Australia flag. Photo, value, colors

The flag is an important part of the state symbols. Australia, which appeared on the political map relatively recently, also has its own national flag, which can often be seen in the photo in print media, large architectural objects or in television programs dedicated to or related to this country.

Description of the modern flag

The flag of Australia, the photo of which is presented in this article, has a proportion of 1:2.

The canvas is painted in dark blue, and each element depicted on it has a special purpose and background.

In Australia, the Flag Act has been passed, which regulates the following arrangement of elements on the national flag:

  • The flag of Great Britain is placed in the upper left corner, occupying 25% of the total area. Union Jack (its second name) occupies ½ of the length and ½ of the width of the panel.
  • White stars, signifying the constellation of the Southern Cross, are depicted in the right half of the banner.
  • A large white star, pointing to the middle of the flag of St. George, is located in the lower left part of the cloth.
  • The colors of the flag are determined by the Department of Honors and Culture.

Stars

52) Item name

Number of tails Inner diameter Outer diameter Commonwealth Star74/9 outer diameter3/10 flag widthGacrux1/7 of the flag widthDecrouxBecrouxAcruxEpsilon of the Southern Cross51/12 the width of the flag

Colors

Flag of Australia (photo in color clearly proves this) consists of 3 colors: blue, red and white. According to the Pantone color model, their ciphers are combinations of 280C, 185C and safe, respectively.

In 1934in the Government Bulletin of the countries that are members of the British Commonwealth, a full description of the design of the panel was published with indications of the features of the geometric construction.

Regulations

Regulations on the application and use of the national banner are set out in the Australian National Flag Regulations 1953. This regulation states that Australians have the right to fly the national flag on their private property in any day of the year, however, it must be placed higher than any other flags and standards in the vicinity.

At night, it is only permitted to leave the Australian flag in a raised position. On days of tragic events related to the history or modernity of Australia, the flag is flown at half mast at 1/3 of the height of the standard.

Such events include:

  • the death of an Australian monarch;
  • death of the leader of another state that has good neighborly relations with Australia;
  • Death of current or former Governor-General;
  • death of a member of the royal family;
  • death of a prominent Australian citizen;
  • a day of remembrance for all those who died at the fronts and in the rear of the two World Wars;
  • ANZAC day.

In recent years, due to the fact that the influence of the ideas of republicanism among the inhabitants of Australia has increased dramatically, numerous disputes and debates have become more frequent about making changes in the design of the Australian flag. The stumbling block is the presence of symbols of the former metropolis.

Each side gives its own arguments in defense of the accepted point of view, but at the governmental level this issue is not yet seriously considered.

Historical facts

During the XIX century. numerous attempts were made by the Australian authorities to create their own banner of the British dominion. In 1823-1824. J. Nicholson and J. Bingle jointly designed the Australian colonial flag.

Flag of Australia 1824

On a white background in the upper left corner was the flag of Great Britain, separated by a red cross. On each side of the cross was located 1 seven-pointed star.

Replacing the color of the cross

Another attempt to create an Australian flag was made in 1831. Its difference from the previous sample consisted only in the fact that the red color of the cross was replaced with blue, and the center was added another seven-pointed star.

Flag of Australia 1831

At the end of the 19th century. it was this flag that became the symbol of the federal movement in the country.

1901 Competition

The flag of Australia, pictured below, was first adopted in 1901, establishing the identity of the Commonwealth of Australia. More than 32 thousand applications were submitted at the nationwide competition, which was announced to identify the most successful version of the state symbol.

The design of the flag was judged on:

  • loyalty to the involvement of the British Empire in Australia;
  • history;
  • symbols and heraldry;
  • originality;
  • reflection of the federal structure;
  • originality of the idea;
  • low production costs;
  • practicality.

Despite the wide variety of options, in the final minutes of the commission dated 09/02/1901 it was noted that those that depicted the Southern Cross, the six-pointed star and the Union Jack on red or blue were considered as the most likely options. background.

The victory went to a team of 4 Australians and a New Zealander. Their version was liked not only by the population of the smallest mainland, but also by the king of the British Empire. In 1903, having undergone several minor corrections, the flag was adopted as the state symbol of Australia.

Red background

The flag went through many small changes that can be found in historical photos and newsreels, and its final version was formed on April 14, 1954, when Australia adopted a flag with a red background for merchant ships.

Harold Thomas' variant

In 1970, a descendant of Australian Aborigines, Harold Thomas, designed his own flag for the indigenous people of the mainland. Since its inception, this banner has become a symbol of the movement of Australian aborigines for equal rights and freedoms with the descendants of immigrants from Europe. In 1972, it first appeared on the flagpole of several government offices in Canberra.

Externally, it is a black and red canvas with an aspect ratio of 2:3 with a yellow circle in the center. The red and black colors represent the continent, its indigenous peoples and the shed blood, while yellow is the symbol of the sun.

In 1995, the flag was officially approved by the Government and is now displayed permanently on all flagpoles of all government offices next to the main Australian flag.

Meaning

The seven-pointed star, located in the lower left part of the canvas, identifies the seven former English colonies that became part of the British Commonwealth.

From the adoption of the flag until 1905She had 6 ends, however, after joining Australia, Papua colony arose about making a change in the number of Hadar (federation stars). On December 19, 1908, the British Admiralty approved the proposed initiative.

Historically, it happened that the symbol of Australia is the Southern Cross constellation. Its image began to use the first British settlers, landed on the shores of this mainland. 4 stars symbolize 4 major virtues described in the "Divine Comedy" D. Aligieri: masculinity, moderation, justice and wisdom.

Stars have their own standard: large have 7 ends, and small - 5. In 1908, the British Admiralty has ratified its authority to the design of the southern cross on the Australian cloth.

The United Kingdom flag, which occupies a quarter of the Square of the Australian Path, symbolizes its historical past. Australia has long been in the field of British interests, which allowed her to borrow from the British many principles on which the Australian Federation was built. Union Jack is a demonstration of loyalty to the British crown and a tribute to the general past.

Interesting facts

Interesting facts about the Australian flag:

  1. Today there are 3 official flags of Australia: state, shopping and military nautical.
  2. Initially on the flag, the seven-pin star in the lower left corner was six-pointed.
  3. In 1996, the Governor-General of Australia William Dina signed a decision to establish a new public holiday - the day of the flag of Australia.
  4. The design of the modern flag was described in detail in the "Commonwealth Government Bulletin" in 1934
  5. Australian law, which determines the procedure for seniority and ranking national flags, puts the United Kingdom flag by the second immediately after his own national banner.

The flag is the subject of pride for its country for each citizen or subject and residents of Australia, it is constantly emphasized by making a photo or shooting video on the background of the panels of their country in order to subsequently post them in social networks.

Video about the flag

History and description of the flag of Australia: