Canada. Attractions, cities, map, photo, what to see tourists, interesting facts

The strong and independent state of Canada has beautiful nature and modern architecture. A country of maple syrup and hockey, forests and lakes. Here are the most unique and beautiful sights of the world.

General information about the country

Canada occupies most of the territory of the continent of North America. The area of ​​the country is 9984671 km2. 70% of the territory is located in the northern zone.

It includes many islands, including:

  • The Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
  • Newfoundland in the east.
  • Vancouver in the west.

This state is washed by the waters of 3 oceans: Pacific, Atlantic and Arctic. The border by land passes only with the United States, by sea the country borders with Denmark and France. Canada is a constitutional monarchy with a parliament headed by Elizabeth II, the monarch of the British Commonwealth of Nations. Millions of people of different nationalities live here.

There are 2 official languages ​​in the country: English and French. Now Canada has a developed and successful economy, which is based on the export of manufactured goods and natural resources. It is currently in the top 10 best countries to live in.

The history of Canada contains many interesting facts:

  • The country was founded by the French navigator J. Cartier as a colony in 1534
  • Canada is the 2nd largest state in the world.
  • The longest land border and coastline in the world.
  • Canada is a country where the most educated population.
  • The number of lakes exceeds the number of all the lakes combined on the planet.
  • In the northern part of the country, license plates on cars are made in the form of a bear.

The provinces and territory

of Canada - the Power, divided into a variety of subjects:

Province territory
  • Albert;
  • British Columbia;
  • Quebec;
  • Manitoba;
  • New Scotland;
  • New Brunswick;
  • Labrador and Newfoundland;
  • Ontario;
  • Island of Prince Eduard;
  • Saskachevan
  • nunavut;
  • North-West Territories;
  • Yukon

Famous sights

Canada is a place where modern architecture, science and untouched nature gets along. Attractions of any category are diverse. They are impregnated by the colors of the country.

The Parliament Building

The building of the Canadian Parliament was erected in 1860 as the basis took neo-neo-neo-style. Basic materials are gray granite and copper plates. The building is separated by 3 parts, based on the architectural composition, Western, Eastern and Central. In the very center there is a tower of the world - a memorial erected into memory dead soldiers in all wars.

Any tourist can climb the open platform from which a magnificent view will open.

The uniqueness of the eastern part of the Senate Chamber building is that there you can see the thrones intended for the monarchs of Canada. A special impression on guests produce walls that are decorated with artwork with images of episodes from World War II.

Behind the building of the federal legislative body is a colorful library. This attraction belongs to the city of Ottawa. The building stands at a low parliamentary hill.

Oratage of St. Joseph

Oratorious of St. Joseph - Catholic (Small). Located in the list of the largest Religious buildings of Canada at the leading place. This attraction is a place where the pilgrimage of Canadian Catholics come. The church can accommodate up to 10,000 people. The main dome was erected 1937-1939. Father Bello, who successfully engaged in architectural business.

Construction began in 1904, Andre's brother, Andre, who, according to the stories, had a gift of healing. The situation is made of gray stone, and the dome has a noble emerald color. A picturesque park is broken around the orator. In the evening, the sidewalks and the staircase are highlighted from light lights.

This sacred place is included in the list of Canada's historical sights. It is located on Mont-Royal Mountain in Montreal. Now there are many concerts, exhibitions and reviews.

The Basilica of Notre Dame de Montreal

of Canada, the attractions of which can be found in all cities, refers to the number of most favorable states for life. Basilica Notre Dame de Montreal is located in the old part of the settlement of the same name. The temple has the status of the Cathedral and is included in the list of the most amazing structures in the country. Notre Dame de Montreal in 1989 received the titles of the Religious Monument of Canada.

The history of the Basilica began in 1824. Then the architect James O'Donnell was popular in all of America and Europe adopted an order from the Canadian government to build a Catholic church. The first stone chapel was laid in 1829, by 1842 the first dome was completed. Only in 1872 the construction was completely completed.

Basilica is a complex of 2 buildings, which are called restraint and perseverance.

The temple is built in the Gothic style of gray natural stone. Outside it is decorated with various carved elements, colorful stained glass windows. Inside the temple is striking tourists with its beauty and majesture, such an effect is achieved due to the thoughtfulness of the internal interior.

Each detail: stained glass, marble, fresco - is in its place. Together they create a composition. In the Eastern Tower there is the largest bell of America, the sound of which is heard at a distance of 15 km. On the territory of the Basilica there is a huge body in which there are 7,000 pipes.

Niagara Falls

Canada, the attractions of which are included in the lists of the most unique in the world, refers to the number of countries with a huge variety. One of the main symbols of the country is the famous Niagara Falls. It is located on the border of the United States of America and Canada.

The waterfall is a complex consisting of a variety of streams. Their number includes American waterfall, vest vest. From Canada, the waterfall has a width of 792 m. It did not become the highest in the world (the height reaches only 53 m), but heads the rating of the widest.

Canada is famous for the widest waterfall in the world, Niagara.

Now all conditions have been created for tourists, allowing to consider Niagara Falls well. Guests of the country can buy a helicopter trip over the whole waterfall. It is possible to consider it from the nearest bridge.

Royal Museum in Ontario

The Royal Museum in Ontario is an architectural and cultural monument of Canada. He heads the list of the largest museums of all of North America, was built over 157 years ago, and in 1955 he was able to unite 5 branches at once. The museum is located in Toronto on the territory of the university. The building is built in a modern style, outside it reminds the selected crystal.

Inside, everything is made of light beige natural stone. The architectural composition of indoor premises adheres to classic style. The Royal Museum keeps the largest ethnographic and historical exhibition heritage. In more than 40 galleries, 60,000,000 exhibits from different countries of the world are stored.

The collection of the museum includes:

  • household items.
  • Objects of painting, numismatics.
  • Jewelry.
  • Stuffed and bones of animals.
  • Unique anthropological rarity.

The Great Lakes

in some settlements concentrated from 10,000 to 25,000 lakes. By the presence of fresh water, Canada can be compared only with Antarctica and Greenland. It is concentrated here more than 1/5 of all suitable for drinking water in the world.

The lake data is a complex of 5 components. This complex is located in the United States and Canada. Along the lakes stretches a large line of hotels in which you can stay at night. For the ecology of the country and land, this complex lakes has a tremendous value.

The complex consists of 5 lakes having the following names:

  • upper.
  • Michigan.
  • Huron.
  • Erie.
  • Ontario.

Lakes have different heights above sea level and intersect with each other, thanks to a huge network of rivers and canals.

Suspension Bridge Capilao

The famous suspension bridge Capillano belongs to the city of Vancover in the natural park of the same name. Tourists This attraction affects the beauty and abundance of greenery. Acquaintance with Vancouver most often begins with a pedestrian hanging bridge Capilao. The attraction was rebuilt in 1889 according to the plan of the famous engineer George McCain.

At the time of the structure, a rope from the plant of hemp and bars from cedar wood lay down on its basis, but he quickly accepted the unclean species and in 1956 was completely redone. Capillano Bridge was erected over the picturesque canyon, whose depth reaches 137 m.

The length of it is 70 m. The bridge is among the many huge green plants. At the entrance to the bridge there are small shops where you can buy souvenirs, Indian totems.

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Frontenac Castle

Frontenac Castle is a majestic building, an example of an exemplary building in Europe of the 18th-19th centuries. Located in Quebec. It is named after the French count and governor Louis de Frontenac, who had problems with senior clergy for encouraging the sale of brandy to foreign guests.

Since 1892 it has been the main fortress in the area. It has now been converted into a luxury hotel. The castle was built in the style of the Gothic Renaissance and combined the features of France and Scotland during the Renaissance. All rooms, interior spaces are made according to the main canons of the expensive life of European kings and emperors.

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Underground City

One of the most famous sights of our time is the Underground City, which is located in Montreal. It is a network of underground facilities with various infrastructure. The complex is located both in the city itself and in its environs. There are hundreds of shops, cinemas, metro stations here.

It was Vincent Pont who first got the idea to create an underground city. His name was written on a memorial plaque located in the first building with rooms underground. The house was called Place Ville-Marie and was built in 1962. It was he who became the starting point of underground architecture. The further development of this trend was associated with the creation of a network of metro stations in 1966

They entailed the construction of commercial infrastructure. Soon all the structures were united into a single network. The peak of the construction of the Underground City fell on 1984-1989. In 2003, most stations and buildings were connected by a network of pedestrian roads.

For tourists, this is a unique attraction that allows you to experience the life of Canadians. For residents, this is a way to escape from heat or wind. Every day, about 1/3 of the city's population (5,000,000 people) visit the Underground City.

Niagara

The Niagara is a fast river that connects the waters of Erie and Ontario. It separates New York and the Canadian province of Ontario. The length of the river is 56 km. The river has a northerly direction, in the upper part it is divided into 2, forming the islands of Grand Island (USA) and New Island (Canada).

Niagara Falls and many rapids are located in the middle reaches. The river carries its waters to Lake Ontario in the Canadian city of Niagara-on-the-Lake.

Thousand Islands

Thousand Islands is located on the territory of 2 cities of Kinsong and Brookville on the banks of the St. Lawrence River. This place is located on the US-Canada border. Most Canadians are familiar with this place thanks to the Thousand Islands National Park. It is located on the Canadian side and extends for 80 km.

There are more than 2000 islands here. Most are covered with forest, but there are completely bare, rocky ones. Wolfe Island is the largest, its area is about 100 km2. Since the 19th century, many of the islands have been sold, and there are now many hotels and picturesque houses for rent.

Bay of Fundy

The Bay of Fundy lies between New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. It includes the territory of the US state of Maine.

The bay has the largest tide amplitude. The height usually reaches 16 m, but there are times when it rises another 2 m. Huge majestic trees, rocks and 100,000,000 tons of water rush to the shore. The most photogenic place is the unique Hopewell Rocks, which have an unusual shape.

Vancouver Aquarium

The Vancouver Aquarium, located in Stanley Park, is considered a must-see by residents and exporters. The aquarium was built in 1956 and is the oldest in Canada. In this complex you can see exhibits of aquatic flora and fauna of the northwestern coast of America, tropical rivers, seas, forests.

It has a collection of tropical butterflies of different colors, sizes, shapes. Dozens of professionals work here who can correctly describe the nature of animal behavior to tourists. Lectures and excursions are often held for various educational institutions, introducing the inhabitants of nature.

Johnston Sound

Johnston Sound is located near Vancouver. The main feature of this attraction is the opportunity to observe and study whales. This place annually attracts thousands of tourists who love surfing and kayaking. Here you can see a dolphin, a seal, a sea lion and a killer whale.

https://youtu.be/ErXrMMHuXEU

Canada's National Parks

Canada is one of the world's largest countries, with attractions to be seen in national parks.

Banff National Park

One of the oldest natural parks has the name "Banff". It was discovered in 1885 in the Canadian Rocky Mountains. The area of ​​the park is 6641 km2. Here you can get acquainted with a large number of ecosystems: meadows, forests with old trees, limestone cliffs overgrown with moss and lichens.

54 species of mammals live on the territory of the park, including moose, goats, snow-bighorn, whitewood and black-eyed deer, Pus Cougarov.

Tourists here can walk along the picturesque pedestrian trails, watching birds and listening to their ringing songs, catch the local fish and ride boats. You can see 10 peaks of mountains shrouded in a thick layer of snow, lake Morelin with its crystal clear water of turquoise color.

Jasper National Park

Canada (attractions of the country are considered below) is a natural reserve. Jasper Park is located in Albert's province. It was created due to the threat of the disappearance of mountain landscapes and boreal forests, which are distinguished by unique biodiversity. The reserve was opened in 1907, he received its official name in 1930

since 1984. This attraction of Canada is included in the World Heritage List UNESCO. Jasper National Park is more than 10,000 km2. Here you can see strong waterfalls, water bodies with turquoise water, unique glaciers and deep canyons. The territory of the reserve includes several zones.

K 1 category includes places where the rarest natural and historical sights are concentrated. 2 zone covers territories where special types of animals live (endemics of the locality), not all tourists can get into this part of the park, and the fare on cars is fully limited. Every year more than 2,000,000 tourists arrive here.

Joho National Park

Joho is among the mountains and lakes, enveloping 2 rivers. On Lake Emerald, calm and silence reigns. For lovers of bright sensations in the park, there is a small campsite Kiring Horse.

Not far from it is a waterfall Takakkaau. It is best to come to him in the midst of summer when the active melting of the glacier begins.

Wood-Buffalo National Park

Wood-Buffalo National Park is the largest reserve located between Alberta and North-west territories. It was founded in 1922 to save the bison living here. For those tourists who wish to see these animals, a special bison trail has been created.

This National Park is one of the largest in the world, it covers the area of ​​which is 44807 km2. Here you can see a large number of diverse landscapes, such as forests, grassy meadows, karst funnels and salt plains.

Stanley Park in Vancouver

This park is located on the territory of the large Canadian city of Vancouver. This constantly green, flowering place is located next to the business part. It was opened in 1888 by David Oppenheimer, who named it after Lord Frederick Arthur Stanley.

A variety of historical monuments are concentrated in the park, there are ancient Indian totem poles painted in bright colors. The park is indented with roads and walking paths, their total length is 250 km.

What else to visit while in Canada

Canada has a large variety of attractions.

There are a few other must-see places:

  • CN Tower. A visiting card of Toronto, which is depicted on many souvenirs. The height of the TV tower reaches 533 m. All citizens are advised to take the elevator with transparent windows only. From there you have a view of the city, Lake Ontario.
  • Harbor Center. This skyscraper in Vancouver is famous for its observation platform, which is located at a height of 130 m. It offers a view of the city, the lake and the nearest US state.
  • Notre-Dame-de-Bon-Secours church. The oldest cathedral in Montreal, built in 1771. It was built in the Neo-Gothic style of dark gray stone.
  • Shri Swaminarayan Mandir Temple. Hindu temple in Toronto. The building was built in 2017 according to all the norms of the architecture of ancient India. The main feature of the temple is the complete absence of metal parts.
  • Mint. It is located in Ottawa, and only special, commemorative coins are minted there.
  • Habitat Residential building which was built by the architect Moshe Sadi in 1966. The concept of the building is that it consists of separate blocks (cubes). Each apartment can consist of one or more parts. It includes a balcony, a neighbor's roof garden. This attraction is located in the city of Montreal. The cost of housing here is one of the highest.
  • National Gallery. This place is one of the most famous and famous in Ottawa. It is entirely made of glass and granite. The main feature of the appearance is the octagonal towers. The project was created by the architect Moshe Sadi in 1988. The gallery houses contemporary art objects. Most of the works are of Canadian origin, but there are paintings and photographs by American and European masters.

A country with a huge cultural and economic potential Canada has unique sights. Every year an increasing number of tourists come here, because everything has been created here for a comfortable stay and life.

Article design: Oleg Lozinsky

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