Corsica island in the Mediterranean. Photo, where is on the map, rest, beaches, sights

Corsica is one of the largest islands of the Mediterranean Sea. It ranks 4th in Square and is listed by one of the 18 regions of France. The name of the status of the island is the territorial community of Corsica.

The location of the island of Corsica in the Mediterranean, coordinates

Corsica is an island in the Mediterranean, which consists of the upper and southern departments. The main city of the island is called Ayachcho. The population of Corsica in 2016 amounted to 330 354 people. The density of the population of island is 36.23 people. At km².

The main inhabitants of the island are Corsicans speaking in Corsican. The area of ​​the island region is 8,680 km², the length of the island is 183 km in the widest part, the width of the island is 83 km. The length of the coastline is 1 thousand km.

The island is divided into zones:

  • 2 departments;
  • 360 Commune;
  • 5 districts;
  • 52 canton.

Geographic coordinates of the island: Northern latitude: 42.15, Eastern longitude: 9.083333.

Remoteness of the island from other geographic objects:

Sardinia, through Bonifacio Strait11 km
Tuscany, Italy90 km
Monaco and France170 km

The location of the island is the northeast of the Mediterranean Sea, on the south side of the Tyrrhenian Sea.

Climate, weather

The subtropical Mediterranean climate prevails on the territory of Corsica.

averaged data over the past few years:

(1 44) +14.2​​
month Day ° C Night ° C Sunny days The amount of precipitation Wind speed
January+12.2+8.81575.6 mm4 m / s
February+13.5+7.51676.7 mm4 m / s
Mart+13.5+7.21874.4 mm4.1 m / s
April+17.2+92058.8 mm3, 2 m / s
May+19.8+11.22444.2 mm2.9 m / s
June+253039.7 mm2.6 m / s
July+26+16.82844.5 mm2.6 m / s
August+27+163011 mm2.5 m / C
September+24.5+16,22841.6 MM3.1 m / s
October+21.4+14.22457.3 mm3.4 m / s
November+18,2+121998.2 mm3.8 m / s
December+12.2+8.52044.6 mm3.6 m / s

The temperature of the water in the sea ranges in the range from +13 ° C to +25 ° C. According to the rating of comfort, compiled on the basis of the testimony over the past few years, July, August and September is considered the most comfortable months for visiting Corsica.

The nature of the island

Corsica is the most mountainous island of the Mediterranean. Mountains occupy 75% of the surface, 20% of which are covered with trees. The highest mountain island - Chinto, its highest point is 2,706 m. The largest river Corsica is a goal, her length is 90 km. Almost half of the entire territory is Corsica Regional Park.

on the sea can be saved to the reserve called Skandol. It is known for a unique ecosystem. Pine forests grow in the bays of Karrage and Sagon. Pines called Larisio are a symbol of Corsica, they grow at an altitude of 1 thousand to 1.8 thousand m. Almost 3 thousand species of plants grow on the island, 5% of which are extinct and grow only on this island.

Here you can meet forests and landings:

  • nuts;
  • beech;
  • chestnuts;
  • olive;
  • grape;
  • oak;
  • pine;
  • decided.

A unique strawberry tree grows here. Many rarest animal species lives in the island, such as sea turtle and seal.

Rare species of birds found on the island:

  • Blue Drozd and Sea Eagle;
  • haircuts and ski;
  • Falcon-Sapsan and Seagull;
  • Bablan and Luni;
  • Bearded and Sapsan.

only the extinction mouflon lives on Corsica.

How to get

Corsica is an island in the Mediterranean Sea, which from the XVIII century is part of France. You can get to Corsica in various ways.

Airway

On the territory of Corsica there are 4 airports:

  • Airport in Ajacco named after Bonaparta Napoleon.
  • Airport in Bastia - Porette.
  • Figari Airport, near Porto-Vecchi and Bonifaccio.
  • Airport in Calvi.

There are no direct flights to Corsica from Russia. We will have to fly with a transflection in France or Italy.

Aquatic pathway

to get to the Corsica by means of ferry crossing. There are many routes from France and Italy, which transport tourists and their cars at any time of the day.

Do not miss the most popular article heading:Geographical objects named in honor of travelers - Russian and world.

The best beaches of French Corsica: description, infrastructure

due to the location of the island in the sea and a favorable climate, on Corsica is equipped with a huge number of beaches.

Calvi Beach

The beach Calvi Beach is located in front of the hotel of the same name, which offers an excellent view of the sea and the garden. On the beach there are 3 outdoor pools and 1 indoor pool with warm water. There are direct access to the sea with a length of 6 km.

The beach has all the necessary infrastructure:

  • restaurants;
  • bars;
  • Spa salons;
  • Beach accessories;
  • Toilet - Cosmetic Accessories.

Cupabia Beach

A surprisingly quiet and peaceful beach is located near the town of Lumio, in the south-west of the island. On the beach you can swim in the Mediterranean Sea, eat in a cafe and play beach volleyball on snow-white sand. Not far from the beach is a large free parking.

ARINELLA BEACH

The wild beach is located near the town of Lumio. The beach on all sides is surrounded by green hills and is very suitable for relaxing snorkelling lovers.

Palombaggia & Santa Giulia Beach

White sand beaches are located in the immediate vicinity of Porto-Vecchio. Nearby, for the convenience of tourists, several campgrounds are located.

Due to them, it is possible to spend the time in nature as long as possible.

Roccapina Beach

This is a wild beach located on the south side of the island and hidden in a small bay. Nearby is the beach, which occupies a large area and going straight to the sea. The beach takes 8 place in the ranking of the best beaches of Corsica.

Cappiciolo Beaches

Several small beaches are located on the adjacent territory of Cappiciolo town. Small beaches are separated by numerous coves. Beaches are distinguished by an unusually beautiful nature, which they are surrounded.

Rest on Corsica, prices: diving, yachting, fishing, hunting

Corsica - Island in the Mediterranean Sea, which arose as a result of lifting the ridge from granite from the west side of the island, more than 240 million years back.

The most popular active recreation is a diving. Almost 80 schools are open on the island to dive into the sea.

Approximate value of 1 dive 50 euro. When buying a reusable subscription, a discount is provided. The most popular area of ​​dive is the water surface near the city of Calvi. Here, during the time of the Second World War, several marine and aircraft sank. Also, the sea is distinguished by transparency, located in the city of Bonifacio.

Daily and night fishing can be an excellent entertainment. Numerous yachts for a specific fee will provide all the necessary equipment. The cost of fishing at night in the Mediterranean will cost 90 euros with 1 person.

For surfing, you can choose coastal waters near the city of Bonifacio. Here is the most favorable weather for an extreme sport. Constantly blowing a small wind.

The season of hunting on the island lasts from the beginning of August to the end of October. Several firms provide those who want to enjoy the necessary equipment and accompany to the right place. The estimated value of 1 day of hunting from 190 euros with 1 person. Hunting is usually conducted on boars and numerous birds.

Attractions in the communes of the island

, the archaeological ensemble of philostos is located on the northern side of the port propriano. The ensemble is an analogue of Stonehenge. There are 20 stone idols, which have 8 thousand years. Stone idols are equipped with armor, face and weapon. The ensemble was found by archaeologists in the middle of the 20th century.

Detected next to the Ceramics ensemble and arms tips are almost 5 thousand years old. The archaeological ensemble of philostos is included in the Lists of UNESCO World Heritage. Cardinal Fesha's castle (Napoleon Bonaparte Uncle) was built in the XVI century. Currently in the Palace is the library of Cardinal France and the Art Museum.

Artists are presented in it:

  • of Titian;
  • Paolo Veronese;
  • Sandro Botichelli;
  • Lorenzo di-Credit.

There are almost 3 thousand canvases in the museum. The most important web is the work of Sandro Botichelli called "Madonna with a baby." Corsica's important attractions are drunk, located in the Porto Bay. These are extraordinary rock formations, which are part of the Scandol's natural reserve, founded in 1975

, numerous unusual orange-pink rocks are towering on its territory. They rise above the Mediterranean at an altitude of 300 m. Kalanka, in 1983, entered the lists of UNESCO world heritage.

The capital Ajaccio is the city of Emperor Napoleon

Ayachcho - the largest city of Corsica. In the III and II centuries BC e. The territory was conquered by Romans, having filled it from Ligurian and Iberian tribes. From VI to the VIII century, the territory belonged to Byzantines. It was during this period that for the first time, Ayachcho was mentioned in the chronicles. The city was described by Pope Gregory I, as the center of the church diocese and the location of the bishop.

The official date of the foundation of Ajaccio is considered to be 1492 Today, more than 70 thousand people live in the city. The city of Ajaccio is the homeland of the commander and emperor Napoleon Bonaparte.

Corsica island. In the photo, the capital Ajaccio is the city of Emperor Napoleon.

The main attraction of the island is the house-museum where the Bonaparte family lived. This is a building of the 17th century, in ancient times it was completely bought out by Napoleon's parents. In it, the famous emperor lived the first 10 years of his life. This house was handed over to the state by the heir of the great emperor, a prince named Victor.

The museum exhibits:

  • portraits of the emperor's family;
  • portraits of the emperor of different ages;
  • his personal collection of weapons;
  • Archival documents and personal papers of Bonaparte.

Port of Bastia

Bastia is located in the north-east of the island.

Nearby cities:

  • Ajaccio at a distance of 150 km;
  • Marseille at a distance of 450 km;
  • Rome at a distance of 470 km.

The area of ​​the city is about 20 km², where a little more than 40 thousand people live. Bastia is the largest commercial and commercial center of Corsica. It is considered one of the most beautiful and oldest cities in the Mediterranean.

The historical capital of Corte

Corte is located in the Restonica and Tavignano valleys on a rocky coast. The city of Corte is a commune of France and a department of Upper Corsica. The city is located in the very center of the island, it has been given the status of a historical cultural capital. In the years from 1755 to 1769, it was the capital of the Corsican Independent Republic.

It was in Corte, in 1731, that the first democratic government was organized by Pascal Paoli. In 1981, Pascal Paoli University was founded in the city. The population for 2016 is 7,515 people. The area of ​​the city is 149 km².

The birthplace of Columbus Calvi is the legendary

The commune of Calvi is part of the Upper Corsica department. It is the prefecture of the district and the capital of the canton of Calvi. There is a legend that Calvi is the birthplace of the famous traveler Christopher Columbus.

However, he hid this fact so as not to bring trouble on his compatriots. Since the anti-government speeches of Columbus could bring the inhabitants of the island notoriety.

Fashionable Bonifacio

Bonifacio is considered the most popular and photogenic city of Corsica. The city is located on the south side of the island, separated from Sardinia by the eponymous strait of Bonifacio. The city is located in a secluded area of ​​a narrow peninsula, its surface is covered with white limestone.

In the crevice between the mainland and the peninsula, there is a marina for large yachts. Photos of Bonifacio can be seen on the island's promotional brochures and postcards.

Tourist Porto-Vecchio

The city of Porto-Vecchio is the eastern gate of Corsica. The city and at the same time the port of the same name, is located on the coast of the Tyrrhentian Sea, at the confluence with the Stabachi River.

The city is a cultural center for celebrations and festivals. The tourist city thrives on tourists who come for vacation from early May to late September. According to the latest census, 11,057 people live in the town.

Shopping

The Mediterranean island of Corsica is famous for colorful souvenirs that are sold in shops and malls. Corsica is home to numerous varieties of various essential oils.

Oils are made on the island from various plants:

  • laurel and mint;
  • fennel and rosemary;
  • cedar and marjoram;
  • from all types of citrus fruits.

Unique perfumes are made on the island, which have no analogues in the world:

  • oils for rheumatism;
  • massage oils;
  • Shampoos and creams infused with local Corsican plants.

The price of perfumery is from 20 euros. Popular souvenirs from Corsica are things with the image of Napoleon Bonaparte, costing from 5 euros.

Souvenir shops sell goods with the emblem of Napoleon:

  • mugs and plates;
  • fridge magnets and figurines;
  • tablecloths and towels;
  • bed linen and local pottery.

Of the grocery souvenirs, the following are in demand:

  • white and red wines, costing from 10 euros;
  • a variety of cheeses, starting at 4 euros;
  • Corsican honey;
  • Corsican tomato and eggplant sauces.

The most popular shops are located in the cities:

  • Bastia;
  • Ajaccio;
  • Calvi;
  • Propriano;
  • Furiani.

Popular hotels of the island of Corsica

As in any tourist country in Corsica, there are a huge number of hotels and inns.

Hotel «Costa Salina»

The hotel is located in the city of Porto-Vecchio at the address: Quai Pascal Paoli 20137. The 3 * hotel offers double rooms costing from 10 184 rubles. The hotel has 63 rooms in total.

The hotel offers rooms:

  • for non-smokers;
  • lux;
  • family;
  • for people with disabilities.

The hotel has:

  • swimming pool and free parking;
  • conference room and air conditioners;
  • free internet and concierge;
  • jacuzzi and bar.

Hotel Stella Di Mar

The hotel is located in the city of Ajaccio at the address: route des Sanguinaires 20000 Communaute dagglomeration du Pays Ajaccien. The 3* hotel has 60 rooms in total. Price from 7 473 rubles. for a double room. The hotel has rooms for non-smokers and for people with disabilities.

The hotel has:

  • pool and free internet;
  • free parking and air conditioning;
  • rooms with sea view;
  • bar and restaurant.

Pets are allowed in the hotel.

Riviera Hotel

The hotel is located in the city of Bastia at the address: 1B rue Adolphe Landry 20200. There are 21 rooms in the 2* hotel. The cost of a room for two is from 5,363 rubles. The hotel has rooms for people with disabilities and non-smoking rooms.

The hotel has:

  • air conditioners and dry cleaning;
  • free internet and parking;
  • wheelchair ramps.

Pets are allowed in the hotel.

Tourist safety in Corsica

When traveling to Corsica, there are certain safety precautions that must be observed. Before you go on a tour of the island, you need to find out the phone number of a specialized rescue team. It is very easy to get lost during an excursion to the mountains or the forest, as the ground is often covered with fog and high snowdrifts.

Avalanches are possible in mountainous areas. It is also recommended to bring an adequate supply of water and food with you. The Mediterranean island is interesting for its unique nature and ancient buildings. Corsica is associated with the fate of many historical figures who were able to influence the history of a single country, and the whole world as a whole.

Article design: Oleg Lozinsky

Video about the island of Corsica

Corsica island, France, review: