Australia. Sights. Photo and description, where the capital of the state Sydney, Perth, Adelaide, Melbourne is located

Mysterious Australia attracts tourists around the world. The unique sights of the Statistics State and the actively developing tourist infrastructure make it one of the most popular areas of world tourism.

The main information about Australia

Australia is the only state in the world that occupies a whole continent. It also includes several nearby islands, the largest of which is Tasmania. Therefore, the official name of the state sounds like the Australian Union or the Commonwealth of Australia. The total area of ​​the country is about 7.7 million km2, on which more than 24 million people live.

The indigenous population of the country is Australian aborigines. To date, they make up 5% of the total number of Australians. More than 90% of the population is Europeans, mainly people from England and Ireland. The state language of the country is English, but local residents speak a special dialect.

The main part of the population is concentrated in coastal cities. The indigenous population prefers to live apart, away from large settlements. A huge part of the territory remains untouched by a natural reserve with a unique flora and fauna.

Map of Australia's sights

The country's coastal waters belong to the three oceans - southern, quiet and Indian. The main river of the continent of Murray, more than 2.5 thousand km long, is located in the eastern part of the mainland. More than half of the territory falls on the deserts and semi-deserts, but in the northwest rainforests grow. And in the Australian Alps, it lies the snow all year round.

Nature of Australia

Special place among the attractions of Australia is occupied by its unique nature.

There are many endemic species of animals and plants. Interest and admiration for tourists cause:

  • kangaroo;
  • WLACKOS;
  • Koala;
  • Vombat;
  • Echidna;
  • Ostrich Emu.

Many endemics were destroyed as a result of the activities of European immigrants. Today, unique nature is carefully preserved in numerous parks.

Types of tourism in Australia

Successfully developing tourism of Australia - a serious source of replenishment of the national budget. The table presents the brief characteristics of the main directions of Australian tourism.

Type of tourism Description
ExcursionInteresting cities, architectural monuments, historical monuments - to tourists. Only Sydney for the year attend about 5 million guests.
EcologicalUnique nature and preserving their originality of the Aboriginal tribes are amazing for residents of other continents. Numerous national parks have developed and equipped tourist routes.
SafariThere is a local acquaintance with wildlife without shooting, but the joy on the jeep on eminent places allows you to feel the taste of adventures.
Beachis 40 km of the famous Golden coast (Gold Coast) - 300 sunny days a year. Attracts tourists and developed infrastructure.
DivingLarge barrier reef - paradise for divers, both beginners and experienced. The richest underwater world and the remains of sunken ships make holidays exciting, and the developed infrastructure is comfortable.
SurfingProfessional surfers consider Australia to be the best training platform. The grandiose length of the coastline, the difference in landscapes and water of three oceans allow you to surf all year round, choosing waves of any complexity.

new directions of Australian tourism are actively developing, among which is gastronomic and esoteric.

Large cities

Australia (the sights of the state attract tourists of the whole world) is proud of their major cities: Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane. But the city's capital of Canberra

of Canberra

of Canberra

, being the capital of Australia, is much inferior in the population of Sydney and Melbourne. It is the argument between these megalopolis for the right to be called the capital and led to a compromise: the title gave a small town located between applicants. The Population of Canberra does not exceed 400 thousand people, the area of ​​the city is about 800 km2.

To the sights of the city include two famous museums: Military Memorial and National Museum.

Tourists also attract:

  • Parliament building. It is made in the form of two crossed boomerangs. The building is built into the hill, and tourists can take a walk through the grass growing on the roof.
  • High Court of Australia. This building is made of glass and concrete on the shore of the man-made lake Burley Griffin is an example of modern design.
  • Memorial captain James Cube. It is made in the form of a globe with the travel routes deposited by the legendary captain routes. The memorial is supplemented with a fountain, beating 150 m.
  • Commonwealth Park. One of the best metropolitan parks is located on the shore of Burdy Griffin. Cozy, perfectly equipped park is the pride of citizens.

Attending Canberra in most important since mid-September to mid-October. Then the Grand Flower Flearia Festival is held in the city. In the Park Commonwealth, you can admire the amazing flower beds, as well as listen to music, watch exhibitions, participate in entertainment.

Sydney

The population of the largest city of Australia exceeds 5 million. This is also the oldest city of the mainland, founded in 1788 as a settlement of convicts. It takes more than 12 thousand km2, stretching along the coast of 240 km. Here the old and modernity bizarrely intertwine.

The old observatory is one of the most valuable historical monuments of Australia. The building built in 1858 retained the original appearance. Today it is a national astronomical museum, the main task of which is to popularize astronomy. The pride of the observatory is a genuine telescope of the 19th century, next to which a modern telescope for visitors is installed.

The best place to start exploring the city is Sydney Harbor. The beautiful embankment is a harmonious architectural ensemble, which offers a panorama of the main attractions of Sydney - the Opera House, the Harbor Bridge and the Sydney Tower.

In Sydney, tourists are interested in:

  • Sydney Opera House. A symbol of the city and the country, the snow-white building of unusual architecture makes a grand impression.
  • Harbor Bridge. It connects downtown and the North Shore. Metal arches impress with their size and elegance. One of the largest bridges in the world has separate lanes for vehicles, cyclists and pedestrians.
  • Television tower. The observation deck on the 309-meter-high tower offers views of Sydney and the surrounding area. The restaurant located here is very popular.

Nature lovers in Sydney will be interested in the Royal Botanic Gardens, the huge Taronga Zoo, and the Sydney Aquarium.

Melbourne

Australia's second largest city, with a population of 4.5 million, covers an area of ​​10,000 km2. This beautiful park city is located on the shores of Port Phillip Bay.

The center of public life of the townspeople is Federation Square. This is a breathtaking complex of buildings of unusual architecture, including an outdoor amphitheater for city events.

After visiting the square, tourists can visit:

  • Parliament House. This 19th century building is recognized as one of the finest examples of English architecture in the world.
  • Skyscraper "Eureka". The 300 m high tower is the tallest building in the city. There is an observation platform on the 88th floor, and for fans of extreme sports on the top 91st floor there is a transparent booth hanging over the city.
  • Royal Exhibition Centre. The Victorian building is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, as is Carlton Gardens, where it is located.

The pride of the townspeople is the Royal Botanical Gardens with lush vegetation, cozy alleys, lakes. And shoppers will appreciate the Queen Victoria Market, which occupies 7 hectares.

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Other Australian cities also attract tourists: Perth, Adelaide, Brisbane.

The most beautiful and unusual places in Australia

Australia (the sights of the state are known all over the world) attracts tourists from all over the world with its unique nature.

The Great Barrier Reef

Coral reefs with an area of ​​3.5 thousand km are famous for the diversity and uniqueness of the underwater world. The ecosystem consists of almost 3 thousand coral reefs and 900 islands.

90% of all known corals in the world are found here, among which 1.5 thousand different species of fish live, about 4 thousand varieties of mollusks and 10 thousand varieties of sponges.

The most interesting underwater world, the remains of sunken ships and the developed diving infrastructure on most of the islands have made the reef a dream for all divers in the world. There are suitable conditions for divers of any level. Extreme lovers are attracted by the opportunity to see white sharks up close when diving in a cage.

Blue Mountains

One of the most beautiful national parks in Australia, the Blue Mountains, is located 50 km west of Sydney. Numerous eucalyptus trees growing here are shrouded in a bluish haze, which gave the name to the park.

The steepest railway in the world leads to the town of Katoombe in the center of the reserve. There are many hiking trails in the park, there is a cable car. Nature lovers will appreciate sandstone mountains, over 700 m deep crevices, Jenolan Caves, the highest mountain Victoria, the romantic legend of the Three Sisters rock, picturesque waterfalls and lakes, lush tropical vegetation.

The Great Ocean Road

The symbol of Australia is a 240 km highway in the state of Victoria along the southwestern coast. The road is characterized by landscapes of amazing beauty. A variety of entertainment awaits tourists in numerous towns - swimming with dolphins, golf with kangaroos, boomerang throwing lessons, local delicacies.

Viewing platforms are equipped along the entire route for admiring the scenery. The limestone rocks of the "12 Apostles" standing in the coastal waves make a special impression on travelers.

Red Rock

Ayers Rock is the largest monolith in the world, located in the desert in the central part of the mainland. Its height is almost 350 m, length is about 2.5 km, width is 1.6 km. A huge rock of an unusual orange-brown color is able to change its shades depending on the lighting.

The majestic rock is a sacred place for the natives, who call it Uluru. In numerous caves, ancient drawings of ritual purpose have been preserved.

Australia's very popular among guests also use:

  • Cape Byron, near which whales and dolphins are often frolic;
  • Pink salty lakes painted with algae growing in them;
  • Fleaseyir Island, surprising by white sand, sandy lakes and wild dogs Dingo;
  • Cockada Natural Reserves, Karrambin, Coon Koala.

Monuments of Australia

In addition to natural, tourists and man-made monuments of Australia are interested.

Memory Monument (Melbourne)

The majestic monument is devoted to the Australians who fell in all wars in the country's history. He is built on a hill in the royal forest. The building from local granite resembles Athenian Parthenon. Before entering it, the eternal flame burns.

The central place of the memorial is occupied by the stone of commemoration. In the mourning hall, the bronze sculptures of the Father and Son are installed. There are also plates with the names of all who fought army units.

National Carillon (Canberra)

The grandiose musical instrument has become a Great Britain for the 50th Town of the capital. Installed in the center of Canberra, the National Carillon is made in the form of a tower of 3-triangular columns height of 50 m. At night, the backlight is turned on.

The carillon includes 55 bells, which are chosen to be heard every 15 minutes. Every hour of the bell play a short melody. 4 days a week there are concerts with a variety of repertoire, visit them for free.

Captain House of James Cook (Melbourne)

The modest cottage belonged to the parents of the famous navigator was specially bought in England and transported to Melbourne to the 100th anniversary of the city. It is installed in Fitzroy Gardens Park.

In the house, the personal belongings of the captain, family portraits, recreated the interiors of the era are stored. A small house from red stone is surrounded by a garden in English style. It grows the same ivy that surrounded the house in England - his cuttings have transported along with the house.

Architectural attractions

Australia (the sights of the state are described in the article) attracts tourists as old buildings and an unusual modern architecture.

Sydney Opera House (Sydney)

This unique building has become one of the most recognizable characters not only the city, but also Australia. An unusual building stands at Cape Bennelong Point Sydney Harbor. Opened in 1973, the theater is recognized as one of the most prominent architectural structures of the last century.

The building was built 14 years on the project of Danchanin Yorna Lodon. The main highlight of the project is the lack of classic walls. A fan of roofs resembling wings or sails is fixed on a powerful foundation. The project was based on the ideas of ancient Chinese architecture.

On an area of ​​more than 21.5 thousand square meters2there is a concert hall, 2 theatres, 4 restaurants and many other premises for rehearsals and technical services.

The dazzling white color of the domes is created by more than a million glazed ceramic tiles. Thanks to this color, the evening laser show looks especially impressive on the domes.

Princess Theater (Melbourne)

Built in 1854, the Victorian building is still striking in its beauty. The intricately decorated façade rivals the beauty of the Paris Opera style foyer with marble staircase. The building is decorated with huge colored stained-glass windows. The roof of the building is retractable.

Opera and musicals are in the repertoire of the theater. And at each premiere, one seat in the third row remains free - for the ghost of Federici. This is a special pride of the Theater of Princesses - the own ghost of a singer who died on stage in 1888. Both actors and spectators confirm its existence.

Swan Tower (Perth)

The city's belfry, over 80 meters high, is located in the center of Perth. Its glass façade is protected by two grand copper sails. Of the 18 bells, 12 were donated by England in honor of the 200th anniversary of Australia. The peculiarity of the donated bells in their history is that they were cast in the 14th century.

Rare bells, antique clocks and optical instruments are exhibited in the tower museum. Modern equipment allows visitors to the museum to watch the work of bell ringers on the screens. The observation deck of the bell tower is very popular. The glass facade is especially beautiful in the evening, thanks to the backlight.

Religious objects

Samples of Australian religious architecture are known to connoisseurs all over the world.

Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Sydney)

A small chapel built for convicts in 1821 has been transformed over the decades into Australia's largest church. The Catholic Cathedral, recognized as a national shrine, strikes with majestic beauty. The length of the cathedral exceeds 100 m, and the highest towers rise to 75 m.

The most beautiful building of golden sandstone was built in neo-gothic style. Inside the church is decorated with statues and mosaics. The stained-glass windows of the cathedral are especially famous - about 40 images of biblical scenes

St. Paul's Cathedral (Melbourne)

The largest Anglican cathedral in the city was built in the 19th century. The majestic Gothic façade and luxurious interior decoration make it one of the city's most popular attractions. The building is built from imported yellow-brown sandstone, which highlights it among buildings from a local gray stone.

Interior decoration is not inferior to the magnificence of the facade. Monumental two-color columns and arches, an excellent mosaic floor, sculptures are illuminated by sunlight through huge stained glass windows. The special pride of the cathedral is a huge old organ installed in the XIX century. And working so far.

Cathedral of St. Patrick (Melbourne)

A magnificent sample of neootics, the temple was built in honor of the Saint Patron of Ireland, because At the time of the start of construction (1858 g), the Irish was most of the Catholic arrival. For various reasons, the construction was delayed, the building was fully completed in 1939

The majestic facade of strict gray decorate the arched windows and tower of light shades. The Celtic Cross has been strengthened on the central spier weighing 1.5 tons, a gift to the Cathedral from the government of Ireland.

admires the inner decoration, in which burgundy-gold gamma prevails. The altar and the floors are posted by Venetian mosaic. Amber glasses, replaced stained glass windows in several tiers of windows, give the sun rays a special warm shade.

Museums

Australia museums are numerous and diverse.

National Museum of Australia (Canberra)

In the exhibition of the museum, the largest collection of genuine objects of the household of the indigenous people of Australia is collected. The age of some exhibits reaches 50 thousand years. The museum staff assembled invaluable material about the history and culture of the aborigines, their myths and beliefs.

An extensive collection is devoted to the history of European colonization of Australia from 1788 and to the present day. In total, 5 permanent exhibitions are exhibited in the museum, which are constantly replenished thanks to the work of the Museum Center of Historical Studies.

The National Gallery of Victoria (Melbourne)

about 70 thousand exhibits make the gallery in the largest artistic museum of the mainland. Founded in 1861, the gallery gathered in its walls the most valuable collections of works of art. The originals of Picasso, Wang Dequee, Rembrandt, Monet and other famous masters are stored here. The art of ancient Egypt, ancient Greek masterpieces and other cultural values ​​is also represented.

Pictures of Australian artists are collected in the museum, many of whom are graduates of the Art School, working with the gallery.

Australian National Maritime Museum (Sydney)

The Topics of the Museum is the history of Australian Waving from Aboriginal to the modern fleet. Separate expositions are devoted to the whaling fishery, the construction of beacons, marine maps of different eras. Special interest of visitors causes its own museum fleet consisting of floating exhibits with an interesting story.

Among them:

  • Layout of the ship Captain Cook "Endesor";
  • Commercial vessel 1874;
  • Floating Lighthouse Building 1917 g;
  • Esminet 1956;
  • A pair of twice, on which the golden medal of the Olympics was conquered.

Where to go with the child

Australia (the sights of the state are distinguished by variety) is very interesting for parents traveling with children. There are many places where children and adults will be happy from the soul.

Miniature Garden Park

Located 15 km from the capital, the park is not only interesting, but also informative. The territory is divided into 2 parts: one is dedicated to England, the second is the world. Miniature buildings are carefully made, with great reliability and many small details.

The "British Village" illustrates rural life. Here you can see Selyan, resting in front of the house, engaged in the golf repair.

In the second part of the park, miniature copies of the architectural monuments of the world are presented, including:

  • Rocky City of Peter (Jordan);
  • Wooden Church (Kizhi);
  • Brear Castle (Scotland);
  • Borobudur Temple (Indonesia);
  • The Temple of Aztecs (Mexico).

Buildings are buried in a luxurious green. Children really like to feel like a Gulliver. Special delight causes a parking lot on tourists.

National Center for Science and Technology Question (Canberra)

This huge modern building in the form of a cylinder with a height of 27 m is located in the center of the capital. The building was presented by Japan to the 200th anniversary of Australia. About 200 thematic exhibitions introduce visitors with scientific and technical developments.

The center offers:

  • to see the models of natural disasters and feel their strength;
  • Driving a robot hand and other mechanisms;
  • get acquainted with the structure of a person, birds, animals;
  • spend time on sports attractions and much more.

The main goal of the center is to awaken in visitors, especially children, interest in modern science and technology. Experiments, games, interactive technologies - all this makes a questone one of the favorite places of children's stay.

Taron Zoo (Sydney)

One of the largest zoos of the world is pleasing visitors for more than 100 years. Today, he covers an area of ​​21 hectares, on which about 3 thousand animals and birds live as comfort, including rare and endangered species.

The zoo is divided into 8 separate zones, among which:

  • The territory of Pernative: Pelicans, Australian cranes and other birds;
  • "Building House";
  • The zone of Australian animals: Kangaroo, Koala and other endemics.

Visitors can consider the zoo from the height of the cable car, as well as spend the night on the territory of the zoo in a special camp.

In Australia, parents with children will also be interested in:

  • Gold Costa Beaches (Golden Coast);
  • Moon Park (Sydney);
  • Sydney Oceanarium;
  • Wet 'N' Wild Water World Waterpark (Oxenford).

Winter tourism

Australia is a country of contrasts. When in Europe, winter, here is the peak of the beach season. And at the same time, the Australian Alps are waiting for lovers of the mountain skis.

Experienced travelers advise winter vacation to spend on the beach, excursions can be tedious due to heat. This exotic for Europeans will be the meeting of the Australian New Year. Santa Claus, leaving the usual cap and beard, will change the fur coat on the bathing suit, and the sleighs with the deer - on the surfboard. And the snow will replace beach sand and warm waves.

Snow lovers comfortably feel at the resorts of the Austrian Alps. Peak season - June-September.

Most Popular Resorts:

  • Falls Creek;
  • Mount Hotham;
  • Mount Buller;
  • Pond;
  • Tredbo.

Tourist advice

Australia - the state, the main attraction of which is a unique nature. Australians zealously protect it, a strict ban on the import of any meal, animals (including stuffed), plants are connected with this. To export samples of flora and fauna is also strictly prohibited.

The tourist needs to be remembered that the country is known for a large number of dangerous species, both on land and in the sea.

in Australia live:

  • a large white shark;
  • poisonous jellyfish: Irukanjangi, sea wasp, cube;
  • rowing crocodile;
  • Poisonous spiders leukopautin, Australian widow, Beloham;
  • Snakes: Mulga, Tipan.

To avoid collisions with hazardous animals, care should be taken and implement the recommendations of local guides, especially when visiting natural reserves.

In addition, the tourist should know:

  • Nature is protected by strictest prohibitions for environmental pollution. Here they don’t spit or blow their noses on the ground, they don’t throw garbage past the trash can, and they also give way to the animals they meet without hitting them.
  • Smoking is frowned upon here, which is prohibited in public places. Cigarettes are very expensive.
  • There is no Prohibition in Australia, but getting drunk is not accepted. Under the age of 18, drinking strong drinks is prohibited by law.
  • Protect your eyes with sunglasses from sunlight, which is unusually bright for Europeans. Sunbathing should be done very carefully, using a high-protection sunscreen.
  • Beware of fire! The arid climate and vast areas covered with vegetation make fires a national disaster. The reason is often bonfires left by careless tourists, or even a cigarette butt not extinguished.
  • A feature of Australia is three-prong sockets. European plugs will not fit. The problem is solved by adapters, which are easy to find in the store, and you can rent them at the hotel.

What to bring from Australia

Australia has a huge number of souvenirs that are exotic for Europeans. Especially popular are:

  • boomerangs;
  • models of Australian "Kangaroo!"
  • "inverted" map of the world;
  • dot-painted Aboriginal items;
  • products made of crocodile, kangaroo, snake skin;
  • sheepskin boots;
  • eucalyptus oil;
  • Australian precious opals;
  • pink pearls.

Distant Australia is a state that attracts tourists from all over the world. The unique nature and man-made sights of the country make her visit unforgettable, and the hospitality of friendly and welcoming Australians leaves the most pleasant memories of the trip.

Article design: Vladimir the Great

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