Botswana. Photos, sights, where is located on the world map, capital, photo and description

The Republic of Botswana is located in the south of the African continent. It occupies one of the last places in the world in terms of population: only 2 million people. There are few large cities on the map of the country, but many untouched natural areas. Botswana offers tourists communication with exotic animals, ethnographic rarities and landscape phenomena.

Description of Botswana

In the east, Botswana borders on the Republic of Zimbabwe. In the south it is adjacent to South Africa. The border with Namibia runs to the west and north. Only 700 meters is the length of Botswana's northern border with Zambia. This is one of the shortest sections of the state border in the world. In addition, it is not land: it runs along the Zambezi River.

Until 1885, most of what is now Botswana was the territory of various tribes: Tswana, Bechuana, Basotho, Bamangwato and others. Under the auspices of England, the Bechuanaland protectorate was created. In 1966, the country became an independent state: the presidential republic of Botswana. It has not lost contact with Great Britain: it is part of the Commonwealth of Nations.

Botswana is a rapidly developing state. In 1970, each resident accounted for a share of $ 96 per year. In 2016, 6917 dollars have already been. From the 170th place Botswana moved to the 99th place in the world and 2nd place in Africa for this indicator.

Botswana on the world map is located in the central part of the south of Africa. On the territory of the republic you can find all biotopes characteristic of this region. First of all, the desert of Calahari. It takes 70% of the country's territory. In addition to the deserted and shrub Savannah in Botswana in the river valleys, rainforests are growing.

Climate in the country subtropical. The large difference in daytime temperatures is associated with the country's continental position. From September to March, the maximum temperature in the capital ranges from + 30 ° C to + 33 ° C, minimal - from + 13 ° to + 20 ° C.

From April to August, the maximum temperature is in the range from + 23 ° C to + 28 ° C, the minimum - from + 4 ° C to + 13 ° C. In the midst of the African winter there are freezing to -3 ° C.

Top 10 of the most interesting sights of Botswana

  1. Choise - the territory with the largest concentration of wild animals in Africa. The oldest Botswana National Park.

    Park Chobe is the attraction of Botswana

  2. Mokolodi - a place where You can find white rhinos. Private nature reserve, which is ten kilometers from the capital of the state.
  3. Sentral Calahari - Hunting, the largest in Botswana National Park.
  4. The hills of the city - the sacred place of the aborigine and the storage of rock painting.
  5. Lake NGAMI - a unique saltwater, which threatens disappearance.
  6. Rivers Obavanango and Limpopo - Water resources, giving life to people and unique animals.
  7. Gchwihab caves - underground city with labyrinths and stonepads.
  8. Museum of Khama III in the village of Serov - the former residence of Koham Khama III is good.
  9. National Gallery of Arts - Cultural storage facilities Botswana.
  10. OiOi village - center of weaving and crafts.
  11. Farm Kuminda - exposure, allowing to know the life of the people from the inside.

Architectural facilities and monuments Botswana

The main architectures and monumental structures are concentrated in the capital of the city of Gabaron.

Monument 3 Kings

It is located in the capital of Botswana. In 2005, 800 people were attended by its opening. Now the number of excursions inspected this attraction is calculated by millions.

In 1895, the three supreme leaders of Khama III, Sela I and Bathon I went to the UK. They represented the Tsvan tribe, who lived in the territory of the English Protectorate of the Bechuanland.

The leaders conducted negotiations with the minister for the colonies of Chamberlain. As a result of the border of the territory on which the tribes lived were not changed. Behind the Bechuanlande, the protector was fixed, which ensured protection from the drills. The planned accession to Rhodesia and the transition to colonial status did not occur.

The inhabitants of Botswana believe that it was these three people who defended the country's state starts. There is one "but". Representatives of other tribes insist that their leaders are worthy of the same veneration as the supreme rulers of the TSSvan tribe.

Figures of the three supreme leaders or three kings, or three dicgosi cast from bronze. The height of each about 4.5 meters. The monument is located in the city center. His visit is included in all excursion routes. This is the most photographed monument in the capital of Botswana.

The building of the National Assembly Botswana

Botswana on the world map is surrounded by states that have become independent in the 20th century. For them, and for Botswana, including one of the symbols of independence is parliament. The architectural forms of the building of the National Assembly Botswana are modern, elegant and easily fit into African entourage.

The parliamentary complex was built in 1965. May cause an association from a flock of white birds surrounding the palace. Inside it is no less noteworthy. European interior and official costumes, smiling African faces, English traditional wigs and judicial mantles of the Victorian era.

Safari Lodge Boutique Hotel

Elegant architectural complex. Combines the originality of forms and comfort. The most pleasant thing is that a miracle can not only look at this, but also live in it.The hotel was built in 1973, in the Okavango River Delta. Architect - Nicholas Pulman. The hotel is a sample of the compound of respectable dwelling and wildlife.

The historical monuments of Botswana

the age of Botswana, as the state, does not exceed 150 years. Peoples lived in southern Africa several millennia and left multiple historical and cultural traces.

Old Palapier

240 kilometers from the capital of the country is the city of Palapier. His population is 40 thousand people. Driving 20 kilometers to the south-east, you can get to the village-monument of Phalacius or the old Palapier.

At the end of the XIX, the beginning of the 20th century, in this place was located the main city of the people of Bamangvato and the residence of the leader Khama III. The ruins remained from the settlement that was once the capital. But they are so important and meaningful that they received the status of a monument of national importance.

The ruins show that as early as the 19th century, all signs of a civilized city were present in old Palapye: an Anglican church, a prison, a cemetery with graves of Europeans and Africans.

The former capital is abandoned by people, so you can meet monkeys, porcupines and even leopards on its streets. In addition, in the vicinity of the old Palapye, you can see picturesque waterfalls, the remains of megaliths and entire galleries of rock paintings.

Historical settlement of Domboshaba

Domboshaba is a historical monument dating back to 1250-1450 AD. One of the artifacts of the cultural heritage of Botswana. Associated with the Great Zimbabwe period. A time of social and cultural growth of the African tribes that lived on these lands.

On the territory of the current South African states, settlements were built behind stone walls. Small by European standards. But meaningful to the locals. They were centers of administrative, commercial and cultural life. They allowed to hide from the enemy and accumulate strength for military raids on neighbors.

At the top of the hill was the chief's house. On the slopes is the dwelling of his wives. A seven-meter non-drying well is punched in the rock. In the center of the former settlement there is a square where ritual and festive actions were performed. Until now, the natives consider Domboshaba a sacred place.

What museums are worth visiting in Botswana

There are no large museums in Botswana, but in every city where tourists get, you can find at least a small museum, exhibition, cultural center.

The National Museum and Art Gallery

The National Museum is located in the center of the capital. Two halls showcase the products of Botswana artisans. Exhibited not only modern, but also objects found during excavations.

In addition to various kinds of utilitarian things, paintings are presented for inspection. For example, the canvases of the famous traveler and artist Thomas Baynes. In terms of expressiveness, the works of Baines are not inferior to the works of local artists, made using traditional and classical techniques.

A number of dimensional exhibits are presented in the courtyard of the museum. Including vehicles. You can see and touch the steam locomotive, which was involved in the delivery of English troops during the Boer War.

The museum was founded in 1997. Opened to visitors in 1998. In 2012 it was closed for renovation. The museum is open every day except Monday. Saturday and Sunday from 9 am to 5 pm. On other days from 9 am to 6 pm. Entrance to the museum is free.

Museum in the settlement of Molepolole

Housed in a former police station. The exhibits of the museum demonstrate the life of the local population: ordinary residents and leaders. Genuine objects belonging to David Livingston represent the greatest value.

The museum works from Tuesday to Friday from 9 to 16 hours, break from 12 to 14 hours. On Saturday - from 11 to 16 hours. Paid entrance.

Museum in the village of Machudi

The museum is located on Puthadicobo Hill (Phuthadikobo). Placed in a historic building representing architectural interest. The museum exhibits photos, archaeological and ethnographic materials. Much attention is paid to the local traditional craft: Silkographic.

The museum is not only an exposition object, but also by the current cultural center. At the center there is a silkographic workshop. You can see how spectacular images are created on various materials. Since 1975, it was possible to get the profession of a silk-breaker. The museum works from Monday to Friday from 8 to 17 hours. Paid entrance.

Cathedrals, churches, temples

Botswana on the world map is located in the region, where most religious structures are marked by crosses. Christians make up 72% of the total number of residents. Of these, the overwhelming majority are the British. The share of followers of other denominations and religious flows is insignificant. But many atheists. There are more than 20%.

Hindu temple in Gabarone

only 3000 thousand people - Hindus. Basically, it is the immigrants from South Asia. Despite such a small number of Hindu adherents, they built the most impressive religious structure in Botswana.

In 2000, the Hindu Charitable Foundation Botswana received permission to build a temple. The government of the country allocated 7,000 square meters, an amazing building in South Indian style appeared in the capital. The project of the temple performed the architect of Sthapati Muta. The temple was solemnly opened on September 17, 2007.

The cult places of the followers of religion Badimo

about 6% of the inhabitants of Botswana are followers of Badimo religion. In fact, all the indigenous people of Botswana are in one degree or another. Worship ancestors - Badimo belief base.

As in most African cults, special structures for rites are not built. In any village oriented on tourists, can demonstrate the song and dance elements of communication with the spirits of ancestors.

Parks, Gardens and Squares Botswana

Strictly speaking, Botswana is a huge park, in which there are small splashes - cities, villages, villages. But there are also specialized green zones, decisive cognitive and scientific tasks.

National Botanical Garden

The state botanical garden is located 3 kilometers from the capital of Botswana. There are many similar institutions on the world map, but in Botswana and throughout southern Africa this is the first and only botanical garden.

The territory of the garden is 7 hectares. It stretches along the Northvein River. This protected piece of nature is part of the National Museum of Botswana. The plant collection includes representatives of the flora from all over Botswana, including the rarest ones.

Makalody Private Park

Near Gabarone, just 10 kilometers south of the city, is the Makalody Wildlife Park. In a limited area, the main representatives of the fauna of Botswana are collected. The park is a private organization.

Opened in 1994. Due to the abundance and diversity of animals, it is often called a nature reserve. Here you can see a herd of white rhinos. Their breeding is sponsored by the government of Botswana and the Mokolodi Wildlife Foundation.

Paleontological and archaeological sites

Botswana was the epicenter of prehistoric activity. This can be seen by visiting the Tsodilo Hills. This is one of the main archaeological and paleontological sites of the country. In addition, the natives consider these hills sacred.

Prehistoric drawings belong to the work of the Bushmen and other tribes who lived in these places. About 4,500 images, drawn thousands of years ago, have retained the attractive power of the talent of primitive painters. UNESCO has awarded this cultural monument the status of a World Heritage Site.

Natural attractions of Botswana

Reserves, national parks, natural recreations are the pride of the country. Four national parks.

Name Area, sq. km Creation date, year
Chobe National Park105661967
Kgalagadi National Park380001931

Makgadikgadi Pans

Nxai Pans Park25781970

In addition, there are 7 state reserves and 3 private reserves in the country.

Name Area, Date of creation, year Form of ownership
Sentral Calahari Reserve (Central Kalahari)52 8001961State
Reserve Khuts2 5001971State
Mormi Reserve3 9001963State
Gaborone Reserve6,0001988State
Reserve Manilanong4 1001985State
Maun Reserve8,0001995State
Reserve Francistown3 2001996State
Northern Tuli Reserve7101996Private
Natural Reserve Mokolodi301994Private
Mashata Reserve3051998Private
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Choise National Park

The territory of the park once settled Bushmen. From the middle of the 20th century, the implementation of plans for creating a reserve began. In 1967, the opening of the Chobe National Park was announced. In 1975, all settlements and minor enterprises were bred from the park. In 1980 and 1987, the park area was somewhat increased.

in the northeast of the reserve flows the Chobe River. Forests of teak, mahogany, other hardwoods grow along it. To the river, the flock of elephants, giraffes, buffaloes stretch on the water. It is here that you can meet the prides of Lviv, hunting for antelope and other animals.

Savuti swamps are located areas exposed to rapid seasonal changes. In the savannas surrounding this swamp, the participants of Safari meet elephants, antelope of the GNU, warts. The whole set of African animals that mastered the savannah. Tourists are especially impressive meeting with big cats.

Between the swamps of Linyati and Savuti is hot and dry plain. The territory is practically not investigated. This is the best place for those who want to feel the pioneer.

Sentral Calahari Reserve

The largest protected area in Botswana. It occupies 10% of the country's territory, 52,800 square kilometers, which is larger than Holland.

Established in 1961. Bushmen have always lived on the territory of the present reserve. Traditionally, these tribes grazed cattle, hunted animals at the same time, and considered this land to be theirs.

The government began to evict nomads. The case proceeded with varying degrees of success. In 2006, the Supreme Court of Botswana upheld the right of the Bushmen to live in the Central Kalahari. However, the Aboriginal tribes were denied access to their native lands. The painful process ended in 2015.

There are three tasks being solved in the Central Kalahari. On a vast territory, many species of African flora and fauna are preserved. Tourists can get acquainted with the wild nature of the Kalahari in the style of a safari. Botswana's budget is growing noticeably.

Botswana's modern places of interest to visit

On the world map, Botswana is located in a place that is difficult to suspect in the presence of ultra-modern scientific centers. Nevertheless, they are.

Botswana Innovation Hub or Botswana Innovation Hub

The Botswana Innovation Hub is located in Gabarone, the capital of Botswana. It consists of several teaching and research buildings, campuses, administrative buildings and recreation areas.

The project of the innovation center was developed by the New York architectural studio SHoP Architects. Design and construction began in 2012. The center is currently operational. The most significant event of the fall of 2018 was the international conference “Igniting the Innovation Spirit” or “Inciting the Spirit of Innovation”.

Dikgatlehong Dam

This is the most modern hydraulic structure. It is located on the Shasha River near the village of Robelela. Construction ended in 2011. The dam holds 400,000,000 cubic meters of water.

No less impressive than natural waterfalls. In addition, a huge reservoir formed behind the dam. It serves as a colossal water reservoir and has become a center for water sports and recreation.

Independent route for tourists

You can stay in the country for 90 days without a visa. You need to take care of your health. It is advisable to be vaccinated against yellow fever 10 days before the trip and receive a certificate of this. In addition, consult a doctor and take a course of anti-malaria pills.

Getting to Botswana from Russia without transfers will not work. You can fly to Johannesburg. From the capital of South Africa, fly to Gaborone.

  1. One day will be spent resting after the flight and getting to know the sights of the capital.
  2. By bus, the rented car or airplane can be moved to the city of Maun. It is considered the best place for tourists who wished to get acquainted with the nature of Kalahari. In one of the campsites located near the city it is worth spending 3 days.
  3. The next item is Serov. This is the ethnographic part of the journey. For an acquaintance with the peculiarities of the life of South African tribes will take two days.
  4. From Serov on a rented car, it is worth moving in Palapier. Old Palapier - the historical and archaeological part of the tourist trip.
  5. From Palapier, you can return to the Gabarone or Johannesburg.

All the journey will take seven or eight days. But with a more detailed acquaintance with the country, the number can double.

The Republic of Botswana has largely divided the fate of states that are in southern Africa. But on the world map, there are not many countries, skillfully combined the economic development and preservation of unique nature.

Registration of Articles: Mila Fridan

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