Comoros. Where is located on the world map, capital, flag, tours, recreation

Comoros are not yet a popular tourist destination and few can definitely answer the question where they are located on the world map. However, this does not mean that these places do not deserve attention.

The geographical location of the Comoros

tourists on the islands expects a lot of pleasant surprises and discoveries:

  • untouched beach paradise with snow-white sand and exotic palm trees.
  • Unexpected cultural discoveries.
  • Magic Arab charm of local cities and settlements.
  • stunning rock formations formed by volcanic mountains.
  • Beautiful mountains, lakes and rich floral world.
  • ​​

Islands are located in the Indian Ocean in the north of the Mozambique Strait between Madagascar and the African continent. Represents the archipelago of volcanic origin, whose name from Arab is translated as Luna Islands. According to archaeological data, these land plots were settled in the V century of our era.

For the first time, they were described by the Dutch traveler Houtman at the end of the XVI century, but for a long time after that, European countries left these distant land without attention.

In the second half of the XIX century, the control over these territories was established by France and 4 main islands with a total area of ​​2,236 km2, components of the archipelago, are still widely known for their French names:

  • Grand Comor (Nhazidge)
  • Anjouan (Njuani),
  • Moheli (Malva)
  • Mayotte (Maore)

Grand Comor is about 200 km from Mayotte, 40 km from Mokhli and 80 km from Anjouan. Due to the lack of good port facilities, the transport connection and communication between the islands is sufficiently difficult. The islands arose as a result of intensive volcanic activity due to the tectonic movements that began about 8 million years ago.

In a geological scale of time, this is not such a revered age (as a comparison, larger and ancient Madagascar belonged to continental land from 70 to 120 million years ago).

Mayotte is the oldest of the 4-islands and formed 7.7 million years ago.

The island area is 375 km2, and the highest points are at a height of 500 to 600 m above sea level. Well developed coral reefs surround the island and form a lagoon.

Grand Comor island is considered the youngest - it is formed only 10,000 years ago and there is an active volcano, Mount Kartal, whose peak reaches 2361 m and has the largest volcanic crater in the world.

The nature of the islands is unique and is represented by a wide variety of flora and fauna. On this territory you can see 37 species of animals, which it is impossible to meet more in any other corner of the globe, and the ocean's water makes the ancient forms of life.

Administrative device, flag, capital

Union of Comoros is an independent state with a republican form of government and its president. For a long time, the island was a colony and consisted under the control of France.

On July 6, 1975, the island state received sovereignty, but during the referendum of 1974, three islands spoke for independence, and 60% of Mayotte residents did not express their desire to become a member of the new Federation and decided to remain under the authority of the French administration.

Despite the fact that the island has the status of the overseas territory of France, it is considered an integral part of the Union and this is reflected in the official symbols of the state, including the coin editions.

The modern version of the National Flag was adopted in 2001 after a series of changes. From 1978 to 2001 there were 3 options, although they all consisted of a green leaf, a white crescent and four white five-pointed stars in different variations.

Today's version is enriched with four horizontal stripes in yellow, white, red and blue tones. The traditional symbols of Islam - crescent and stars are now located in a green wedge on the left side of the flag.

Each strip, as well as 4 stars represent Islands:

  • Mohels
  • Mayotte
  • Anjouan
  • Grand Comor

The population is more than 750 thousand people, most of which confesses Islam Sunni sense. Official languages ​​- Arabic, French and Comorian (a mixture of Arab and Swahili). The Comorian franc represents the official currency.

The capital city of Moroni is located on the island of Grand Comore. Founded around the 10th century by Arabic-speaking settlers. It is now the largest city with a population of 54,000 (according to 2011 data), 98% of which are Sunni Muslims. The name of the city of Moroni means "in the heart of fire" and it is quite justified, since it is located at the foot of an active volcano.

Comoros natives

Moroni is also a busy port and resembles a Mediterranean port with its breakwaters and bulky clusters of tiled houses protruding from the green gardens. Today, despite the modern infrastructure, Moroni retains its ancient charm and traditional Arabic look.

How to get to the islands?

Comoros has an island status on the world map, which represents an advantage for the development of the transport sector. They show real shortcomings in this area and the cost of international shipping is quite high. However, the easiest way to get to the Comoros is by air.

Air service is currently provided by five foreign companies:

  • Yemenia Airways;
  • Air Austral;
  • Kenya Airways;
  • Air Tanzania;
  • Air Madagascar.

There are two airports in the country - in Moroni and Anjouan. Regular flights connect Grand Comore with Zanzibar, Nairobi, Mayotte and Madagascar.

In 2018, Turkish Airlines included Moroni in its regular flights in connection with flights to the Seychelles. It is cheaper to get to the islands by sea, but it will take much longer. Ferries run regularly between all the islands of the state, Madagascar and coastal states.

Visa

To travel to the Comoros, a visa is required, but it will not take long - you just need to contact the Immigration Service upon arrival at the airport. For registration, you will need a passport (with a validity period of at least six months from the date of entry) and two questionnaires that will be provided at the airport. The visa fee is $50. Upon receipt of a visa, you can enjoy your vacation for up to 45 days.

Climate, weather, water temperature by months

Comoros on the world map is located south of the Equator, so the climate here is tropical, with a hot and rainy season from December to April, dominated by north -western monsoon, and a relatively cool and dry season from May to November, when the southeast trade winds blow.

The average daytime temperature is from 27 ° C for the warmer period (from January to April) to 23 ° C in the coldest months (July, August and September).

Moroni - average temperatures:

(° C) Jan FEB Mar APR May Jun Jul AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC
MIN232323232120191819202223
MAX303031303028282828293031

Sea in Comoros The islands are warm enough and suitable for swimming all year round: water temperature ranges from 25 ° C in August to 29 ° C from February to April.

​​
(° C) Jan FEB Mar Apr May Jun Jul AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC
min2929292929272625262728

The best for visiting is considered period from June On October - the solar and least wet, however, it rains at this time are not excluded. A lot of precipitation falls on Grand Comor in June and July and the most favorable period here from August to October.

Hotels, hotels. Prices for accommodation

Comoros are a rather small country and during one trip there is an opportunity to inspect it all. If it is difficult to decide what to start, then you can visit the three most popular cities on the map among travelers: Moroni, Anjouan and Mokhli.

Here are 17 hotels and hotels with best reviews from tourists from all over the world. The largest number of hotels is located in Moroni: 11 out of 17. The cheapest prices start on $ 21, and the room's reservation at the most expensive hotel will cost $ 913 hotels overlooking the sea are mostly popular among couples, families and lonely travelers.

Most of these hotels offer services such as Internet, parking, bar:

  • Hotel Golden Tulip Grande Comore Moroni Resort (5.2 km from the center of Moroni, The average price is 123 dollars.)
  • Hotel Farida Lodge (0.9 km from the center of Moroni, the average price of $ 46).
  • Hotel Le Sultan (10.5 km from the center of Anjouan, the average price is $ 58).
  • Hotel Vanilla Lodge Moheli (3.4 km from the center of Mokhli, $ 34).

Restaurant The hotel is not uncommon, but judgingly by tourist rooms, the following two hotels have the best restaurants, cafes and bars:

  • Hotel Retaj Moroni (2.4 km from the center of Moroni, the average price of $ 74).
  • Cristal Itsandra Beach Hotel (5.2 km from the center of Moroni).

Hotels price varies depending on the season. To save, you can book a hotel in advance. Booking a room 50 days before the date of arrival will allow you to get a discount to 30%.

On the island of Mokhli there is an eco-bungalow, which is managed by locals in the framework of the tourism scheme of the European Union. They are located in different picturesque points of the island and local guides will gladly show visitors a colony of giant volatile mice and sea turtles.

Attractions

Comoros on the map of the world are located between Madagascar and Mozambique and the tourists are happy about the warm weather and calm turquoise waters all year round. Each of the three islands is ready to offer something special, but the common for everyone is the opportunity to enjoy the campaigns in scenic places, cycling and deep-water dives.

The Island of Grande Comer is a house for the capital of Moroni and his charming medina. If travelers are not deprived of feelings of adventurism, you can make a two-day campaign to the crater of the volcano, in the program of which there are night campgrounds on the slopes. On the southwestern side of the island is the TROU DU Prophète (Hole of the Prophet) - peaceful, protected bay with crystal clear water.

The island island is a refuge for wandering among wildlife, providing for observation of Livingston's volatile mice, nesting giant sea turtles and a visit to a large sea park along the southern coast.

Anjouan is the most populated island and is equally equipped for hiking on the lap of nature and for casual days on the beach.

Vulcan of Kartala

Mount Kartal on the island of Grand Comor is one of the most active acting volcanoes in the world. This is the highest point of the archipelago and its peak towers at 2,361 m above sea level. The volcano everacted about twenty times from the nineteenth century and frequent eruptions formed Mount Kartal to Caldera.

Lake Crater, formed after the volcanic eruption in 1991, no longer occurs here. The mountain is covered by evergreen forests, providing a habitat with rare species of flora and fauna.

Crater of a mountain having approximately mile in diameter is one of the world's largest.

Currently, the volcano is relatively calm and no particular danger.

Vendredred Mosque

Ancient Friday mosque located on the shores of the Indian Ocean is the most famous Moroni Memo. It is located just a few steps from the pier and represents one of the wonderful religious objects of the city.

The snow-white building, decorated with numerous small columns and arches, has an ideally symmetric architecture, and from the top of a richly decorated minaret opens a breathtaking panoramic view of the ocean and the entire capital is visible as a palm.

The snow-white walls of the mosque contrast with the blue sea, in an amazing way combined with calm azure waters of the harbor. The arches of their design create a rhythmic effect, and the bright green dome is directed to the sky.

The mosque was built in the fifteenth century under the influence of Arabic architecture and serves as a sacred place for Muslims, occupying a special position in the hierarchy of vintage mosques. It is used for daily prayers, but the visitors of the mosque can enter to admire it internal architecture, which remarkably displays a rich Islamic story ascending to ancient times.

Medina

While the medieval stone city of Zanzibar with its narrow streets and carved doors is known worldwide, few people know about Moroni.

Nevertheless, the historical ancient medina (the old part of the city) is also impressive - a quaint labyrinth of narrow alley with ancient richly decorated with wooden and metal doors. Moroni was founded in the 10th century Arab merchants of Sultanata Zanzibar and played an important role in trade in the Indian Ocean.

Over the course of centuries, the labyrinth of narrow paved streets has not changed so much in the historical medina will give a feeling of return to the distant past.

Here you can spend a lot of happy watches, wandering, playing with local children and communicating with old men, many of which are dressed in traditional clothes (long white robe). They are going outside the mosques for the game Domino or Bao (an ancient African game representing a board with a cut 32 holes).

Bazaar Volovolo

The market is located in the center of Moroni and is the largest in the city and on the island. Visiting the market allows you to get an excellent idea of ​​local culture and life on the islands.

It is better to visit Volovolo in the morning when it seems to be rapid energy. Here are a plurality of local goods that are cultural artifacts, as well as essential oils, homemade lamps and coconuts, local herbs and spices.

Ndzuani Island

Comoros on the world map are known to the island of Njuani (or Anjuan). This is the second largest of the three islands, which local residents with love call the "pearl of the Comoros" and are very proud that the island has repeatedly proclaimed independence from the rest of the comor.

It attracts tourists from around the world and is famous for its picturesque beauty and numerous waterfalls. A distinctive feature of the island is its triangular form and it is not easy for people who are afraid of heights, because on this volcanic island, solid mountains.

It is thickly covered with clove trees, banana and coconut palm trees and ylang-ylanca plantations, which represents the main wealth of the island. Ylang-Ilang is used in the perfume industry for the production of the most luxurious perfumes and Anjouan is the world's leading exporter of this invaluable plant.

Highland Island is a blissful place that allows you to hide from an inexorable tropical heat. The first impressions of Musamumud, the capital of Anjouan, not the most favorable.

The streets of the city and the beach are dirty, with piles of garbage, fill in every corner. Surprisingly healthy on kind of cattle slowly moves along this sea garbage, chewing everything that looks more or less edible.

You need to try to close your eyes to notice and evaluate other aspects of the city, ready to give a lot of pleasant minutes - for example, the types of destroyed citadel or the narrow streets of the Old Arab city or Medina, even more impressive than in Moroni.

A friendly relaxed atmosphere reigns on the embankment, and the locals are friendly, warm and friendly. Along with the moolel, this is the only place where you can see the disappearing volatile mice of Livingston. These giants (the wingspan reaches 1.5 m) live in small colonies high in the mountains.

Lake Sal

Lac Sale is another amazing miracle of the Comoros. This "bottomless" salty lake, located directly on the coast, is really very beautiful and often referred to as the most beautiful Indian Ocean lake.

Sometimes there are evenings for tourists called "Comorian nights", which are called dreams of dreams - live concerts, karaoke, storytelling of stories, folklore dancing, lottery and giant barbecue.

The island island

This is the smallest island, known for its pristine beaches and a friendly population. Moheli - the least populated island of the archipelago, with wooded slopes, picturesque waterfalls and a huge maritime national park, bordering the southern coast.

Mountain landscapes reveal the wonders of equatorial tropics. People from many ethnic groups are coexisting on the island of peacefully - from the African tribes of the bow to Arabs. Traces of Malay culture are also found on the island of Mokhli.

Entertainment on the island

It attracts nature lovers and here it seems a unique opportunity to watch marine life, especially interesting for visitors to giant turtles in their natural environment in the Gulf of Niamashuva.

The village of Isamia on the southeastern part of the island made turtles of his habitat. Previously, the inhabitants of the village were fed to the turtles, and now they participate in scientific monitoring and actively protect the turtles to encourage ecotourism.

You can stay here in eco-bungalow here, and at night it is worth going to the beach to admire the breathtaking view of the Comorian Islands night sky - as clear as in any desert.

After that, it is worth going to Laka Lodge (50 euros per person for a full day). Here are all the delights of the island rest: cozy bungalows, excellent restaurants, beautiful beaches, snorkeling equipment and excursions on numerous islands of the National Park.

The cost of tours to the Comoros

There are tours offering visits to all three islands - Grand Comor, Moheli and Anjuana, who give an idea of ​​one of the least famous countries of the world. The cost of such tours is approximately 1,500 euros for 9 days / 8 nights. This amount does not include the airfare (about 1000 euros per person), visas and medical insurance.

They offer, among many other things, the opportunity to:

  • stroll through the old quarter of the capital with its narrow streets and finely carved wooden doors;
  • meet people who rarely come into contact with tourists;
  • relax on beautiful beaches;
  • visit small villages and observe wild marine life;
  • Climb the imposing volcano of Mount Kartala and watch the spectacular sunrise over this island paradise.

The Comoros are still far from the beaten tourist path, and perhaps this is what makes them so special and worthy to visit and find out what place they occupy on the geographical map of the world and what secrets they are ready to reveal to your guests.

Article design: Mila Fridan

Comoros video

Overview of the city of Mayotte: