Canberra is the capital of Australia. Photos, where it is located, sights, what to see

Canberra is the capital of Australia, having the most unusual history on the planet. Initially, 2 megapolis - Melbourne and Sydney claimed this title of the main city of the country. I could not resolve the dispute, the authorities decided to build it in private.

Where is Canberra

Canberra - the capital of Australia, located near Brindabel Mountains. It takes approximately 815kv.km hilly plain, surrounded by dry eucalyptus forests, meadows and savannahs.

The city crosses the Molonglow River. In about the center of Canberra, an artificial lake of Burley Griffin, created by dam, is located. There are several reservoirs and streams in the capital and adjacent territory.

Canberra coordinates:

  • 2820282 Yu. Sh.;
  • 1286774 V. D.

To get into the Australian capital is not easy. The local airport with the same name serves only internal flights, despite the fact that it has international status. Therefore, first will have to fly to Sydney or Perth, and already from there by plane to Canberra.

Easy railway communication appeared in the project in 2014, this year it is planned to be launched first. The classic station is located in the Kingston area, and connects the capital with other cities of Australia.

Buses ride according to the routes. However, according to statistics, they do not use much popularity. Only 4% of the population get to work.

The roads are high quality here, so local residents prefer to use passenger vehicles. Guests of the capital are invited to rent a car. Very developed network of cycling roads. It connects not only internal socially important objects, but also the nearest districts. The bike is in the house of each resident of the capital.

Weather in Canberre, the best time to travel

The overwhelming majority of tourists in Australia prefer sea vacation. On different coast conditions are provided all year round. The climatic zones of the mainland are very different from each other.

Weather and climatic conditions in Canberra are detailed in the table:

Month Average temperature Weather conditions Recommendations
January32℃Frequent rains with thunderstorms, night fogsIn the sun, it is better to use a protective cream, wear a hat
February30℃Frequent rain, thunderstorm and fog rarelyWear hats, drink plenty of fluids
March23℃Rain, fog, sometimes hailBring an umbrella and a windbreaker
April19℃Rare rains, sunny cool daysIdeal month for exploring natural and architectural attractions
May15℃Lots of chilly days with biting windWear warm clothes that protect from the wind
June12 ℃Rain, rare snow that melts quicklyBring warm clothes and shoes
July12℃Rain, hail, light snowWear warm clothes, take cold and flu medicine
August13℃Light precipitationThe most dangerous month for sensitive people, as humidity levels drop and the Australian sun becomes difficult to bear
September) 17℃Occasional rain, hailThaw, pleasant month for city walks
October20℃Frequent rain at night, scorching sun during the dayShould buy sunscreen and glasses again [15 4]
November24℃Infrequent precipitationFrom 15:00 to 17:00 it is better not to go out into the open sun
December26℃Hot tropical weatherWear long shirts and trousers, otherwise there is a risk of sunburn

Thus, you should go on vacation in September-November and January-April. The rest of the months are best skipped.

Canberra's places of worship

Canberra is the capital city of Australia, filled with unique characteristics thanks to a Chicago couple who won the competition and provided the garden city project. Its main concept is to build administrative and social buildings in such a way as to maintain the maximum of natural vegetation.

Berli Griffin or Canberra Center

The artificial lake of Burli Griffin is a rhombid reservoir located in the heart of the city. Formed thanks to the Molon Mountain Dam built on the river. Prior to that, during floods, most of the capital slept.

On the lake there are constantly conducting competitions on sailing regattas, canoes and yachts. To date, the reservoir is positioned not only as the center of the capital, but also the most important landmark.

Parliament Building

In the immediate vicinity of the Central Lake, the building of the Parliament is located. You can reach it for 3-5 minutes. He has several remarkable features. First, anyone can visit the meeting. Australia leads open policies. Listen to what the deputies are talking about, even tourists can even.

And secondly, to harmonize with a common architectural concept, the building was erected inside the hill. Its upper part of it quickly sprout her grass, local birds and curious tourists walk along it.

National Carillon

When Canberre turned 50 years old, the National Government of England presented the country to the tower height in 50m. She was located on the shore of Burli-Griffin, and even Queen Elizabeth II flew to the opening.

There are 55 bells within the tower, each of which sounds in its own way. Being nearby, you can hear the classic and modern melodies in their execution.

Museums Canberra

Country Heritage Canberra Great. Here is collected the largest library of the country, many national museums. And in some tourists and locals can get free.

The National Museum of Australia

The museum is located in the picturesque suburb of Extcast. The full address: Lawson Crescent Acton Peninsula, Canberra 2601.​​

According to visitors, the most interesting are copies related to the Aboriginal:

  • drawings on the crust of trees;
  • Stone tools of labor;
  • the first weapon.

You can also see the prototype of the first car of the country and five expositions:

  1. "Gallery of the first residents".
  2. "The settlement of the continent".
  3. "Symbols of Australia."
  4. "intertwined fate."
  5. "Eternity: stories from the country of the country."

The building is open every day from 9:00 to 17:00. The entrance is free, but sometimes in the building there are separate exhibitions and concerts for which you need to pay.

CSIRO Discovery Museum

Located at North Science Rd, Canberra 2004.

Showcasing research and development in the areas of:

  • agriculture;
  • energy;
  • production;
  • means of communication;
  • health and medicine;
  • environmental protection.

Visitors are shown a 7-minute 3D show covering biology, mining and astronomy. Open daily from 9:00 to 16:30. Free admission.

Railway Museum

The museum is located at the end of Cunningham Street (Kingston). It includes the domestic and world history of the development of the railway and trains. There are several wooden sleeping cars and the largest 265 ton Bayer-Garret steam locomotive.

All cars are well maintained and safe. Visitors are allowed to go up and go inside. And some are equipped so that they can hold an event, which is very popular among local residents. There are also instances whose engines have been restored, and for a fee you can ride them. The museum is open daily until 19:30.

Monuments in Canberra

Canberra is the capital of Australia and a city whose inhabitants value history very much. They try to capture everything in the memorials, from the aborigines to the present.

Captain Cook Memorial

The monument was erected to commemorate the 200th anniversary of Captain Cook's first voyage. It is a skeletal ball. If you come closer, you can consider the routes of all the great voyages of the explorer. Located on the shore of the central lake.

Aboriginal Tent Embassy

This Aboriginal Tent Embassy is similar in appearance to an ordinary iron booth. Installed near the Old Parliament building in 1972.

It has not yet been demolished, as it serves as a reminder that the indigenous population was expelled from the mainland.

Sculpture Garden

Next to the National Gallery is the Sculpture Garden. It is unique because here the man-made monuments are in harmony with the vegetation. First, works of art by Rodin, Calder and Moore were brought in. All of them were intended for an exhibition in an open space. Most of the exhibits are made in an abstract and industrial style.

The garden is located in an open space, so there is no timetable and no entry fee.

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Architectural structures in Canberra

The architecture of the city has paid increased attention. Each object has a historical or cultural meaning.

Albert Hall

Albert Hall is located on the Commonwealth Avenue. Initially, the construction of the site was originally planned, where various activities will be carried out for the population. Opening took place in 1928. The building is decorated in the Renaissance style.

Today, this is the largest building in Canberre, which can simultaneously accommodate 700 people.

Here are arranged:

  • dance performances;
  • exhibitions;
  • Cultural events;
  • Theatrical performances for adults and children.

even when there are no holidays, the object is interesting to inspect. The entrance is paid only at events, the rest of the time tourists come for free.

Australian Military Memorial

Military Memorial is the main monument for the soldiers who died in wars. Construction ended in 1942.

It includes 3 parts:

  1. Memory Hall with Mausoleum and Eternal Flame.
  2. Museum.
  3. Research Center.

The Memorial includes the board of glory - the bronze plate on which the names of all those killed in the war (102,000 people) were carved. Monument closes in the evening. A brief history of the object in several languages ​​is described daily before closing.

Tower on the Black Mountain

The tower is a telecommunications tower. She is at the peak of the Black Mountain. Its height is 195.2m. There are several viewing sites here, each of which opens the picturesque landscape on Canberra and its surroundings.

Upstairs there is a restaurant "Alto Tower". It rotates, and makes a full turn in 81 minutes. Entrance to the site and the restaurant is free, it will be necessary to pay only for ordered dishes and drinks.

Natural attractions of Canberra

The nature of Australia is generally very amazing. It is radically different from the usual tourist. In Canberra, there are places interesting for visiting.

TiDbbill

"TiDbbill" - Wildlife Park, located in the suburb of Canberra.

It covers an area of ​​54.5 km² and includes:

  • valley;
  • Gibraltar Ridge;
  • Tidbbilla Mountains.

Translated from the Australian language of Aboriginal, "Tidbbilla" literally means "place where the boys become men." In the valley there are many traces of the stay of wild tribes, conducting rituals.

The park is interesting from the point of view of the study of animals in a natural habitat. There are many animals, the hunt for which is prohibited. Constant work on the preservation of the landscape and nature led to the fact that in 2008 Tidbbillu included in the country's national wealth of the country. Free admission.

Namazi

Namadji National Park is located 40 km. from Canberra.

It covers a territory of 160,000 hectares, including:

  • Granite rocks Australian Alps;
  • herbal plains;
  • Dry valleys;
  • Eucalyptus forests;
  • Alpine meadows.

A diverse ecosystem forms good conditions for animal and birds:

  • kangaroo;
  • Wallaby;
  • womb;
  • crows;
  • Rosella;
  • Soroki;
  • Bats.

Animals behave friendly, but sometimes can be aggression. Attend better in the presence of a guide. The entrance is free, but the tour guide is paid.

National Arboretum CANBERRA

The national arboretum is located on a plot of 250 hectares.

This is a real collection of trees collected worldwide, including disappearing:

  • white gum;
  • Himalayan cedars;
  • Spanish Birch;
  • cypress;
  • Dragon tree;
  • Maiden tree.

The arboretum works daily from 9:00 to 16:00. Lunch and breakfast offers a local restaurant "CONSERVATORY". The entrance is free, but if you drive on your own car, you will need to pay for parking ($ 2.1 per hour).

Modern facilities in Canberra, interesting to visiting

Canberra authorities pay more attention to the cultural heritage and preservation of historical / natural monuments. Therefore, interesting modern objects here are a bit. But still, young people will find something to do.

Hippo Co

Hippo Co - prestigious cocktail establishment with modern design. It is characterized by the largest collection of whiskey, including 200-year-old. It is possible to order a master class on mixing cocktails.

Institution is located at: 17 Garema PL / Level 1, Canberra 2601. Every Wednesday in the Bar Live Jazz Music.

Canberra Glassworks

Canberrsky Glass Plant demonstrates visitors what amazing things can be created from the material of the same name.

Here you can:

  • walk around the premises on your own;
  • take part in a guided tour;
  • visit an exhibition of contemporary artisans;
  • take orientation courses;
  • make your thing out of glass.

The factory is located at 11 Wentworth Avenue, Kingston ACT. Open from 9:00 to 16:00, weekends - Mon-Tue. The ticket price depends on the scheduled event. Courses and self-production of the subject are best booked in advance.

Old Bus Depot Markets

Near the old bus depot, there is a site where an exhibition and sale of handicrafts is held every Sunday from 10:00 to 16:00. Tourists with a limited budget do not need to buy something, it is interesting and easy to get acquainted with the assortment.

Here are:

  • home textiles;
  • homemade soap;
  • perfumes and eau de toilette;
  • clothes;
  • accessories;
  • children's toys;
  • collectible items.

Interesting places for families with children

Not all Canberra attractions will appeal to children. But there are several offers that are interesting for young tourists.

Questacon

Questacon is the science and technology center of Canberra, the capital of Australia. Located on the banks of the Burley Griffin. The building was opened in 1988 and houses 200 exhibits.

The inner space is divided into 8 thematic zones:

  1. Tyrannosaurus introduces the history of prehistoric creatures.
  2. MiniQ is a children's exposition made of safe ecological materials, where you can touch everything.
  3. "Free fall" - a 6.7m slide.
  4. "Miracle" tells about the northern lights.
  5. "Fantastic Earth" - a story about major natural disasters, geological changes and the development of the planet.
  6. The Imagination Factory is a place for creation and invention.
  7. "Perception of deception" - several combined rooms with abstractions that allow you to deceive your eyesight.
  8. "Laboratory" tells about the structure of the human body, the work of organs.

In the center of the building is the theater stage "Excited Particle". There are puppet shows for children dedicated to science and technology. Entry fee: $12 and $7 for adults and children. Family visit will cost $37.

The National Zoo and Aquarium

The National Zoo, combined with an aquarium, is located in Yarralumla, on the western shore of the central lake.

There are many local and imported animals here:

  • tiger lion;
  • white lions;
  • Bengal tigers;
  • Cougars;
  • African wildcats;
  • brown bear;
  • Kangaroo;
  • dingoes;
  • emu;
  • monkeys;
  • meerkats.

In addition to the usual walk, you can take advantage of the proposed tours. For example, "meeting a cheetah" will add adrenaline, and "morning tea with a cougar" will show that fearsome predators can be cute. Entrance $35.5, price includes admission to the aquarium and the choice of a tour, if offered on the day of the visit.

National Dinosaur Museum

Dinosaur Museum - an exhibition of artifacts found by archaeologists and related to paleontology. Located in the Canberra suburb of Gold Creek Village. The expositions of the museum are not simple skeletons of prehistoric pangolins. The administration of the facility has made an effort to show the history of dinosaurs, their existence and death.

In order to increase the interest of visitors, there are:

  • thematic exhibitions with detailed explanations;
  • individual and group tours with guides;
  • teen themed parties;
  • puppet shows for children.

Admission is $14 for adults and $9.5 for children. Exhibitions, parties or performances are charged separately. There is also a souvenir shop near the entrance where you can buy a thousand-year-old artifact as a keepsake.

Itinerary for exploring Canberra on your own for 1-2 days

Tourists call Canberra a boring city when compared to Melbourne or Sydney.

But still you can keep yourself busy for 1-2 days, following the route:

  1. Mount Taylor. The Pierce area has a high number of kangaroos, and there are plenty of them in the early morning. Young individuals are friendly, ready to take a treat from their hands. Takes about 2-3 hours.
  2. Capital Hill. The foundation stone of the capital was laid here, from which the construction of the Parliament began. Tourists have to go through a metal detector, but documents are not checked at the entrance. The building and surroundings are relatively modern, so there is not much entertainment here, and you can see everything interesting in 1 hour.
  3. Mount Ainsley. Here, travelers traditionally have lunch picnics, enjoying the picturesque scenery. Tourists spend 1-3 hours here.
  4. Old Parliament. The outside is dilapidated. But inside the object is still interesting. There is a museum of democracy, there are several permanent and temporary expositions, for example, an exhibition of the treasure of the crown. There are interactive sites like a board with wishes and requests. About 3h hours will leave.
  5. Tower on black grief. It's better to come here in the evening, then it will be possible to see the sunset, and then enjoy the lights of the night city. In the rotating restaurant you can dine.

If the day of travel is accompanied by walking and inspections, but on 2, it is possible to make an interactive program:

  1. Railway Museum. In addition to ordinary exhibits for a surcharge, you can control or just ride on one of the trains. It will take 4-5h.
  2. Glass Plant. It should be written in advance to create a glass or vase with your own hands. Depending on the saturation of the program, excursion and our own manufacture of 2-5.
  3. CANBERRA HOUSE building. There are several pubs with their peculiarities. For example, in Wig'N'Pen, your own beer (5 varieties) is boiled.

All routes are built taking into account the circular motion so as not to return back along the same road.

Hotels in Canberre

Canberra - the capital of Australia, attracting tourists from around the world, so there are plenty of hotels here, there is a number for any requirements and budget.

]
Name Available numbers Prices Services Address
Hostel Unilodge @ UC Short StaysRooms with double or 2 single beds, accommodation in the common roomfrom 3616 rubles.Heating, wardrobe for personal belongings, linen, towel, electric kettleCOOINDA ST BRUCE
Rydges Capital Hill CanberraSuperior rooms with double or 2 single beds, suitefrom 5800 rubles.free Wi-Fi, room availability in the room, indoor pool for guests, good breakfast, mini barCNR Canberra Ave & National CCT, Forrest
Novotel CanberraStandard, Executive Rooms and Apartmentsfrom 7450 rubles.satellite TV, private bathroom, mini bar65 NorthBourne Avenue
OVOLO NISHIStandard, creative and representative Numbersfrom 12000 rubles.Fitness Center, Free Wi-Fi, Room Service, Accessibility25 Edinburgh Avenue, 2601
Jamala Wildlife LodgeGrand Suite, Tree House, Classic Suites & RoomsFrom 54000 RUB.Free parking, outdoor pool, free Wi-Fi, wildlife viewing including lions, giraffes, monkeys and tigers999 Lady Denman Drive, Weston Creek, 2611

Where to eat in Canberra

Name Cuisine Prices Address
The Knox Made in WatsonAustralian, vegetarianBreakfast from $20, lunch-dinner from $30-3513 Watson Pl/Shop 1
Tikka Take) Indian, AsianFrom $40 full meal (excluding drinks)21 Genge St/Shop 6
Star BuffetContemporary, internationalDinner for adults $30, seniors discount $26, child check $2 x age8 Kett Street/Burns Club, Kambah
Lanterne RoomsAsian, MalaysianAverage bill $30Shop 3 Blamey Place
Sage RestaurantAustralianAverage check $60-120Gorman House Arts Center

How to get around Canberra

The public transport system is developed, buses run strictly on schedule. There are no traffic jams in the city. The fare is $2.5, but you can buy an all-day ticket for $6.6. Tickets are sold at special points at stops or by drivers.

On April 20, 2019, a network of light rail transport appeared. It connects the northern part of the city with the center. The metro operates daily from 6:00 to 23:30, on Sunday - from 8:00.

Buses are the main transport in Canberra (as well as almost all of Australia)

For convenience, it is better for tourists to rent a car or bicycle. Locals prefer just such transport or move on foot, and they almost never use public transport.

In Canberra, the capital of Australia, there is everything that will please the modern tourist. Walking routes through national sites, religious architectural buildings, museums and other attractions will not leave anyone indifferent. The unique combination of nature and urban infrastructure strikes with its harmony and tranquility, which is not observed in any other capital in the world.

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