Central African Republic on the world map, capital, description, history

Central Africa until the 1960s belonged to the French colony. But even after it became a Republic, Paris continued to significantly influence it. The confrontation continues to this day. The local population has stubbornly resisted the West since the 18th century.

Location of the Central African Republic on the world map

The state is located in the center of the African continent. ​​Its northern borders are adjacent to Chad, southern to Congo, eastern to Sudan, and western to Cameroon. The republic has no access to high water.

Geological structure and minerals

The Central Republic in the center of the mainland lies on the Precambrian African platform.

The cratonic basement goes out in the north-west and east of the state. Its components are:

  • quartzites;
  • amphibolites;
  • migmatite-granulite-gneiss complex.

Northern soils intrude granites:

  • Late Proterozoic;
  • rare metals;
  • Early Proterozoic;
  • as well as gabbro-anorthosites.

The southern protoplatform cover engulfed the craton with its Lower Proterozoic quartzite-schist deposits. The extreme north of the country is fraught with minor Cenozoic and Cretaceous precipitation.

The Central African State has the following minerals in the form of ores:

  • rare metals;
  • tin;
  • manganese;
  • copper;
  • iron;
  • uranium;
  • gold.

Significant alluvial diamond placers are located in the southwest and east of the republic. Mineral resources in the CAR are almost unexplored. Diamonds were discovered in 1913. They began to be exploited only in 1930. During this period, gold was also mined, which disappeared 20 years later. In 1959, uranium ores were found in Bakuma, but they have not yet been exploited.

Climate and weather by months

The climate of the state, located in the central part of Africa, is equatorial-monsoon. Summers are hot and humid here.

Air temperature in degrees by month:

Temp. day Jan. Feb. March Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.
day+33; +35+34; +37+33; +38+30; +38+29; +37+27; +33+26; +31+26; +29+27; +31+28; +33+30; +33+31; +34
night+14; +17+16; +19+21; +22+20; +22+19; +22+19; +22+18; +20+18; +20+18; +20+18; +20+16; +19+14; +18

The Republic is divided into climatic zones:

  • hot and humid Ubangi (in the south);
  • ​​
  • dry and sometimes rainy Sudano-Guinea (center);
  • very dry Sahelian-Sudanese (in the northwest).

Up to 1200 mm of precipitation falls in the northern regions of the country, and up to 1600 mm in the southern regions. The rainy season starts in May and ends in November. January and February are the driest months of the year. Heavy rain falls only in the forests in the southwest.

Internal waters

, such rivers flow into the CARs as:

  • of Sanga;
  • Shari;
  • Kadei;
  • Mumbier;
  • Lobay;
  • Cotto;
  • Ubanga.

Numerous rivers are irrigated soil and transport water in the republic. Some have thresholds, and some fall from the height, forming beautiful cascades. Rivers are rich in hydropower.

Soil, vegetable and animal world

on red ferrollte and alferritic soils The following savannais:

  • desertified;
  • Forest;
  • Highrained.

Tropical forests are more found in the south of the CAR.

Difficult and rich animal world is presented:

  • hyenas and jackals;
  • Chepads and lions;
  • Hippopots and elephants;
  • buffaluities and rhino;
  • zebras and giraffes;
  • antilopes.

The state and environmental protection

The Central African Republic is a state that is found for 11% by national parks and reserves.

Natural reserves are known as:

  • Southeast Upper MBO;
  • Northern Hunting Nejle;
  • Northeast Manovo-Gould-Saint-Floris;
  • Andre Felix;
  • Bamygi-Bangran.

But even on protected areas, animals suffer from poachers and armed conflicts. The government of the state is trying by all means to preserve its nature and protect the animal world from full extermination.

The housing-fire farm has reduced the number of wet equatorial forests over the past 40 years. Because of what happened to grow woody savannah. It is also involved in the active logging and the use of wood as fuel.

As a result, the populations of large animals were strongly decreased:

  • elephants and hippopots;
  • Lviv and giraffes;
  • Ostrich.

The state system

in the Unitary State of the CAR head is the president, which is elected for a five-year term with the right of one more elections. It manages:

  • by the Committee of National Defense;
  • armed forces;
  • executive authorities.

The National Assembly or Unopalapt Parliament is considered to be the highest legislative body. It includes 105 deputies, who are elected in single-member districts by universal voting. Parliament has powers within 5 years. The president appoints the Council of Ministers. The head of the government after that the Prime Minister becomes.

Territorial division

The terrain of the Central African Republic is divided into 17 prefectures, 2 of which (Sanga-Mbier and Nana-Grebov) are also an administrative unit.

All these units contain 71 subpropectures that are 2 links in the administrative-territorial chain of the country.

The population

5 million 245 thousand people live in the Central Committee. Of these, 51% make up women, and 49% are men. The population increases annually by about 2%. People in the country are included in more than 80 ethnic groups.

The largest of them make up 89% of the population:

  • in the North-West and West: GBIA (29 %);
  • in the East and in the Center: Banda (23%);
  • Manja (10%);
  • Sarah (8%).

The least people relate to such peoples as:

  • in the North-West: MBUM (7%);
  • in the south-east: mbaka (4%);
  • in the south: Okom (4%).

South-Western Tropical Forests inhabit 2% of Pigmea Groups:

  • Biaki;
  • AKI;
  • Boofi.

The national language is recognized by French, but the population also often speaks on:

  • HUNS;
  • Swahili;
  • Sanga.

Religion

among the population of the republic:

  • 15% of Muslims;
  • 35% of followers of traditional religion;
  • 25% of Catholics;
  • 25% of Protestants.

Muslims are located in the north of the country, and Christians in the south. Traditional believers are more in the villages. The country's religion is influenced by politics.

The history of the state

It is known that the Center of Africa inhabited in ancient times. In the period from 15 to 16th century where the CAR is now, there was a gaoot state. From the 16th century It joined Bagirmi.

End of 18 V. marked by the creation of the Sultanates in the country. In the middle of the 19th century Separate areas depended on the Darfur Sultanate and Vadai. At the end of the same century, almost the entire northern part of Central Africa began to belong to the State of Rabakha.

The Central African Republic was previously called Ubanga Shari, by name 2 rivers, which were limited. An independent country became in 1960, when France conducted a referendum. Bartelemy Boganda became the first president of the Tsar. During his reign, he tried to transform the country into a French-speaking nation. But this did not happen, since it was controlled by influential representatives of the ethnic group.

In 1976, after another coup and the seizure of power, a monarchy was established in the CAR and the state became the Central African Empire. In 1979, King Bokassa was overthrown and the country returned to the status of a republic. The coup of 1981 brought with it a complete social-organizational and party ban.

In 1986, the Constitution was adopted, which established a one-party system. It became multi-party in 1991. The 2003 coup led to the dissolution of Parliament and the suspension of the Constitution.

Civil wars continued in the state until Tuadera became president in 2014. He succeeded the impostor Jatid. Relative calm now reigns in the republic.

The country, which began to rise from its knees, finally opened its doors to world tourism. Traveling along it is very profitable: goods and products have very ridiculous prices here. Everything is being sold at a bargain price.

Economy

The poorest and least developed state in the world is now in an economic crisis. The CAR economy is dependent on other states and is not balanced. Agriculture is its main industry. It makes up 55% of GDP, and almost 75% of able-bodied citizens are engaged in it.

The main agricultural crops that are exported are:

  • tobacco;
  • coffee;
  • cotton;
  • palm oil;
  • raw sugar.

Healthcare

Almost all foreign aid (85%) finances health care in the CAR. Half of the medical institutions in the republic do not work. Only residents of the capital can use medical care. Only 40% of vaccination points remain operational. There are 25% of functioning ambulances in the country.

Education

The types of education in the Central African Republic are:

  • preschool education lasting 3 years, covering 5.6% of children;
  • primary education (6 years), which employs 71% of children;
  • incomplete secondary in the form of a general education college (4 years), 14% of children are employed in it;
  • complete secondary or lyceum (3 years), 37% study.
Primary school in the Central African Republic

Vocational technical training takes 1-2 years at primary school in vocational and training centers, as well as 3-4 years in vocational technical schools. Overhead education is obtained in technical lyceums and colleges.

Higher education provide the capital:

  • agricultural educational institutions;
  • National Administrative School;
  • National School of Art;
  • Higher Schools and University.

In Bangui, students are to help:

  • Since 1975, the National Center for Arts and Crafts;
  • Since 1964, the B. Boganda Museum;
  • City Library.

The main research work is held at the Pasteur Institute, which was discovered in 1961, and in university units.

Architecture

To the republican buildings of the 19-20th centuries include:

  • Church in Wango called Saint-Georges;
  • Catholic Temple Saint-Pierre Claver in Bangas;
  • Saint Ann Church in Berberati;
  • Catholic Church of Notre Dames in Bangui;
  • Palace-serf Tata Mohammed As-Sensei in Nerde.

All the cathedrals and churches in the Central African Republic are neoroman.

There are also late-model constructions in the country:

  • Metropolitan Presidential Revival Palace;
  • Mausoleum 1 President in Bobang;
  • Temple of St. Mary in Buaar.

Economy

Central African Republic is a country with limited economic development due to:

  • lack of marine communication;
  • underdeveloped transport system;
  • Bad macro-economic policies;
  • Unqualified workers.

The main economic milestones after agriculture are subject to logging on exports and diamond industries.

Culture

The original culture of the CAR represents:

  • Sleeping of fate on the fangs of predators and antopheal horns;
  • Healing for Varkharai;
  • Shamanic rituals.

The republican library network is very weak. Libraries are only in:

  • centers of culture;
  • several educational organizations;
  • Museum of God;
  • Metropolitan University.

The literature represents songs and poems in French. Among the famous poets are:

  • Zemlyako;
  • Inco-this;
  • Bambot;
  • Frank.

There are no its theaters in the state. National productions are conducting alternative theatrical groups. Cinema in the republic is also poorly developed. Since the time of obtaining independence, only 2 documentary paintings appeared: "Central African Republic" and "Coronation of the emperor of the Bokassa". The rental of republican cinemas has only Western films.

Music is a mandatory part of national rituals and events. Each people of the CAR has its own musical instruments and preferences. The main passion of Africans are traditional tamoths with bells and rattles. From the wind instruments, they prefer mountain flutes, and from strings - harp.

Together with the music, the population of the African state honors dances, which recreate the usual classes of the people. The capital has national schools of crafts and arts.

Attractions

Central African Republic is rich in remarkable places. Among them:

  • Country owners of the emperor of the Bokassa. From the residence, they want to make a museum when the country has financial opportunities. She is in the village of Bobang. Possessions have 2 name: Berengo Palace.
  • The Museum of God is notable for being inside the colonial style villa. The institution was created to eliminate illiteracy among the locals. The museum can be visited on any day, not counting Monday.

  • The major capital market with cheap figures from the valuable black tree and animal skins. It is located in the city center near the Republic Square, next to the river port.
  • Capital of the Republic, city of Bangui. It resembles an extensive park with numerous places for recreation and attractions.

  • The waterfall in the village of Buali, followed by which are usually observed directly from the local restaurant. During the rains, it becomes full, and in other seasons heavily dries.
  • Fish areas in the valleys of Ubanggi and Sanga.
  • Capital University with collections of pygmeyev items.
  • The presidential palace, located near the Arc Triomphe.
  • Banguy Triumphal Arch, the legacy of the Central African Empire.

  • Capital District Kay-Chink, which is a business center with an international airport and with offices of mining and woodworking organizations. In the area of ​​visits, historical museums telling about the colonial past and the indigenous population of the country can be.

  • Ndok and Dzang Resets with tribes of pygmeys and rare animals;

  • Restaurant Madame Mbec with traditional African cuisine.

Interesting facts

The CAR is the only one in the world of unique animals in the world:

  • of dwarf hippopots;
  • wild buffaloes;
  • of the plain gorillas;
  • Wild forest elephants.

In the past, the CAR was ruled by the cruel emperor of the Bokassa. He was so much indifferent subjects that he spent almost the entire budget of the empire for the proclamation of their grandeur. All over the world, it is known that the ruler was a bloodthirsty cannibal. But the locals argue that these are only attempts to desecrate the state-of-patriot.

According to them:

  • was the best managers of the country;
  • always took care of the poor;
  • organized the army;
  • constantly opposed the French.

In 2010, Bocassu was fully rehabilitated. In the residence of the former emperor, a bronze monument was even installed in his honor. And the son of Bokassa, Jean-Serge, now serves as the Minister of the Interior and remains the most incorruptible government member.

Interesting facts:

  • The population of the republic undermined human trafficking and their enslavement. The most unclosed country is the CAR. Foregrounds that occurred in the colonial country destroyed almost half of the indigenous inhabitants.

  • If you go to the Pigmea village with a presentation for its inhabitants, they will repay the precious thing from ebony wood. The indigenous tribe of Africa is very responsive and grateful. Women are engaged in building houses. You can ask any resident of the village to dance for a cigarette or galette of cookies.
  • An American Louis Sarno lived in the Pigmean Village of 30 years. Over the years, he learned the children of Aboriginal to school, building for local dining room. In it, he gave out pigments to food so that those allowed their children to learn. Sarno even had a family in the King. The locals loved him greatly and considered the wizard, who always listened to classical music.
  • In the abdicate of black dwarfs (so called pygmeys), you can even find an observation platform for animal observation, which is designed for travelers on a large glade.
  • TsAR In addition to the language inherited baguettes from the French. Such a type of bread. Locals are worn in huge baskets that put on the heads. It is not uncommon to find Aboriginal people with numerous trays of eggs. This product is revered by them no less than a French baguette. Favorite dishes among Africans are also peppered caterpillars stewed with onions and shish kebab.
  • In one of the villages of the republic there is a lake swarming with crocodiles. According to legend, a whole village previously existed in its place. But the inhabitants of those places angered one sorceress, who then turned them into crocodiles, and the village became this lake.
  • Citizens love to drive cars. They pack 20 people into cars. If someone does not fit in the cabin, then they move to the roof of the car.
  • In local villages, food is cooked in the houses right on the fire. Smoke escapes through the thatched roof.
  • All roads in the CAR, even those in the capital, are unpaved. A few signs are always surrounded by barbed wire.
  • In supermarkets, white people are allowed not to leave their things in lockers, but black people are not allowed.
  • Public spaces are decorated with garden sculptures of an elephant in a jacket and a hippopotamus waving his hat. Hairdressing salons are equipped with colorful signs.
  • Women of the republic live up to 52 years, and men up to 47.
  • Local residents get to work on flimsy long boats, which are also called pirogues.

  • There are always four or even five people on two-wheelers.
  • Gin is sold on the streets right in a sealed cellophane that says: Drink and dance.
  • Local watermelons have an oblong shape, each weighing 11-15 kg, no less.
  • There are mobile minute traders everywhere on the streets.
  • There are no pavements as such in the republic at all.
  • You can also see how the monkeys offer everyone to scratch their armpits. People bend over and do it with pleasure.
  • The inhabitants of the capital call their city beautiful because Bangui, in their opinion, is very attractive and green.
  • Rest in the difficult Central African Republic is always very interesting. Tourists are treated like gods here, because they bring tangible income to the population and the country. Travelers are provided with all civilized conditions for a comfortable stay.
  • Rubbish is never found in a poor country. Locals collect it not out of a sense of cleanliness, but in order to immediately hand it over and get money. There are no papers or other waste anywhere on the roads.

The central state in the center of Africa is the most controversial republic in the world. It has rich resources and huge opportunities, but so far no one is seriously interested in them.

Article author: tanyda

Article design: Svetlana Ovsyanikova

Video about Bangui, the capital of the Central African Republic

The capital of the CAR is Bangui: