in front of nature. All popular places are natural attractions or religious holidays of the indigenous population.

Below is the top 3 of popular places for recreation:

  1. Anachen Beach, differs from the rest on the island that does not have Rock slopes. This is the only beach for Easter, where it is officially allowed to swim. But not only a gentle way out to the ocean is different, and an entertaining story. According to the legend, the housing of the Rap's leader was located in the Anacure, in the testimony of what two statues were preserved. Next to the beach is a cozy cafe where you can hide from the sun and a pleasant time.
  2. Restaurant "Au Bout Du Monde", is located in Hanga-Rao, on the terrace, which is adjacent to the building, can be located at any time of the day, But a particularly amazing look opens to the sunset, when the last sun rays are illuminated by the ocean. Every week in the restaurant you can see the performance of dancers and musicians who fulfill traditional rooms.
  3. Tapathy-Rapa's holiday. It is customary to celebrate at the end of January, he is a dance and musical battle ensembles. During the festival, the queen is elected. Not only young Virgin, but also their families compete for this.

Hotels on Easter Island and next to him

For those who want to visit Easter independently and live on the territory there are many hotels and hotels for a different budget.

For the convenience of travelers, the top-3 hotel in demand is located:

  1. Hotel Hangaroa Eco Village & Spa. One of the high-quality and expensive hotels on the island. The interior decoration is made of high-quality stone, and the columns of wood, there are terraces, the price includes food. The hotel has a beauty salon, SPA-procedures. Cost per day - 80000 rubles.
  2. Hotel Hare Noi Rapa Nui. It is small cottages to stay with family or individual tourists. The terrace overlooks the ocean. Each guestroom, on site there is cafes and restaurants, but for lovers of independent cooking kitchens are equipped with everything necessary. Convenient for long stay. The average cost - 21,000 rubles.
  3. Marae Premium Cabins. Small, but cozy houses located near the airport with access to the bay. Cottages are equipped with modern equipment and furniture, comfortable for solitary and family holidays. The average cost for accommodation is 6500 rubles.

Interesting facts about Easter Islands

Easter - Island of riddles and secrets, many of which are not available to scientists. But every year, people manage to open and solve his small part.

Here are the facts that are known to scientists at the moment:

  1. The inhabitants call their island none other than Rapa Nui.
  2. Easter Island belongs to the Chilean state, and the nearest location of people is over 2000 km away.
  3. The world famous island earned due to the mysterious statues of Moai.
  4. In 1995 Easter was inscribed on the UNESCO list.

Easter Island is distinguished by its pristine nature, only here you can find unique Moai statues, each of which keeps and tells tourists its own story. This is a place for those who are not afraid of obstacles, who are ready to reveal secrets and enjoy wildlife, and tourists can relax after a busy day on the wild beaches of the Pacific Ocean.

Article design: Oleg Lozinsky

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