- Some of the history of the city
- Historical sights
- Tauric Chersonesos
- Chersonesos bell
- Inkerman Monastery
- Malakhov Kurgan
- Grafskaya pier
- Chersonese lighthouse
- St. George Monastery
- Military History Museum in Balaklava
- Panorama of the defense of Sevastopol
- Monument to the Scuttled Ships
- Gardens and parks
- Points of interest and attractions
- Places for walking and photo sessions
- Natural attractions
- Video about beautiful places in Sevastopol
) Beautiful places in the city of antiquities and military glory Sevastop ole are found at almost every step. These are ancient ruins, architectural monuments and places with a unique charm of nature. A tourist who visits the city gets a unique chance to touch the living history of the country and expand the horizons of his ideas about the world.
A bit from the history of the city
Due to its favorable geographical position, the Black Sea bay, where the city of Sevastopol is located, has long attracted sailors from different parts of Europe and Asia. The first settlers began to build here in antiquity, in the 5th century. BC e.
Later, the city became part of the Roman Empire, but suffered greatly from the invasion of the Goths and Huns during the Great Migration. Further, the territory was under the rule of Byzantium and even the Khazar Khaganate.
In 988 the city was taken by the army of the prince of Kiev, known under the nickname Vladimir Krasno Solnyshko. The city at that time was called Korsun. According to legend, it was here that the prince was the first in Russia to accept the rite of baptism, so 988 is considered the date of the Baptism of Russia.
In later historical periods, the Genoese fortress of Chembalo and the fortified area of Kalamita were founded on the site of present-day Sevastopol. From these buildings, only the remains of the fortress towers have survived to this day.
The conquest ambitions of the sultans of the Ottoman Empire did not leave aside the Crimean peninsula. For three centuries the city was part of the Turkish province, while as a result of the Russian-Turkish war at the end of the XVIII century. The Crimean Khanate was not liquidated. Since that time, the history of Sevastopol, as a city of Russian military glory, begins. The first stone buildings appeared in the city, and fortifications were erected on the banks of the bay.
1853-1856 are known as the time of the siege of Sevastopol by the troops of England, France and Turkey, during which the defenders of the city showed unparalleled heroism and stamina. During the Great Patriotic War, Sevastopol again became the scene of bloody battles and was partially destroyed.
Beautiful places in Sevastopol often bear the imprint of historical events that they witnessed.
3 km from the city center are the ruins of an ancient settlement known as Chersonesos. This agglomeration was a Greek colony 2500 years ago. Chersonese was an example of high ancient culture, but was destroyed by wild tribes of nomads. The cultural life of the Greek colonists can be judged from the ruins. Tourists can see the ruins of temples and an amphitheater for theatrical performances, which could accommodate up to 2,000 spectators.
Household items and works of applied art have survived to this day, giving an idea of the life of Greek settlers on the Crimean coast. Marble columns that stood for thousands of years and survived the invasion of vandals amaze the imagination and are a good decoration for photo and video shooting.
On the territory of the museum-reserve "Chersonesos" you can see a monument in the form of a giant bell weighing several tons. This monument has an interesting history. It was dedicated to the victory of Russian weapons and was cast from captured Turkish guns. After the capture of part of Sevastopol by the Anglo-French troops in the middle of the XIX century. the bell was taken to Europe, where it ended up in the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris. Before the First World War, the French government returned a valuable cargo to Russia.
The bell was placed on the cape and used as a sound beacon. In thick fog, the sounds of the bell allowed the ships not to go astray and find the entrance to the Sevastopol Bay.
Rock temples carved into the rock are one of the oldest architectural monuments found in the Crimea. The beginning of the history of the monastery goes back into the mists of time.
Orthodox historians associate this holy place with the birth of Christianity in Russia.
A low hill, located on the Ship side of the city, gave a strategic advantage in the battles for the capture of the city. This area is abundantly watered with the blood of the defenders of the Fatherland, who showed miracles of heroism during the battles in the 19th century. and in the Great Patriotic War. The panorama of the bay opens from the top of the hill, and a magnificent park is laid out on its slopes.
During the visit, you can see examples of artillery pieces used to defend the city.
In the 18th century. Russia marked its military presence on the Crimean coast, starting with the construction of a fortified fort and a pier for warships. A hundred years later, in place of nondescript warehouses, a spectacular building with snow-white rotundas appeared, decorated with antique-style statues and marked with memorial plaques in honor of Russian emperors.
Today, the Grafskaya pier is considered one of the main city attractions and a place of worship for the military glory of the Black Sea Fleet.
A well-preserved lighthouse stands on a cape in the western part of Sevastopol. The building is more than 2 centuries old. The place is memorable for the fact that it was here that the last bloody battles took place during the siege of the city by Nazi troops.
According to legend, the lighthouse is under the patronage of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker, who helped the defenders of Sevastopol in difficult hours.
St. George's Monastery
Historians find it difficult to determine the dating of the foundation of the monastery. There is a legend that the holy monastery was founded by sailors who escaped from a shipwreck. From the walls of the shrine from Cape Fiolent, a picturesque view of the sea distances opens up. The place was honored by the presence of Russian tsars and classics of Russian literature (Pushkin, Griboyedov, Chekhov, Bunin).
The great painter Aivazovsky depicted the structure of the monastery in one of the paintings.
Military Historical Museum in Balaklava
The underground submarine base was a secret object of national importance during the Soviet era. Here giant submarines were maintained and equipped with nuclear warheads. Today, the complex, located inside Mount Tavros at a depth of 120 m, is open to the public.
The atmosphere inside the museum corresponds to the aesthetics of spy novels: armored doors, a mysterious corridor system and an underground cove with dark water.
Panorama of the defense of Sevastopol
The large-scale art canvas depicts the feat of the city's defenders during the years when Sevastopol was besieged by the Anglo-French squadron.
The work has dimensions of 14mx115m and leaves an unforgettable impression due to the realistic depiction of the details of the battle of the past.
Monument to the Scuttled Ships
The obelisk in the form of a column is dedicated to the ships that were sunk at the entrance to the Sevastopol Bay and blocked the enemy squadron's access to internal waters during the Crimean War. The monument is fixed on an artificial foundation and rises 17 m above the waters of the bay.
|Attraction||Visit schedule||Cost of visit (rubles)||Contact information and address|
|Chersonese ruins||From 9.00 to 17.00 without days off||to 300||Address: Sevastopol, st. Ancient, 1|
Transport stop "Tauric Chersonesos"
|Defense panorama||From 10.00 to 18.00 seven days a week||to 300||Address: Historical Boulevard, 1|
Transport stop "Ushakov Square"
|Inkerman Monastery||From 8.00 to 18.00, daily||Voluntary donations are accepted||Address: Simferopol highway, 10|
Transport stop "Hospital"
|Balaklava Submarine Museum||From 09.00 to 16.00, except Monday and Tuesday||Up to 300||Address: Balaklavsky district, Tavricheskaya embankment, 22|
Transport stop: Obolon
|Malakhov Kurgan||Around the clock||Free of charge||Address: st. Heroes of Sevastopol|
Transport stop "Malakhov Kurgan"
|Grafskaya pier||Around the clock||Free of charge||Address: Nakhimov Square, 4|
Transport stop "Nakhimov Square"
Gardens and parks
Beautiful places in Sevastopol include in their there are many works of landscape architecture, many of which are perfect for families with children:
- The park with the fabulous name "Lukomorye" has existed since the times of the USSR. Children's attractions, a mirror labyrinth, a zoological corner and a large number of wooden sculptures of characters from Pushkin's fairy tales, to which the park owes its name.
- Komsomolsky Park, located near the South Bay, is equipped with a fountain, attractions for kids, sports grounds. You can ride a horse or a pony.
- The park, named after the famous Russian poetess Akhmatova, is quite small and romantic. Nearby, in Sandy Bay there is a beach with small pebbles. All visitors note cleanliness, comfort and a beautiful view of the sea.
- Victory Park is a modern, well-maintained and spacious array with flower beds and luminous fountains of various configurations. There are paths for cycling, although many vacationers prefer more modern skateboards and jet skis. Squirrels have been registered in the park area, regularly demanding treats from guests.
- In summer, vacationers with children go to the Zurbagan water park to have fun. Slides and rides are designed for visitors of all ages.
Cultural objects and sights
Beautiful places in Sevastopol are represented not only by historical monuments, but also by objects of cultural heritage, as well as high examples of architectural art of different eras.
Among the most beloved objects of the city are:
- The building of the Black Sea Fleet Theater with an antique-style colonnade fits perfectly into the architectural appearance ancient city, although it was built relatively recently (in 1954). According to the original idea, it was a house of culture and recreation for sailors. The result is a building that is more like a palace for ceremonial receptions. A distinctive feature of the building is the four clock faces mounted on a turret with a spire. Every hour the clock plays the melody of the anthem of the city of Sevastopol.
- The Tower of the Winds was conceived as an elegant ventilation outlet for the Maritime Library. Despite the prosaic purpose, this design fell in love with the inhabitants of the city. The miniature tower is made in the traditions of ancient Greek architecture, and along the perimeter it is decorated with bas-reliefs depicting scenes from the myths of Hellas.
- The monument to Nakhimov was erected in memory of the exploits of the great naval commander, who covered the Russian fleet with glory in the battle with the Turks at Sinop, when the enemy suffered a crushing defeat. The original creation of the sculptor did not survive the destructive whirlwind of the first post-revolutionary years, but later the Soviet authorities remembered the great admiral and created a copy of the monument 13.5 m high.
- , rightfully recognized as one of the most beautiful temples on the entire peninsula. The remains of naval admirals, who are the glory of the Russian fleet, were buried here with honors.
- Intercession Cathedral, although built in 1905, its outlines resemble the creations of Byzantine architects. The facade of the building is richly decorated with stucco, and the window openings are covered with elegant stone carvings.
- The Art Museum, housed in a historic merchant's mansion, has an impressive art collection of more than ten thousand carefully selected items. There are departments of Russian artists and Western European art, as well as a rich collection of Meissen porcelain and bronze sculptures.
Places for walking and photo sessions
Beautiful places that are suitable for a leisurely walk and creating a collection of spectacular photographs can be found everywhere in Sevastopol.
Here are some productive walking ideas:
- Historic Boulevard. This street with a long history has a large number of memorial objects. While walking along the boulevard, you can take time to see the sights, and then have fun with a ride in the amusement park located nearby.
- Primorsky Boulevard - the embankment, which for the past two centuries has been a favorite place for walking for residents of the city and guests of Sevastopol. A wide boulevard was built on the site of the Nikolskaya battery, which defended the city during the Anglo-French invasion in 1855, but was completely destroyed. After the retreat of the conquerors, a solid pavement was paved on the battlefield, flowers, shrubs and trees were planted. A little later, a theater was built on the embankment. In the evening, the boulevard was filled with the sound of a military band. The embankment offers a picturesque view of the shores of the bay.
- In winter, non-freezing bays in the vicinity of Sevastopol become a haven for migratory birds. To take a picture against the backdrop of snow-white swan flocks, you need to use the ferry departing from the Artillery Bay to the North Side and go down to the seashore. To attract the attention of birds, it is better to grab a treat. The favorite delicacy of winged beauties is oatmeal and pieces of carrot.
- An impressive panorama of Chersonesus opens from the opposite side of the Karantinnaya Bay. Visiting the observation deck on the shore, tourists can take photos of sea views, ancient columns of Chersonesus and a functioning Orthodox church built on the site where, according to legend, Prince Vladimir Krasno Solnyshko of Kiev was baptized. The most unusual photographs are taken at sunset or at dusk.
Beautiful places in Sevastopol are often located in the bosom of nature. Many tourists prefer the charm of natural landscapes of urban bustle and a parade gloss of monuments. The names of the beaches speak for themselves: Silver, Yashmovy, Marble, Bounty, Aquamarine.
can be recommended to visit primarily:
- Marble beach on the shore of Balaklava bay. Here you can rent a kayak to go to admire the sea on the ruins of the Genoese fortress and swim inside the narrow lagoon, in the oldest times served by the refuge of the Black Sea Pirates. Another option is to rise to the slide and make panoramic surroundings of the surroundings.
- Cape Ayia is a picturesque fragment of the Black Sea coast, which is a journey of rocks that have shouted with coniferous trees. Here you can walk along the mountain paths, to impass the relaxing aroma of the needles, take a break from the scorching summer heat in a thick forest shadow and get to the beaches with transparent water.
- Cape Fiolent is a true find for lovers of natural species and wild rest. From the height of the Rocky Shore, you can observe an impressive panorama of the water stroit. At the bottom, under the cliff, there is a series of beaches with a purest water of sapphire hue.
- At one and a half kilometers from Cape Piolent Rock rises in the sea, named after George the Victorious, next to her a jasmic beach, covered with small multicolored stones. A rock staircase from the Holy Georgievsky monastery comes down to this beach, which has 800 steps.
- The aqueduct on the Black River in its outlines resembles the water systems of the ancient Romans, why and received the Latin name. In fact, this bridge for water supply was erected in the XIX century. At the initiative of Admiral Lazarev. Now the bridge is abandoned. The quiet murmur of the river, shadow from trees and green shrubs give this place a special charm.
Beautiful places Tourists are represented in different ways. For someone, these are finished architectural ensembles, others see beauty in marine landscapes or stones that witnessed historical events. In Sevastopol, each of the guests can find what exactly matches his personal ideas about the beautiful.
Video about beautiful places in Sevastopol
What to see in the city of Sevastopol: